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Memoir of William Gifford, Esq.

[Feb. had sunk deep into his mind. At would in themselves have been unparring, heinformed me that he charged worthy the notice of Gifford ; but, himself with my present support, and being published in England in the future establishment; and that till this daily paper called the World, which last could be effected to my wish, I then enjoyed a large circulation, they should come and reside with him. became fashionable and popular, and These were not words of course - they were imitated from one end of the were more than fulfilled in every point. kingdom to the other. The appearance I did go, and reside with him; and I of ihe Baviad effectually routed this experienced a warm and cord:al recep- tribe of poetasters, and laid on the lion, a kind and affectionate esteem, ruins of iheir popularity the foundathat has known neither diminution tion of the more elevated fawe of Gifnor interruption from that hour 10 ford. thisma period of 20 years !*

The Mæ iad, which appeared in the “In 'his Lordship's house, I pro- following year, was more particularly ceeded with Juvenal, till I was called directed to the state of dramatic poetry, upon to accompany his son one of the and was equally successful in obtaining most amiable and accomplished young for itself the applause of the public, if noblenien that this country, feriile in not in correcting its theatrical taste. such characters, could ever boast,) lo The Buriad and Mæviad bave been the continent. With him, in tn'o suc- frequently republished together, acconcessive tours, I spent many years - panied by an Epistle to Peter Pindar. years of which the remembrance will Mr. Gifford's Juveual, as before always be dear to me, from the recol- mentioned, first appeared in 1802, in lection that a friendship was then con- 410. (and it was then reviewed in vol. tracted, which time and a more inti- LXXII. ii. p. 882, 992). Of the stricmale knowledge of each other hare tures of the Critical Review, Mr. Gifmellowed into a regard that forms at ford, published an “ Examination” in once the pride and happiness of my 1803, and a Supplement” lo that life.”

Examination in 1804. A second ediIn this manner concluded Mr. Gif- tion of the Juvenal was published in ford's own autobiographical narrative, 8vo, in 1806. first published with his Juvenal in 1802. As the editor of the Anti-jacobin He had already acquired great cele- newspaper, Mr. Gifford greatly added briiy as the auihor of “ The Baviad” to his celebrity; and on the first estaand' The Mæviad," though he does blishment of ihe Quarterly Review in not himself notice those successful pro- 1809, he was, in a happy hour lor its ductions of his muse. The former proprietor and the public, chosen 10 satire was published in 179+; and the conduct that publication, of which he object of its attack was what was called continued the Editor till within a year the Della Cruscan school of poetry. of his death. This school had first originated in 1785, In the votes to his Juveval, Mr. when, says Mr. Gifford,

few Eng

Gifford had displayed an extensive aclish of both sexes, whom chance had quaintance with the early English jumbled together at Florence, took a

poels; and throughout his life he pro fancy 10 while away their time in secuted at his leisure hours that inlescribbling high panegyrics on them. resting study. In 1808 he published selves, and complimentary canzonettes an edition of the Plays of Massinger in on iwo or three Italians, who u::der- 4 vols. 8vo; in 1810 the Works of stood 100 litle of the language to be Ben Jonson, in 9 vols. 8vo; and during disgusted with them." These trifles the sew latter years of his life, he had

a

To this passage Mr. Gifford, in the second edition of his Juvepal, appended the following note :

"I have a melancholy satisfaction in recording that this revered friend and patron lived to witness my grateful acknowledgment of his kindness. He survived the appearance of the translation but a very few days, and I paid the last sad duty to his memory by attending his remains to the grave. To me, this laborious work has not been happy; the same disastrous event that marked its cominencement has imbittered its conclusion, and frequently forced upon my recollection the calamity of the rebuilder of Jericho— He laid the foundation thereof in Abiram, his first born, and set up the gates thereof in his youngest son, Segub,'--1806."

1827.]
Memoir of William Gifford, Esq.

III been preparing the Works of Ford and tune to the Rev. Mr. Cookesley, who Shirley. The former is complete in is likewise his residuary legatee. He two voluines, and ready for publica has left his house in James-street, for tion; of the latter, five volumes, and the remainder of the term, nearly one-half of the sixth, are printed. thirty years, to Mrs Hoppner, widow

Of Jonson in particular, the first of the eminent portrait-painter, and poet of his age in the estimation of his legacies of a few hundreds to her contemporaries, though Shakspeare has children. He has left a sum of money, so much eclipsed him in the opinion the interest of which is to be distria of posteriiy, a standard edition was buted annually amongst the poor of certainly a great desideratum. The Ashburton. He has likewise left to impartial reader inust pesuse with de- Exeter College another sun, the founlight and admiration the able and con- dation of two scholarships. Three vincing vindication of the Poet's per- thousand pounds are left to the relatives sonal character, which is contained in of his beloved maid servant, who was the 307 introductory pages. The folly buried in South Audley Chapel, where and the faishood displayed by the the Poet himself intended to repose, "enemies" of Jooson,—by those prin- but for the pressing request of his Excipally who have pandered 10 faiterecutor, who was anxious that Gifford's' the popular deification of Shakspeare remains should be mingled with the by sacrificing at his altar every autor great and good, in Poet's Corner. He who could possilily be bronght into has left to Mr. Heber his edition of comparison with him,-no writer could Maittaire's Classics, and any other books have so completely and thoroughly ex- Mr. Heber may choose to select. To posed, as the author of the Baviad and Mr. Murray, the bookseller, he has left Mæviad.

1001. as a memorial; likewise five hun. A portrait of Mr. Gifford, from a dred guineas, to enable him to reimpainting by his intimate friend Hoppe burse a military gentleman, to whom ner, was prefixed to his Juvenal, and

he appears to have become jointly copied in the Monthly Mirror for Sept. bound for the advance of that suin for 1802. The engraving which is pubi- Mr. Cookesley, at a former period. blished in the present Magazine, is He leaves to his executor, Dr. Ireland, from an earlier painting by the same filliy guineas for a ring, and any of his artist, copied by permission from the books the Dean may select. "He reoriginal in the possession of the Dean quests his Executor to destroy all conof Westminster.

fiilential papers, especially those relatThe mortal remains of this distin. ing to the Review, so that the illusguished scholar and critic were depo- traied Quarterly, mentioned in the sired in Westminster Abbey, imine newspapers, in which the names of diately below the monuments of Cam- the authors, and the prices paid for den and Garrick, on the 8th of January. each article, are said to have been

The first mourning coach contained inserted, will never see the light. Dr. Ireland, Dean of Westminster, Other legacies to individuals are likeGeneral Grosvenor, Mr. Cookesley, wise left. There are various codicils to sen., and Mr. Cookesley, jun.; the the will. The whole is in the handsecond, Mr. Croker, Wr. Barrow, Mr. writing of Mr. Gifford. Hay, and Mr. Backhouse ; the thiril, “ With what fuelings,” says Mr. Mr. Chantrey (the sculptor), Ir. Bed- Gifford, in concluding the preface to ford, Mr. Lockhart, and Mr. Sergeant his Jonson, “ do 1 irace ihe words Rough; the fourth, Mr. Palgrave, Mr. - THE DEAN or WESTMINSTER ! Hoppner, Mr. Jacob, and Mr. Tay. Five and forly springs have now Jor" (the lare proprietor of the Sun passed over my head, since I first newspaper); the fifth and last, Mr. found Dr. Ireland, some years my Bandinell, Dr. Thompson, Mr. Parsloé, junior, in our little school, at his spellMr. Cooper, and Mr. Murray. ing-book. During this long period,

The deceased gentleman's carriage, our friendship has been without a the Dean of Westminster's, Lord Gros- cloud; my delight in youth, my pride venor's, Mr. Parsloe's, Mr. Jacob's, and consolation in old age!" - Mr. Lord Belgrave's, Mr. Backhouse's, Dr. Gifford had before alluded to this faithThompson's, and Mr.Croker's followed. ful friendship, in the following beau. • The probate of Mr. Gifford's will is tiful lines of the " Baviad :" taken out under 25,0001. personal pro- Sure, if our fates hang on some hidden power,' perty. He has left the bulk of his for. And take their colour from the natal hour,

sage!

stores,

119
Biblical Query, 2 Samuel, II. 23.

[Feb, Then, IRELAND, the same planet on us rose, language or behaviour to Jonathan, to Such the strong sympathies our lives disclose, say that they were lovely or pleasant : Thou know'st how soon we felt this in- whereas, in the short history delivered Auence bland,

respecting the monarch and his son, And sought the brook and coppice hand in we read that upon a solemn occasion, band,

Saul reproached Jonathan as “the son And shaped rude bows, and uncouth whistles of a perverse rebellious woman,”(we all

blew, And paper kites (a last, great effort!) flew: in the Oriental languages Inight be

know by what terms such an expression And when the day was done, retired to rest, Sleep on our eyes, and sunshine on our breast. fairly translated into vulgar English) In riper years, again together thrown,

and not content with such indignity Our studies, as our sports before, were one.

publicly offered to a great prince (whom Together we explored the stoic page he ought at least to have honoured beOf the Ligurian, stern though beardless, fore his guests and his people, in what

soever terms he might have rebuked Together too, when Greece unlock'd her him more privately,) “ cast a javelin

[shores, at him to smite him." Really, Sir, in We roy'd in thought o'er Troy's devoted

common reasoning, this appears not Or follow'd, while he sought his native soil, very lovely or very pleasant. Nor does That “old man eloquent," from toil to toil; Jonathan seem to have considered it Lingering with good Alcinoüs o’er the tale, either one or the oiher, for he arose Till the east redden'd and the stars grew pale. from the table in fierce anger. and did So past our life,-till Fate, severely kind, Tore us apart, and land and sea disjoin'd

eat no ineat, &c. “ because his father For many a year; now met, to part no more,

had done bim shame." The ascendant power, confess'd so strong of I humbly desire that this question yore,

may not be misconstrued into a cavil Stronger by absence every thought controls, respecting the language or sentiments And knits in perfect unity our souls ! contained in the best of Books, but I

think it may quite as usefully employ Mr. URBAN, Leicester, Jan. 15,

the lime of some of those gentlemen,

who like your correspondeni, Clericus, B'

IBLICAL Scholars multiply every [p. 303, of the last volunie of Gent.

day, and as the system of relig! Mag.] seems desirous of opening the ous education is rapidly extending, it doors of the pulpit to all manner of may be hoped that those who are so teachers, to shew that they understand zealous in the encouragement of it, the Scriptures, hy rendering this, and will not content themselves with give such like passages plain to the meanest ing the mere outlines and shadows of capacity, as in preparing speeches for instruction, but teach their disciples to Bible-society meetings, or harangues understand, as well as to read the

upon the advantages of communion books placed in their hands. With

with Dissenters of all Jenominations, the hope, therefore, that information merely because they may perchance be may now be obtained respecting sub

very pious. jecis which might a few years ago have Here, Mr. Urtan, I find myself apbeen only adapted to the learned few, I proaching to the question respecting beg leave to propose a question, which

extemporary preaching and expoundperhaps it may be deemned very igno- ing : but, with all due deference lo rant in any one to ask in these eniighi. ened days; but which, if so, may be the your correspondent, I may be permitted

io say that, if such language be necesmore readily answered.

sary for elucidating any religions subIn the song or poem called The Bow, ject as a man cannot •

bring himself” mentioned in the 1st chapter of the

10 commit to paper, it is not fit or be2nd Book of Samuel, in which the coming to use it orally in the church, Book of Jasher is cited as containing or on public occasions ; and it should the original, there is the following re

therefore make part of the business as markable expression :

well as duty of the parochial clergy to “ Saul and Jonathan were lovely and supply by private instruction, such a pleasant in their lives."

degree of information as may qualify Now I would enquire in what sense their parishioners for uriderstanding these words are to be understood ; for such language as they can bring surely without very ample poetical li- themselves to utter in the pulpit und censi“, it can scarcely be deemed agree- to commit to writing. able to the preceding account of Saul's Yours, &c. A PLAIN SPEAKER.

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