Doctors and Discoveries: Lives that Created Today's Medicine

Etukansi
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002 - 459 sivua
Doctors and Discoveries tells the story of Western medicine through the lives of its most influential figures, chosen for their relevance to contemporary medicine. With eighty-six profiles-from Hippocrates to today's gene hunters-this is the most extensive collection to be published in a single volume in more than fifty years. Famous figures like Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard are profiled alongside lesser-known but intriguing figures such as patent-medicine pioneer Lydia Pinkham and the founder of chiropractic, D. D. Palmer. Founders, modernizers, and heroes are presented in a spirited and engaging style that makes for engrossing reading or browsing. Doctors and Discoveries is the perfect gift for anyone interested in history, science, or just great storytelling. "For the history of medicine, and much of modern medicine itself, there can be no better introduction than these biographies skillfully woven into our accumulated knowledge. They make for compulsive reading." (Edward O. Wilson, University Professor at Harvard University)
 

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Doctors and discoveries: lives that created today's medicine

Käyttäjän arvio  - Not Available - Book Verdict

The publisher's claim that this is the "first collective biography of medical history to be published in the last fifty years" might surprise Sherwin B. Nuland, whose Doctors: The Biography of ... Lue koko arvostelu

Sisältö

Biology and Medicine
3
The Scope of Modern Medicine Cellular and Social
8
Medicine and Modem Experimental Physiology
14
The Germ Theory of Disease Microbiology
18
Foundations of Bacteriology
24
Rational Medicine
29
Western Medical Tradition
34
Part II The Principal Transformations
39
Genetic Disorders and Biochemical lndividuality
214
Basic Discoveries in Biochemistry
218
Educating Doctors
222
Arrival of the Brain Surgeon
227
Embryology and the Organizer
232
Discovering the First Neurotransmitter
236
The Krebs Cycle
240
The Discovery of Penicillin
245

The Fobrico and the New Anatomy
41
Circulation of the Blood
45
A New Tradition in Medicine
50
His Anatomical Majesty
55
Doctrine of Tissues
58
The Physicians New Gaze
62
The Rise of German Medicine
67
A Science in the Making
71
The Numerical Method
75
An lntegrated Approach to Physiology
80
Anatomy Histology Physiology and Pathology
84
Modern Nursing
88
Antisepsis and Modern Surgery
94
Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen i184519233 The Discovery of X Rays
100
The Chromosomes
105
Discovering the Neurons
109
DNA
113
Part lll Figures of Constant Reference
117
The Rise of Surgery
119
Occupational Diseases and Environmental Hazards
123
A Poem About Syphilis a Theory of Contagion
127
The English Hippocrates
132
Medicine in the Eighteenth Century
136
Beginnings of Scientific Medicine and Surgery
140
Founder of Modern Dentistry
145
Treating the Insane
148
Vaccination Against Smallpox
152
The Demonstration of Anesthesia
157
Field Epidemiology Begins at the Broad Street Pump
162
Tragic Insight into Childbed Fever
165
Surgery Comes of Age
169
The Rise Decline and Persistence of Psychoanalysis
173
Part IV Creating Modern Medicine
179
Modern Clinical Medicine
181
Cellular Immunity
186
lnventing Electrocardiography
191
Humoral lmmunity
195
Surgery Science and Man the Unknown
199
The Discovery of lnsulin
205
The Wisdom of the Body
210
Neurology Mapping the Brain
251
Microbes from the Soil
256
Cancer A Viral Theory
261
Persuading Viruses to Multiply
266
lnventing the Electron Microscope
270
Spare Parts Medicine
275
A New Theory of the lmmune System
280
PartV Recent and Contemporary
285
Radioimmunoassay
287
Raising Children in a Complicated World
291
The Enzyme Hunter
296
A New Agent of Disease
302
Smoking Health and Preventive Medicine
307
Psychiatry New Trends in Psychoanalysis
312
The Revolution in Diagnostic lmaging
317
Molecular Self and Nonself
321
The Rational Search for New Drugs
326
Molecular Biology Takes Command
330
Advances in Neuroscience
335
Sex Research and Therapy
340
The Chemistry of Immunity and the Biology of Neurology
345
Harold Varmus ib 1939l Molecular Pathways to Cancer
351
Raymond Damadian ib 1936l Magnetic Resonance lmaging
356
A Genetic Explanation for Cancer
361
Luc Montagnier n 19321 The Contentious Discovery of Human Immunodeficiency Virus HlV
365
Part Vl QmniumGatlicrum
373
Cicero of Medicine
375
Prince of Physicians
379
Persistence of the Midwife
383
The Progress of Homeopathy
387
Chiropractic
392
A Sure Cure
396
The Microbe Hunters
401
Founding the Red Cross
405
Envoy
411
Source Motes
413
Bibliography
437
lndex
451
Tekijänoikeudet

Yleiset termit ja lausekkeet

Tietoja kirjoittajasta (2002)

John Galbraith Simmons is the author of The Scientific 100 (1996), a book profiling one hundred of the most influential scientists, past and present. "[It] conveys both the excitement and the human dimensions of science" (Nature).

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