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The History of the Successors of Alexander continued.



Sect. I. Perseus prepares secretly for'a war against the

Romans. He endeavours a reconciliation with

the Achæans in vain. His secret measures not

unknown at Rome. Eumenes arrives there

and informs the senate of them. Perseus at-

tempts to destroy that prince, first by affassı-

nation, and afterwards by poison. 'The Ro.

mans break with Perseus. Different senti-

ments and dispositions of the kings and states

in regard to the Macedonian war. After fe-

veral embassies on both fides, the war is de-

clared in form,


II. The consul Licinius, and king Perseus, take

the field ; they encamp near the river Peneus,

at fome distance from each other. Fight of

the horse, in which Perseus has considerably

the advantage, and makes an ill use of it. He

endeavours to make peace, but ineffectually.

The armies on both sides go into winter quar-



III. The fenate pass a wise decree to put a stop to

the avarice of the generals and magistrates,

who oppressed the allies. The consul Marci.

nus, after suitaining great fatigues, enters Ma-

cedonia. Perseus takes the alarm, and leaves

the paffes open. He resumes courage after-

wards. Insolent embassy of the Rhodians to



IV. Paulus Æmilius chosen consul. He fets out

for Macedonia with the prætor Cn. Octavius,

who commanded the fleet. Perseus folicits aid

on all sides. His avarice loses him confidera

able allies. The prætor Anicius's victories,

in Illyria, Paulus Æmilius's celebrated vic-


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tory over Perseus, near the city of Pydna.
Perseus taken with all his children. The com-
mand of Paulus Æmilius in Macedonia pro-
longed. Decree of the fenate, granting li.
berty to the Macedonians and Illyrians. Pau-
lus Æmilius, during the winter quarters, vi.
fits the most celebrated cities of Greece. Up-
on his return into Amphipolis, he gives a
great feast. He marches for Rome. On his
way he suffers his army to plunder all the ci.
ties of Epirus. He enters Rome in triumph.
Death of Perseus. Cn. Octavius and L. Ani.
cius have also the honour of a triumph de-
creed them,

Segt. I. Attalus comes to Rome to congratulate the

Romans upon their success in Macedonia,
The deputies of the Rhodians present them.
felves before the senate, and endeavour to ap-
pease their wrath. After long and warm so-
licitations, they prevail to be admitted into
the alliance of the Roman people. Severity
exercised against the Ætolians. All of them
in general who had favoured Perseus are cited
to Rome, to answer for their conduct. A thou.
fand Achæans carried thither : Polybius one
of the number. The fenate banishes them in.
to several towns of Italy. After seventeen
years of banishment, they are sent back into
their own country, when only three hundred
of them remain,

97 II. Mean flatteries of Prufias, king of Bithynia, in

the senate. Eumenes, become suspected by the Romans, is not suffered to enter Rome. Ariarathes, king of Cappadocia, dies, and is succeeded by his son of the same name. Death of Eumenes. Attalus his brother succeeds him, as guardian to his son, then very young. War between Attalus and Prufiar. The latter having formed the design of putting his


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bæus against the generals of the king of Syria,

and the king himself in perfon. Long differen.

ces between the two Ptolemies, brothers and

kings of Egypt, terminated at length by an

happy peace,

Sect.III.Octavius, ambassador of the Romans in Syria, is

killed there. Demetrius escapes from Rome,put's

Eupator to death, ascends the throne of Syria,

and affumes the name of Soter. He makes war

against the Jews. Repeated victories of Judas

Maccabæus: Death of that great man. Deme-

trius is acknowledged king by the Romans.

He abandons himself to drunkenness and de-

bauchery. Alexander Bala forms a confpiracy

against him. Demetrius is killed in a battle,

Alexander espouses the daughter of Ptolemy

Philometor. Temple built by the Jews in E.

gypt. Demetrius, fon of the first of that name,

sets up his claim to the throne of Syria ; Alex-

ander is destroyed. Ptolemy Philometor dies

at the same time,


IV. Physcon espouses Cleopatra, and afcends the

throne of Egypt. Demetrius in Syria aban-

dons himself to all manner of exceffes. Diodo-

tus, surnamed Tryphon, causes Antiochus the

son of Alexander Bala to be proclaimed king

of Syria; then kills him and takes his place.

He seizes Jonathan by treachery, and puts-

him to death. Demetrius undertakes an expe-

dition against the Parthians, who take him pri.

foner. Cleopatra his wife espouses Antiochus

Sidetes, brother of Demetrius, and places him

upon the throne of Syria. Phyfcon's exceflive

follies and debauches. Attalus Philometor

succeeds Attalus his uncle, whom he causes

to be regretted by his vices. He dies him.

self, after having reigned five years, and by

his will leaves the Roman people heirs to his

dominions. Aristonicus seizes them. He is

overthrown, led in triumph, and put to death, 1904

V. Antiochus Sidetes besieges John Hyrcanus,

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