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454 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [May, form was to be an open question like that Baltic, 105,000. In the year 1825, we imregarding the Catholics, and be supported ported from America, 407,000 loads, and by part of the Ministry: -Sir Francis Bur- from the Baltic, 270,000. (Hear, hear.) deti declared that nothing of the kind had The coasting trade, so important to this been sought.—Sir E. Knatchlull said, that, country, amounted in the year 1823, to seeing by whom the Ministers were sur- 7,399,000 tons; in 1824, 8,1 10,000; in rounded, he must withdraw his support 825, 8,340,080 ; and in 1826, 8,306,000 from Mr. Canning's Administration-Mr. tons. Thus, this trade has grown with our Canning declared he should oppose Parlia- growth, and is of the greatest advantage to mentary Reform, and also the Test Act the towns along our coasts. Can, then, any Repeal.—Sir George Warrender said, that one say, after all this, that our maritime he would give the Government his inde- interest is diminished ? He had heard no pendent support, and he was convinced it one fact laid down in the reasoning adduced had the support of the country.—Lord John to support the motion which could prove Russell said, he was too well pleased at the the case that it was necessary to establish; resignation of the seceders to wish I see consequently he would give to the motion them restored pow at the price of Parlia- his most decided negative. mentary Reform.

After some remarks from Mr. Peel, the

motion was withdrawn. May 7. General Gascoyne brought forward his motion for a Committee to inquire [Both Houses have been occupied night into the present distressed state of the Ship- after night, with acrimonious discussions on ping interest.—Mr. Huskisson rose to op. the new

Admioistration, resulting from quespose the motion, and expose the fallacy of tions put to the Members of Goveroment by the gallant General's statements. He de- the new Tory opposition ; but the debates clared the allegations of the Ship-owners, thence arising would be little more than a that British trade had declined, to be un- recapitulation of sentiments expressed in the true. The Hon. Gentleman then stated meetings of the two Houses, which, from that in 1814, our trade with other ports in the importance of the subjects, we have Europe amounted to 540,000 tons, and in just given at considerable length.] 1826 it came up to 878,000. In the last year, eggs, to the astonishing number of House of LORDS, May 17. 65,000,000, were imported from France, On the Petition of W. Turner, esq. of the duty on which ainounted to 22,000l. Shrigley Park, Cheshire, leave was given to As respects the trade to the West Indies, bring in a bill to annul the marriage of Miss one fact is certain, that, in the last year, Turner with E. G. Wakefield, who was then and while that trade was open to others, the a prisoner in Newgate, and from whom ainount of British shipping engaged there, Lord Eldon presented a petition, praying to bias been greater than in any of the six pre- be heard at the bar of the House against ceding years. (Hear, hear.) Then as to the Bill. our trade with North America, in place of On presenting an Anti-Catholic petition, 151,000 tons, it now amounts to 391,000 a discussion arose, in which Lord Holland tons ; and in the last year, it exceeded that and the Marquis of Lansdown opened their that of every other, except 1825. With Ministerial campaign in support of the new the East Indies our trade has increased from order of things. In this discussion, Lord 50,000 to 72,000 toos. With respect to Abingdon spoke as follows :—"All my life I the African trade, which is one of a most have been a supporter of regular Governvaluable description to England, the increase ments, and have possessed feelings of loyalty has been from 9,000 to 26,000 tons. As and attachment to the Constitution in to Ireland, in that country there has been a Church and State, as by law established: great increase in trade, not only to the believing that to such principles the country Baltic, but to the Colonies, and at that I owed its greatness, its peace, and prosperity; exceedingly rejvice. In the year 1784, the I cannot, therefore, with these feelings, quantity of timber which came from British join or support a Goveroment, of whose North America, was 784 louds ; from the principles I uever can approve."

FOREIGN NEWS.
FRANCE.

royalty. Its lines have twice protected

peace within and without, against the moreA Royal Ordinance has dissolved the ments of foreign invasion and aparchy. National Guard of Paris. That Guard, Twice has the restoration appeared amidst (says the Journal des Debats,) was com- its ranks, protected by its acclamations, supposed of the select inhabitants of the capi- ported by its devotion, and sometimes de ial. It has existed for a series of years, and fended by its arms. This Guard, truly narendered immense services to order and to tional, is no more.

His Majesty,

1827.] Foreign News.

455 It was in the first place, in the midst of

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. the second legion, immediately after his Majesty had passed, (says the Quotidienne,) Orders have been issued from the War that one of the grenadiers of the 2d bat- Office, for a retrograde movement of the talion mingled with the general cry vf Army of Observation, to the sanie distance « Vive le Roi !" that of " A bas les from the frontiers as the English and PortyMinistres !” The Duke of Reggio ordered guese corps. These orders are the consehim to be arrested, but he escaped among quence of representations made by Mr. the lines. Passing in front of the 7th le- Lamb and M. Lima, on the advance of the gion, the King's ears were again assailed Spanish army, which appeared to have no with the cries of a National Guard, who object but to support the insurrection of could not restrain his animadversions on the Elvas, and to endeavour to extend it to Ministers. His Majesty stopped, and said other frontier fortresses of Portugal. in a noble and firm tone,—“I came here to receive the homage of my people, and not become daily more and more violent. A remonstrances.' The King ordered this circular from the Minister of Grace and National Guard to be broken and degraded. Justice, addressed to the Presidents of all To palliate his irreverence, several of his the superior tribunals of the kingdom, concomrades exclaimed, “Vive le Roi !" and taias the following passage :" taking advantage of this circumstance, he after having heard his Council of State, and made off. One man belonging to the 8th Ministers, orders that the members of seregiment was particularly remarked for his cret societies, who may not be voluntarily disrespectful conduct. Count St. Roman denounced, shall be immediately arrested, ordered him under arrest; and on his pro- tried, and condemned to death, conformably mise to surrender himself, he was allowed to to what is prescribed by the decree passed to remain free in the lines. The clamour ap- that effect in 1824." peared to be most violent in the 3d, 5th, Intelligence from Madrid announces an and 8th regiments. The 30th Legion on engagement on the frontiers of Gallicia, its return from the Champ-de-Mars, in pass- between the Spaniards and Portuguese. ing through the rue de Rivoli, mingled The latter, it is said, contrary to the faith with cries of « Vive le Roi !" the exclama- of treaties, had penetrated into several Spation, a thousand times repeated, of “A bas nish villages, which they pillaged. Some -Villele.”

soldiers of the regiment of inilitia of MonDuring a debate in the Chamber of Depu- treacy marched against the Portuguese, and, ties on the budget for the year 1828, M. notwithstanding their inferiority in point of Lafitte made an allusion to the late disbande numbers, charged them, and compelled them ing of the National Guard, which produced to recross the frontier. The militia, carried great agitation, and a cry of "Impeach the away by their ardour, penetrated, on their Ministers" was raised by several voices. return, into the Portaguese territory, where M. Lafitte said, if four Deputies would a number of them were made prisoners. bring the act of impeachment, he would On Sunday the 29th of April, four comsign it. Immediately several other members panies of the 8th regiment of foot revolted, declared they would sign it. Order being and attempted to proclaim Don Miguel. restored, M. de Villele observed, that he They expected to be joined by the artillery, should have had reason to fear impeachment but were opposed by them iu Praca. They had he not advised the disbanding of the were surrounded by the 5th foot, 3d cavalry, Guard. “I shall never dread," said he, and part of the artillery, with three field“ an impeachment for a measure necessary pieces. They fired blank cartridges over for the public interest and the safety of the their heads, when they were persuaded by country, which was not to be replunged into their colonel to retire to their barracks. revolution by want of firmness on the part After this, all was quiet till about day-light, of the advisers of the crown."

when we were disturbed by the firing of arA must lomentable accident lately took tillery. They had risen to get possession place at the commune of St. Jean le Vieux, of the Esquina-gate. lo the night a reinin the department of Basses Pyrenees. Just forcement had arrived from the 1st Caçaas the worthy priest of the Commune had dores, and the 5th and 8th cavalry, from finished mass, the vault of the church gave different parts. The Caçadores dislodged way, and the roof fell in with a tremendous them from the fort. After pretty smart crash. A great number of persons were firing, they got in front of the Royal arseburied in the ruins, and eight or ten lost nal and artillery, where commenced a contheir lives. Several females were most siderable firing for about an hour and shockingly mutilated, and it was with diffi- balf. They had possession of the convent culty that they were extricated from the of Paulistas. One friar was killed ; another mass of stones heaped on every side. The made prisoner. The peasants were more church was in a very dilapidated state ; but determined than the troops ; 'women joined, people resorted to it, as there was no other crying “Viva Doo Miguel." in the vicinity.

'The Princess Regent has published an

456
Domestic Occurrences.

(May, amnesty for the rebels, excluding from par- guard. The Fellabs, however, discovered don all officers who deserted, all chiefs of this, pursued, and murdered Major Laing, the revolted peasantry, the magistrates and and those who guarded him. Meanwhile ecclesiastics, who joined them, and the re- the Fellahs, whose ambition is equal to their bellious junta denominated the Supreme ferocity, availing themselves of Major Government of the kingdom. Her Majesty Laing's arrival at Tombuctoo, and of the has been labouring under a severe illness species of protection which he had received for some time past.

there, seized upon that city, and imposed an

annual tribute, which the inhabitants, unAFRICA.

able to offer resistance, are in future to pay, Major Laing has fallen a victim to his for having, as it is said, made themselves perseverance in endeavouring to explore the accomplices in a project of invasion mediinterior of Africa, after reaching Tombuc- tated by the infidels. This information is too. On his arrival, the Fellahs, to the communicated by a Scheik of Tripoli, who number of 30,000, demanded him, in order has long resided at Tombuctoo. He deto put him to death, "and to prevent clares that there exists a very interesting thereby," they said, “ christian nations history of this town, which traces the founfrom profiting by bis information to pene- dation of it to 510 of the Hegira' (1116 of trate some day into these distant countries J. C.), written by Sidi Ahmed Baba, a nafor the purpose of enslaving them.” The tive of Arawau, a small town of the country Prince who commanded at Tombuctoo, re- of the Kentes, a considerable people of fused to give bim up, and sent him out pri- Soudan. vately under an escort of fifteen of his own

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS

to do bonour to their illustrious townsman PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. (Shakspeare), and to show their loyalty to

their Sovereign, have proposed holding a April 8. A numerous and respectable Triennial Conmemorative Festival on St. meeting of members of the London Royal George's day, the 23d of April, and to conCollege of Surgeons was held at the Bath

tinue the same on the two followivg days. Hospital, when it appeared to be the gene

The subscriptions have been most liberal. ral opiniou that the powers entrusted to the Soon after six, the inhabitants were sereRoyal College called for the interference of naded by the various bands of instrumental the Legislature, and a resolution was adopt- performers parading the town, and subseed to the following effect :- That the testi- quently by the ringing of bells, firing of monials of hospital attendance required by

cannon, &c. The arrangements in the line the present system of the College are both

of procession were very judicious, and coge inadequate and unjust ; privileges being trolled by the committee, wearing sashes granted to one year's walking through an

and medals, assisted by about 50 constables. hospital in London, Dublin, Edinburgh, The procession, which had a must brilliant Glasgow, and Aberdeen, which are denied effect from the splendor of the armour, tn several years' attendance and dressing in dresses, banners, chariuts, and other decothe provincial hospitals of this country, al- rations by Mr. Palmer, passed through che though the latter afford, in many instances, principal streets, amidst the plandits of an more ample opportunities of acquiring surgi

immense congregation, to the birth-place cal knowledge. It was agreed to petitiva of Shakspeare, which still remains in its Parliament.

former state. In front of the house a temApril 23. The Shakspearian Jubilee, at porary hustings had been erected, and upon Stratford on Avon, was celebrated, in com- the cavalcade arriving at the spot, the offi. memoration of the natal day of Shakspeare. ciating gentlemen having taken their places, During the whole of Sunday, the 22d, the the bust of Shakspeare was crowded by Thaseveral stage coaches from London and the lia and Melpomene, and an appropriate adneighbouring towns, were crowded with dress was delivered. At the conclusion, the passengers, and vehicles of every descrip- procession nioved on to the church, and at tion were put in requisition at Birmingham, the termination of divine service, returned Warwick, Leamington, and the adjacent to the site of the intended new Theatre, villages, to convey the immense number of which is partly erected, where the Mayor, individuals who were anxious to witness this assisted by the Corporation, laid the chief splendid pageant, the first upon any scale of corper-stone in due form. magnitude that has taken place since the The Gloucester and Berkeley ship canal Garrick jubilee, on the 6th, 7th, and 8th which commenced in 1792, has been openof September, 1769. The festival was ed; and at high water the ship Anne, of conducted by the Shakspearian Club esta- three hundred tons, Philips, master, beblished at Stratford-upon-Avon, who, anxious longing to Mr. Irvine, Bristol, was hauled

1827.]
Domestic Occurrences. -New Ministry.

457 into the entrance lock, amidst the exulting May 8. At a public dinner of the Clergy shouts and congratulations of the spectators, of London, where the Bishops of London, and the firing of guns.

Chester, and Landaff, and about 150 Clergymen, were present, the toast of “Church

and King was given (with great applause) : LONDON AND ITS VICINITY,

the Bishop of London then addressed the New MINISTRY.

Meeting, and told them that on the oc

casion of the late Ministerial changes, his The following is the list of the new Mi- Majesty had graciously sent to the Archbinistry, &c. :Peers.--Lord Chancellor, Lord Lynd- they would wait on his Majesty. They

shop of Canterbury and himself, requesting hurst; Lord President, Earl of Harrowby ;* Lord Privy Seal, Duke of Portland ;* Chan- accordingly did so, and in the interview with cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Lord jesty stated most explicitly, that he had

which the King honoured them, his MaBexley; Secretary of State for Foreign

sent for them, as the heads of the MetroAffairs, Viscount Dudley;* Secretary of State for the Colonies, Visc. Goderich.* politan Clergy, in order, through them, to In the Cabinet, without office, the Marquis lic at large, what his Majesty's sentiments

satisfy their respective Clergy, and the pubof Lansdowne."

were with respect to the much-agitated CaCOMMONERS.-Secretary of State for the Home Department, Rt. Hon. W.S. Bourne ;* positively, that he entertained the same

tholic question. His Majesty declared most President of the Board of Trade, Rt. Hon. sentiments as those of his late revered W. Huskisson ;* President of the Board of Father, and those which his Majesty was Control, Rt. Hon. C. W. Wynn ;* Secre

known to entertain when Prince Regent. tary at War, Visc. Palmerston ; * First Lord His Majesty further gave as his reasons for of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Etche- those sentiments, that he took precisely the quer, Rt. Hon. G. Canning. * NOT IN THE CABINET. - Lord High Ad- his revered Father and his lamented brother

same view of the Coronation Oath which miral, the Duke of Clarence; Master-Gen. the Duke of York had taken ; and that his of the Ordnance, Marq. of Anglesea ; Lord Majesty felt convinced that nothing could Chamberlain of the Household, Duke of shake or alter his opinions on this momenDevonshire; * Master of the Horse, Duke of Leeds ;• Chief Secretary to the Lord manded the Archbishop of Canterbury and

tous question. His Majesty then comLieut. of Ireland, the Hon. W. Lamb.* Law APPOINTMENTS. - Master of the Rols, sentiments known to their respective Clergy,

the Bishop of London, to make these his Sir John Leach;* Vice-Chancellor, Sir An

in order that no misconception might, by thony Hart;* Attorney-General, Sir James Scarlett ; *Solicitor-General, Sir N.C.Tindal. any possibility, exist, as to his Majesty's

views in the late Ministerial arrangementsApril 7. At the Kingston Assizes, Da- the result of circumstances equally unforeniel Buckley, Jeremiah Andrews, and Dap. seen and unpleasant to his Majesty. Pycroft, were severally indicted for feloni- A general Meeting of the Protestant Soously and traitorously coining at Lambeth, ciety for the protection of Religious Liberty adjoining the Vauxhall Road, four counter- was lately held at the City of London tavern; feit sovereigns, one hundred counterfeit Lord Milton in the chair. It was supposed half-sovereigns, one hundred counterfeit more than 3000 persons were present. The half-crowns, one hundred counterfeit shil- great object which occupied the attention of lings, and one hundred counterfeit six- the Meeting was the measures now in propences. It was proved on the trial that this gress for procuring the abolition of the illegal traffic was carried on to a most extra- Corporation and Test Acts. Mr. Wilks ordinary extent. Buckley and Andrews

read the report, which stated that in every were convicted, and Pycroft acquitted. On part of England and Wales; in every city, the 23d of April Buckley and Andrews un-, town, and village, petitions upon the subderwent the sentence of the law at Horse- ject were in preparation, and were in numonger-lane Gaol. As is usual in cases of merous instances signed by Clergymen of high treason, the men were drawn across the Church of England and Magistrates. the yard on a hurdle, the executioner stand. The various resolutions having been proing behind them with a drawn sword to the posed and carried, Lord Miltou, in concluscaffold. The last execution at this prison sion, exhorted the Society to persevere, for for high treason was that of Colonel Des- that, “among the persoas who were now pard and his associates ; but since that time entrusted with the administration of the ibe infliction of the routilation of the affairs of the country, there was so much bodies, prescribed by the old law, Iras been liberality and talent, that he felt assured it repealed.

was impossible for the statute book to be

much longer disgraced by the continuance The noblemen and gentlemen whose of any religious tests."--Since this Meettitles or names are marked with an asterisk, iug, numerous petitions from the Protestant have voted for the Roman Catholic question. Dissenters have been presented to ParliaGent. Mag. May, 1827.

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458
Domestic Occurrences.

(May, ment, praying for the repeal of the Test filled with the same composition have, with and Corporation Acts.

the help of long spikes, been lowered into May 14. In the Court of King's Bench, the river, and laid in such a position as would Edw. Gibbon Wakefield (whose trial and best answer the purpose intended. Messrs. conviction for the abduction of Miss Turner, Brunell descended priocipally to ascertain was given in p. 360) was sentenced to three whether these bags had been properly placed. years imprisonment in Newgate ; and Wm. Wakefield, his brother, for the same period

May 20. A very numerous and respecin Lancaster Castle. A bill is in progress establishment

of a Society

for the Diffusion

table Meeting of persons friendly to the through the House of Lords for the annulment of the marriage. See

of the Principles of the Reformation, was 454.

held at Freemasons'-Hall. The committee, May 18. About 20 min. before 7 p. m. the water broke into the Thames Tunnel with

among whom were the Bishop of Lichfield irresistible violence, forcing its way through

and Coventry, the Bishop of Salisbury, that part of the work which the labourers deville, Farnham, Carbery, and Barham,

Earls Winchelsea and Roden, Lords Marhad been employed during the day in excavating, and in a short time the whole of the J. J. Strutt, the Hon. James King, the

the Hon. and Rer. Gerard Noel, the Hon. tunnel, to the mouth of the shaft, was completely filled. About 160 men were engaged Baring, Sir Robert Inglis, several Members

Hon. and Rev. Baptist Noel, Sir Thomas in the excavation, when the alarm was rais- of Parliament, and many other persons of ed that the river had broken in. Tallat, distinction, were present. Lord Mandethe under engineer, and Messrs. Brunel, ville was called to the chair. Mr. Gordon jun. and Gravatt, the principal engineers, stated, that the objects of the society remained for several minutes, using every were-first, to assist the resident entry endeavour, at the imminent peril of their and clergy of Ireland, and other societies, lives, to stop up the cavity through which in the distribution of the Scriptures; and the water oozed; but all their efforts prova secondly, to occupy vacant ground, by the ing unavailing against the increasing rush of the water, they were forced to retreat to

publication of tracts, and endeavouring to wards the shaft. The instant the accident Irish resident in London, upwards of

circulate religious instruction among the occurred, a general consternation prevailed amongst the workmen, and they simulta- 130,000 of whom were to be found in one neously rushed towards the shaft

. tap-dressed by the Bishop of Salisbury, the

district in this eity.-The Meeting was adthe 12 shields, or frame-works, were in the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, by Lords act of being propelled forward at the end of and other persons. The sum of 5231. was

Roden, Farnham, Winchelsea, Carbery, the tunnel, to enable the workmen to ex

collected in the hall. cavate more securely ; and at that time the tunnel extended 580 feet under the Thames. May 20. A Cabinet Council was held at The workmen employed in propelling No. the residence of Mr. Canning, at which 11 and 12 shields, observed the soil to give the three newly-appointed Cabinet Minisway between these shields, and in a few se- ters, viz. the Marquis of Lansdowne, the conds afterwards, the water poured in through Earl of Carlisle, and Mr. Tierney, attended, an aperture about six inches in diameter. for the first time ; the other Cabinet MinisTallat, the engineer, screwed up three door- ters present were

the Lord Chancellor, ways as he retreated towards the shaft, and Right Hon. George Capning, Duke of he was obliged to swim a considerable dis- Portland, Marquis of Anglesea, Earl Har, tance. The engineers are quite confident rowby, Mr. Bourne, Viscount Dudley

, and that they shall be able to repair the injury, Ward, Lord Bexley, Right Hon. W. Husand that the only consequence which will kisson, and Right Hon. Č. Wynn. arise from it, will be the retarding of the May 22. The Duke of Clarence presided work. The greatest exertions have since at the anniversary dinner of the Society for been made, and with some success, to stop Promoting Christian Knowledge. In ad the leak, and the men employed

in throwing dressing the company after dinner, his Royal clay into the river over the spot from whence Highness said, “Whether the declaration the damage has arisen. The steam-engine I am about to make be popular or unpopus has been in full work, and Mr. Brunel

feels lar, I think it right, in reference to the confident, from the means he has adopted, peculiar character of this Meeting, that the work will in a short time be re- clare, at this time, that to the sound and sumed, and proceed as usual. On Monday, rigid principles of the Church of England the 21st inst. at low tide, Mr. Brunel, sen.,

am unalterably attached and that it will Mr. Brunel, jun., and Mr. Gravatt, descend- be, at all times, and under all circumstances, ed in the diving-bell to the bed of the river, my first desire and duty to maintain those in order to ascertain the efficacy of the mea- principles. "--These sentiments, delivered by to large quantities of strong clay, some bags will be appreciated, as they ought to be, by

to de

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