Sivut kuvina

consignees under notarial protest to avoid loss of time and warehousing expenses. Shippers are warned not to accept B/L containing clauses to this effect. Landing expenses at Trieste as per tariff of 1884. A graving dock for vessels up to 4,000 tons, another for vessels of 3,500 tons, and a slip for vessels up to 1,200 tons. Dry dock of the Stabil mento Tecnico Triestino: length 414ft, on bottom 394ft, breadth at ent. 66ft, height of sill 2ft 8in., depth on sill HW. 26ft. Austrian Lloyd's dry dock (only available when not required for own ships): length 456ft, on bottom 450ft, breadth at ent. 73ft, height of sill 2ft 2in, depth on sill HWÖST. 19ft; this dock is being enlarged; there is also a slip for small vessels. W. During the winter the Bora (NE) blows at times with so much violence as to prevent vessels entering or leaving the port, and even stops all work for many days at a time. Rys. The Great Southern to Vienna, with ram fications over the whole of South Austria, Budapest, Fiume, and to Italy; the State Railway to Pola joins the Great Southern Charges. 101 to 150 tons 3d per ton, 151 to 200 tons 4d, 201 to 300 tons 5d, 301 to 400 tons 64, 401 tons and upwards 7d per ton. On touching other AustroHungarian ports and continuing the same operation (loading and unloading only) from 1 to 4 farthings per ton according to size. The canal dues are ad per ton over the above tariff. Expenses of a steamer of 1,000 tons about £65. Pilotage. NC. There are no real outside pilots; they are fishermen, and not much use. £2 is a fair arrangement from Rovigno, and £1 to £1 4s if ak n a few miles from the roads. Pargain should be made. For watching 4/ day each pilot, and the same per night. No duty for shifting. Harb. pilot must be taken to berth ship; there is ne charge, but it is customary to give a gratuity of 4 crowns (3/4) each time. The harb. authorities have a powerful tug with pumps, &c., available in case of peril or for salvage purposes. Near Trieste, in Muggia Bay, is the small harb. of S. Sabba, which technically forms part of the port of Trieste, though five miles off. Steamers bringing crude petroleum have always to discharge here, and frequently vessels with rice cargoes are ordered here. The mole is under repair, and will not be finished for some time, but there is plenty of water and the place is quite safe. Towage. There are no regular steamtugs, but steamboats employed between Trieste and the small towns of neighbourhood render useful services, and an Austrian Lloyd's tug may be hired, if available, for a reasonable rate, viz. : 2 to 2 10s for about 3 miles, and less in proportion; 1 4s to I 10s for a shifting within the roads and the ports. Officials. H.B.M.'s Consul, H. L. Churchill; Vice-Consul, J. A. Nathan ; Harb. and Sanitary Department, A. Millincovich, Harb. Master and Inspector; Lloyd's Agert, E. H. Greenham.

TRINCOMALIE, Ceylon. Lat. 8° 33′ 30′′ N ; long. 81° 13′ 10′′ E. Pop. 10, 180. Tr.-I. Rice, general merchandise; E Paddy, timber, dried fish, deer horns and skins, &c. Accn. The largest ship can lie alongside naval yard sea wall; the merchant anchorage is in to 8fms about 4 cable lengths from wharf. D. at entrance of harbour exceeds 30 fms; 1 fms at quays. One-ton crane at landing jetty. W. of E. From 800 to 1,000 yds. Charges. Port tonnage dues 8c per ton. Pilotage. 15rs on vessels over 100 reg. tons, except natives, for entering inner harbour or archoring at Back Bay, in or out. Officials. Asst. Govt. Agent,

C. M. Lushington; Master Att., Receiver of Wrecks, &c., W. H Carbery.

TRINIDAD.-See Port of Spain.

TRINIDAD DE CUBA, W.I. Lat. 21° 40' N ; long. 80° 50 W. Pop., with Port Casilda, 12,000. Accn. Harb. of Casilda, 4 miles from city, is land-locked and safe, with little depth of water near the wharf. It has five anchorages for different draughts-at the wharf 11ft, at La Poza 12ft, at La Punta 14ft, at Bajo del Medio 16ft, and at El Masio 30ft, and vessels, to load and unload, have to take these anchorages in succession according to their draught. Charges. Tonnage dues, 95c per ton; lighterage, 3 reals per hhd inner road, and 4 reals outer road; wharfage, Ic per day per ton. Pilotage. From $10 to $15. For each movement from one anchorage to another, $8.

TRIPOLI, Barbary, Africa. Lat. 32° 55′ N; long. 13° 10, E. Pop. About 33,000. Tr.-I. Iron, cotton goods, rice, olive oil, petroleum, flour, tobacco, timber, glass, cutlery, earthenware, sugar, coffee, tea, spirits, wines; E. Esparto grass, ostrich feathers, ivory, goat skins, wheat, barley, oil, wool, butter, dates, cattle. Accn. Vessels of 18ft dft can safely enter. D. at En. 23ft; at the quays, shallow, from 2 to 5ft. Charges. Harb. dues piastre per reg. ton, reduced on vessels over 500 tons. Pilotage. 16 each way. Official. H. B. M.'s Consul General, T. S. Jago.

TRIPOLI, Syria. Lat. 34° 24′ 6′′ N; long. 35° 49′ 15′′ E. Pop. 25,000. Tr.-E. Silk, wool, cotton, tobacco, galls, cochineal, soap, oranges, lemons, and sesame. Accn. Good anchorage in 3 to 7 fms. Charges. On vessel of 249 tons, £3 175 6d. Official. Br. Vice-Consul, Dr. J. Abela.

TROCADERO, Spain. Tr.-Trocadero is the principal port of shipment of sherry wine. Accn. 5fms at LW. at the end of the Britannia Pier; vessels of 1,000 tons can lie alongside the wharf and take in cargo. Charges. Tonnage dues for cargo from America 2/8 to 3/4; Europe 1/4 to 1/8. Pilotage. Set Cadiz.

TROMSO, Norway. Lat. 69° 40′ N; long, 18° 55' E. Pop. 6,000. Tr.-I. Corn and colonial produce, coals, and salt; E. All kinds of dried fish, cod oil, seal oil, hides, &c. Accn. The harb. is safe, and there is anchorage all over the Sound for vessels of any size. D. at En., quays and berths 23ft. Large quay lately finished. Patent slip for large steamers. Charges. Harb. master's 4 to 6kr.; buoyage 4kr. for each buoy; loading and fire dues o 80 S. per ton d.w.; tonnage 006 per ton d. Loading and unloading o 48 to 0'50 S. per ton d.w. Light dues 4ld ton. Official. Harbour Master, P. Davidsen; British ViceConsul, J. H. Giacver.

TRONDHJEM.-See Drontheim.

TROUVILLE-DEAUVILLE, France. (S. side Mouth of the

Seine.) Lat. 49° 22' N; long. Tr.-I. Coal, cement, wood, pig Harb. and floating dock. The harb

0° 04' E. Pop. about 9,000. iron, ice, and corn. Accn.

can be entered by vessels of 14ft dft at lowest NT., and 17ft to 18ft at ST., and is supplied with a half-tide dock, fitted to scour the channel, and measuring 524ft long and 263ft bread, and a floating dock 983ft long and 2631t troad, with an average depth of 18ft permitting ships to lie always afloat. 5 steam cranes secure quick dispatch. Rys. Lines of railways on the quays are in direct communication with railway company. LV. 1,400 reg. tons, 2,500 tons d.w. (cargo), 18ft dft. Charges. Harb. dues, If 10c (or IId) per measured tonnage, cargo in and out ballast; If 20c (or 11d) loaded; If 65c (or 1/4) for ships from other ports than those of the United Kingdom and European possessions, cargo in and ballast out; If 75c (or 1/5), cargo in and out. On a vessel of 200 reg. tons, about £19. Pilotage. The large roadstead is three miles off, rate 24d ton; to the smaller roads one-fourth less. Steamers pay one-half inwards and two-thirds outwards. Loaded sailing vessels also two-thirds On a brig of 300 reg. tons (carrying 500 tons d.w.), cargo in and ballast out, and also on a steamer of 453 reg. tons (790 tons d.w.), in, brig £3 28 5d; steamer £2 7s 2d ; out, brig I 11s 2d; steamer LIIIS 6d. Officials. H.B.M.'s ViceConsul, ; Harb. Master, Capt Bouriche; Commissary of the Navy, Lefauconnier; Lloyd's Sub Agents, Greenhalgh and


TRUXILLO, Honduras. Lat. 15° 54' N. long. 86° 02′ W. Pop. 2,500. Tr.-I. Rum, flour, American bread stuffs and dry goods. E. Mahogany, dye-woods, sarsaparilla, hides, cattle and fruits. Accn. Harb. inside C. Honduras, safe in NE. and S. winds, but dangerous during NW. or W. winds. No docks or quays. Charges. Averaged at 4/ ton. Official. H.B.M.'s Consul, A. E. Melnado.

TUNIS, Africa. Lat. 36° 48′ 36′′ N; long. 10° 18' 37" E. Pop. About 180,000. Tr.-I. Woollens, coarse German linens, cotton stuffs, hardware, sugar, coffee, spices, tin. plates, gunpowder, lead, alum, dye stuffs, wine, silk, Spanish wool, iron, coals; E. Hides, wax, morocco leather, sponges, coral, dates. corn, olive oil, woollen skull caps, oxen, barley, oil, sponges, tar, Accn. Vessels used to discharge and load in the roadstead in 3 to 5fms, but the channel connecting the town with the sea at Goletta has now been dredged to 21ft, and is 98ft wide and 10km long. Basin within being enlarged to 1,800 sq. metres, with 21ft. Three wharves, 640ft, being contructed. 1,875ft quays available for steamers. Three steam cranes 14 tons, one 3 tons; floating steam crane, 20 tons. Charges. Harbour dues, 30cts per ton reg. Officials. Proprietors of Port, the Committee des Ports de Tunis, Sousse and Sfax; Port Capt. Ponzevera; H.B.M.'s Consul-General, E. J. L. Berkeley, C.B; Vice-Consul, H. B. Johnstone.

TUTICORIN, India (Madras Pres.). Lat. 8° 47′ 17′′ N ; long. 78° 11' 10" E. Pop. 16,281. Tr.-I. General. E. Cotton, tea, general. Accn. D. at En. and in port 14ft HW. and 12ft LWOST.; jetty 60oft long with 7ft D. alongside at HW. and 5ft LWST. One crane to lift 5 tons, and six 1-ton. Charges. Pier, landing, and shipping dues, moderate. Official. Harbour Master, W. S. Carlyon.

TVEDESTRAND, Norway. Lat. 58° 37' N ; long. 8° 56' E. Tr.-I. Coals, coke, and iron; E. Timber, deals, battens, boards, ice, felspar, and felspar flour. Accn. Sufficient water for all-sized vessels. Commodious quays, with enough water for vessels drawing 20ft. A pilot is necessary to enter. Charges. On a vessel of 400 tons, with cargo, in and out, total expenses £34 7s 6d. Officials. Lloyd's Agents, A. & F. Smith.

TWILLINGATE, Newfoundland. Lat. 49° 43′ N; long. 54° 45' W. Pop. 3,000. Tr.-I.Salt, biscuits, butter, dry goods, flour, pork; E. Codfish, seals, pickled salmon, preserved lobsters, seal oil, skins and furs. Accn. The outer part of the harb. is deep, but upper part shallow; the best anchorage is on N. side, in 5fms. The harb. is safe, except when it blows from the NE. Charges. Light dues 1/ ton for 12 months. Labour about 3/ day. Ballast 2/6 ton. Pilotage. By agreement with fishermen, about 2/ foot.

TYBEE.-See Savannah.

UDDEWALLA, Sweden. Lat. 58° 20' N; long. 11° 54' E. Pop. 11,000. Tr.-I. Coal, salt, artificial manures, bran, wheat, linseed, &c. ; E. Oats, pit props, woodwork, mouldings, matches, paper, paper-pulp, granite, fish stores, barrels, staves. Accn. In winter a 40 to 5oft channel is kept open to quays. Harb. has 25ft of water on bar, and 20ft alongside quays. Cranage good. Facilities for repairs. A tug boat and a small slip. There is a regular 14 days' line of steamers from and to London, and many coast wise. Three rly. lines into the interior of Sweden. Charges. Harb. dues in and out 12 ore per reg. ton, light dues in and out 25 ore per reg. ton. Loading wood, 2/ or 2/6 per std.; dis coal 6d to 8d per ton. Pilotage. C. For a vessel of 5/600 reg. tons from sea to Uddewalla, 4 10s. in summer, and about £1 more in winter. Officials. Harb. Master, C. Ahman; H.B.M. Vice-Consul, C. D. Thorburn.

ULEABORG, Russia. Lat. 65° 00' N; long. 25° 29′ E, Pop. 17,000. Tr.-I. Colonial produce, coals. iron, hides, and salt; E. Barrels of tar, pitch, deals, timber, fish, boards, butter, salmon, and leather. Accn. There are only 18ft in inner harb kly. to Wasa, Helsingford, Kemi, and Tornio. Charges. Vessels of 200 tons about £15 10s. Pilotage. On a vessel of 200 tons entering in ballast and clearing out with cargo, in 1oft dft £3; out, 13ft dit £3 tos 6d. Officials. Port Authority, H. W. Suellman; H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, B. Blunt.

UMEA, Sweden. Lat. 63° 49′ N; long. 20° 18′ E. (Holmsund, 6 miles down is the out-port). Pop. 4,000. Tr.-I. Little or nothing, occasionally a cargo of coal, salt; E. Deals, battens, boards, timber. Accn. En. 23ft; quay 1,80oft long, 1810 19ft dft. No docks. Charges. Of all kinds on a vessel of 480 tons, about 30. Charges on loading I standard wood goods about 2/3. Pilotage. On a vessel of 480 tons reg., ballast in and cargo out, in 1 14s 4d, out £1 15s 5d, included in the £30. Official. Brit. Vice-Consul, A. Grahn.

VAAG-ON-SUDERO, Faroe Islands. Now a clearance port. This is S. of Trangisvaag. At ent. there are several submerged rocks out to two-thirds of a mile

from coast. The whole fjord is liable to heavy ground swell in an easterly gale. There is anchorage in about 6 or 7fms of water. Difference between high and low water is 33ft ST., ft NT. Good holding ground of sand and clay. (See Thorshaven.)

VALDIVIA, Chili. Lat. 39° 52′ 53′′ S; long. 73° 25' 30" W. Tr.-E. Cheese, wood, &c. Accn. Harb. spacious and secure. The town is nine miles from the entrance. Anchorage at Fort Corral in 4 to 7fms. Official. Br. Vice-Consul, C. H. Howard.

VALENCIA, Spain. Lat. 39° 28′ N; long. 0° 19′ W. Pop. 160,000. Auth. is a Commandant of Marine. Tr.-I. Provisions, guano, petroleum, coal, iron, &c.; E. Olives, oil, wine, tiles, and fruit. Accn. Harb. gives shelter to vessels drawing 24ft of water; ships of 24ft dft. can anchor alongside wharves stern on. Sand bar being dredged. There are eight or nine cranes of 3, 1, and I ton power. Charges. Navigation harb. dues and the navy tax abolished. These have been replaced by a new tax on cargo called "Impuesto de Transportes." To and from European ports, Asiatic, Mediterranean, and North African ports:-Coal and coke 0'50 ps landed, o'50 ps shipped, grain 4 ps landed, 2 ps shipped; manures 2 ps landed, 0'25 shipped; other merchandise 5 ps landed, 2.50 shipped. Το other parts of the world as follows:-Coal and coke 2 ps landed, 0'50 ps shipped; manures 2 ps landed, o 25 ps shipped; grain 5 ps landed, 250 ps shipped; other merchandise 7 ps landed, 5 ps shipped. The "Impuesto de Transportes" (Transport Dues) are collected both on loading and discharging from the respective shipmasters or agents of the ship, but are recoverable by these from the shippers, or receivers of the cargo, by whom it is payable_according to the new law. On all goods loaded or discharged there is a special harb. due (Obras de Puerto) of 170 ps per 1,000 kilos. This is independent of the harb. dues payable by the ship. Pilotage. C. Inwards or outwards: Shipsfrom 401 to 450 tons, 19 ps; 451 to 500, 20 ps; 501 to 600, 22 ps; 601 to 700, 24 ps; 701 to 800, 26 ps; 801 to 900, 28 ps; 901 to 1,000, 30 ps; 1,001 to 1,500, 35 ps.; 1,501 to 2,000, 40 ps; 2,001 to 2,500, 46 ps; 2,501 to 3,000, 52 ps; 3,001 to 4,000, 64 ps; beyond, 5 ps per 500 tons or fraction of same. The tons are computed on the gross tonnage of the ship according to Morre's system. Mooring dues : Ships from 401 to 450 tons, 9'50 ps; 451 to 500, 10 ps; 501 to 600, 11 ps; 601 to 700, 12 ps; 701 to 800, 13 ps; 851 to 900, 14 ps; 901 to 1,000, 15 ps; 1,001 to 1,500, 17.50 ps; 2.001 to 2,500, 23 ps; 2,501 to 3,000, 26 ps; 3,001 to 3,500, 29 ps; 3,501 to 4,000, 32 ps. From sunset to sunrise these charges are doubled. The present rate of exchange on London is 60 ps per

1,501 to 2,000, 20 ps;

sterling. Officials. H.B. M.'s Vice-Consul, A. F. Ivens; Capt. of the Port; Lloyd's Agents, Ivens & Co.

VALPARAISO, Chili. Lat. 33° 1' 53" S; long. 71° 38′ W. Pop. 125,000. Tr.-I. Manufactured goods, machinery, iron, coal, lumber, petroleum, &c. ; E. Wheat, flour, copper ore, hides, wool, tallow, &c. Rly. State Rly. to Santiago and the interior, Accn. D. No bar at entrance to the port.

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