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Master, id per ton each source. Wharsage, id per reg. ton first sever. cargo worked, not to exceed 1/3 per ton in any half year. Harb. days, asterwards, Jd. Small charge at buoys, and for tenders Pilotage. C. Sailers 311. per ton in and out, tug 2d. if useil : steamers 2d. in and out. TIPAZA, Algeria. Lat. 36° 30' N ; long. 1° 20' E. Port

open to NE. and NW. Mole about goft long. Anchorage in about 6 fins. Not a safe port. TOBAGO, W. Indies. Pop. 20,463. Scarborough is the only

port of entry. D. at En. about 15 fms; good anchorage at 8 or 10 fms. There are no port dues. Accn. Good cranage accommodation. No dry dock Climaie, very healihy. Pilotage. NC. By agreement. Officials. Incorporated with the Island of Trinidad as a ward of that i land. TOCOPILLA, Chili. Lat. 22° 13' S. Pop. 3,500

Tr. -E. Copper ore, &c. Tocopilla was de clared an open port by the Bolivian Government in May, 1871. The anchorage, which is in about 15 fathoms, is open to the Pacific and subject to a heavy swell. Vessels are discharged and loade i by means of lighters. Charges. Same as at Valparaiso. Official. Br. Vice Consul, C. Nicholls. TOME.-See Concepcion Bay, Official. British Vice Consul

M. S. Pasmore. TONNAY CHARENTE.-See Rochefort. TÖNNING, Germany. Situated 37km from the Eider mouth.

Lat. 54° 19' N ; long 8° 58' E. Pop. 4,700. Tr. 1. Coal, coke, phosphate ; E. Grain, cattle. Accn. D. at En. in the Eider River near pilot vessel is about 20ft at HW. ; pilot vessel shows signs, marking distinctly how many metres of water on bar. No docks, but cranes for small vessels i hat can discharge near Custom-house and do not draw above 11.jft. W. prevailing SW. to NW. If casterly winds continue for a time vessels cannot pass bar with more than i7ft. Vessels drawing more than 17st and loading above 1,000 to 1,500 tons d.w.should refuse to accept for Eider harb., as they will have to lighten i mile below Tönning to pass the Eider bar, and this is very expensive.. Slaby apparatus

outer Eider Light-vessel. Other ports in the Eider are Friedrichstadt and Pahlhude, the former about 8 miles, the latter about 60 miles (English) up the river ; good safe ports and not expensive. Reaching Tönning with half-tide, vessels reach Friedrichstadt same tide, Pahlhude next, but no larger vessels than from 700 to goo tons d.w. Charges. Vessels discharging in the river into lighters are free of any pier, dock, or harb. dues ; discharging, 8/10. Pier money about £6 any size vessel; discharging rod to 11 per ton delivered. Pilotage. Pilots are always to be had on application by drawing the ensigns on the foremast top. For a vessel of about 1,000 tons d.w. £3 ios in summer and £ 5 in winter in wards, and the same from Tönning to sea, ballast or laden. l'ilots from Tönning to Friedrichstadt and Pahlhude are to be had from £ 1 8 to £2 16s, same down river. Officials. Harb. Master, Mr. Kritsch ; H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, C. Becker ; Lloyd's Agent and Broker, Carl Magn. Lexow.


TONSBERG, Norway. Lat. 59° 15' N ; long. 10° 25' E. Pop.

8,500. Tr.-I. Coal, and ships' stores, iron,grain, E. Wood, timber, seal and whale oil, Accn. D. at entrance, zoft, quays and berths, 19st. 15-ton crane. Good repairing yard and a patent slip to 1,000 tons. Charges. Harb. dues: 500 tons, steamers, 3-30kr, Canal Cues, if used, 14'20 kr. with o'o2 kr per ton over 500 tons ; quay dues, 500 ton steamer, 7*25kr per day ; above 500 tons ore per ton; sailers similarly 11:25 kr and 14 ore. Dis. charging coals 6d ton, iron 7d ; loading wood 1/6 per stancard. Pilotage. On a vessel of 300 tons, in 48/9; out 29 3. Towage. On a vessel of 250 tons with rails in and ballast out £4 6s 8d. Official. Harb. Master, Capt. Eliasen. TORNEA, Finland. Lat. 65° 50' N.; long. 24° 12' E.

Pop. 1,100. Tr. E. Colonial goods, &c., de. Is, boards, tar, and pickled salmon. Accn. From the beginning of October to the end of May, harb. is generally frozen over. Only vessels of 4 st dít. can reach the town. Anchorage for large vessels is off Roytia Island, about 3 miles below the town. There are 16 ft water within a cable of the shore. Charges. Harb. dues 20 penni ; light and beacon dues for inward bound vessels in ballast, 22 penni; loaded, in or ou., 44 penni per ton. Pilotage. For 24 miles, 40 marks per 15ft TORRE-ANNUNZIATA, Italy. Lat. 40° 45' N ; long. 12°

07' E. Pop. 22,000. Accn, Excellent modern port, with spacious entrance between two moles; vessels of 2511 dft, can safely enter. Crane to lift 7 tons on head of N. mole. Tr.--I. Coal, grain, and iron; E. Wine, potatoes, maccaroni, Vesuvian stones, pozzolana. Charges. See Naples, Pilotage. Minimum 15%, maximum 100f. Official. Lieut. Pasquale Marzocchi, R.N. TORREVIEJA, Spain. Lat. 37° 58' N. ; long. 0° 38' W.

Pop. 8,165. Tr. F. Salt. Accn. Anchor. age in 6 and 7sms. about inile off shore. Charges. A middle sized vessel from a foreign port, about £4 6s. Pilotage. £1. TOULON, France. Lat. 43° 7' 21" N ; long. 5° 35' E.

Pop. About 115,000. Tr.-I. Grain, wood, coal, hemp, and salt provisions ; E. Wine, salt, oil, capers, figs, raisins, almonds, oranges, cloth, hosiery, soap. Accn. This port has a tine harb. and roadstead, with 6 or 7sms of water in the Little Road opposite the town. Vessels not drawing more than 16ft

enter the commercial harbour. Toulon is the principal station of the French navy in the Mediterranean and a commercial harbour. There are nine Government graving docks, from 24311 to 535st in length. Charges. Tonnage dues (over sca trade), 9.d reg. ton, home trade 4ad per ton. Ballast 1/9) ton. Brokerage 30 ton for sailing vessels, 40 ton for steamers. Sanitary dues joc per ton Europe ; beyond Europe 150 per ton. Pilotage. Only fishermen pilots, by bargain. Oificial. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, N. C. Haag. “Broker. A. Bernard. TOWNSVILLE, Queensland. Lat. 19° 15' S; long. 146°

49' E. Pop. 17,000. Accn. Tidal harb. water area, 140 acres; berths dredged to 26st at LWOST, 4 acres


approach channels to 17st LIVOST., 84 acres ; rise and fall of OST. Tost bin, ONT. Oft 6in. Highest lide 12ft gin above LWOST; wharfage at the eastern breakwater is 2,400ft in length, of this 1,150ft has a depth of 26ft at LWOST. alongside, the balance 221t. The wharf on the western breakwater can be approached through a channel 1oolt wide, and having a depth of 6 to joft at LWOST.; this channel is now being dredged io 15st LWOST, and 200st in width and will be the approach channel to the proposed inner harb. Steam crane to 20 tons is in course of erection. Ross Creek--D. at wharves HW. 10 to 17st, LW. uil to 7ft. There are nine wharves, of which the longest is 250ft. Two cranes to 10 and 12 tons respectively. The depth on Rocky Bar at entrance to creek is eft at LW. and is now being blasted to a depth of 15ft LWOST. and a width of 200ft. Patent slip, extreme lengih, 6oolt; cradle, 140ft; dft. on keel blocks at HWOST., Sft bin to 14ft ; listing power, 850 tons. Cradle can be increased to any required length. Owners, Messrs. Brand & Drybrough Charges. Harb. dues, 2/ per ton import and export. Wharfage at eistern breakwater wharves 2 per ton import, and it per ton export. Lighterage from anchor to wharf 5/ per ton; witer 4! per 1,000 galls. alongside eastern breakwater wharves. Officials. Harb. Master, Capt. Bowton; Lloyd's Agents, Burns, Philp & Co., Limited. TRANGISVAAG, E, side of Suderoe, Faroe Isles. Auth.

Quarantine Officer. O. Effersoe. Accn. There is good harbour and anchorage.--See Thorshaven. TRANQUEBAR, Madras, India. Lat. 11° 1 5" N ; long,

79° 51' E Pop. About 25,000. Tr.-I. Principally grain. E. Bullock's Lones, rice, pulse, tobacco, country soap, ground nut seeds, castor and gingelly, oil seeds, curry, condi. ment, &c. Accn. Anchorage, 1 to 1 miles from shore in 51 to 6 fms water. Cargo landed and shipped in boats carrying 4 tons. Charges. Port dues : Coasting steamers, 3 annas ton, once in 30 days ; coasting in ballast, 21 annas ton, once in 30 days. Seagoing steamers and sailing vessels, 3 annas ton, once in 90 days ; in ballast, 2) annas. Coasting vessels, i, annas ton, once in 60 days; in ballast, ig annas ton. Coasting vessels with neither imports nor cxports, staying more than 48 hours, 9 pies. Official. Sup. of Customs, T. S. D. Sami. TRAPANI, Italy. Lat. 38° 0' 40" N ; long. 12° 30' 16" E. Pop.

49,000. Tr.-E. Salt, soda, seeds, wine, four, fish; I.-Coal, iron, and English machinery, corn from the Black Sea. Accn. Trapani has accommolation for repairing ships. Mar. Auth. Capitaneria di Porto." Charges. 'Dock duties. L (liras) 1.40 per ton of register for foreign steamers ; L0.50 10 L0.80 for sailing ships. Facilities for loading and discharging. D. Depth of water, 30 English ft; inside the port quays, 24 English ft. Trapani is the largest and sasest port in Western Sicily. Pilots. Good agreement. Good supply of water. Officials. The l'ort Captain, Palcani ; British Vice-Consul, G. Marino TRAVEMUNDE, Germany. Lat. 54°00' N ; long. 10° 53'

E. Tr. ---Same as Lubeck. Accn. Depth of water on the bar, over 20ft. Vessels able to cross the bar can lie alongside the pier ; vessels drawing 165ft can ascend as far as Lubeck. Charges, Vessels entering this harb. on account of distress are exempt from dues, except half pilotage, but no trade can be carried on during their stay. Charges about the same as Lubeck. Pilotage. See Lubeck. Towage. See Lubeck. Official. Lootsen Commandeur, G, T. H. Kröger. TREBIZOND, Black Sea. Lat. 41° 1'N; long. 39° 45' 48" E.

Pop. 45,000 Auth. Harb. Master, a naval officer aided by a clerk (gets 4/ see). Tr.-I. Cotton and woollen goods, general and Persian trans is. E. Tobacco, nuts, beans, cattle, cereals, wool, linseed ; and transit from Persia, car. pets, shawls, silk, raisins. Accn. Good anchorage in 4 to 6fms. D. at En. 5fms ; small jetty, length about 20 yds., depth of water 2ft at quay. Two small cranes on quay; covered sheds. Open roadstead unprotected from N. and N. E. winds. During stormy weather steamers shelter at Platana, about 8 miles W. of Trebizond. Charges. Iarb. dues moderate ; lighthouse fee id ton if below 800, }d if above ; health office tee, 20 paras per ton from 1 to 500 tons, 12 paras from 500 to 1,000 tons, and 8 pıras above 1,000 tons, (i piaster 40 paras 2d). Charge for health certificates on cattle, &c. 3/4 ; passengers in quarantine 1/8 per day. Chief ruling charges on loading and unloading : Lighterage, from id to 1/ per package, a little above id a cwt.; porterage, slightly less than lighterage ; stor. age of goods at Customs warehouse, is below 2 cwts. free ist week, 10 paras per day 2nd week, 20 paras 3rd week, 30 paras 4th and ensuing weeks, and if unclaimed in i yr, goods are confiscated ; packages above 24cwts. charged in proportion to weight. Merchan. dise in transit for Persia pays whatever the weight or dimensions may be : lighterage, id; porterage, Ild; it has also 1 month's free storage at Customs warehouse. No quay dues at Trebizond, cran. age included in porterage. Passengers disembarking pay a corpora. tion of boatmen 8 piasters, and 12 if from Russia, besides a few piasters to the boatman for his trouble. Vegetables are abundant and cheap: Officials. Harb. Master, Mehmet Effendi; H.B.M.'s Consul, II. Z. Longworth. TREGUIER, France. Lat. 48° 47' N ; long. 3° 14' W. Pop. About 4,000.

Tri-1. Coal, timber, cement, cider, &c. ; E. Flour, grain. Accn. Vessels of 14it draft can come to the quays; 22st at high water. Charges. Port charges ol a vessel of 250 tons, loaded in, ballast out, £23 inclusive ; brokerage 4d, customs 6d, quay dues, 2d per ton. Pilotage. Loaded, in, 3d per reg. ton, and 3d out in ballast. TRELLEBORG, Sweden. Tr.-I. Coal, coke, bran, wheat,

rye, salt, oilcakes; E. Barley, whent, sugar, bricks, flour. Accn. The average IIW. in the harb. is about 2oft. The roacistead is a good refuge with a splendid anchorage for vessels of any draught. The harb. is quite safe in all winds, and has never been stopped by ice. Communications : Four railways with the interior. Mail and passenger steamers twice a day to and from the Continent. Grain elevator. Charges. Light dues, 25 ore per net reg. ton for vessels from or to a foreign port, but when a steamer has paid light dues in Sweden-four times inward and four outward, and a sailing vessel twice inward and twice outward in the same year-no further dues are payable that year. Lastage, 10 ore per net reg. ton to be paid once a year inward and once outward, and th-n every time a vessel comes to a Swedish port with cargo. Vessels in the coasting trade have neither light dues nor lastage to pay. Light dues a id lastage are the same over all Swewish poris. Harbour dues, 10 ore to and 10 ore from Swedish ports; 14 ore to aid 14 ore from foreign poris ; all per net reg ton. Ballast, i kr. 20 ore per ion free on board. Discharging of bal ast 25 ore per ton, coal, 65 ore. Steamers calling for the purpose of coaling only are free from all harbour dues. Pilotage (loaded or ballasted) :-Vessels from

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Winter, in or out Towage. 10 ore per net reg. ton in summer, 15 ore in winter. Officials. Treasurer, C. J. E. Hallonston ; Harb. Master, A. Pettersson ; Gösta Osterberg, ship broker. TREPORT, France. Lat. 50° 4'; long. 0° 58' W. of Paris.

Pop. 4,600. A commodious rising port at the mouth of River Bresle. Regular s.s. services to London, Leith, Dublin, Manchester, Swansea, &c.; considerable through traffic to Switzerland, and with Paris, to which it is the nearest seaport. D. at En. NT. 16ft, ST. 24st. Two stone piers at the entrance. · The inner harbour possesses a quay of 700ft long for merchant vessels. Seven steam cranes. The new dock opened in 1898 is 1,000ft long and 300 broad, with rails about same. Entrance to new do k 46st wide and the sill 5st above the level of the lowest equinoctial tides. D. in pori 221t 6in OST. ; 15't 10in ONT. ; deeper when the dredging is completed. A gate in dock 291t hin communicate, wilh the canal going to Eu (at 2 miles), where vessels of 13st to 14ft drast can go. Charges. As in all Fench ports. Towage. According to tariff. Official. Port Officer; H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, E. H. Barker. TRIESTE, Austria. Lat. 45° 38' 49" N ; long. 13° 46' 15' E.

Pop. 186,348. Tr.-I. Cotton, tobacco, coffee, fish, rice, oranges, lemons, cotton oil, petroleum, iron, chemicals, coals, seeds, tea, &c.; E. Corn, wine, oil, wool, skins, metals, staves, timber, marble, sugar, fruit, &c. Accn. Two ports: the old port is being renovated. The new port has accommodation for a con. siderable number of vessels of any size, and with 25 to 3oft water along piers. Dry dock 4ooft long, 66ft broard, 22ft dit ; 2 pontoɔns, 70 and 90ft. Austrian Lloyd's dry dock 446ít long, 73ft broad, 20ft dit. Hydraulic cranes must be paid for even if not used. Tides not more than 3ft. ST, in early spring. Inside the old harb. is the “canal," accessible to vessels not drawing more than 14't. Trieste is the principal seaport city of the Austrian Empire; goods have to pay duty is not deposited in the bonded warehouses. These warehouses have passed into the h nds of the Governm. nt, who hive introcuced new and reduced tariffs for loadin' and discharging vessels, annulling at the same time the tariffs of the Chamber of Commerce of 1884. The ship agents have protested, but their protest was denied by the said Chainber of Commerce on Sept. 20, 1894. The re son of the protest was the loss accruing to them, and now they continue levying the former dues which are paid by

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