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sha Ahab and Naboth - Deliverance of Samaria
Abijam Asa Jehoshaphat- Joram
Judah under Gedaliah The Migration to Egypt-
over Lysias - The Restoration of the Temple Service.
BABYLONIAN CYLINDER-SEAL IMPRESSION, SUGGESTING THE
Adapted from Perrot and Chipiez: Histoire de l'art dans
EARLY EGYPTIAN REPRESENTATION OF A SEMITIC CAPTIVE
From Spiegelberg: Der Aufenthalt Israels in Ägypten
From Rosellini: Monumenti dell'Egitto e della Nubia.
AMORITES (RELIEF ON A PYLON OF THE RAMESSEUM)
From Maspero: Histoire ancienne des peuples de l'orient clas-
CANAANITE WOMAN FROM ASHKELON
From Benzinger: Hebräische Archäologie
TERRA-COTTA FIGURE OF ASHTART
From Perrot and Chipiez: op. cit., vol. iii
CYLINDER-SEAL IMPRESSION, SHOWING ASHERAH AND SACRED TREE
From Ohnefalsch-Richter: Kypros (plate xxx)
EGYPTIAN RELIEF-HEAD OF A PHILISTINE WARRIOR.
PILLAR-STONES AT TAANACH
After Sellin: Tell Ta'annek
LONGITUDINAL SECTION OF SOLOMON'S TEMPLE.
AMBASSADORS FROM JEHU TO SHALMANESER II
THE GOD AMON BRINGING CAPTIVE CITIES TO SHISHAK
SCULPTURED BOUNDARY-STONE OF MERODACH-BALADAN
From Gressmann: Altorientalische Texte und Bilder, vol. ii
Based on Layard: Monuments of Nineveh, 2d series (plate xlii)
SILVER TETRADRACHM WITH HEAD OF ANTIOCHUS EPI
CANDLESTICK FROM THE TEMPLE AS SHOWN ON THE ARCH OF TITUS
1. OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY
THE Old Testament narrative is not only a rich literary source, from which all our serious prose and poetry draw ideas and expressive forms of speech: it is a history, recording the life of a people that has influenced the course of human affairs. A modern man, therefore, can hardly understand either his native literature or the society he lives in, without knowing something of the story of Israel.
This importance of the little Hebrew people is due, not to its having any remarkable antiquity, nor to any commanding rôle that it played. Israel was both antedated and overshadowed by great civilized states in the valleys of the Nile and of the Euphrates, and between these her national life was finally crushed out. But before this could happen, her national religion had become dominated by ideals which made it one of the indestructible forces of the spirit. For reasons to be explained later (p. xxi), the growth of these ideals can be followed only imperfectly by an uncritical reading of the Old Testament books as they stand. A summary of Hebrew history is therefore required, to show, on the one hand, its general setting in the ancient world, on the other, the successive parts in it taken by the prophets.
Excavation and study have in recent years brought to light some information about Palestine before the coming of the Hebrews. Its narrow strip of habitable land was important to Babylonia and Egypt, because through this ran great trade routes. between the Nile and the Euphrates. Babylonia was first to control the region, but by B. c. 1500 it had passed to Egypt, and under Thutmose III (d. 1447) was consolidated as part of his great empire. His successors, however, were unable to defend Palestine against the Aramean nomads that, about 1350, began pressing in from the desert, and taking its little city-kingdoms one by one. As part of this Aramean migration, though perhaps more than a century later, appeared the clans of Israel.
The gradual and irregular advance of the Israelites into Canaan.