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fore he has begun to study it, since most of the words taken from known models-French, English, German, Latin and Greek.” The congress must have had considerable local recognition and advertisement, for during the session many of the Boulogne shops displayed signs—“Ani herolas en Esperanto" (Esperanto spoken here.) The public reports of the Boulogne congress have stimulated interest in the new language this side the water, and Harvard University has an Esperanto Club with some thirty members at the start. These, and later accessions to the club, will give the new idea thorough tests, and some practical results may be expected.
Volapuk seems to have been a failure after a brief season of interest among teachers and idealists, and it has practically disappeared even as the basis of a "pennya-liner" paragraph. But it has a successor which seems to have the simple and practical qualities which may commend it to permanent attention. Now that the world is drawn so closely together by steam and electricity, a universal language is greatly to be desired; indeed it is not a far away hope that its necessity will ere long become imperative., A Polish physician, Dr. Zamenhof, has given his life to the work of evolving a new language based upon the classics and their lingual descendants of modern times. It bears the name "Esperanto," and its advocates are "Esperantists.” They had a congress at Boulogne recently which was attended by several hundred delegates, representing twentythree nationalities, and the French press reports that "the auxiliary international tongue” has inade remarkable progress. The delegates claimed to represent 250,000 "Esperantists,” and all the proceedings of the congress were in the new language. Hymns were sung, dramatic and poetic selections were given, both originals and translations, and there was quite a display of books printed in the new tongue.
The language rests on sixteen inflexible rules. The roots of existing words are taken and the spelling is strictly phonetic. A root being given, the addition of a certain letter makes it a verb, a different final letter makes it an adjective, and a third similar change makes an adverb. Thus "amo" is love, “ami” is to love, and “amé" is lover. Its advocates claim that the whole language can be acquired by a student of ordinary capacity in a month or six weeks, while more apt pupils can acquire it in two weeks. Contrasted with the time required to secure even a passable familiarity with the classics or with either of the modern languages this seems of great advantage. If the claims of its advocates are just, the new language has a hopeful prospect. They claim that it is not only simple, easy to learn and practical for all ordinary linguistic purposes, but it is also literary and beautiful. It does not obscure finer meanings, shades and subleties of expression,
sacrifice pregnant and significant idioms. Poetry, tragedy, humor, metaphysics and science are all possible to it. Its creator says of it-“It is easy to acquire in a grammatical sense, while from a linguistic point of view it is a language threefourths of whose vocabulary one knows be
The Rev. Mr. Jernigan gave New England people a costly lesson, a few years ago, in the art of extracting, gold from seawater, and since then there has been a general scepticisni in regard to any, such enterprise.
eminent scientist of Geneva takes the matter very seriously in a recent number of Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles.. He recognizes the fact that a ton of sea-water carries from two to four cents' worth of gold, but he claims that by certain economical pro
this has a practical, commercial value. He favors the utilization of the tides to deposit the water in properly located basins, and then by the use of inexpensive chemicals and a simple process he expects to precipitate the precious metal in quantities that will repay the cost of the process. The Professor is confident that the presence of two cents' worth of gold per ton of water gives a practicable promise of profitable extraction, and under his stimulus a company is already working in England with that eminent scientist, Sir William Ramsay, as consulting chemist.
Dr. Charles Eliot Norton of Cambridge, formerly professor of literature at Harvard, has “stirred up a hornet's nest" by seconding Mrs. Maud Ballington Booth's idea of the propriety of putting out of existence the hopelessly insane, diseased, injured and degenerate. He appeals to both reason and compassion against effort to prolong human life under such conditions. The difficulty of his theory is in its application. Only the highest tribunal should be trusted with such powers, and in many cases, especially of disease and accident, it would be so distant or so preoccupied as to be practically inaccessible.
He does not expect a speedy acceptance of Reciprocity with Canada was a practihis idea, but says: “It is not to be hoped
cal rather than an academic question at that a superstition so deeply rooted in tra- the recent Boston exhibition of the New dition as that of the duty of prolonging England Poultry Club, and it had a favorlife at any cost will readily yield to the
able endorsement. In the one hundred arguments of reason or the pleadings of classes, judged the first day, Canadian excompassion, but the discussion of the sub- hibitors won thirty-three first and twentyject in its various aspects may lead gradu- seven second premiums. So large a recogally to a more enlightened public opinion nition of Dominion merit certainly warand to the consequent relief of much rants reciprocity on the part of its people, misery.”
but they are still very coy.
The Minnesota Supreme Court has cut Quite naturally Governor Higgins of a Gordian knot which has heretofore en- New York is greatly exercised over the meshed the lawmakers. Religious free- laxity disclosed in the management of dom is not a simple problem where, as great life insurance companies. It is but here, there are representatives of all faiths, fair to state that the criticism of the state each adhesive to its own traditions. The insurance department is hardly just, as question at bar was on the enforcement of the law confines its supervision of the the Sunday closing law against a Hebrew companies quite closely to the maintenance defendant who preferred to observe the of a proper reserve. If this is assured the seventh day as the Sabbath, and to keep department has little legal warrant for open shop on Sunday in opposition to the dictating the details of management. The popular custom. He pleaded his right to governor observes the defects in the law religious liberty, but the court ruled that and has outlined desirable legislative acthe statute did not interfere with this, as tion to remedy some of the weak points. it was not a religious but a sanitary pro- It is gratifying to note that the Massachuvision, and a legitimate exercise of police setts laws already cover the important power. The distinction is a fine one, but, points in his suggestions, and that its inon the ground of deference to the custom
department several years
ago of the great majority of the people, where made emphatic and successful protest to please all not practicable, the judg- against what is perhaps the most serious ment of the court will be generally ac- evil recently disclosed—the inter-relations cepted.
of the life companies and the trust companies.
Many infant prodigies are recor 'ed, but most of them dropped back into the ranks of the mediocre after adolescence. Not so the late John Fiske, whose remarkable precocity was a lifelong equipment. His biographer says he was reading Latin Auently at seven years of age, and a year later was not only familiar with the Greek classics but had read all the plays of Shakespeare. At nine years of age he could speak Greek with ease, at ten years he wrote a history of the world from the days of Moses, and at twelve he had read all the Latin and Greek classics and was master of the higher mathematics. While in knickerbockers he wrote Spanish, spoke German and read the books of German philosophers. At seventeen years he wrote poetry in Italian, translated Spanish poetry and read Sanskrit readily. Grayhaired Harvard professors and all who knew him recognized in him more than a living fulfilment of Goldsmith's village schoolmaster: "And still they gazed and still the
wonder grew. That one small head could carry all
A New England woman has just died whose personality, no less than her service to humanity, deserves greater notice than the press has given her. Josephine Shaw Lowell was a native of Roxbury, Massachusetts. She received a generous education, including five years in the schools of European capitals. Her husband, Charles Russell Lowell, was killed in the Civil War, as
was also her brother. Robert Gould Shaw, colonel of a colored regiment at Fort Wagner. These bereavements shadowed all her later life, but she found respite from grief in charitable enterprises in New York City. She founded several organizations and was thie first woman on the New York State Board of Charities. She led in numerous societies for the protection and help of friendless girls, the relief of prisoners, and the promotion of industrial thrift among the ignorant and indigent. At a memorial service in New York City one of the speakers voiced the general sentiment in
ing: "Had she lived mediæval times she would long since have been canonized as a saint.”
WILLIAM R. A. WILSON.
stories have been recast, preserving all their William R. A. Wilson, author of "A original charm and sweetness, but pruned of Knot of Blue," is a native of Central Illi- the harsh and unpleasant features which nois, a graduate of Williams College, and made some of the originals repulsive, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of ill-fitted for childish interest. Over fifty Columbia University. After practicing of the gems of the annals of fairy land successfully as a physician, he abandoned are included in the book, and it is one that his profession for literary pursuits and will be appreciated and treasured in every travel. His previous book, "A Rose of home into which it finds its way. Little, Normandy," published two years ago, is Brown & Co., Boston, $1.75. now in its fifth edition, and, unlike many novels published at that time, it is still MAN
EARTH. By Nathaniel selling
Southgate Shaler. "A Knot of Blue" (Little, Brown & Co., In this little book Professor Shaler of publishers, Boston) is a story of man's
Harvard has assembled, condensed and presented in popular and easily understood language a vast amount of information. He presents the interesting problems of fuel and mechanical power, the exhaustion of mineral resources, the ut lization of waste lands, irrigation, the maintenance of soil fertility, and numerous other factors which control human existence, with a breadth of present knowledge and a sane and probable outlook upon the future of the race and the planet which convey to the average reader a mass of general but useful information, and can hardly fail to stimulate him to more close research in some of the many departments of natural science. To convey this information would be sufficient excuse_for
the preparation of the volume, but Profickleness and woman's steadfast, conquer
fessor Shaler emphasizes a higher purpose ing love. The knot of blue was the bow
in insisting that man is not merely the the fair Aimée de Marsay gave to Raoui
selfish recipient of the bounty of nature, de Chatignac, the fickle lover, to wear in
but is directly responsible to coming genwar, whither he went to regain his self
erations for his use of the things which respect after having been duped by an
make his earthly existence possible ana
pleasant. intriguing woman and a cunning villain.
Moral and political responsiThe story abounds in intrigue, adventure,
bility to posterity has been fully exploited, the joy of living and achieving, and it bility for the utilization of material things
but this book insists on equal responsithrobs with romantic tenderness. Although
and for the wise and economical applicanot an historical romance in any sense, the
tion of the fruits of human industry and scene is laid in that quaint spot where the
invention. It shows that present indicaOld World and the New have met for
tions point to an increase of population centuries,-Old Quebec,—a field in which
and an exhaustion of the essentials of Mr. Wilson has shown himself a worthy civilized life, culminating in the end of the compeer of the best writers of romantic
human race on this planet, at a date yet fiction.
far distant but certain if present condi
tions continue, but he finds ground for The OAK TREE Fairy Book. Edited by Clif- confidence that the advance thus far in
ton Johnson and illustrated by Willard science justifies expectation that as exiBoute.
gencies arise human invention will suppleThe gift season is gone, but there can be ment present resources from fields as yet no more welcome gift to the little people unexplored, so that the final cataclysm than this beautifully published collection may be indefinitely averted
Dufof the old favorites in fairy lore. The field & Co., New York.)
FLOWER SEEDS, SHRUBS AND
A MODERN HOTEL.
The Saint Paul Hotel, located at both About this time of the year one thinks
street and Columbus avenue, New York, is of the beautiful flowers, vines, etc. to make
one of the well appointed, fireproof hotels his grounds more attractive and the ques
of that city. The rates are moderate and tion comes where can I obtain these from
it is convenient to subway and elevated a reliable house. E. C. Holmes of Somer
Its proprietor, Mr. John W. Wheaville, Mass., has establishe l and rightly
ton, is a New Englander and takes pleasearned a large trade in this line on account
ure in courtesies to New England guests. of his reliability and honorable dealings with his customers. We would advise our
TAPESTRY PAINTINGS. readers to send to him at once for price lists and particulars.
Artistic home decoration is the deligh: of every housewife and what more delight
ful than beautiful tapestries on the walls. WALL PAPERS.
John F. Douthitt, 273 Fifth avenue, New In the selection of wall papers, no more
York (near 30th street) makes a specialty
of this work, and ore can spend an hour reliable concern can be found than that of
most profitably by looking at his large Thomas F. Swan, located at 12 Cornhill.
and beautiful assortment, executed by his See his Japanese wall papers designed ex
own artists who are sent to all parts of pressly for dining rooms, libraries and
the world for this purpose. Upon request vestibules. They are very artistic.
he will mail you a beautifully illustrated
catalogue. THE SINGER MACHINE. The world over, the Singer Sewing
A RUG TALK. Machine can be found in homes of every But a very short one. On another page nationality. Its reason is manifold and will be found an advertisement of the Belparticularly on account of its durability grade Rug Company and what it does not and reliability. The Singer Company have
tell, the company will if you write to them. recently acquired the ownership of the old Woolen, Brussels and tapestry make the Wheeler & Wilson Company with all their handsomest rugs and their customers say patents. The Singer Machine to-day is it is a satisfaction to send off old carpets unexcelled in many respects.
and, in return, receive handsome rugs.
Their work is excellent and the prices 1906 CALENDARS.
are reasonable. Raphael Tuck & Sons of New York are leaders in the publication of beautiful cal
“OUR NEIGHBORS." endars and Christmas cards.
Their va- Charles Dana Gibson's last and best riety for 1906 is the largest ever offered work “Our Neighbors," published by by them and consists of many artistic de- Charles Scribner's Sons, is bound to meet signs. They have a national reputation with a large sale. It contains a wealth of in this line.
illustrations which are excellently selected.