Sivut kuvina
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T H E N E W
I N T E R N A T I O N A L
E N C Y O L O PAE D I A

EDITORS
DANIEL COIT GILMAN, LL. D.

president of Johns Hopkins UNIversity (1876–1901)
AfterWARDS PRESIDENT OF THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTION OF WASHINGTON

HARRY THURSTON PECK, PH. D., L. H. D.

Professor IN columbia University

FRANK MOORE COLBY, M. A.

Late professor of Economics
IN NEW York university

WOLUME XIX

NEW YORK
DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY

1906

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ILLUSTRATIONS IN WOLUME XIX.

COLORED PLATES

SoNG BIRDs, AMERICAN -
Frogs AND ToAds, AMERICAN .
ToTEM Poles, SouthERN ALASKA
GAME Fish Es, AMERICAN - - - -
UNIVERSITY Gow Ns—AMERICAN USAGE
UNIVERSITY Gow Ns—BRITISH UsAGE

MAPS

TASMANIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TEMPERATURE IN THE UNITED STATEs, Average IN JANUARY .
TEMPERATURE IN THE UNITED STATEs, Aver AGE IN JULY
TENNEssBE

TExAs - - - - - - - -
ToBAcco IN THE UNITED STATEs . - - - -
TRANspoRTATION.—CoMMERCIAL MAP of THE WoRLD
TRANsv AAL Colony

TURREY IN EUROPE

TURREY IN Asia

UNITED STATEs, EAstERN

UNITED STATEs, WEstERN
UNITED STATEs, PHYSICAL . . . . . . . . .
Gold, Silver, AND CoPPER IN THE UNITED STATES
W HEAT IN THE UNITED STATES -
Oats is the UNITED STATEs . . . . . . . . .
DENsity of the PopULATION IN THE UNITED STATES
EARLY Coloxi.AL GRANTs -
UNITED STATES IN 1789 AND 1808
UNITED STATES IN 1816 .

UNITED STATES IN 1852 . - - - - - - -
UNITED STATEs, ShowING Accessions of TERRITORY .
URUGUAY

UTAH

ENGRAVINGS

TAJ MAHAL - -
TAMARACK AND LARCH
TANsy, ETC.

163899

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TUNNEL — Typical SECTIONs of THE NEw York SUBw AY . .
TURNER, J. M. W. (“The Grand Canal, Venice") .

TYPECASTING AND TYPESETTING MACHINEs.

FACING PAGE

30 76 106 126 136 248 310 358 430 464 478 488 . 492 . 528 . 546 . 568 . 592

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KEY TO PRONUNCLATION.

Also see &, below.

senate, chaotic. Also see 8, below.

glare, care.

am, at.

arm, father.

ant, and final a in America, armada, etc. In rapid speech this vowel readily becomes more or less obscured and like the neutral vowel or a short u (ti).

final, regal, where it is of a neutral or obscure quality.

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are used for i in German, as in Gärtner, Gräfe, Hähnel, to the values of which they are the nearest English vowel sounds. The sound of Swedish d is also indicated by é.

fern, her, and as i in sir. Also for 6, oe, in German, as in Göthe, Goethe, Ortel, Oertel, and for eu and oeu in French, as in Neufchâtel, Crèvecoeur; to which it is the nearest English vowel sound.

agency, judgment, where it is of a neutral or obscure quality.

ice, quiet.

quiescent.

ill, fit.

old, sober.

obey, sobriety.

orb, nor.

odd, forest, not.

atom, carol, where it has a neutral or obscure quality.

oil, boil, and for eu in German, as in Feuerbach.

food, fool, and as u in rude, rule.

house, mouse.

use, mule.

unite.

cut, but.

full, put, or as oo in foot, book. Also for ii in German, as in München, Müller, and u in French, as in Buchez, Budé; to which it is the nearest English vowel sound.

urn, burn.

yet, yield.

the Spanish Habana, Cordoba, where it is like a v made with the lins alone, instead of with the teeth and lips.

chair, cheese.

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as 2 in azure, and s in pleasure. An apostrophe [?] is sometimes used to denote a glide or neutral connecting vowel, as in tä'b'l (table), kāz’m (chasm). Otherwise than as noted above, the letters used in the respellings for pronunciation are to receive their ordinary English sounds. When the pronunciation is sufficiently shown by indicating the accented syllables, this is done without respelling: as in the case of very common English words, and words which are so spelled as to insure their correct pronunciation if they are correctly accented. See the article on PRONUNCIAtion.

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