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sius ; i. e. Dio and Nisi. Plutarch mentions the flight Alovurov of Dio-nysius. Homer speaks of the city Nisa, sacred to Bacchus. Nisi was a city close to a mountain in Arabia, near Egypt, where Moses was received when he fled from the face of Pharaoh. At Nisi, he resided forty years, and was instructed in mount Sinai respecting the rites and ceremonies of the worship of God. For this reason, it was, that he erected an altar there, which he called Jehovah Nisi. Exod. xvii. 15. The same is said of Bacchus, by Ovid. “Bacchus was instructed in the highest wisdom in a mount of Arabia, called Nisi.” Diodorus Siculus informs us, that the ancient Brachmans acknowledged the whole system of their civil and religious policy, to have been derived from Dionysius ; that in consequence of their veneration for that personage, who introduced the knowledge of religion and literature into India, divine rites were instituted in honor of him.*
It is proper to remark, that Näsi, and Sinai, have a similar signification. Sini, in Hebrew, by putting the N. before the D S. is Nisi ; and as 990 Sini, has the same meaning, as osvw to hurt, or wound, which is derived from it; and as 9D3 Nisi, means a refuge, a banner ; so Moses, by a change of the letter, called the altar Nisi, and yet preserved the meaning of the root Sini, saying, in effect, Jehovah, who is my defence, will wound all who shall sacrilegiously ascend his holy mountain. Exod. xix. 21.
Bacchus is said in the mythology, to have been born in Egypt; put in an ark and exposed to the waters; the same is recorded concerning Moses. Bacchus had two mothers, so had Moses, his own mother, and the daughter of Pharaoh.-The flight of Bacchus was toward the Red
* Ind. Antiq,
sea; so was the flight of MosesOne of the symbols in the theology of Bacchus was a serpent; Moses set up the brazen serpent in the wilderness—Bacchus had great numbers of women in his army; so had Moses in his journey to Canaan-Bacchus is said to have dried up the rivers Orontes and Hydaspes, by striking them with his Thyrsus, and passed over them; Moses divided the Red sea, and the river Jordan, with his rod, and passed through them That an ivy stick thrown on the ground, by Bacchus, crept like a dragon ; so by the command of Moses, the rod was cast down and became a serpent-Bacchus was called DioNysus ; which is the inscription on the altar-A dog was given to Bacchus, as a constant companion; so Moses had his Caleb, which in Hebrew means "a dog?- That the enemies of Bacchus were covered with darkness; while those who were with him enjoyed perfect day-the same is recorded of Moses—That Bacchus drew water out of a rock, by striking it with his Thyrsus ; and that wherever he went, the land flowed with milk and honey; Moses struck the rock, and the waters gushed out, and the land of Canaan was said to flow with milk and honey, Orpheus calls Bacchus, the legislator, and attributes to him two tables of laws-Bacchus is said by the Greeks, in the mythology, to have had Silenus for his adviser. This word is the same as the word 57900 Shilan, which means to overspread a large space of ground by a vast population, and this is the same with 759929 Shilo, the Messiah, the angel sent to conduct the Hebrews to Canaan : 66 and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.” Gen. xlix. 10. Hence the Greeks say, that Silenus was the great instructer of Bacchus In the mythology, Silenus is employed in treading out the grapes ; which is the same as is said of Shilo. Gen. xlix. 11. i and his clothes in the blood of grapes.”—They make
Silenus to drink wine, and to feed on milk; the same is recorded of Shilo. “His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.” .
Pan, the god of shepherds, was one of the companjons of Bacchus, but this was taken from the Messiah, who is called the shepherd of Israel. Silenus not only agrees with Messiah in name, but also as to his genealogy. Diodorus Siculus* says, “ the first that ruled at Nisi, was Silenus, whose genealogy is unknown by all, by reason of his antiquity.” Thus the place where Silenus is said to have reigned, was Sini, or Nisi, where he condescended to deliver the tables of the law, before the sacred altar, Nisi, in the temple of Jehovah. We cannot suppose, as some have, that this was all done on a barren, rugged mountain, in the open air: the city of Nisi, was referred to by Homer, which was sacred to Bacchus, or Moses ; consequently at this very distant period, near 1200 years before the dispersion of the Jews, we have undeniable proof, that in the very neighbourhood of mount Sini, was the city Nisi, which was of sufficient consequence to be noticed by Homer.
It must appear evident, that when Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, it was to this mountain, or city, in Arabia, where he resided forty years, and where he acquired a knowledge of all the learning of the Arabians, as he had, by dwelling to the fortieth year of his life, in his native country, gained a knowledge of all the learning of the Egyptians. Now as the Arabians were, at that period, a very refined and scientific nation, it is reasonable to conclude, that Moses, who was the kinsman of Job, the then reigning king, would be received at the Idumean court, consistently with his rank, and relation
* L. 3.
ship, as also in their colleges, that he might acquire that learning and information, so necessary for the important situation he was intended to fill.
In short, the whole of the mythology is taken from the scripture, as may also be seen in the fable of Cupid and Psyche. Psyche, the daughter of a king, and the most beautiful female in the world, attracts the attention of a deity, whom the mythologists call Cupid. She is carried by a zephyr to a most magnificent palace, in the midst of a beautiful garden, where she has been informed her intended husband would visit her in the evening, when the nuptials were to be celebrated. She retired, and was informed by invisible agents, that he is only to come in the darkness of the night. That her two sisters visiting her, she told them of her good fortune, viz. that she was married to a deity, who visited her every night, but that she had never seen him.
Her sisters being envious at her good fortune, informed her, that as the oracle had said she was not to be married to any one of mortal descent, but to a being fierce, implacable and malignant as a viper, a monster terrible on earth, and formidable to the gods themselves, that under the appearance of a young man in the bloom of life, she was actually married to a monstrous serpent. It is said, that they induced her to break the agreement made between her and her husband, which was, that she was never to see him till she was translated to the gods and goddesses. They advised her to rise in the night when he was asleep, to procure a light, and to destroy him, that she might save herself, as in the end he would devour her. Thus, having taken their advice, she arose, and taking the light she had concealed, discovered by his wings, and the bow and arrows which lay by the side of the nuptial bed, that he was Cupid. But being over
come by his beauty, and lost in contemplation, she let fall from the lamp, a drop of scalding oil on his shoulder, which waked him. Finding she had broken her faith, the offended god sprung up, spread his wings, and carrying her up with him a little, let her fall softly on a cypress tree, the emblem of his dying affection. Psyche having transgressed, is appointed by Venus, (in order to reconcile her) the celestial goddess, and mother of Cupid, to perform certain labours, which appear impossible for her to accomplish, in which, however, she is assisted by invisible agents. That at length the period of her trials and sufferings being over, Mercury was dispatched by the gods to bring her to heaven, where, on drinking ambrosia, she became immortal, and her celestial marriage with Cupid was celebrated.
The whole of this fable, must appear to the intelligent reader, to be taken from the scripture account of the fall of man, a personification of the intercourse first established between God and the church. First, the mythology states, that Psyche was the daughter of a king, and the most beautiful female in the world. Eve was the most beautiful of her sex, and the daughter of God, created, and not born after the manner of men. 2d. That Cupid was never to be seen by Psyche, on earth, and that he was always to come in the night; the voice of the Lord God walked (Heb. went forth) in the garden, in the cool of the day. This custom of the bridegroom, not being permitted to see his bride on the nuptial night, was a very ancient one at the time of Jacob, which was derived from the most ancient times before the patriarchs. 3d. Psyche was placed in a beautiful garden; our first parents were placed in Eden. 4th. That the oracle had said, Psyche was not to be married to any one of