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and other curiosities. Its garden, descending to the river, is planted with a variety of foreign shrubs and flowers.

The Catholic church is plain internally. Almost all the inhabitants of Saxony are Protestants; the king, however, is a Catholic. The music is particularly fine in this church, and doubtless a great cause of attraction to many of the congregation, of which the male and female part are obliged to keep separate sides. The music is likewise very good in the chief Protestant church, which is of large size, the galleries being disposed like the boxes of a theatre. The picture gallery is in the same square as the last-named edifice; it is the largest, and is generally considered to be the richest, in Germany. The Madonna di San Sisto, of Raphael; the Tribute Money, by Titian; as also a Portrait of his Daughter; the Madonna and Infant in the Manger, by Correggio; Rembrandt's Portrait, and Vandyck’s Charles the First—are a few of the most esteemed pictures.

The Zwinger Palace is of a peculiar architecture, somewhat of the oriental or moresque style. The different portions, seen from the centre of the court-yard, have a striking appearance, to which the colossal grotesque figures in relief greatly contribute. It contains the museum of copper engravings, and the largest collection of ancient arms and armour upon the continent.

The costly and curious collection of jewels and curiosities, formed of gold, silver, and precious stones, in the green vaults, is one of the principal sights of Dresden, and perhaps in no one spot is there to be seen so great a variety of treasures and curious nick-nacks. Mr. Russell says, respecting them, in his work on Germany, “Whoever takes pleasure in the glitter of precious stones—in gold and silver wrought into all sorts of royal ornaments—into every form, however grotesque, that art can give them, without either utility or beauty, will stroll with satisfaction through the apartments of this gorgeous toy-shop. They are crowded with crowns and jewels; vases and other utensils seem to have been made merely as a means of expending gold and silver; the shelves glitter with caricatured urchins, whose bodies are often formed of huge pearls, or of egg-shells, to which are attached limbs of enamelled gold. One is dazzled by the quantity of gems and precious metals that glare around him," &c.

The hospitals of Dresden are but indifferent, and the medical and surgical practice is inferior to that of Berlin. There is, however, an establishment for medical instruction, termed the Medico-Chirurgical Academy, which contains a good pathological museum in the chief apartment, on the first floor of the building, which was formerly one of the largest palaces in the town. The presence of the anatomical and pathological preparations does not harmonize well with the appearance of this handsome saloon, which doubtless was in other days the scene of frequent mirth and revelling, the walls of which still retain the full-length portraits of the former proprietors. Some of the most eminent medical practitioners in Germany reside in Dresden. Dr. Von Ammon, whose name is well known throughout Europe, not only as one of the first surgeons and oculists, but also as having directed much of his attention to medical subjects, especially mineral waters, is the practitioner most in repute. Dr. Hedenus is likewise in high estimation.

The streets of Dresden are, for the most part, narrow, and the houses lofty and solidly constructed. There are no good squares; some of the new streets are, however, wide and regularly built ; nevertheless, the ensemble of the inner part of the town has a somewhat sombre appearance. The environs are beautiful, and, in summer, Dresden would be an agreeable place of residence. The winter, however, is generally very cold and windy, and a good deal of rain falls. The price of food is very high, though house rent is lower than at Munich. The inhabitants are, for the most part, courteous, and receive strangers well; a large proportion of them speak English ; they live more en famille, are more given to money-getting, and, consequently, less to pleasure than those of Southern Germany ; there is, therefore, less society and movement. The theatre, however, is well monté, and is generally well attended. Literature and science are more cultivated than in the south, but less so than at Berlin and the northern towns.

As a cheap place for the permanent residence of families, and also as regards education, Dresden offers advantages over many other places. In the environs are numerous houses of entertainment, whither holiday folks repair to take tea, hear music, &c. The most frequented of these is Lord Findlater's Coffee-house, overlooking the river. Here, as at all other of the English colonies abroad, church service is performed twice on Sundays. At one end of the town is the artificial mineral water establishment founded by Dr. Struve, which is open from May to November. In the large garden patients walk about while drinking the waters. The establishment at Brighton is formed upon this model.

CHAPTER XVI.

LEIPZIC

HOMEOPATHY - BERLIN - HAMBURG - WEIMAR

FRANKFORT-HEIDELBERG - MANNHEIM-BADEN-BADEN

-WILDBAD-STUTTGARD.

The journey from Dresden to Leipzic is performed in three hours by the railroad. This is a large and bustling town, which would offer but little resource to the idler, or inducement for the majority of English travellers to prolong their sojourn. It is the great European market of booksellers and publishers, in which business a large proportion of its population are engaged ; and the Leipzic editions of most of the works published in Germany, as well as many of those of other countries, are greatly in request, on account of their comparative cheapness. The catalogue of books, printed every six months, forms of itself a respectable-sized volume. Leipzic is likewise the seat of one of the largest German universities : a handsome new building has recently been completed. The number of students amounts to one thousand. Some of the professors of the medical sciences enjoy a high reputation. There are two large hospitals, the St. Francis, containing two hundred beds, for acute and chronic diseases, and the St. George's, which comprises an hospital, prison, and school for indigent orphans, with some wards for the insane. The view from the tower of the observatory comprises

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