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T H E N E W
president of Johns Hopkins UNIversity (1876–1901)
HARRY THURSTON PECK, PH. D., L. H. D.
Professor IN columbia University
FRANK MOORE COLBY, M. A.
Late professor of Economics
ILLUSTRATIONS IN WOLUME XIX.
SoNG BIRDs, AMERICAN -
TASMANIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TExAs - - - - - - - -
TURREY IN EUROPE
TURREY IN Asia
UNITED STATEs, EAstERN
UNITED STATEs, WEstERN
UNITED STATES IN 1852 . - - - - - - -
TAJ MAHAL - -
TUNNEL — Typical SECTIONs of THE NEw York SUBw AY . .
TYPECASTING AND TYPESETTING MACHINEs.
30 76 106 126 136 248 310 358 430 464 478 488 . 492 . 528 . 546 . 568 . 592
KEY TO PRONUNCLATION.
Also see &, below.
senate, chaotic. Also see 8, below.
ant, and final a in America, armada, etc. In rapid speech this vowel readily becomes more or less obscured and like the neutral vowel or a short u (ti).
final, regal, where it is of a neutral or obscure quality.
are used for i in German, as in Gärtner, Gräfe, Hähnel, to the values of which they are the nearest English vowel sounds. The sound of Swedish d is also indicated by é.
fern, her, and as i in sir. Also for 6, oe, in German, as in Göthe, Goethe, Ortel, Oertel, and for eu and oeu in French, as in Neufchâtel, Crèvecoeur; to which it is the nearest English vowel sound.
agency, judgment, where it is of a neutral or obscure quality.
odd, forest, not.
atom, carol, where it has a neutral or obscure quality.
oil, boil, and for eu in German, as in Feuerbach.
food, fool, and as u in rude, rule.
full, put, or as oo in foot, book. Also for ii in German, as in München, Müller, and u in French, as in Buchez, Budé; to which it is the nearest English vowel sound.
the Spanish Habana, Cordoba, where it is like a v made with the lins alone, instead of with the teeth and lips.
as 2 in azure, and s in pleasure. An apostrophe [?] is sometimes used to denote a glide or neutral connecting vowel, as in tä'b'l (table), kāz’m (chasm). Otherwise than as noted above, the letters used in the respellings for pronunciation are to receive their ordinary English sounds. When the pronunciation is sufficiently shown by indicating the accented syllables, this is done without respelling: as in the case of very common English words, and words which are so spelled as to insure their correct pronunciation if they are correctly accented. See the article on PRONUNCIAtion.