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PRODUCTION OF OPEN-HEARTH STEEL INGOTS.

UNITED KINGDOM. [From the Annual Report of the British Iron Trade Association.]

Year.

Tons.

Year.

Tons.

1892 1893

1803

1876
123,000

1890

1,564,200
1877
137,000

1891

1,514,538
1878
175,500

1,478,830
1879
175,000

1,456, 309
1880
251,000

1894

1,575,318
1881
338,000

1895

1,724,737
1882
436,00

1896

2,317,555 455,000

1897

2,601, 806
1884
475,250

1898

2,806,600
1385
583,918

1899

3,030,251
1886
694,150

1900

3,156,050
1387
981,104

1901

3,297,791
1888
1,292,742

1902

3,083,288
1889
1,429, 169

1903

3,124,083
ELEVATION OF CONTINENTS.

AVERAGE HEIGHT ABOVE SEA LEVEL.
Europe ......

670 ft.

North America ... 1,150 it. Asia

1,140, South America ...

MOUNTAINS.
HEIGHT ABOVE THE SEA LEVEL.
Feet.
Feet.

Feet
Ararat.
17,266 Gibraltar

1,432 Pic Blanc

10,205
Ben Nevis..
4,358 Hindoo Koosh

20,800 Puy-Dome.
Bighorn

4,750
14,430 Mlimani
24,450 St. Bernard

11,006
Chimborazo
21,440 Kaa Mowna
18,400 Sinai

7,500
Cotopaxi
19,600 Lebanon.
9,520 Snowdon

3,571
Dawalagiri 26,862 Mont Blanc

15,781 Sorata.

25,250
Egmont
11,433 Olympus
6,500 Teneriffe.

12,036
Everest
29,002 Orizaba
17,371 Vesuvius

3,978

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SAILING VESSELS above 50 tons gross built, bought, and sold in the

following countries during the year 1903.

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N.B. --The above figures, issued by the Bureau Veritas, not withstanding the care taken in compiling them, should be considered but as approximate. Other statistics in respect of Sailing Vessels will be found on page 87.

GENERAL STATISTICS OF STEAMERS ACCORDING TO THEIR FLAG.*

From the Bureau Veritas Répertoire Général, 1904-1905.

Steamers of 100 tons grs. & upwards. Steamers recorded as lost.
FLAGS.
Tonnage.

Tonnage.
No. Gross.

Net.

No.
Gross.

Net.

13,602

3,663

456 556

2

730 403

1

2

347,160

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48,180

2

1 British
8,406 14,889,175 9,135,228

117 171,313

103,660 German

1,479

2,887,130 1,782,333 20 33,989 21,223 3 American... gor 1,720,176 1,165,2681

5
6,736

5,019 French

835
1,266, 486 636, 505 20

29 773

16,834 5 Norwegian

1,037
1,030,637 638,305 18

7,814 6 Italian

379
735,212 457,473 29

68.521

43,984 7 Spanish

713,775 453,678

4 8 Japanese

5,695
645,978 403,043

22
45,193

28,332 9 Russian 590 637,114 388,872 6

6,503

3,737 10 Ditch 392 631,600 378,863 13

17,107

10 490 11 Austrian

266 555,482

345,664

6
13,035

8.056 12 Swedish

528,728
371,287

2,586 1,831 13 Danish 511,310 310,761

4,009

2,550 14 Greck

201

214,841

5

5,496 3,544 15 Belgian

126
154,093 101,880

7
10,727

7,134 16 Brazilian 202 136,214 86,419

355

227 17 Turkish 114 103,915 65,006

919

602 18 Argentine

I 20

78,995 49,010 19 Chilian. 54 65,056

41,032 10 Chinese

43

56,475 36,088 21 Puortugese

40
30,328

848

482 22 Cuban

*43
41,581

26,869 23 Uruguayan

32 26,322
16,826

2,033

1,263 24 1 Roumanian

26

25,193 14,403 25: Mexican

30

10,707 26 Egyptian....

15
11,274

6,679 271 Bulgarian

5,134

3,042
28
Peruvian

4,792
3,200

162

108 29 Venezuelan

1,936 30 Siamese

3,177

1,775 31 Corean

2,602

1,978
32
Sarawak

3
2,152

1,357
33
Haitian

5
1,790

908
34
Persian

1,328

885 35 Costa Rica

3

1,120 35 Colombian

1
881

457 37 Nicaraguan.

2
783

420
38
Zanzibar

1
350
235

1,421 39 Servian

264

102
Honduras

2
263

115
41
Unknown

5
6,531
4.083

762

473 Total

17,532 27,900,457 1 17,188,661 284 441,492 272,452 • The Képertoire Général gives only sea-going steamers of 100 tons gross and upwards, therefore some difference exists between the ocial statistics of each country and this list,

V.B. Steamers under 100 tons gross which are classed with the Bureuu Veritas are also included.

17,800

3,718

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2,128

1

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STATISTICS OF STEAMERS OF 100 TONS GROSS AND UPWARDS

Built, Purchased, or Sold in the following Countries during the Year 1903.

France ......

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Built.
NATIONS.

Purchased.

Sold. No. Gr.Tonnage. No. Gr.Tonnage: No. Gr.Tonnage Great Britain and Colonies 541 1,155,803 33

60,047

201 Germany.

406,984 90 187,197

28

68,340 United States of America

31

33,396 42 118,575 12

10,768

5

5,341
25
71,149

43
59,744

16 Norway

19,586 51 45,238

40 59,683 16 Holland

11,018 44,131

26,234 33 Japan

24,635 21 25,210

9 Italy

24,363 12 23,589

30 Denmark

11,907 II 20,987 16

39,847 16 Austria

27,296 5 II, 554

7 23,843 6 Belgium

9, 582
II
9,841

9
7,801

15 Sweden

29,411 15 8,932 28

33,231

6

4,393 Spain

2
9

10 Russia

7,719 3 26

4

6,515 1,726,874 328

534,156

365 598,273 XB Steumarsandar 100 tons gros.clis sed with Bureau Veritis, are included in the above figures. bicb, Hotwithstanding the care taken in corupiling, some should be considered but asapproximate.

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GENERAL STATISTICS OF EACH FLAG OF

SAILING VESSELS.*

From the Bureau Veritas Répertoire Général, 1903-1904.
Ships of 50 tons
Ships under 50 tons

Ships recorded
FLAGS.
net and upwards.

net classed with
Veritas.

as lost.
No. Tonnage. No. 1 Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

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British
American
Norwegian
Russian
Italian...
German
French
Swedish
Japanese..
Turkish
Greek
Danish
Dutch
Spanish
Brazilian...
Portuguese
Chilian
Argentine
Uruguay...
Peruvian.
Austrian
Cuban
Mexican
Nicaraguan
Montenegrin
Roumanian
Venezuelan
Siamese
Guatemala
Arabian
Belgian
Haitian
Egyptian
Colombian
St. Domingo
Chinese
Liberian
Bolivian
Tunisian
Costa Rica
San Salvador
Sarawak
Ecuador
Bulgarian
Honduras
Persian
Unknown

102
120
32
13
20
21

76,252 56,449 43,394 42,222 32,053 24,662 19,494 12,066 10,564 8,097 4,728 3,765 3,134 2,772 2,503 2,484 2,138 1,736 1,576 1,385 1.334

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Totals... 26,873 7,812,957 | 1,465

58,855

1,510

392,918

* The Répertoire Général only gives sea-going vessels of at least 50 tors net, therefore some difference must exist between the official statistics of each Country and this list.

Vessels under 50 tons net which are classed with Burcau Veritas are also included.

Other tatistics with respect to sailing vessels appear on page 85,

RATES OF FREIGHTS ON CERTAIN ARTICLES, AT THE FOLLOWING DATES, IN THE

UNDERMENTIONED TRADES.

Jan Jan. Jan. Jan. 1890. 1891, 1892. 1893.

Jan.
1894.

Jan.
1895

Jan.
1896.

Jan.
.

Jan.
1898.

Jan. Jan. Dec. 1899. 1900, 1900.

Nov.
19CI.

Nov. Nov.
902. 1903.

Dec.
IŞ04.

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s. d. s, d.

S. d.
Grain Freights. -- New York or}
Philadelphia to C. F. O.

5

4 4 2 6
(steamer) per quarter ::
San FranciscotOU.K., H.A.D.
(iron sailing ship) per ton 40 0,42 6 22
wheat ....
Odessa to United Kingdom

6 10

6
and Continent (steamer). .
Rice Freights.--Rangoon,&c.
to United Kingdom.

35 o 35 o 30 0 5 Coal Freights (outward ss.) Wales to Lisbon

per ton 7

6 6 6 9

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......., 2360

-720 Dublin

..332 Hull

222

......295 Cardiff

TABLES OF STEAMING DISTANCES. BETWEEN VARIOUS PORTS IN EUROPE, TO HALIFAX, ST.

JOHN (N.B.), AND QUEBEC. LIVERPOOL to QUEBEC, viâ M

M North of Ireland & Belle Isle 2633 Loch Ryan to Halifax

2329 North of Ireland & Cape Race 2801 Belfast to Halifax... .(N.A.) 2412

South of Ireland & Cape Race 2826 Dublin to Halifax. .(N.A.) 2515 LIVERPOOL to Halifax, viâ

Milford Haven to Halifax North of Ireland & Cape Race 2531 London to Halifax

2807 South of Ireland & Cape Race 2476 Antwerp to Halifax

2767 South of Ireland and South of Cape Race to Halifax

556 Newfoundland Bank 2619 Sable Island to Halifax

169 LIVERPOOL to St. JOHN, viâ

St. John to Halifax

277 North of Ireland & Cape Race 2801 Portland to Halifax

330 South of Ireland & Cape Race 2728 Glasgow to St. John ......(N.A,) 2734 South of Ireland and South of Loch Ryan to St. John

2725 Newfoundland Bank 2843 Belfast to St. John .......... (N.A.) 2682 Glasgow to Quebec (N.A.) 2565

Dublin to St. John

2785 Loch Ryan to Quebec.

2509

Milford Haven to St. John 2610 Belfast to Quebec...... 2515 London to St. John

...... 3077 Dublin to Quel er...

.(N.A.) 2602 Antwerp to St. John ....... 3017 Milford Haven to Quebec .. 2687 Cape Race to St. John

725 Glasgow to Halifax.........(N.A.) 2464 Sable Island to St. John..........

393 NORTH SEA, ENGLISH AND ST. GEORGE'S CHANNELS, ETC. SUNDERLAND TO

M.
SUNDERLAND TO

M.
GLASGOW to

M Hartlepool.

16 (South about) Londonderry ..........143 Whitby 37 Swansea .690 Sligo..

.249 Flambro' Head .68 Cardiff

.-720 Limerick

.430 Hull .126 Queenstown

.197 Yarmouth, Norfolk ...180 Dublin

-776 Milford

.292 London .310 Limerick .887 Cork

- 347 Dungeness

.300
LONDON to

Swansea

346 Beachy Head

...233 Liverpool St. Catherine (1.W.). 393 Middlesborough

375 Portland 440 Shields -315 Falmouth

.435 Plymouth

513
Leith
430 Plymouth

468 Falmouth

-545
Dundee

.420 Southampton 582 Hamburg

.413
Aberdeen
-433 London

..765 Nieu Diep ......252 Sheerness

..43 Leith, by Channel ...1063 Amsterdam Canal. ..258 Dover...

.87 Rotterdam Canal .266 Southampton

.214

LEITH to Antwerp --327 Plymouth

23 Ostende

.279
Cardiff

526 Dundee
Havre
-397 Liverpool...
.647 Aberdeen

.85 Brest outside Ushant 62, Glasgow by Channel...766 Inverness... Bordeaux .896 Amsterdam Canal.......188 Wick

185 Bilbao Bar

915
Havre

198 Berwick Oporto

1120
LIVERPOOL to

Newcastle

115 Lisbon 1225 Holyhead..

.68 Hartlepool

128 Cadiz

70 Middlesborough .......138 Huelva

1429
Dublin
120 Hull

.235 Leith

Cork....
-254 Lynn

.266 Aberdeen

.128
Dundalk
135 Yarmouth

291 Lerwick

314
Belfast

.140 Ipswich North Cape

1230

Londonderry
Archangel

Barrow
.46 Southampton

.506 Hammerfest

Whitehaven
-73 Falmouth

.646 Drontheim .695 Stranraer. 146 Hamburg

489 Christiansund.

Ardrossan
.170 Stettin

-782 Bergen, N. Channel...431 Milford

.....188 Rotterdam Canal ......370

Swansea SUNDERLAND TO

....247 Amsterdam Canal....

353 Cardiff (North about)

.....277 Ostende

-336 Bristol -301 Antwerp

.445 Greenock .627 Falmouth

322 Troon ..608 Plymouth

-352

Hull to Ardrossan ...610 Southampton -470 Christiania

540 Belfast

.602
GLASGOW to

Hamburg

.387 Dublin... .690 Ardrossan

.45 Rotterdam Canal ......195 Liverpool .-720 Campbelton

.74 Amsterdam Canal......206 Cardiff .880 Stranraer

.87 Ostende

203 Limerick .808 Belfast 116, Antwerp

.240

317 Alloa

210

.....52

1449 Douglas

114

348 -386

.217 Dover

1755

1205

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