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PART 1] Review.-Hunt's Designs for Parsonage Houses.

603 London, with all their leading instincts The sublime and scriptutal' liturgy of the of honey for the hive, will have trees Church was trampled under fout, to nake and shrubs about their country brick way for conceits and blasphemies—for long and mortar band-boxes, and feel that preachings and for public and private ecstaliving in streets is only in point of fact sies. Uniformity of worship was despised; living in jails, where the occupants are every man became a prophet to himself not prisoners; for, as a jail is nothing likewise its ramifications and subdivisions,

sect rose up after sect; each of these had more than a mass of crowded habita- till at length the nation, ashamed of its tions within walls instead of streets, folly, harassed and tyrannized over by that London, with the exception of win- very licentiousness which it had nourished dows and doors, and the thoroughfare and maintained by its best blood, returned of carriages, equestrians, and pedes- to the old observances, gladly rallied round trians, is nothing more than a jail in the insulted altar of their fathers, and hailed externals; nor cau any human power with joy unfeigned that peace of mind, that whatever give full effect to a fine pa- solidity of doctrine, that decency and order, lace, unless it be insulated in a park. which are alone to be found under the shelThebes, the town even of Gods, night tering wing of a strictly scriptural Establishhave had much to excite wonder, but ment. And such is ours. ii. 121. 122. for residence who could like a quarry? Until obstinacy in a pig elevates him

The son of the retired statesman to the rank of man in the scale of anitakes holy orders, and settles upon a mal being, we shall not believe that living annexed to his estate. Hence tenacity of frivolous scruples in reproceed his truly excellent discussions ligious matters, is sufficient to confer of ecclesiastical' subjects; his incon- high character; for well does our trovertible arguments upon the superior Author conclude this topicbenefit of a Liturgy; written Serinons “ Art thou sufficient of thyself to set aside and Creeds sanctioned by authority. the Articles of Faith-to neglect the ObserWe regret that we have riot room io vances and despise the Establishments of give them at large. As however there thy Country? Caost thou set up thine own exist two volumes, entitled, “ The wisdom against the wisdom of ages, and the Nonconformist's Memorial,” in which belief of the great majority of thy thinking certain persons are

made Saints, brethren? Art thou noć proud, doating A postles, Confessors, and Martyrs-we about questions and strifes of words ? And shall give our Author's opinions of dost thou not risk thine own eternal salva

tion by following the dictates of thine own them. ... In perusing the History of the Refor- presumption and conceit?" P. 124.

Here we shall leave this edifying mation of our Church, and pursuing it up book ; but our readers are not to coneven to the present time, it cannot but strike ceive from the extracts that it is a serthe man of cool observation and unbiassed feeling, that the demands of the Non-Con- mon. It has beautiful traits of chaformists were for the most part, weak, frie racter-delightful sentiment— lasteful volous, and unworthy. It behoved that man description, and very sound philosulo have high opinion of his own judgment phical reflections upon various politi-yea of his inward worth and holidess, cal, civil, and moral points of popular who would venture to resist authorities— to thinking, points too often we fear of withdraw himself from the communion of his a similar character to epidemic diseases. fellow-creatures, and disown the sacred functions of God's appointed ministers, merely because his eyes were offended with 114. Designs for Parsonage Houses, Alms the sight of the priestly raiment, and his Houses, &c. &c. with Examples of Gables conscience alarmed when he saw those who and other Curious Remains of Old English were receiving the elements of bread and Architecture. By T. F. Hunt, Architect, wine kneeling in humble adoration before &c. 416. pp. 34. Plates. the throne of grace-kneeling to petition IT has long been remarked, that for the benefits of Christ's passion" that whoever wishes to alter an ancient their bodies might be made clean by his house full of gables, projections, and body, and their souls washed through his other irregularities, ought to do it in most precious blood." The Schismatics of the Gothic style, because the various the great Revolutiou did indeed carry their opposition to the Church to extraordinary irregularities will then be advantages; lengths. Omitting the weightier mat- but if he attempts to do it in the Greters of the law,judgment, mercy, and faith," cian manner, by sash windows, he they made war against weathercocks and will only spoil 'it. With regard to steeples-against the surplice and tippet. Parsonage Houses in particular, it is to

606
Revixw,-Dyer's Academic Unity.

[XCVII. to be observed, that many of them are bers, will harmonize with Gothic old irregular buildings, and that the buildings, and old tiles which have be. reparation of them in the Gothic style come gray (as recommended p. 7.), are unites both taste and economy; and still not the thing. But surely, if there as to building such houses de novo in were a demand, house potters can ma. the style mentioned, Mr. Hunt very nufacture tiles, of a sober grey; at least judiciously observes :

we should think they might, for bricks “Our English domestic Architecture are made of a drab colour. seems 80 peculiarly adapted to the purposes of buildings connected with ecclesiasti

115. Academic Unity ; being the Sultanat cal institutions, that its adoption is almost of a General Dissertation contained in the as indispensable in designing the humble

Privileges of the University of Cambridge, residence of a village pastor, as in forming as translated from the Original Latin, uuh she more important edifice-an episcopal various Additions. By G. Dyer, A. B. palace.”

Editor of the Privileges of the University “ Without entering into the question, of Cambridge," and of a History of the whether the Greek or the Gothic be the University and College of Camiridge," &c. more worthy of general cultivation, the with a Preface, giving some Account of ike Author will venture an opinion that, in the Dissenting Colleges in the United Kingdom, wide range of all the various styles, none and of the London University. 8o. Pp. will be found to accord so well with what 192. has been denominated Christian Archi- WHEN our ancestors imposed distecture,' as the style of our own country; qualifications and tests upon Catholics for even the purest Grecian, sublime and and Sectaries, they did it with the view beautiful as it is, appears to be out of har ofencouraging the Established Church, hood with any of our old Churches. Nor for, as they thought it right to establish is the advantage of assimilation the ouly it, they thought it right also to support one to be derived; it possesses another qua- it; and hold out a prospect of superior lity, which in these days of economy must

civil benefit to those who were membe highly recommendatory, namely, that bers of it. Now Mr. Dyer thinks this frugality may be exercised without the ap- to be very unjust, and makes the gist pearance of poverty. All the forms which of this book the unfairness of requirparticularly mark this congenial style, maying subscription to the articles, in order be wrought in the cheapest materials with to become members of our two great comparatively little labour ; and a small Universities. We, on the contrary, are portion of ornamental work tastefully dis- of opinion that, if Recusanis deein it posed, is capable of producing very con- their interest or pleasure to become siderable effect." P. 4.

members of such Universities, the There is certainly nothing more pic- Subscriptionists have precisely the turesque than the Gothic. The mis- same plea for denying them admission, fortune is, that people confound the It is neither their interest or their pleaideas of it in dwellings, with cold and sure to have the Colleges filled with dark rooms, endless passages, closets, men of all religious persuasions, nor and a bad disposition of the interior; can any law enforce it. Nearly all the but none of these evils are indispensa- ruling powers are clergymen of the ble. On the contrary freedom from Established Church; the Statotes of confinement to a regular form of the the respective Colleges in general reoutside, furnishes a means of greater quire ordination in their fellows at convenience, and less waste of room for certain periods of their standing; often stair cases, pantries, &c. Besides, such the degree of B. D. or D. D. By a house not being subject to fashion is what means are regular clergymen to another saring. No more expence is be compelled to admit persons of whose required than reparation of wear and doctrines they do not approve, lo be tear. Concerning the merits of Mr. inmates of dwellings, which in a corHunt's plans we can justly say, that porate capacity are their sole property, they are perfectly correct. We see By what feeling of pretended right is nothing Chinese intermixed. In plate it to be expected, that they should ix. we object to the length of the roof communicate their knowledge and paat one end, because we know the dif- tronage to their political enemies, or ficulty of keeping such long roofs water- if they so do, where is their integrity? proof.. We also feel that none but We might mention infinite mischiefs stone tiles which require heavy tim- and inconrenjences, which would en

PART 1] Review.-Thierry's History of the Conquest of England. 607 sue from the adoption of the liberalism are brevity approaching to meagreness, recommended by Mr. Dyer ; but it is and occasional carelessness. We doubt unnecessary. If the two Universities if St. Germain sought against the furnish as ihey do the Ministers of the Saxons, and if the Welsh proverb conEstablished Church, it would be high- cerning the Wolf and the Lazy Sheply improper that the candidates for or- herd really applied to the "Romish dination shouid be exposed to corrup- Church: neither do we perceive it in tion of their principles by intimate the remains of St. Cadoz, but it occurs communion with all sorts of heterodox in the Gorwynion of Llywarch Hêu. thinkers. Natural parents exercise a In describing the march of William right of controul as to what society to London, he betrays an ignorance of their children shall keep. Why may our provincial geography. not spiritual parents do the same? The second portion begins with the

victory of Hastings, and ends with the

year 1070, when the country may be 116. History of the Conquest of England by considered as reduced. A curious mis

the Normans, with its Causes from the inference occurs in b. 5. « When earliest Period, and its Consequences to the the hour of rest arrived, at the time of present time. Translated from the French making all fast, the head of the family of A. Thierry. 8vo. 3 vols. Whitaker.

repeated aloud the prayers used at sea THE Norman Conquest is one of on the approach of a storm" preces the most splendid events in history, quasi imminente in mari tempestale," whether we look to its extraordinary says Matthew Paris, probably without achievement, its immediate consequen- expecting this bold iranislation of his ces, or its ultimate results. It united words. the British kingdoins under one head, The third portion comprizes the and even the separation of that conti- series of efforts made by the conquernental territory which it connected ors to degrade the natives, and termiwith them must be regarded as fortu- nates in 1076, with the execution of nate, since a cause of unprofitable wars Waltheof. The fourth contaius the was thereby removed. So much for new arrangement of the country, terpolitical considerations, but historically minating in 1086. The fifth contains, ihe Norman Conquest is most remarks the various insurrections and civil wars able, as being the last territorial till 1152. In this division we have to conquest that has taken place in the remark a good account of the Scottish western part of Europe : since then polity, but that the character of Lanfranc there have been done but political is underrated, that the extracts introconquests.” A good history of this duced into the text disfigure it, and that event has long been a desideratum in the remarks at the end of the several literature, nor do we feel quite easy books are pertinent. that a foreigner should have the credit The sixih division terminates with of supplying it, though there are por- the execution of William the Saxon tions of the subject which derive their at the close of the twelfth century, the advantages from that circumstance. last event which marks the distinction We thus perceive how a foreigner between the two races, as the separacalmly, regards those parts of our his- tion of England from Normandy in tory about which we are apt to be the following reign necessarily mouldbiassed ; and we obtain information ed them into one. Here we doubt if on many points which is accessible Becket be a Saxon name, and still only to himself. M. Thierry has dis more if the Primate befriended the Saxvided his work into seven portions. on population as such, and still perhaps He begins by narrating the early con- further whether the Welsh were atdition of Britain, the Saxon invasion, tached to him. Adrian the third was the Breton migration, the Frankish surely not an Englishman. We do Settlement in Gaul, the transactions not consider Robin Hood as a political of the Danes and Normans, and the character, and still less as a Saxon par. Anglo-Saxon history till the battle of tizan. There is a ballad relating to Hastings. This division he has made the manner of his death. We thought very interesting, by blending the dif- that Bertrand de Boru had been a ty. Serent details, and placing his reader pographical error for Bertrand de Born; "sometimes in Great Britain, some- till we perceived it throughout the Limes on the Continent.” His defects work.

we congratulate

603 Review.—Dr. Bevan's Honey Bee. [xcyil

. The last part, or conclusion, gives gular trealises on its management; an account of the several nations of but the work before us, by Dr. Beran, whose adventures this history is com- is the first (possessing any claim to the posed. 1. The Normans, the Bretons, character of scientific) in which are ihe Anjouans, and people of southern comprehended all those departments Gaul-an interesting chapter, in which of Apiarian knowledge. – It is a however we are sometimes disappoint. valuable and interesting treatise : ed. 2. The Welsh.This nation ap- the researches of the Author inte pears to be our Author's favourite, and both ancient and modern lore hare he has devoted considerable research been very extensive and thorough, to their bistory, before and after the ly digested, and they are embodied close of his main topic. (Owen, whom in a pleasing and satisfactory maaFroissart calls Yvain, and Camden ner : his attention also to the hiaEvan, is supposed by Mr. Blackwell of bits and economy of bees during a long Mold, the Bard, to be no less a person course of practise, has enabled him to than Owain Llovr, or the bloody, the throw considerable light on their phy« darling theme of the poets, and con- siology, and to improve their manage cerning whom no historical notice was meni.- The wood-cuts with which presumed to exist.) Owen Tudor had the work is interspersed afford a very Three sons. The union of England excellent illustration of the subjects to and Wales is not fully stated. 3. The which they refer, and all the requisite Scotch—not a very minute piece of operations of the bee-master are clear history, but containing some good lý detailed; indeed the book forma sketches

. 4. The Irish, a subject with altogether the niost complele body which M. Thierry has taken some of information on every branch of pains. 5. The English, containing a the science that has ever fallen under rapid survey of the political changes in our notice, and the lower orders. Our readers may have begun to per- lovers of natural history in general,

our Apiarian friends, as well as the ceive, that M. Thierry's theory is the upon the opportunity it affords them existence of a perpetual hatred between of obtaining, at an easy ratc, a great ihe Norman and Saxon part of the deal of very interesting information, population, from the conquest until the conveyed in a pleasing and tasteful reign of John. In this he is undoubt. manner. The following may serveis edly right, but he has pressed too many circumstances into his service to sup- will at the same time furnish our read

a specimen of the Author's style

, and port that opinion. His authorities are often secondary, and his judgment pre- anecdo:es of the bee.

ers with two interesting and well-cold judiced. But we must consider it as

" A snail having crept into one of M. ought to treat its defects with tender- after crawling about for some time, adbered ness : it is indeed a valuable addition by means of its own slime to one of the land rected and enlarged edition which has probably have remained, till either moltes since appeared, will probably merit air or its own spume had loosened the one this praise in a greater degree. The hesion. The bees having discovered the partial to these volumes, and justly so. a border of propolis round the But the translation is faulty and inele. shell, which was at last so securely fised to

the glass as to become immuveable, either gant, and disfigured by typographical by the moisture of the air from without, er

by the snail's secresion from within.--Mi

RALDI has related & somewhat similar ir Physiology, and Management. By en called, had entered one of his hive in ward Bevan, M.D, London, 1827.

bees, as soon as they observed it, piered i

with their stings, till it expired beneath and the commencement of the present, unable to dislodge it, they covered it all

THE latter part of the last century their repeated strokes; after which, being have a

over with propolis. To these two cases, aby the Natural History and Physiology of and judgment of the bees? In the first number of valuable tracts, elucidating can withhold his admiration of the ingenuity she Honey Bee, as well as several re

case, a troublesome creature gained adalo

of its

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PART 1.)
Review.-Bailey's Petloletli.

609 sion into the hive, which, from its unwieldi- of it, as the Author bespeaks in the ness they could not remove, and which, motto he has selected for his title-page, from the impenetrability of its shell they is a tale of the passions. In adopting could not destroy: here then their only re, such a subject, a young Author must source was to deprive it of loco-motion, and feel he is treading on fearful ground, to obviate putrefaction, both which objects in the delineation of the boisterous and ibey accomplished most skilfully and securely, and, as is usual with these sagacious breast of a proud and wicked man, or

turbulent feelings which agitate the creatures, at the least possible expence of labour and materials. They applied their

the mild and agreeable tenants of the cement where alone it was required, namely, peaceful bosom of a young and innoround the verge of the shell. In the latter cent seinale. He must feel that he case, to obviate the evil of putrescence, by the has to follow in the same path in total exclusion of air, they were obliged to which aByron has triumphantly moved, be more lavish in the use of their em- the splendid meteor of the age, and balming material, and to form with it so

as the painter of scenes of which a complete an incrustation or case over the Radcliffe has left such forcible pic« slime-girt giant," as to guard them from tures ; our Poet has to encounter comthe consequences which the atmosphere in parisons which can be resisted only by variably produces upon all animal substances that are exposed to its action, after life has the master band of genius. become extinct. May it not be asked, what

The plot, as far as it is disclosed in means more effectual could human wisdom the five cantos already published, may have devised under similar circumstances ?"

be told in a few lines, and we adopt this brevity in our remarks, that our

readers may not be deprived of the 118. Poems by Two Brothers. pp. 228.

pleasure of reading specimens of Mr. 12mo. Simpkin and Marshall.

Bailey's genios, by extending the narDr. JOHNSON has a remark, rative to a greater length than absolute “ that no Book was ever spared in ten necessity requires. derness to its Author ;"-we think Gelardoni, a beautiful Italian Girl, otherwise, and we believe that oc- has been entrusted in her infancy by casion and circumstances have fre- her father, on his being called to the quently tended to mitigate, if not to battles of his country, to the guardianreverse the censure of criticism. Why ship of Pertoletti, a feudal prince, under to such a volume as this should a test whose care she has arrived at an age, be applied which should have reference in which her natural charms, heightonly to high pretensions ? These ened by the accomplishments bestowed poems are full of amiable feelings, by her guardian, conspire to render expressed for the most part with ele

an object of universal admiration. At gance and correctness--are we lo com

the opening of the poem, the heroine, plain that they want the deep feeling amid the luxuries of the palace of her of a Byron, the polished grace of seemed parent, is introduced to the Moore, or the perfect mastery of hu. reader as the prey of melancholy, and man passions which distinguishes though the following lines applied to Crabbe? We would rather express her condition convey little more than our surprise and admiration that at an

a truism, the thought is conveyed in age when the larger class of mankind delightful language :have barely reached the elements of “Ah'tis dot radiant hall, nor roseate grove, thought, so much of good feeling, Can always yield the luxuries we love ; -united to the poetical expression of it, No, no ; the heart can cloud, by magic pow's, should be found in two members of The brightest scenes of palace or of bow's." the same family. The volume is a

Canto 1, p. 2. graceful addition to our domestic The cause of this dejection is afterpoetry, and does credit to the juvenile wards developed. The guardian has Adelphi.

contracted an unhallowed affection for

his beautiful ward, and, to win a re119. Pettoletti : by Henry Bailey. Small

turn of his passion, surrounds her with

those luxuries and pleasures which 8vo. pp. 81. London, 1826, Relfe.

have no attractions for one whose THE scene of the Poem before us

heart is with her father, and his comappears to be laid in Italy, the fertile panion, her former playmate,the youthsoil of romance and poetry; the subject ful Fazello, her guardian's son.

Gryt. Mag. Suppl. XCVII. PART I.

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