« EdellinenJatka »
449 They plighted their vows, thought with joy A prescheur estre clerc on the past,
A cuisinier estre nele * And promis'd fidelity e'en to the last.
A prestre chastele To their numerous friends, they sent favours
A escuier habillete and cakes,
A povre esperance And gaily set off for six weeks to the Lakes. A messagier diligence Alas! when a short idle month past away,
A juge actrempances Enuui they found sadly clouded each day.
A hollier 6 decevance
A mallade pascience
SONNET ON INDEPENDENCE. To his sorrow he found he was pair'd, but
By John TAYLOR, Esq. She could warble most sweetly, but oh, tu her shame,
“I CARE not. Fortune what you me Of domestic economy knew not the name.
[state, Her showy outside had bewilder'd his brain,
Said Thomson, who enjoy'd a happy He felt it and mourn'd, but too late to com- Admir'd, caress'd, and foster'd by the plain.
And hence he well might Fortune's frowns
his fate, He oft more than once in the course of the
To bear a name of high poetic rate, day,
Long as the Seasons roll beneath the sky. Disgustingly turn'd from her presence away.
Alas! I scoru not Fortune, but in vain, Displeas'd with himself, even more than his Through life, to court her favour have mate,
[too late ;
essay'd, That he saw not these follies before 'twas Toild on my rugged path with grief and pain, That with all his discerament he was not
Nor one advance toward INDEPENDENCE (snare ;
made : A Syren could catch him so soon in her Let me no more then after Fortune strain, Like others whose thoughts seek for no
Nor fear how soon the turf be o'er me laid. thing but pleasure, He marries in hasie, lu repenl at his leisure.
By a Mother in 1815.
As the sweet flower which scents the morn, Certaines Conditions et qualitez principale- But withers in the rising day;
ment requises en gens de plusieurs estatz. Thus lovely was my Henry's dawn,
Thus swiftly fled his life away.
And as the flower that early dies
Escapes from many a coming woe,
No lustre lends to guilty eyes,
Nor blushes ou a guilty brow,
So the sad hour that took my boy,
Perhaps bas spar'd some heavier doom ;
Snatch'd him from scenes of guilty joy,
Or from the pangs of ill to come.
He died before bis infant soul
Had ever burnt with wrong desires ;
Had ever spurn'd at heaven's controul,
Or ever quench'd its sacred fires.
He died to sin, he died to care,
But for a moment felt the rod;
Then springing on the viewless air,
Spread his light wings and soar'd to God.
This—the blest theme that cheers my voice, A Ribault compte et gay
The grave is not my darling's prison; Et putain sans effray
The stone that cover'd half my joys
Is rollid and he is risen. i Qu. from achréme * vieillard que
4 Nect, or next. 5 i. e. moderation. 3 Qu. from locquet, a luck focqueteur
* The Castle of Indolence. Gent. Mag. May, 1827.
[ 450 ]
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
House of COMMONS, May 1. attention of the House to the relative situaThe House met this day, and owing to
tions of Prime Minister and Secretary of the recent changes in the Administration,
State for the Home Department. The the most intense interest was excited. Every church preferments laid with the former, avenue was crowded, and the attendance of and the latter had to attach his signature Members was unusually great. On the Mi
to them. Here, then, was one plain reason nisterial benches sat Mr. Tierney, Sir Fran- why the persons who filled these two situacis Burdett, Mr. Calcraft, Sir John New- tions ought not to differ on either political port, Lord Stanley, Mr. Brougham, Mr. or religious questions. He embraced that Spring Rice, Sir Robert Wilson, Mr. opportunity of repelling with indigoation Fowell Buxton, and several other gentlemen the accusation, that himself and his colwho formerly sat on the Opposition benches. leagues had formed a cabal. The course Mr. Peel and his brethren took their seats
which the individuals to whom he alluded on the lowet benches near the spot oc- pursued, was a course founded on the hocupied by Mr. Canning, when out of nest opinion which each individual enteroffice.
lained, and which ought to be held up as an On the motion for a new writ for Ash- example to every other officer of the Crown. burton, in the room of the Right Hon. W. With respect to the Lord Chancellor and a S. Bourne, who had become Home Secre- distinguished individual (the Duke of Wels tary, Mr. Peel rose, and explained the cir- lington), whose name was stamped with the cumstances which had induced him to retire gratitude of his country,—when he found from the public service. He said, that in that they were attacked by the most shamewithdrawing from the service of the Crown, ful accusations, he felt the indignation which he was actuated by no motives that could be every honest mind must feel at such revoltconstrued into levity, jealousy, or disrespecting ingratitude. His separation from his towards any one. No private pique, nor
right hon. friend, with whom he had acted personal feeling, had swayed his actions; he with so much cordiality, had been to him a retired upon principle, and had he done source of great regret. He retired from the otherwise, he should have felt unworthy the public service without entertaining any perconfidence of the House. « The House sonal feeling either as regarded party or and the country are well aware, " said the spirit. Right Hon. Gent. “ that there is a great
Sir F. Burdett said, the ground on which constitutional question, to one particular he and his friends thought it incumbent to side of which I profess myself fervently at- Blipport the present Administration was, the tached. For 18 years I have pursued an hope of advancing that principle which iaundeviating course of opposition-have al- duced the Right Hon. Gent. to withdraw, ways offered the most uncompromising hòs- and which the whole civilized world acknowtility—against any measure for granting fur- ledged, with the exception of England. ther concessions to the Roman Catholics. Sir Thos. Lethbridge expressed himself as During 14 of those 18 years, I have held strongly opposed to the present Adminisoffice under the Crown, and during 11 vf tration, and called for a trial of strength at those 14 years, that office has been closely once on the Catholic question. and intimately connected with the affairs Mr. Dawson (late Under Secretary for and interests of Ireland. I still retain, and the Home Department) denounced the coawithout the slightest variation, the opinions lition between Mr. Canning and the Whigs, I have so long advocated; and, having so as the basest, most unnatural, and unprecedone, I felt that it would not be consistent dented that had ever taken place. He atwith the maintenance of my character as a tacked the press, which was in favour of the public man, to acquiesce in any arrange- new arrangements, as corrupted to the very ment, which, while it conferred bevefit on heart's core, for hardly a portion of it gave me, and enabled me to retain office, was expression to the real opinions of the coupcalculated materially to promote the success try; and he contended that the parties who of the question, to which, under other cir- had recently joined the new Ministers were cumstances, I had offered the strongest re- only anxious co participate in the sweets of sistance." The Right Hon. Gentleman office. said, he lost no time in making up his mind Mr. Brougham replied with much sasto retire from the public service, when he casm to the preceding speaker, and said that found that his colleagues would differ upon he
gave the present Administration his sup this subject. He particularly directed the port most cordially and heartily; but he had
1927.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 451 from the first voluntarily refused office, be- some two hours of the meeting of this cause he would not throw any obstacles in House. I had already given directions for the way of such an arrangement being per- the moving of the new writ—(for the bofected as would be conducive to the happi- rough of Newport, we presume)—when I ness of benighted Ireland:
received these resignations. Upon receivMr. Canning then addressed the House in ing them, I said to my Sovereiga, Here, a most powerful and impressive speech. He Sire, is that which disables me from exeentered into a history of his couduct with cuting the orders I have received from you, reference to the Catholic question and the respecting the formation of a new Adminislate Ministerial transactions. He spoke in tration. It is now open to your Majesty to she highest terms of Mr. Peel's candour and adopt a new course, for no step has yet sincerity, and boped their separation would been taken in the execution of those orders be only for a time. He intimated that his that is irrevocable ; but I must fairly state Majesty's opinions were Anti-Catholic; and to your Majesty, that if I am to go on the stated, that when first applied to for advice, same position where you have been pleased he recommended a Government conforma- to place me, my writ must be moved for toble to these opinions, which of course in- day, for if we wait until the holidays withvolved his own retirement. For a time, he out adopting any definitive steps, I see that knew not whether this advice would be acted it is quite hopeless for me to attempt to upon ; at length it was distinctly stated, persevere in the objects I have undertaken.' that such a Government could not be form- I need not repeat to the House, the words ed, and he received his Majesty's commands in which my Sovereign graciously replied to to model one on the principles of Lord Li- this representation, but I may state that he verpool. To have placed at the head of this gave me his hand to kiss, and confirmed me Government, as had been required of him, in the office to which I had been named. another person holding Lord Liverpool's (Loud cheers.) These, then, Sir, are the sentiments on the Catholic question, would steps which I really have taken ; these are have been virtually to admit, that he was the means by which I bave been placed in himself disqualified from that high office by the station I'at present fill. I have meddled his peculiar opinions ; -- and sooner than not with the conduct or the opinions of any disgrace himself by sanctioning such a prin- other man. What have been the principles ciple, he would retire for ever from public of conduct of others among my late collife, be proscribed and persecuted, and be- leagues, for the best of reasons and the take himself to perpetual banishment. If wisest, I do not pretend to say; for really I the new Cabinet did not embrace an equal do not know them.-(Hear.) I had never proportion of the supporters of both sides of offended them intentionally, nor did I know che question, it was not because he had that I had ever excited among them unwitbeen guilty of any breach of faith. “When tingly any feeling so hostile or personal to (continued the Right Honourable Gentle- me, as to be at all likely to lead to this reman), upon the 12th of April, I went to sult."—Hear, hear.) The Right Hon. the chamber of my Sovereign, intending to Gent. then stated that with the new Gopropose a plan and arrangement, which vernment the Catholic Question was not to should comprise all the Merubers of Lord be a Cabinet question, but stood exactly as Liverpool's' Government, and embrace, it did in 1812. Much as he estimated the therefore, an equality of Protestant and importance of the measure, he knew there Catholic votes, or rather, I should say, a was a strong feeling in the country against preponderancy of Protestant voices—a cir- it, and no consideration should induce him cumstance occurred which prevented that to run hostile to that, for he valued a week intention from taking effect. Was it my of peace in England, above the accomplishfault, Sir, that—by any sort of concert I ment of almost any theoretical or practical certainly will not venture to say, but by a good. He had no doubt, however, the time singular coincidence, undoubtedly-at that was ripening, and the measure would finally very time, on that very day, and in that triumph. very chamber, five Protestant resignations (I call them Protestant only in the parlance of this House) were put into my hands ?
House of Lords, May 2. Five Protestant resignations came into the On the opening of the House, the newly. King's hands, within twenty-four hours ; created Peers, Lord Lyndhurst, Viscount and thus, five of the members on whom I Goderich, Lord Plunkel, and Lord Tenderhad reckoned for the new Cabinet, were at den, took their seats. once withdrawn : and, upon this statement, Lord Ellenborough (from the Opposition I ask, whether it is fair to impute to me a side) said, that since the adjournment of wilful non-execution of the orders of my the House, an entirely new Ministry had Sovereign, in the formation of that Cabi- been formed on different principles from the net. (Hear.) But did the matter rest Jast, or on no principle at all, and noble here, Sir? I received these resiguations persons who had seceded from that Admiabout the middle of Thursday, and within nistration had been so grossly assailed, he
452 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament.
[May; hoped they would take the very first oppor- tion, he stated, that on the 10th of April tunity afforded to them of rebutting these be received a letter from the Right Hon. charges.
Geot. who now filled the office of Prime The Earl of Eldon -said, that he learned Minister, which stated that the King had for the first moment that he and the noble desired the writer to lay before him, with as Lords who had resigned their offices, had little delay as possible, a plan for the rebeen charged with concert in resigning constructiou of an Administration ;- and those offices, and with the unpardonable that it was his Majesty's wish, as well as offence of dictating to their Sovereign. his own, that the new Administration That he himself should be supposed to have should adhere to the line of policy pursued been guilty-after having sustained all the by Lord Liverpool: he then hoped that his principles he had so undeviatingly sustained, Grace had no objection to form a part in through evil and through good report-of such new Adıninistration. Now their Lordyielding to a doctrine so unconstitutional as ships would observe, that the letter did not to affect to dictate to his Sovereigo—who inform him as to the persons of whom the should have the government of the country, new Cabinet was to consist, por as to those subject to that controul which belonged to members of the old Cabinet, who either had the two Houses of Parliainent, constituted resigned, or were expected to resign; and as as the Parliament of this country was, was a these explanations had, he understood, been thing that he would never hear stated, as given to his other colleagues, be was rathes far as regarded himself, without declaring astonished at the omission in his case. On that it was a base and scandalous falsehood. the 11th of April, he wrote to ackdowledge - Cheers.) On the other hand, he would the receipt of Mr. Canniog's letter, and extake the liberty of saying, that he had a pressed bis anxiety to serve in the Councils right, for the sake of his Sovereign's safety, of his Majesty, with the same colleagues whom he had so long served, in dutiful at- that formed the Administration of Lord Litention to him, and in dutiful attention to verpool, but, before he gave his answer, he the memory of his father, whom he had so wished to know from Mr. Cauning, wbo was long served, to state in that House, and to to be placed at the head of the New Adinihis Majesty, that he never disguised from distration. On the same evening, he rehim any opiuion he ever entertained on any ceived reply from Mr. Canning, stating subject submitted to his consideration that he felt it his duty to submit his (che He spoke in the presence of many who Duke's) letter, with his answer to it, to his knew that for years past it had been a ques- Majesty. Mr. Canning theu added, that is tion with him whether he ought to resign was a well-understood arrangement that, or not. And when the circumstance of whenever his Majesty entrusted to any indithis change took place, the question with vidual the forniation of an Administration, him was, not whether he should maintain a that individual was to he at the head of the purpose of resignation, but whether he Government: he concluded by stating, that should fulfil that purpose of resignation he had no reason to believe that his Majesty which, for some years past, he had express- intended in this case to depart from the ed. Meaning to resign, if an Administra- usual arrangements, and that he (Mr. Cantion of principles similar to his own had ning) was appointed at the head of the new been forined, could it be supposed that he Administration. He (the Duke) wrote an ought uot to have resigned when an Admi- answer to this letter, in which he stated, that nistration had been formed—as they had he had understood from Mr. Canning, that been told, thongh he did not know whether he had had a different arrangement in cooit had or not-of perfectly different princi- templation from that which he was then ples? With respect to the Catholic Ques- fulfilling ;-that he had not felt himself tion, his opiniou was, that the decision of warranted in collecting from the communia question so important, should not be de- cation of the Right Hon. Gent. tbat he ferred. He had certainly, hitherto, been himself was to be at the head of the Admione of those most anxious to oppose the nistration ;—that he had diligently turned bringing forward of this question, but he the subject in his mind, with a view of seenow was clearly of spinion, that the time ing how far he could, consistently with his had come when it should and ought to be principles, take a share in the new Admibrought forward.
His Lordship denied nistracion ;--that he sincerely wished be most solemnly before his God, that he had could bring himself to a conviction, that the acted in concert with any man, and declared new Government was to adhere to the line that he had not even seen their cominunica- of policy pursued by Lord Liverpool, but he tions."
was afraid that it would not ;-that he conThe Duke of Wellington stated that he ceived the principles of Lord Liverpool's had been most unjustifiably and calum- policy had been already abandoned ;-chas niously treated. He had been abused day the measures of a Government, constituted after day, by a press, which if not in the on the principles of Mr. Canning, would be pay, was uoder the direct influence of Go- viewed with suspicion by foreigo Goveravernment. In reference to his late resigna- inents, and would give no satisfaction to the 1827.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 453 people at home : - and that under these selves, and was his right hon. friend to say circumstances, he requested Mr. Canning to his Majesty, “ I will run away and leave to communicate to his Majesty that he you in such a predicament as no Sovereign wished to be excused from forming a part was ever placed in before ? " He should of the new Cabinet. He was bound to avow throw himself upon the indulgence of their to their Lordships, that the present Cabinet lordships, declaring that he aimed at nomaterially differed from that of which Lord thing but the honour of his King, and the Liverpool had been the head; and the chief good of his country. (Cheers.) difference between them was this—that the Earl Bathurst observed, that he retired Cabinet of Lord Liverpool was founded on because, when the Duke of Wellington, the principle of maintaining the laws as they Lord Eldon, Lord Liverpool, and Mr. Peel, were ; whilst that of the Right Hon. Gen- were no longer in office, there was such a tleman was founded on the principle of sub- blank formed, as would not justify him in verting them. (Hear, hear.) The princi- retaining office. He denied that there had ples of the noble Earl were principles by been any concert in the resignations. which any man might safely abide; the The Earl of Westmoreland said, that it principles of the Right Hon. Gentleman was the invariable practice of public men to fluctuated every day, and depended upon decline office when differences of opinion transitory reasons of temporary expedience. arose between them. He had served his As on the charge of conspiracy between him Majesty many and many a year, and no man and his colleagues, it was a foul falsehood, was more proud of it than he was, while and he cared not who said it. The office of under the guidance of the late AdministraCommander-in-Chief of necessity placed the tion; but he resigned office when he could holder of it in a constant confidential rela
not longer be of any use to his King and tion with the Prime Minister, who had in country. fact the chief controul in bis own hands, Lord Melville said, it could not be exand from all the communication he had had pected that he was to embark in a new with the Right Hon. Gent. he saw that it' governmect, without knowing the members would be impossible to consider the conti- 'of which it was to be composed. It was nuance of his relation with him either ser- precisely upon that ground he stood. He viceable to the country, or creditable to estimated highly the talents of his Right himself
. He then referred to ministerial Hon. friend, Mr. Cauning, but he confessed negociations which had taken place at for- he did not think he could form an efficient mer periods, in some of which Mr. Canning government, such as the exigency of the was a party, to show that the person em- country required, if stripped of his old ployed to negociate was not expected, as a associates. matter of course, to be at the head of an
Lords Londonderry and Ellenborough conAdministration.
curred in one common sentiment of unLord Bexley said, that after having ten- compromising hustility to the Government, dered his resignatiou, he was induced again as it was then composed. to resume office by the assurance he had re- The Earl of Winchelsea said, that no ceived that the line of policy adopted in the period of the political history since the Administration of Lord Liverpool would not Revolution of this country, could at all be abandoned. He acquitted the noble Duke, compare with the present era. He conand those of the late Administration who trasted the characters of the ex-ministers had resigned, of any thing like a conspiracy. with those who retained their places, and As to the question of making one of a di- those individuals who had succeeded to new vided Administration, the noble Lord ob- appointments; and, with reference to Mr. served, that in this respect there was no de- Canning, he concluded by observing, that parture from the principle of Lord Liver- consistency in him was wever observable. pool's Administration.
Ambition and the love of place were the Viscount Goderich (late Mr. Robinson) pivots of his whole political life. said, he had witnessed the late separations in his Majesty's Councils with the deepest regret. He disavowed all participation in
House of COMMONS, May 4. the calunnies which had been cast upon the The changes in the Administration were poble Lords, and said, that, from what he the principal subject of discussion. The koew of the character of the public press, debate was long, interesting, and animated. and the connexion subsisting between it and Mr. Dawson spoke with great acrimony, the Government, he had no hesitation in when he asked Mr. Canning if any arrangeexpressing his opinion, that the press was inents were in progress to fill up the offices an engine too powerful and independent to of Master of the Mint, Judge Advocate, be made use of in the way alluded to.
The &c. Mr. Canning arose and loudly replied changes which had taken place were to be with the monosyliahle “ Yes,” which ocascribed, not to the Ministers who remain- casioned great shouting and laughter —Mr. ed, but to those who had fallen off. They Peel wished to know, seeing the new allies refused to form an Administration them- of Government, whether Parliamentary Re