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Acacius, Bp of Cæsarea, ii. 311; wrote the life of his prede cessor Eusebius, 356


ABERCIUS MARCELLUS, to whom Asterius Urbanus inscribed his books against the Montanists, vol. i. p. 490 Abgarus, king of Edessa, his letter to our Saviour, and our Saviour's rescript, with remarks, iii. 594 to 598 Ablabius, a Novatian bishop, ii. 56 Abominations standing in the holy place, explained, iii. 496 Abraxas, this name and the gems called Abraxæi, as used by the Basilidians, iv. 536, 545 to 547; these gems used as charms by the heathens, 548; an examination of Montfaucon's figures, 549 to 551; from these gems the heathenish custom of using Abracadabra as a charm, 551,552; arguments from Beausobre that these gems were not used by Christians, and that Abraxas was not the god of the Basilidians, 552, 553; it was the first of their 365 heavens, or the chief of the 365 angels, 547 Abulpharagius, see Bar-Hebræus

Acclamations, see Applauses Acesius, a Novatian bishop at Constantinople, said to have been at the council of Nice, ii. 53; what Constantine said to him, ib. commended, 54


Achaia, the extent of that province, i. 20

las, presbyter and catechist, afterwards bishop of Alexandria, ii. 84

Acme, a Jewess, put to death at Rome, i. 187 Acosta (Uriel) whipped in the synagogue at Amsterdam, i. 24 Acts of Andrew, and Thomas, and John, and other apostles, i. 539; ii. 229, 231, 232, 370, 375, 388 Acts, or journeying of the apostles, forged by Leucius, iv. 637,638.

Acts of the Apostles, why so called, ii. 618; the importance of this book, i. 367, 368, 422; iii. 77; observations upon it, iii. 206 to 212; in what part of the N. T. placed by the ancients, i. 432; iii. 456, 462.

Referred to by Clement of Rome, i. 295, 296; by Ignatius, 318; Polycarp, 329; Just. Martyr, 345; the martyrs at Lyons, 361; Polycrates, 413; the Testaments of the twelve patriarchs, 464; the Recognitions, 470; and the Acts of Paul and Thecla, 449; quoted, and ascribed to St. Luke by Irenæus, 367; by Clement of Alexandria, 394, 395, 399, 400; and by Tertullian, 422; received by the Nazaræan Christians, iii. 484; quoted, and ascribed to St. Luke by Origen, ii. 533, 535; an uncontested book, and a book of authority, according to the same, 535, 545; received by Asterius Urbanus, 491; Hippolytus, 497, 502; received and quoted by Dionysius of Alexandria, 610, 635; by Cyprian, ii. 13; Pontius, 31; the author of Rebaptizing, 39; joined with the epistles in Cyprian's time, 29; a remarkable quotation of this book, 40; probably received by Novatus, 62, and the Novatians, 66; received by Commodian, 73; Victorinus, 96; Methodius, 105; Pamphilus, 123; Peter, Bp of Alexandria, 129; received and quoted as a book of authority by Archelaus, Bp in Mesopotamia, 189; Serapion, Bp of Thmuis, 146; Titus

of Bostra, 147; Didymus of Alexandria, 214, and Theodore of Mopsuestia, 527, 531; both these wrote commentaries upon this book, 478, 527; whether received by the Manichees 183, 214; received by some of the Paulicians, 289; referred to by Arnobius, 255; by the other Arnobius, 256; by Lactantius, 285; the author of the book of the deaths of persecutors, 292; well known in Africa, 294; received by the Donatists, who in general received the same scriptures with other Christians; this book in particular, which is largely quoted by Petilian and Tichonus, Donatist writers, 301; received by the Arians, who likewise received the same books of scripture which other Christians did, 309, 310; a book universally acknowledged according to Eusebius of Cæsarea, 370, 381; ascribed by him to St. Luke, 371, 381; who is sometimes said by him to have been of Antioch, and a physician. Quoted by Adamantius, author of a Dialogue against the Marcionites, 406; ascribed to Luke by Athanasius, 401, and Epiphanius, 418; received and appointed to be publicly read, by the Apostolical constitutions, 438; mentioned in the 85th apostolical canon, 440; quoted by Lucifer of Cagliari, 450; Faustinus, 451; Gregory of Illiberis, 452; Victorinus, 454; Gregory Nazianzen, 470; Ephrem, 482; Optatus, 491; ascribed to St. Luke by Amphilochius, 473; Gregory Nyssen, 475; Ebedjesu, 488; Ambrose of Milan, 495; received by Jerom, and ascribed by him to St. Luke, 548; by Rufinus, 573; Augustine, 584; Chrysostom, 604, 605; is in the Catalogue of the third council of Carthage, 574; publicly read, well known, and much valued, as a book of great importance, 585, 604, 605; received and quoted by Severian, Bp of Gabala, in Syria, 620; by Sulpicius Severus, and ascribed by him to St. Luke, 622; received by Chromatius, Bp of Aquileia, 625; Victor of Antioch, 626; Innocent I, Bp of Rome, 628; Paulinus, Bp of Nola, and ascribed by him to St. Luke, 629; received by Pelagius, 631; Palladius, author of the life of Chrysostom, iii. 5; Isidore, of Pelusium, and ascribed by him to St. Luke, 7, as also by Theodoret, 10, 11, and note P; quoted by Eutherius, Bp of Tyana in Cappadocia, 19; Salvian 36; Gelasius, Bp of Rome, 42; Andrew, Bp of Cæsarea in Cappadocia, 43; is in the Alexandrian MS. 45; in the Stichometry of Nicephorus, 48, and that of Cotelerius, 49; ascribed to St. Luke by Euthalius, 39, who also published an edition of this book, and divided it into chapters and sections, 38; ascribed to St. Luke by Arethas, 57; by Arator, who turned the whole into verse, 57; ascribed to St. Luke by Cassiodorus, who wrote a commentary upon it, 61; received as a canonical book by Junilius, an African bishop, 58; ascribed to St. Luke by the author of the Imperfect work upon St. Matthew, 66; by Isidore, of Seville, 74; received by Leontius, 77; ascribed to Luke by Damascenus, 80; Nicephorus Callisti, 91; Oecumenius, 84, and Theophylact, 85; which two last mentioned wrote commentaries upon this book. It is in all the catalogues of the books of

the New Testament. See Catalogues. Received by the
Valentinians, 461; always universally acknowledged, ii.
369; iii. 455

Rejected by the Marcionites, iv. 617
Acts of Paul, i. 555; ii. 370, 388

Acts of Paul and Thecla, i. 435, 448, 449; how quoted by
Faustus the Manichee, ii. 229

Acts of Peter, supposed to be quoted by Clement of Alex-
andria, i. 410. See ii. 370, 383; not received by the
ancients, 370, 383

Acts of Pontius Pilate, and his letter to Tiberius, iii.
599 to 601

Acts of the senate of Rome, and of governors of provinces, and
other Acts, iii. 600, 601

Adam, his fall foreseen, and therefore the sexes made, iii. 13;
Adam and Eve the first pair according to the Manichees,
ii. 195
Adamantius, author of a Dialogue against the Marcionites,
ii. 406

Adamians, or Adamites, iv. 575; probably an imaginary ŝect,
ibid.; objections to this answered, 576
Addas, an ancient disciple of Mani, taught Turbo, ii. 144;
See Adimantus and Buddas

Addison, his observations upon the fortitude of the Chris-
tians in early times, iv. 94, 95
Adimantus, a Manichæan writer, his history, ii. 150; whe-
ther he was the same as Addas, 150, 151; his work much
esteemed, 151; called Terebinthus and Buddas, 171
Adrian, his time, and general character, iv. 51; not reck-
oned among persecuting emperors, 51; his rescript in
favour of the Christians, 51, 52; his letter to Servianus,
54; his moderation commended, 53; whether he intended
to erect temples to Jesus Christ? 54 to 56
desius, martyr at Alexandria in Dioclesian's persecution,
iv. 256

Aerians, ii. 413, 414, 421
Aëtius, an Arian writer, his history, ii. 311, 312; his dis-
pute with Apthonius a Manichee, 152
Africanus, Julius, his history, i. 513; his learning, 515; his
testimony to the scriptures, ibid.; a man of great emi-
nence, 518

Agape, or love feasts among the Christians; their design
and use, and the time when they were celebrated, iv.
24, 150

ii. 498

Agape, a Priscillianist woman,
Agapius, Bp of Cæsarea, ii. 118
Agapius, a Manichæan author, his history and works, ii. 151
Agathias, his history of Justinian and his character, iv. 428
Agathobulus, a Jewish writer mentioned by Anatolius, ii. 78
Agelius, a Novatian bishop of Constantinople, his history and
character, ii. 54, 55

Agobardus, Bp of Lyons in the ninth century, i. 448
Agony, a remark upon our Lord's agony in the garden, v.
375, note a

Agrippa Castor, a writer against Basilides in the second cen-
tury, i. 437

Agrippa the Great, or the Elder. See Herod Agrippa
Agrippa the Younger, son of Herod Agrippa, i. 16, 17; his
several preferments, 18; was a Jew, ibid; had the govern-
ment of the temple, 18, 45; his speech to dissuade the
Jews from the war with the Romans, 45, 148; raiseth
his palace at Jerusalem, 100; intercedes with Claudius in
favour of the Jews, 100
Agrippa (Marcus) confirms the privileges of the Jews in
Ionia, i. 97

Agrippa, and his son Monbaz, put to death at Rome by Ves-
pasian, according to Josippon, iii. 563
Agrippina, mother of Nero, puts Lollia Paulina to
death, i. 13

Ainsworth's account of the seven precepts of Noah, v. 495
Akibas, a Jewish Rabbin of great note, his history and cha-
racter, iii. 550, 551, 553

Alaric, his history, so far as written by Zosimus, iv. 411 to
413. See Rome

Albinus, procurator of Judea, for money releaseth prisoners,
i. 44, 92; succeeded Festus, 44, 45, 92
Alcibiades, a martyr at Lyons, who led a very austere life,
i. 362; iv. 91

Aldrich, (H.) commended, i. 226, 227

Alexander, Bp of Alexandria, his history, ii. 301; his testi-
mony to the scriptures, 302, 303
Alexander, Bp of Jerusalem, scholar of Clement of Alexan-
dria, i. 392; colleague of Narcissus, 446; his honourable
testimony to the same Clement, 393; his history, 491 to
493; erected a library at Jerusalem, 494; his character,
ibid.; he ordained Origen, 522; and heard him, 523; his
sufferings and martyrdom, iv. 167, 192
Alexander the collier, his ordination, i. 594
Alexander of Lycopolis in Egypt, his time and character, ii.

144, 145; iv. 307, 308; his testimony to the scriptures,
and to the Christian doctrine or philosophy, 308, 309
Alexander, one of the martyrs at Lyons, a Phrygian, and by
profession a physician, iv. 89

Alexander Severus. See Severus

Alexandra, widow of Alexander Jannæus, a religious wo-
man, i. 67
Alexandria, an ancient Christian school there, i. 390
Alexandrian MS. its time and contents, with remarks, iii.
44 to 47

Alogians, said by Epiphanius to have rejected all St. John's
writings, ii. 419; iv. 690; never was such a heresy, 691;
Epiphanius's account of them, ibid. ; a groundless supposi-
tion that the Unitarians of the second century rejected
John's gospel, 692

Altar, the communion table not so called in early times,
ii. 430

The altar to the unknown God at Athens; the occasion of
erecting it, and that the inscription was in the singular
number, iv. 171 to 176


The altar of victory, an account of it, iv. 454 to 456; and
see Senate

Alypius, Augustine's friend, ii. 150; what induced him to
be a Manichee? 159
Ambrose, Origen's friend, said to have been at first a Mar-
cionite, i. 495; his history, 521, 522
Ambrose, Bp of Milan, his time, and character, and works,
ii. 493; quotes apocryphal books of the Old Testament,
493; sent ambassador to Maximus by Valentinian the
younger, 507; proposes terms for reconciling the Priscil-
lianists to the church, 509; his confutation of Symmachus's
petition, iv. 461, 462
Ambrosiaster, quoted, ii. 15; supposed to be Hilary, and
author of A commentary upon thirteen of St. Paul's
epistles, 520

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Amelius, his history, and time, and testimony to St. John's
gospel, iv. 200 to 202

Ammianus Marcellimus. See Marcellinus

Ammias of Philadelphia, said to have been a prophet of the
New Testament, i. 491

Ammonianus, a learned grammarian, iv. 425
Ammonius, a Christian writer, author of a Harmony of the
four gospels, and other works; his history and testimony
to the books of the New Testament, i. 503 to 505; dif-
ferent from Ammonius Saccas, 504; whether his and
Tatian's Harmonies are still extant, 505 to 507; extracts
out of a Harmony ascribed to Tatian, 508 to 511; and
out of a Harmony ascribed to Ammonius, 511, 512
Ammonius Saccas, a celebrated heathen philosopher at Alex-
andria, his history and character, i. 504; different from
Ammonius, author of divers Christian writings iv.
239 to 241
Ammonius, a learned heathen, and grammarian at Alexandria,
and afterwards at Constantinople, in the fourth century,
master of Socrates, iit. 92; iv. 47°, 473

Amphilochius, Bp of Iconium, his time and works, ii. 472;
a catalogue of books ascribed to him, 472; his zeal against
Arians, and other heretics, unjustifiable, 473, 474
Ananus the younger, high-priest, a Sadducee, i. 45, 69;
puts St. James and others to death by his council, 45
Anatolius, Bp of Laodicea in Syria, his history and works,
i. 76 to 78; his testimony to the scriptures, 78, 79
Anatolius, master of Jamblichus, ii. 78
Anatolius, præfect of Illyricum in the time of Constantius,
a zealous Gentile, and an author, and much commended
by Eunapius and Libanius, iv. 384, 385
Andragathias, a philosopher; Theodore of Mopsuestia and
Chrysostom studied under him, ii. 526
Andrew, Bp of Cæsarea in Cappadocia, his time and com-
mentary upon the Revelation, iii. 43, 44
Anencletus, an early bishop of Rome, i. 291
Angelics, i. 587, 588

Angels, an opinion of many of the ancient Christians con-
cerning the occasion of their fall, ii. 73, 103, 277
Anicetus, Bp of Rome, i. 325, 356
Annas and Caiaphas, high-priests, i. 209
Anonymous author of the second epistle ascribed to Clement
of Rome, written probably in the third century, i.
303, 304

Anonymous author of Quaestiones et Responsiones et ortho-
doxos, ascribed to Justin Martyr, i. 343

Anonymous author of the epistle to Diognetus, i. 349
Anonymous author against Artemon, i. 485

Anonymous author of the Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas,
i. 578, 579; his testimony to the scriptures, 579
Anonymous author concerning Discipline, ii. 32
Anonymous author concerning Shows, ii. 32
Anonymous author in praise of Martyrdon, ii. 331
Anonymous author against the Novatian Heretic, ii. 34
Anonymous author of Rebaptizing, or of the Baptism of Apocryphal, equivalent to spurious, i. 476

Heretics, ii. 36

Anonymous author of a Computation of Easter, ii. 39
Anonymous author of a tract concerning the true circum-

cision, ii. 60, 148

Anonymous anthor of a book in verse against the Marcionites,
ii. 92; extracts out of it, ibid.
Anonymous author of the Acts of Saturninus and others,
ii. 298
Anonymous Arian author of a commentary upon the book of
Job, ii. 313
Anonymous Arian author of a discourse in Augustine's works,
ii. 313

Anonymous author of a History of the Manichees, ii. 148
Anonymous author of The morality of the New Testament
digested under various heads; quoted, iii. 112

Anonymous writer against the Christians at the beginning of
Dioclesian's persecution, of whom Lactantius gives an
account, iii. 252, 253

Anthimus, Bp of Nicomedia, his martyrdom, ii. 110, 113
Anthimus, Bp of Tyana in Cappadocia, contemporary with
Basil, i. 599

Antipodes, denied by Lactantius, ii. 277; believed by
Mani, 166
Antonia, widow of Drusus, her excellent character, i. 128
Antonia, the castle at Jerusalem, described, i. 58

Arrius Antoninus, proconsul of Asia, how he treated the
Christians, and the time of his persecution, iv. 33, 34
Antoninus the pious, his time, and excellent character, iv. 68;
was favourable to the Christians, 68; his edict to the states
of Asia, 69; the genuineness of it asserted, 70, 71, and
105; he wrote also in favour of the Christians to the
Thessalonians, Athenians, and all the Greeks in general, 70
Antoninus, (Marcus, the philosopher) his time and character,
iv. 72, 73; his passage concerning the Christians in his
Meditations, with notes and observations, 74 to 78; a
general account of the persecutions in his reign, and that
he was not friendly to the Christians, and the reasons of it,
78 to 81, 473; an account of the martyrdom of Polycarp,
and others, at Smyrna, in the year 168, 82 to 84; the martyrs
at Lyons in the year 177, 84 to 91; remarks upon that
history, 91 to 94; a general account of a remarkable de-
liverance obtained by him in Germany, in the year 174,
95 to 106; that deliverance ascribed by some to the
prayers of a legion of Christians in his army, afterwards
called the Thundering, or Thunderbolt legion, 95, 96; ob-
servations upon that history, 96 to 104; a summary of the
arguments upon that subject, 104 to 106
Apelles, a follower of Marcion, i. 431, 445; ii. 493; his
gospel, 562; received the New Testament in general,
iii. 132; his time, iv. 639; his connection with Philu
mene, 640; the story of his incontinence false, ibid; did
not discourage inquiry, 641; of his writings, 642; his
peculiar principles, 642 to 644; what scriptures he re-
ceived, 645 to 647
Apocalypse of Elijah, ii. 562

Antichrist, opinions concerning him, ii. 73, 94
Antioch, Bishops of that church from the apostles to Theo-
philus the sixth Bishop, i. 383; who was succeeded by
Maximin, and he by Serapion the eighth, 414; their suc-
cessors enumerated to the year 260, i. 580; the great pre-
rogatives of that city, that the disciples were first called
Christians there, ii. 612; the number of Christians there
in the time of Chrysostom, and of the poor maintained by
that church, and the house to be seen where St. Paul
dwelt, 614; Christian assemblies more numerous there
than at Constantinople, ibid; and see Councils
Antipater, eldest son of Herod the Great, concerned in the
slaughter of the infants at Bethlehem, i. 186; see likewise
154; his design to poison his father, 187, 190; the time
of his last journey to Rome settled, 188, 189; his death,
187, 232

APOCRYPHAL BOOKS, not quoted by the apostolical fathers,
i. 289, 303, 313, 324; nor by Irenæus nor Tertullian,
iii. 131; forged by Heretics, i. 358; how quoted by
Clement of Alexandria, 407 to 409; much despised by
Christians, 558; in some of them a future state clearly
mentioned, 560; few or none of them composed before
the beginning of the second century, except the gospel
according to the Hebrews, iii. 132; the Acts of Paul and
Thecla must have been composed before the end of the
first century, or in the beginning of the second, ibid.;
Jewish apocryphal books said to be referred to in the New
Testament, i. 557, 558; how they are quoted by Origen,
551; by Cyprian, ii. 29, 3c; Christian apocryphal books
not quoted as of authority, by Dionysius of Alexandria,
i. 650; not quoted by Cyprian, ii. 29; nor by Novatus,
65; nor by Methodius, 109; used by the Manichees,
227; what they were, 229, 230; a definition of such
books, 228; forged by Leucius, 230; remarks upon
them, 231, 232; they confirm the history of the authentic
books of the New Testament, 230; iii. 131; used by the
Priscillianists, 512; rejected by Eusebius of Cæsarea, 388
to 395; and Athanasius, 400. Apocryphal books of the
Old Testament, quoted by Ambrose, Bp of Milan, 493,
494; but he rejects Christian apocryphal books, 494; no
notice taken of such books by Gaudentius, Bp of Brescia,
524; the controverted, or spurious, or apocryphal books
of the N.T.which are taken notice of by Eusebius, 386,388;
apocryphal books of the O. and N. T. mentioned by Jerom,
561, 565; much censured and condemned by him, 542,
550, 563 to 567; some of them composed with a view
to explain the New Testament, 563, 564; apocryphal

books of the Old and New Testament mentioned with
contempt by Augustine, 581; such books seldom quoted
by Gregory, Bp of Rome, 69; are of no authority, 75;
how quoted in the imperfect work, 64, 65; such books
in the early times of Christianity, afford no valid argu-
ment against the genuineness, or the authority of the

books of the New Testament now generally received,
131 to 134; but confirm it, iv. 639

Apollinaris (Claudius) Bp of Hierapolis in Phrygia, i. 439

to 441

Apollinarius, Bp of Laodicea in Syria, his time and family,
ii. 454, 455; his Apology for the Christian religion against
Porphyry, ibid, 456, 457, 458; his commentaries upon the
scriptures, and his other works, 456 to 458; his peculiar
opinions, 558 to 461; his works relating to those opinions,
462, 463; his character, 463; wrote against Dionysius of
Alexandria concerning the Millennium, i. 639
Apollonia, a virgin martyr at Alexandria, before the pub-
lication of Decius's edict against the Christians, iv. 192
Apollonius, a Roman senator, Christian, apologist, and
martyr, i. 444; his remarkable martyrdom, iv. 300, 301
Apollonius, an ecclesiastical man, who wrote against the
Montanists, his history, i. 479; different from Apollonius,
senator and martyr, 480; says that Christ commanded his
apostles to stay twelve years at Jerusalem after his ascen-
sion, ibid; received The Revelation, 481; Tertullian
wrote against him, 480

Apollonius, a stoic philosopher, in the time of M. Antoninus,
i. 442, 443

Apollonius, or Apollonides, reckoned among the followers of.
Artemon, i. 487

Apollonius Tyanæus, set up by Hierocles as a rival with our
Saviour, iv. 254 to 256; remarks upon his life written by
Philostratus, 260, &c.; his obscurity for a good while, 259;
his letter to Titus, after the conquest of Judea, iii. 533
APOLOGIES (early) for the Christian religion: to the emperor
Adrian by Quadratus, i. 436; by Aristides, 487; to An-
toninus the pious, Justin Martyr's first apology, 342; to
M. Antoninus the philosopher, his second apology, ibid;
to the same emperor, apologies presented by Melito, bishop
of Sardis, 359; by Athenagoras, 378; by Cl. Apollinaris,
bishop of Hierapolis, 439; to the princes of this world by
Miltiades, 382. In the reign of Commodus, three books
to Autolicus, a learned heathen, by Theophilus bishop of
Antioch, 383; in the same reign the apology of Apollo-
nius in the senate, 444; in the reign of Severus, Ter-
tullian's celebrated apology to the Roman presidents, 416
to 418; and his apologetical discourse to Scapula, pro-
consul of Africa; beside his two books to the nations,
and many books of others, written in the first two cen-
turies, or the beginning of the third, against Jews and

Apostles, sometimes used in a lower sense, as equivalent to
apostolical, i. 406; iii. 37.
APOSTLES, had the largest measure of the gifts of the spirit,
and therefore had the highest authority in the church,
i. 421; said to be commanded by Christ to stay twelve
years at Jerusalem after his ascension, 480; their employ-
ments before they followed Jesus, ii. 428; twelve in
number, and four evangelists, 620; said to be fourteen
apostles, 383; said to have chosen to themselves several
provinces of the world, 487; staid a good while in Judea.
after Christ's ascension, in 153; the time when they left
Judea to go and preach the gospel in other countries,
167 to 173; were all of the Jewish nation, ii. 521; there
are no certain accounts of the places where many of them
preached after they left Judea, iii. 159; they did not all
die by martyrdom, ii. 366; iii. 159, 438. They only
under the New Testament write doctrinal and preceptive
books of authority, i. 636, 637. ii. 29, 375, 620. iii. 42,
52 to 54, 142, 147; the whole world committed to them,
ii. 612; not forward to write, 368; the usefulness of their
writings, 378, 379; their sincerity, 365; four were fisher-
men, two publicans, Peter chief, and two others also said
to be chiefs, 612; were illiterate, and mean, 613, 615; most
of them born in Galilee, iii. 13; the prerogatives of their
high office, ii. 612; one of which is, writing epistles to
the churches as masters, which should be of authority,

554; their just sentiments, and excellent philosophy,
615. St. Mark and St. Luke wrote, when their gospels
might be approved by apostles, 585
Apostolical benediction, a sermon, v. 212
Apostolical constitutions and canons. See Constitutions.
Apostolical fathers, do not quote apocryphal books, i. 324;
general observations upon their testimony to the books of
the New Testament, 334, 335

Apostolical men, known companions of apostles, (such as
Mark and Luke) may write historical books of authority,
i. 376, 407, 409, 420, 637
Apostolicon of Marcion, consisted of ten of the epistles of
St. Paul, iv. 617
Apostolics, i. 588

Appeals, made to Rome from the provinces, i. 129
Apphianus, a martyr at Cæsarea, in Dioclesian's persecution,
iv. 256

Appion; author of a treatise upon the six day's work, i. 413
Applauses and acclamations, in use among the ancients,
i. 621, 622

Apthonius, a learned Manichee, ii. 152

Apuleius, of Madaura in Africa, his time and works, iv. 107;,
his passages concerning the Christians, 107, 108; miracles
ascribed to him by heathen people, 109. iv. 254, 266; the
design of his work called, The Metamorphoses or Golden
Ass, iii. 108 to 110

Aquila and Priscilla, their history, iii. 278, 279

Aquila, author of a Greek version of the Old Testament in
the time of Adrian, i. 446

Aram, who meant by that name, ii. 527
Arator, his work entitled Apostolical history, in verse, com--
posed out of the book of The Acts, ii. 57.
Arbogastes, an account of him, iv. 389.
Arch of Titus at Rome, iii. 527, 533, 573-
Archelaus, what part of his father's kingdom came to his
share, i. 10, 148; styled king in the New Testament,
ethnarch by Josephus; the consistency of this, i. 11; was
generally hated, ibid.; banished by Augustus to Vienna in
Gaul, 15, 160, 232; the duration of his government,
11, 160, 232
Archelaus, Bp in Mesopotamia, a work ascribed to him,
ii. 136. the character of that work, ibid. ; ascribed by some
to Hegemonius, 137; the time of it, ibid.; its antiquity,
138; he speaks like an Unitarian, ibid.; his testimony to
the scriptures, 138, 139; from that work ancient writers
against the Manichees took their accounts, 141, 142; .
remarks upon it, 142 to 144
Aretas, successor of Obodas, king of Arabia, i. 151
Arethas, his commentary upon the Revelation, iii. 56
Aristides, an Athenian philosopher, and Christian. apologist,.
i. 437

Aristides, a letter of Africanus to him, concerning the dif-
ferences in the two genealogies of Matthew and Luke,
i. 513, 516

Aristides (Ælius) the sophist, his time and works, iii. 156,
157; select passages from him, 157; passages concerning
the Christians, and illustrating the books of the New
Testament, 157 to 159; his character, 159, 160
Aristion, an elder, near the times of the apostles, i. 337, 338-
Aristo, of Pella in Palestine, i. 438-
Aristobulus, a Jewish writer, mentioned by Anatolius, and
said to be one of the seventy translators of the Old Testa-
ment, ii. 78
Arianism, compared to heathenism; i. 626; said to be the
worst of all Heresies, ii. 399; its time and rise, 303;
great increase, 304, 305; the occasion of the controversy,
306; countenanced by some Antenicene writers of the
church, 372; the Arian scheme of doctrine, v. 313 to 315;
objections against it, 315 to 317

Arians, persecute the Novatians, ii. 54; many of them dis-
disciples of Lucian, presbyter of Antioch, 115; divisions
among them, 308; their numerous synods and creeds,

ibid.; their want of moderation, 308, 309; said to be great persecutors, 399; the cruelty of a persecution raised by them, iii. 27; not allowed to be Christians by Athanasius, ii. 399; their writers, 311 to 321; free remarks upon their conduct in the time of Constantius, iv. 374 Arius, his letter to Eusebius of Nicomedia quoted, ii. 115; makes mention of the Manichees, 148; his history, 303, 305; his works, 305, 306; his character, 306; his opinions, 307; his and his follower's testimony to the scriptures, 309, 310; excommunicated by the council of Nice, and banished by Constantine, 350 Arnobius, his history, work, and time, iii. 244 to 247; his character, 247, 248; select passages from him, 248 to 252; his testimony to the scriptures, 253 10 255; a fine saying of his, 363

i. 362. iv. 86, 88, 89; whether he was favoured with the gifts of the Spirit? 91

Audians, followers of Audius, of Mesopotamia, their history and sentiments, ii. 411, 412

Arnobius, author of a commentary upon the Psalms, ii. 247, 255, 256

Arnold (Godfrey) his history of all Heresies, ii. 179 Arrian, who published the Enchiridion, and discourses of Epictetus, his time and character, iv. 47 to 49. Artemon, or Artemas, and his followers; an anonymous author against them, i. 485; they received the scriptures, 486 to 488. iv. 658; charges against them as corrupters of the scriptures, weakened and confuted, i. 486 to 488; their sentiment the same as that of Paul of Samosata, 485, 625. Artemas, mentioned by Methodius, ii. 105; the time when he lived, iv. 659; believed Christ was a mere man, born of a virgin, 658 Ascension of Moses, an apocryphal book, how mentioned by Origen, i. 541, 557

Ascension of Isaiah, an apocryphal book, how mentioned by Jerom, ii. 562. See Isaiah

Asclepiades, Bp of Antioch after Serapion, i. 493 Asclepiodotus, or Asclepiades, reckoned among the followers of Artemon, i. 486, 487

Asiarchs, or chief men of Asia, who they were, i. 91 Asseman (Jos.) commended, ii. 480, 488, 490 Assessment, the nature of a Roman assessment, i. 142, 143; sometimes made in the territories of dependent princes, 149 to 151; there was an assessment made in Judea, at the time of our Saviour's birth, 140, 141, and 151 to 156; objections against that supposition considered, 156 to 160 Asterius Urbanus, author of a work against the Montanists, his history, i. 489, 490; his charity and moderation, 491; his testimony to the books of the New Testament, 490, 491

Asterius, an Arian author, his history and works, ii. 313; Marcellus of Ancyra wrote against him, 396 Asturius, a Roman senator, and a Christian, who buried in an honourable manner the body of Marinus, a martyr, in the time of Gallienus, iv. 199 Athanasian Creed, considered, v. 310, 311 Athanasius, Bp of Alexandria, his time, ii. 398; select passages from him, 399; his bitterness against the Arians, ibid.; condemns persecution, iv. 498, 499; his testimony to the scriptures, ii. 399; received all the books of the New Testament, which are commonly received now, and no other, 299 to 403; a bible sent by him to the emperor Constans, 402; the Synopsis of sacred scripture ascribed to him, not his, 403, 405; extracts out of it, for shewing the writer's testimony to the scriptures, 403 to 405; the truth of Athanasius's account of Meletius and his followers, disputed, ii. 129, 130; his catalogue of the books of the Old Testament, iii. 544; Julian's great enmity to him, iv. 343 to 345; quoted, v. 387 note 2, 408 note Athenagoras, an apologist for the Christian religion in the time of M. Antoninus, his history, works, and testimony to the scriptures, i. 377 to 381 Athenians, their character, i. 105, 106 Athenodorus, brother of Gregory, Bishop of Neocæsarea, i. 597, 6οι Attalus, native of Pergamus, one of the martyrs at Lyons,

Auditors, among the Manichees, an account of them, ii. 156 to 158; needed purification after death, 198; their misery, 236

Augustan Writers, six in number, an account of them, iv. 250, 251

Augustine, Bp of Hippo Regius in Africa, his character of the Sibylline oracles, i. 420, 455; how long he was with the Manichees, ii. 149; his zeal for Manichæism, 149, 150, 237; by what arguments he was misled, 185, 186; his writings against them, 145; particularly against Faustus, 152; asserted free-will against them, 147, 197; commended, 236; his fine passages, shewing the genuineness and authority of the scriptures of the New Testament, 224 to 226; his charity and moderation toward the Manichees, 236, 237; his time, 576; his character, and compared with Jerom, 576; what acquaintance he bad with the Greek language, 577; his testimony to the scriptures, 578 to 597; his judicious observations upon the conduct of St. Peter and St. Paul towards Jews and Gentiles, and towards each other, iv. 231 to 233; and his good sense acknowledged, 234. See also v. 514, 517; his excellent observations upon idols and heathen deities, iv. 245, note b; select passages from him, ii. 596 to 599; a passage in him amended, 596; his quotations of the work called The Philosophy of Oracles, and remarks upon them, iv. 245 to 249; his account of the treatment given to heathen people by Christian magistrates, 403, 494; the occasion of writing his large work, Of the City of God, 482; quotations from him, v. 375, note, 377, 387, referred to, 394, 427; his account of the Heretics, Adamians, iv. 575; Cerdon, 587; Leucius, 625; the Montanists, 674

Augustus, his decree in favour of the Jews in Asia and Čyrene, i. 97, 98; several computations of his reign, 194; the nature of this title of Augustus, 198; his jest upon Herod for killing bis sons, 183, 184 Aurelian, his treatment of Zenobia and Longinus, iv. 203; his time and character, 207; how the Christians were mentioned by him in a letter to the senate of Rome, 207, 208; his conduct towards Paul of Samosata, Bp of Antioch, i. 623. iv. 208; his persecution of the Christians, 208, 209 Authentic Letters, as used by Tertullian, explained, i. 425, 426

Autolicus, a learned heathen of the second century, i. 383, to whom Theophilus, bishop of Antioch, sent his Apology for the Christian religion, iv. 113


Babylas, Bp of Antioch, a martyr under Decius, iv. 192 Bacchanalia, prohibited by the Roman senate, i. 96 Bacchylus, Bp of Corinth, and writer in the second century, i. 445

Bagoas, an eunuch in the court of Herod the great, i. 152; bantered by Josephus, i. 153

Balduinus, (Fr.) his judicious observations upon Pliny's letter to Trajan concerning the Christians, iv. 20, 30; and upon Trajan's rescript, 30, note ; his remark upon the temper of Severus toward the Christians, 166; his observation concerning Papinian, 170, 171 Baluze (Stephen) quoted, ii. 326, 329 Baptism had its original from John, ii. 410; women not initiated among the Jews by baptism, v. 501, 502; Christian baptism, how misrepresented by Julian, 339, 340, by Zosimus, 402

Barcabbas, and Barcoph or Parcor, their prophecies were oriental books, and not forged by Basilides, iv. 556

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