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comparatively comfortable quarters and food are to be found. Leaving Gualan on the morning of the third day, Zacapa is reached in a half day's ride, another half day bringing the traveler to Reforma for his third night's rest. The sandy plains of Zacapa are, perhaps, the most unpleasant feature of this trip, and it is advisable to cross them either at night or early in the morning, thus avoiding the great heat and blinding reflection.

The traveler hastening to reach Guatemala will scarcely care to know that there is any road leading out from Zacapa except the one he rides along, but to him who is interested in the characteristic features of the country the road going to the south will offer a temptation to follow it. It leads to Chiquimula, and from there to Esquipulas, the Mecca of Central America, and is as much traveled as any road in the Republic. In the well-built and imposing cathedral of Esquipulas stands the far-famed “Black Saint," in whose honor pilgrims come from Mexico and all parts of Central America. From Esquipulas there is a direct road to Guatemala, but the route by Reforma is much shorter. A day's ride from Reforma brings the traveler to Guastatoya, where he passes his fourth night. From there another day brings him to El Puerite, where the Montagua River is spanned by a bridge of native masonry, the best specimen of its kind in the Republic. Then the sixth and last day of the journey dawns, and the tired party move on to Guatemala, where they arrive before dark in their travel-stained garments, feeling very much out of keeping with the surrounding civilization.

This route to the capital is essentially the same as that along which the much discussed Northern Railroad will run when the country is sufficiently well developed for that enterprise, except that it will have its start from Puerto Barrios, some 14 miles down the bay from Livingston, instead of Izabal. But this unfortunate line presents, in its varied history, a striking example of the uncertainty of human plans. Begun in the year 1884, under

the administration of President Barrios, it flourished for some twelve months, being brought to an untimely end in the spring of 1885 by the death of the President at the battle of Chalchuapa. Again, in the year 1888 a new contract for its construction was arranged with the Government by an American gentleman representing London capital. But this also was doomed to die an early death. In the latter months of 1889 a fresh contract was made with a French gentleman representing a syndicate of his native country, and while no progress has been made it is hoped that work will soon be undertaken.

The route to Guatemala now generally used for both freight and passengers is from New York by the Pacific Mail steamers, sailing on the 10th, 20th, and 30th of each month to Colon, the voyage being made in eight or nine days. The isthmus is crossed by the Panama Railroad and the Pacific Mail steamers are taken at Panama for San José de Guatemala, the chief port of the Republic on the Pacific. The voyage usually takes five days, and as the steamers stop at the ports of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Salvador en route, loading and unloading by day and sailing by night, the passenger has an opportunity to visit all of the ports touched which are very picturesque and interesting. From San José the capital is reached by railroad.

Steamers of the Pacific Mail Line also leave San Francisco three times a month for Guatemala, making the voyage in fifteen days.

From New York by way of the Isthmus the fare is $150; from San Francisco, $100. To Livingston from New York the fare is $60, and from New Orleans $30.

The Guatemala Central Railroad, which connects San José, the principal port on the Pacific Ocean, with the capital, is owned and operated by a California syndicate, composed of Leland Stanford, C. P. Huntington, and others. The concession was granted in 1871, but the road was not opened for traffic until 1880. The

length of the main line is 71 miles, the gauge is 3 feet, and highest point 5,010 feet above the level of the sea. The road has cost. about $4,000,000, and the company receives an annual subsidy from the Government. The following table shows the earnings, expenses, etc., for the last six years:

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The rolling stock and motive power are of American manufacture, with the exception of about thirty freight cars built in the company's shops with American trucks and fixtures. Every car on the line is equipped with the Westinghouse automatic break gear. Two Baldwin locomotives, 17 by 22 inch cylinder and 3,000 gallon tanks, weighing 63 tons in working order, have just been added to the company's motive power. A still further increase of locomotives and rolling stock is contemplated on account of the rapidly expanding traffic. The net income of this road has been more than doubled within the last four years, and the standing of this American company is reflecting great credit upon the American flag, because this railway is recognized by all foreigners as the best equipped road between the Mexican line and Chile.

FREIGHT RATES OF THE CENTRAL RAILROAD OF GUATEMALA.

The managers of the Central Railroad of Guatemala reserve the right to increase the prices in the following tariff (within the limits of their concession) or to reduce the same in all or in part, according to circumstances.

IMPORTS.

First class, for the entire distance from the port of San José to the city of Guatemala, $1.50 per cwt., $30 per ton of 2,000 pounds: Jewels and jewelry

of all kinds, harness, chandeliers, bran, turpentine, trunks, barrels or casks, boxes, baskets, empty demijohns and glass vessels, buckets, valises, billiard tables (not set up), painters' brushes, pictures, mattresses, beds, wagons in sections, baby carriages, cinnamon, boots and shoes, dressed leather, wax (crude or manufactured), metallic cartridges, brushes, horsehair, cork, drugs, statues, baggage without declared value, rifles and firearms of all kinds, brooms, spices, looking-glasses of all kinds, macaroni, Chinese lanterns, matches, cages, toys, scientific or musical instruments, lamps, miscellaneous parcels, lanterns, hops, furniture in sections, marble, moldings, light machinery (not exceeding 200 pounds), wicks; materials for telegraph, telephone, and electric light; samples, umbrellas, parasols, perfumery, Venetian blinds, mattings, combs, live plants, feather dusters, boilers (up to 20 gallons), clocks, wheels, scales, saddles, readymade clothing, chairs in sections, hats, tea urns; kitchen utensils of iron, copper, tin, or any other kind of metal; velocipedes, zarrandas, and money at onefourth of 1 per cent, under the unalterable condition that the consignee binds himself to receive every remittance immediately upon the arrival of the train at its destination, the managers refusing to hold themselves responsible if this condition is neglected.

Second class, for the entire distance from the port of San José to the city of Guatemala, $1.25 per cwt., $25 per ton of 2,000 pounds: Groceries, sugar, quicksilver, mineral waters, rice, oils of all kinds for lighting, olive oil, machine oil, and oil for painting (excluding castor oil, cod liver oil, oil of almonds, and copaiba oil, which are drugs), starch, brass in bars, blacking, varnish, buttons, pitch, preserves, eatables, provisions, sperm and wax candles, hemp, beer in boxes or barrels, glassware and crockery in boxes, chocolate, copper in bars and plates, confectionery, tin in bulk, tow, stoves, hardware of all kinds that are not specified, belts for machinery, dried or preserved fruits, cloth of all kinds; articles manufactured of cotton, wool, linen, silk, or mixed; kerosene oil, grease, yarn for knitting, thread, forms for shoes, cane work, books, tin in sheets, brass in sheets, lard, butter, machinery weighing more than 400 pounds and less than 4,000 pounds or of 40 cubic feet, ammunition, maizene, molds for sugar, playing cards, writing paper, writing materials, paints, paper for printing, wrapping paper, wall paper, petroleum, presses of metal or wood, doors, ironmongery, tobacco in raw material or manufactured, windows and blinds, agricultural implements, plain glass, wines and liquors of all kinds, chalk, zinc in bars or sheets.

Third class. For the entire distance from the port of San José to the city of Guatemala, $1 per cwt., $20 per ton of 2,000 pounds. Cotton in raw material, hard and soft coal, wood prepared for houses, cement. stearine or

sperm in cakes, bricks, manure, flour, ice, common soap in boxes, corn, slates for roofs; lead, iron, and steel in bars, ingots, packages, or sheets; empty sacks. Flour by entire carload of 200 cwts. will be taken at the rate of $18 per ton for the 75 miles.

Special classes.-Importation, exportation, and local, according to special agreement Animals of all kinds, horse cars set up, carriages, pianos, billiard tables set up, furniture set up, articles of more than 40 cubic feet or 4,000 pounds, tiles and shingles, kindling wood, wood in the rough, barges or small boats, baggage without declared value, dynamite, gunpowder, fulminants, sulphuric acid, muriatic acid, nitric acid, and other inflammable and dangerous. substances. Wheat and barley at $17 per ton for the 75 miles.

The managers reserve the right to charge by the cubic foot on any of the different classes, by special measure and agreement, any package that does not weigh at least 30 pounds.

Every package that arrives at the port manifested simply as merchandise will pay first-class tariff, and in no case will a reduction be made, even though it may be proved afterwards that the respective contents belonged to the second or third classes.

No remittance will be made for less than 25 cents. for freight less than $4 will be charged in advance.

Baggage and all accounts.

Every package which is found in imperfect condition must be repaired at cost of the sender before its being admitted into the trains; and, if that is not possible, the simple mention in the manifest that the package is found to be in bad condition will relieve the managers of the railroad from all responsibility.

FREIGHT TARIFF ON EXPORTS.

Products of the country from Guatemala to the port of San José.

Oils of the country, starch, indigo, cocoa, cochineal, seeds, sarsaparilla, rubber,
unbleached wool, live plants, and grains not specified..
Hides or skins in packs, fibers, ramie, tobacco..

- per cwt.. $1.00. .do....

Corn, beans, mineral waters

Coffee.

Sugar, rice, mineral specimens..

.75

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Curiosities of the country.

Loose hides....

Money at one-fourth of 1 per cent, under the unalterable condition that the consignee binds himself to receive every remittance immediately upon he arrival of the train at its destination, the managers refusing to hold themselves responsible if this condition is neglected.

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