Sivut kuvina

ascribed to him, 403, 404; in Cyril of Jerusalem, 409; in the canons of the council of Laodicea, 414; in Epiphanius, 416 to 419; in the 85th canon, called apostolical, 440; in Gregory Nazianzen, 470; in Amphilochius, 473; in Ebedjesu, 488; in Philaster, 522; in Jerom, 548, 549; Rufinus, 573; the third council of Carthage, 574, 575; Augustine, 578, 579; Chrysostom, 601, 602; Innocent, Bp of Rome, 628; Gelasius, Bp of Rome, iii. 42; Dionysius, called the Areopagite, 41; the Alexandrian MS. 44, 45; Nicephorus, patriarch of Constantinople, 47, 48; the Stichometry of Coteleriu, 49; Cassiodorius, 59, 60; Isidore of Seville, 73 to 75; Leontius, 76, 77; J. Damascenus, 79, 80

CATALOGUES of the books of the New Testament, see several in Origen, i. 532, 533; recited in divers passages of Eusebius of Cæsarea, ii. 368 to 371, who makes several sorts or classes of books-universally received-generally received - controverted - received by a few: sometimes called by him spurious-lastly, such as were universally rejected by catholic Christians, as contrary to the apostolical doctrine, 371 to 375;. the catalogue of Nicephorus Callisti, 429, 430. And see the preceding article. Catholic epistles, received by the Manichees, ii. 216, and the Paulicians, 239; seldom quoted by Chrysostom, Theodoret, and other writers of the fourth and fifth centuries, who lived in the East, 438, 439; freely quoted by Cyril of Alexandria, iii. 11, 12

CATHOLIC EPISTLES (SEVEN ;) the antiquity and reason of that denomination, iii. 366; called also canonical, ibid.; by whom received in several ages, 367; well known and received by many in the time of Eusebius, ii. 369, 373, 374; received by Athanasius, 400, 401; by the author of the Synopsis of sacred scripture, 404; Cyril of Jerusalem, 410; Epiphanius, 417 to 419; Seven in the catalogue of Gregory Nazianzen, 470, and of Amphilochius, 473; Three only received by the Syrians, 488, 489; and by Chrysostom, 602, 607, 608; Severian, bishop of Gabalas 620; Theodoret, iii. 12; Cosmas, 51, 52, 53; Seven received by Jerom, ii. 548; Rufinus, 573; the third council. of Carthage, 575; Augustine, 579, 587; their Order; in. 367; in Jerom, ii. 548; Rufinus, 573; the third council of Carthage, 575; Augustine, 588; Seven gene. rally received at Alexandria, and in Egypt, in the fiftit century, ii. 39; and by many in the sixth century, 53; Seven received by Innocent, bishop of Rome, ii. 628; Palladius, iii. 5; Isidore of Pelusium, 7; Cyril of Alexandria, 9; Euthalius, who put out an edition of them, and divided them into chapters and sections, 38; the author of the Calling of the Gentiles, 22; and of the Divine Promises and Predictions, ibid.; Gelasius, Bp of Rome, 42; Andrew, 43, Gregory, Bp of Rome, 70, 71% Leontius, 77; the author of the Imperfect Work, 66; J. Damascenus, 90; Photius, 82; Theophylact› [probably,] 88; Oecumenius, who wrote a Commentary upon them, 84; Nicephorus Callisti, 91; their time and order, according to Bede, 78, 79; a Commentary upon them by Didymus, i. 404; ii. 478; by Cassiodorius, and their order in him, iii. 61, 62; in the Alexandrian MS. 45; in the Stichometry of Nicephorus, 48; and that from Cotelerius, 49; Five of them doubted of by some in the east, 59

Celer, the tribune, beheaded at Jerusalem, i. 104 Celestinus, Bp of Rome, how he persecuted the Novatians, ii. 57

Cellarius, (Ch.) his Observations upon the Christianity ascribed to the emperor Philip commended, iv. 189, 191 Celsus, a Christian writer, whether Bp of Iconium uncertain, i. 438

Celsus the Epicurean, quoted, i. 74; what he says of a Christian dialogue, 438; he called the Christians Sibyllists, 451; how he reviled the apostles, 549; his time and character, and work against the Christians, which work Origen answered in eight books, in which a large part of the work


is still preserved, iv. 113, 114; his passages representing the Jewish expectation of the Messiah, 114, 115; passages containing references to the books of the New Testament, 115 to 120, 143, 145; his references to Christian facts, chiefly such as are recorded in the books of the New Testament, 121 to 130, 143, 144; passages concerning Christian principles, 130 to 134; concerning the progress of the Christian religion, 134 to 137; how he charges Christians with magical practices, 137; concerning the worship and assemblies of Christians, 137, 138; concerning those called Hereties, 138, 139; injurious reflections upon the Christians, 139 to 141; remarks upon the work of Celsus, and Origen's answer, i. 526, 545, 557, iv. 141, 142; a reca pitulation of the extracts made from the work of Celsus, 142 to 144; a summary of the work of Celsus by Dr Doddridge, 145 to 147; by Dr. J. Leland, 147, 148; by Dr. Sherlock, 148, 149; ste also 110, 111; and the word Scriptures, v. in this Index

Censors, at Rome, and in the provinces, their office and power, i. 143

Census; see Assessment

Cerdon, bis time and opinions, iv. 585 to 587; an admirer of virginity, and is said to have recanted his errors, 597; what scriptures were received by him, 588

Ceres, her statue at Enna plundered by Verres, i. 95° Cerinthus, confuted in St. John's gospel, according to Irenæus, i. 367; whether St. John met him in a bath at Ephesus, 325, iv. 564; Caius is said to have written against him, 482; what Caius said of him, and that he forged a Revelation, 484; The Revelation ascribed to him, 634; but he was not the author, 638; his opinions, 638, 639; doubtful whether he was a Chiliast, 639; did not corrupt the Revelation, 641; an account of him from ancient authors, iv. 564 to 566; of his time and history, 566, 567; his sentiments, 567 to 569; zealous for the Mosaic law, 568; his morals vindicated, 569; what scriptures he received, 570, 571; did not reject the first or second chapter of St. Matthew, 570%

Cestius Gallus, governor of Syria; his unsuccessful expedition into Judea, iii. 505 to 507

Chain; the Roman method of chaining prisoners, i. 127; Agrippa presented with a gold chain by Caligula, 128 Chalcidius, his time, work, and character, iv. 305; his testimony to the appearance of an extraordinary star at the time of our Saviour's nativity, 3c6

Chandler (Dr.) commended, iii. 61; his Letter concerning the paragraph in Josephus concerning Christ, with Dr.Lardner's answer, i. p. xlv and xlvi

Chapman, (Dr. J.) quoted, ii. 247; his argument for the continuance of miraculous powers in the church after the times of the apostles, iv. 159; his account of the stipends of the philosophers and sophists in the second century, 159, note; quoted again, 160, 238, 255

Chapters; whether the books of the New Testament were divided into sections in the time of Tertullian, i. 433; an account of their being so divided afterwards by Euthalius, and another learned Christian, iii. 38

Chapters, (the Three) what they were, ii. 530 Chrestus, whether thereby Suetonius understood Christ, i. 135 CHRIST, OF MESSIAH, the ground and reason of that character, v. 426, 427; how the word is used by some ancient Christian writers, i. 178, 179; early different opinions concerning his person, 235; the time of his ministry, 138; the ends of his death, according to Arnobius, 253; according to Lactantius, 271, 272; according to Augustine, 598, 599; his priestly office not insisted on by Lactantius, 277; Christ, the Son of man, a sermion, v. 192; the Son of God, a sermon, 197; his thirst upon the cross, a seion, 157; his greatness in his last sufferings, a sermon, 161; divine testimonials given him during his last sufferings, a sermon, 175; made a curse for us, a ser. mon, 260; the power and efficacy of his doctrine, a ser

4 C


Roman empire before the conversion of Constantine, 302; their good character in the first three centuries, 303, 304 i a testimony to their good manners in Julian, 345; great corruptions of manners among them afterwards, according to Salvian, iii. 37

mon, 131; little children brought to him, a sermon, 95; his poverty our riches, a sermon, 202; his farewell wish of peace to his disciples, a sermon, 207; praying in his name, a sermon, 218; the woman anointing him, a sermon, 229; upon what grounds the Manichecs believed in him, ii. 200; they believed him to be God, but not man, 200 to 203; they denied his nativity, 201, 202; and his real death, 203; did not reckon his death a sacrifice for sin, 204, 205. That Christ did not write the New Testament, 221; the Manichees had no Letter of Christ, 227; the opinions of other Heretics concerning Christ, iv. 511, 539, 540, 567, 568, 580, 600 to 605, 643, 644, 649 Christian, the origin of that name, ii. 531; the great honour of it, 612

Christian clergy, censured, by Sulpicius, ii. 622, 623; by Julian Pomerius, iii. 23; not called priests and Levites by the first Christians, ii. 430, 434

Christian doctrine, remarks upon some difficulties concerning it, i. p. xli to xliii

CHRISTIAN RELIGION; the nature and design of it, and its happy effects, ii. 248, 250, 267, 268, 363, 364; called the divine philosophy, 365; arguments for it, 249 to 251; objections against it, 251, 252; writers against it, 267, 282; how it prevailed against opposition, i. 532; its early progress in the East and the West, 614, note "; when planted in Persia, ii. 234; has withstood many difficulties, 236; its evidence not weakened by the Manichees, ibid. ; its swift and wonderful progress in the world, and its truth asserted, ii. 250, 256, 292, 360, 365, 366, 487, 525, 572, 613, 614; iii. 7, 13 to 15, 55; and see Arnobius and Lactantius. Its great progress in the time of Pliny and Trajan, iv. 39, 40; of Adrian, 53, 54; of M. Antoninus, 81, 91, 92; of Celsus, 134 to 136; of Lucian, 152; of Domitian, attested by Dion Cassius, 184, 185; by Porphyry, 234, 297; and by all authors who wrote against the Christians, and by all edicts of persecuting emperors, 297, 298. The state of Christianity under heathen emperors, 298. Some evidences of the Christian religion are not weakened, but gain force by length of time, v. 46

CHRISTIANS: the origin of that denomination, iii. 266, 267; their moderation toward men of different sentiments, i. 531; their patience and fortitude under sufferings, 613; their kindness to each other, and to heathens in affliction, 612, ii. 6; their innocence, 268; their fortitude under sufferings, 272; did not persecute, 274, 275; not denominated from their bishops, nor from the apostles, but from Christ, 399, 420; the fortitude of the primitive Christians celebrated by Salvian, iii. 37; how treated by the unbelieving Jews, 487, 488; they left Jerusalem before the -siege of that place began, 496, 507, 529; well known in the time of Pliny and Trajan, iv. 16; there were no Imperial edicts for persecuting them when Pliny went into his province, ibid.; they suffered under Heathen emperors, as Christians, for the name only, without any crimes proved against them, 17, 18, 29, 88, 93. See by all means note p. 29; their innocence attested by Pliny and Trajan, 26, 29, 41; their sincere respect for the authority of civil magistrates, 25, 42; were numerous in the time of Pliny and Trajan, 26; their sufferings in times of persecution were very grievous, 92, 93; their fortitude and patience under them, 93, 94; they were steady in the profession of the truth, 40, their steadiness applauded, 28; their principles and worship, 40 to 42, 130 to 134, 137, 138; their innocence, and eminent virtue, 42, 93, 138; their early and principal adversaries who wrote against them, 110 to 112; falsely accused of worshipping Serapis, 548; vindicated from some charges as if they were too forward in exposing themselves to sufferings, 42, 76, 77; were sometimes ridiculed by heathen authors, 155; favoured in the time of Caracalla, 166, 168; their heavy sufferings after the publication of the edict of Severus against them, and also before it, 168 to 170; were numerous in the

Chromatius, Bp of Aquileia, his time and eminence, ii. 624; his works, and testimony to the scriptures, 625 Chronicles, the usefulness of those books, ii. 548 Chrysanthius, high-priest of Lydia, in the time of Julian, his moderation, iv. 383, 384; how he acted when sent for by Julian to come to court, 453

Chrysanthus, Novatian Bp at Constantinople, ii. 56 Chrysostom, (John) Bp of Constantinople; his time, ii. 600; a Synopsis of scripture ascribed to him, 601; his testimony to the New Testament, 602 to 608; books of the New Testament received by him, 608; marks of respect for the scriptures, 608 to 611; some texts interpreted, 611, 612; his observations concerning our Saviour, the apostles and evangelists, the Christian religion, &c. 612 to 619; he often argued against the Manichees, 148; what he says of Manichæan virgins, 160; his remark upon the History of Apollonius Tyanæus, iv. 269; his differences with the empress, as related by Zosimus, 410, 411; quoted, v. 387, note 427; obscure through oratory, ii. 110, 111 Churches, St. Paul writes to seven churches, ii. 23, 24, 556; the apostolical churches mentioned in the New Testa ment, 585


Churches; how to be built according to the Constitutions, ii. 430; in the primitive times Christians had not spacious buildings to meet in, ilid, and see i. 548, 549

Cicero, heathen people offended at his works, ii. 253; whether Lactantius took pleasure in opposing him, 280; quoted, v. 420

Citizenship of Rome, bought with a great sum, i. 124, 125 Clark's (S.) Annotations on Phil. ii. 5 to 9, quoted and commended, v. 311

Clarke, (Dr. S.) how he quotes Phlegon, iv. 60; does not quote Thallus, 67; quoted, iii. 390; v. 324, 372, 373, 374, 375, 388, 389, 406, 431

Claudian, his time and works, iv. 388; his testimony to the victory of Theodosius over Eugenius, A. D. 394, pp. 389, to 392

Claudius restores to the Jews all their privileges, of which they had been deprived by Caligula, i. 28; permits the Jews to keep the high priest's vestment, 100; banishes Cumanus, predecessor to Felix, and condemns Celer to be beheaded at Jerusalem, 104; banished the Jews from Rome, 135; a famine in his time, 131 to 134 Clayton, (R. late Bp of Clogher) quoted, v. 372, 423, 427, 428 to 431

Clement of Alexandria, his history, time, character, and works, i. 393, 394; his testimony to the books of the New Testament, 395 to 407; a difficult passage of his, relating to St. Mark's gospel, explained, 395 to 398; his Adumbrations, 392, 399; how he quotes apocryphal books, 407 to 412; commended by Alexander, Bp of Jerusalem, 493; his account of the Heretics, Basilidians, v. 537, 538, 542; Carpocrates and Epiphanes, 556, 557; Cassian, 681, 682; Prodicus, 571

Clement of Rome, not of Jewish extraction, iii. 99, note • ; not a martyr, nor related to the Roman emperors, i.293; his epistle to the Corinthians, and the time of writing it, 289 to 291; that epistle read in some churches on the Lord's day, 291, 292; Photius's character of it, 290, note; his only genuine work, ibid.; the second epistle, ascribed to him, not his, 291 to 293; not author of the Constitutions, or Recognitions, or other books ascribed to him, 292, 466 to 468, 472; his epistle to the Corinthians is quoted by Irenæus, 374; by Clement of Alexandria, 406; by Origen, 549; was one of St. Paul's fellowlabourers, 550; acquainted with apostles, and apostolical men, ii. 92; his epistle, though genuine, not a part of the

New Testament, 375, 386; though he wrote in Greek, he may be reckoned among Latins, iii. 330; his remarkable testimony to the martyrdoms of the apostles Peter and Paul, and other Christians at Rome, 409 to 411; quoted, v. 402

A DISSERTATION upon the two epistles ascribed to Clement of Rome, lately published by Mr. Wetstein, v. 432 to 446; not genuine, for they are not mentioned by the ancient writers who acknowledge his epistle to the Corinthians, 433 to 435; Jerom did not refer to these epistles, 435 to 437; but to the two former epistles, as Dr. Cave, Grabe, &c. understood him, 437; a passage cited also from Epiphanius may well refer to the former epistles, 437; other external arguments of Wetstein's refuted, 438, 439; no internal evidences, for scripture is not cited in the manner of Clement, 439, 440; they were written long after Clement's time (though before Gentilism was extinct in the Roman empire,) for the custom had commenced for some ecclesiastics to have what were called subintroduced women, 440 to 443; the writer's excessive praises of virginity do not resemble the scriptures nor Clement, 443, 444

The epistle to the Hebrews was received by this writer, and Christians had then a great regard for the sacred scriptures, 445

Clement, (Flavius) a relation of Domitian, and consul of Rome, put to death by that emperor, ii. 293; iii. 621 to 622; iv. 184, 185

Clementine Homilies, the work of an Ebionite, i. 472, 474; the same as the Dialogues of Peter and Appion, 472, 473 Clementine Epitome, an account of that work, i. 474, 475 Clere, (J. Le) quoted, i. 165, 177, 195, 222, 294, 323; iii. 150, 250; V. 534, 536; asserts that the apostolical fathers do not quote apocryphal books, i. 324; other judicious observations of his upon the same fathers, 334; his opinion, but without sufficient reason, that Clement of Alexandria did not distinguish apocryphal books from others, 407, 408; a mistake of his concerning the number of the books of the New Testament quoted by Irenæus, 371, 372; his observations upon the treatment given to heathens by Constantine, and afterwards, i. 345; iv. 494; his opinion of the Constitutions, ii. 424, 425; his commendation of a work of Jerom, 565; his judgment concerning Augustine, 576, 577; his fine observations upon the evangelists, and that St. Mark is not an abridger of St. Matthew, 584; his judicious observations upon Pliny's letter concerning the Christians, and Trajan's rescript, iv. 16 to 20, 21, 31, 32; upon M. Antoninus's Meditations, 75, 76 Celestis, the goddess, her temple at Carthage demolished, A.D. 399, iv. 477

Colonia, (D.) quoted, iii. 607; he acknowledges the superstition of Pliny, iv. 37; his judgment upon Phlegon, 64; upon Dionysius the Areopagite, 68; receives the Philosophy of oracless a work of Porphyry, 238 Colonies, Roman, their nature, i. 43

Colosse, the church there planted by St. Paul, iii. 11, 362 to 366; the epistle to them when and where written, 322 Commentaries upon the four gospels, i. 384 Commodian, contemporary with Cyprian; his history, and character, and work, ii. 72; select passages from him, 72, 73; his testimony to the scriptures, 73

Conclusion of the second century, heathen sayings of the Christians, iv. 162; anecdotes concerning divers heathen governors, who persecuted the Christians, or were favourable to them, 162, 163; remarks concerning the number of heathen writers, who have mentioned the Christians, 163 to 165

Conformity to this world forbidden to Christians: two dis

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from the Donatists, ii. 297; appoints a council at Rome, and afterwards another at Arles, to hear their cause, ibid. and decides it himself, 297, 298; his parentage, and the time and place of his birth, 321, 322; leaves Galerius, and goes to his father Constantius, 325; succeeds his father, ibid.; gives his sister Constantia in marriage to Licinius, 326; his death, and the duration of his reign, 327; his conversion to the Christian religion, ibid.; said to have seen a luminous cross in the heavens, 328; several opinions about it, 329; observations upon the account of it, 329 to 333; gives liberty to the Christians, 334; his edicts in their favour, ibid.; grants privileges to the Catholics and their ministers, 334, 335; churches built by him, 336; abolishes the punishment of the cross, 339; his character, ibid.; remarks upon his reign, 339 to 346; his testimony to the scriptures, 346, 347; convened the council of Nice, 348; his letter to Alexander and Arius commended, 355; said to have inquired after Heretics, ii. 162; his history written by Praxagoras and Bemarchius, both heathen authors, and favourable to him, iv. 309, 310; the account of his conversion in Zosimus, and the several blemishes of his reign, and reflections upon him, considered, 399 to 401; and see 370, 371; concerning his building Constantinople, 402 to 405; his edict for a general toleration rehearsed, 436

Constantine und Licinius, their edicts in favour of the Chris.ians, iv. 288, 289 to 291; the conversion of Constantine a great advantage to the Christians, 294 Constantinople, consecrated by Constantine, ii. 346 Constantius, father of Constantine, his family, ii. 323; his

character, 323, 324; moderated the persecution in his part of the empire, 324; his marriage with Claudia Theodora, daughter-in-law of Maximian Herculius, aud his children by her, 323; his death, 325

Constitutions and canons, (The apostolical) Pearson's opinion. of them, i. 500; how quoted by Epiphanius, iv. 421, 422; the judgment of moderns concerning them, 423, 425; drawn up in the name of the apostles, 425; not quoted by the writers of the first three centuries, 427; their manner of citing the books of the N. T. not suitable to the apostles, 429; have in them many things not suited to the times of the apostles, 430 to 435; things unworthy of the apostles, 435, 436; inconsistencies, 436; expressions betraying a late age, 437; are an imposture, ibid; the author's testimony to the scriptures, 438, 439; the eighty-fifth apostolical canon not ancient, 440; whether the constitutions are quoted by Irenæus, i. 375; quoted in the Imperfect Work, iii. 66; whether quoted by Damascenus, 80

Consubstantial, see Homousian.

Coponius, the first procurator in Judea, what power he had, and the time of his coming thither, i. 43, 48, 160, 177 Corinthians, the first epistle to the, when and where written, iii. 291

Corinthians (The second epistle to the) when and where written, iii. 296

Cornelius of Caesarea, the time of his conversion, iii. 266, 402; that he was not a Jewish proselyte, 395, 397 Cornelius, Bp of Rome; his history and works, ii. 41, 42 ; extracts from a letter of his concerning Novatus, 43, 44; remarks upon it, 45, 47

Cosmas of Alexandria quoted, ii. 620; his time, and works, and testimony to the scriptures, iii. 50, 55

Cotelerius, J. B. a remark of his concerning the epistle of St. Barnabas, as cited by Clement of A. i. 406; his judgment upon the Recognitions, 465, 467; upon the apostolical constitutions and canons, ii. 423, 439

Council at Jerusalem, the time of it, iii. 271
Councils, how little regarded by some men, ii. 352; have no
right to decide in matters of faith, ibid.
Councils of Antioch, relating to Paul of Samosata; their

times, i. 622, 623; who present at them, 620, 621; the
most famous councils in the first three centuries, 624; the
number of bishops present, ibid.

Counsels of prudence, for the use of young people, a ser-
mon, v. 3 to 13

Creation, how divided between the Father and the Son, ac-
cording to some Christian writers, ii. 103, 104; the work
of God alone, v. 379, 380, 388, 423 to 426; creation of
Adam and Eve, 446 to 449

throughout, and vol. iii. to p. 134

Credibility of the Evangelical History, and the truth of the
Christian religion, i. 572; ii. 255, 290, 365, 367, 368;
iii. 597, 598, 615, 616, 626, 627; iii. S8; internal marks
of credibility in the New Testament, two sermons, v. 276.
Crellius mentioned, v. 388

Cresconius, a learned Donatist, ii. 298

Crevier, (Mr.) quoted, iii. 513, 521; iv. 178, 190;
character of Trajan, 37; his judgment upon a passage of
Lampridius, 55; his character of Apuleius, 110
Crispus, eldest son of Constantine, put to death by his father,
ii. 341, 342

Cross, malefactors carried their own cross, i. 88

Cross, on which Christ suffered, said to be found by Helena,
ii. 336

Cudworth, (R.) his opinion concerning the importance of
Apollonius Tyanæus, iv. 258, 259; that Philostratus wrote
his life with a design to set him up as a corrival with our
Saviour, this opinion examined, 261 to 265; a passage
from him concerning the Valentinians, iv. 520
Cyprian, Bp. of Carthage, his history and time, ii. 1 to 9; his
opinion of the baptism of Heretics, 6; his character, 8;
called Tertullian his master, i. 417; testimonies to him,
ii. 8, 9; understood Greek, 11; his works, 9; testimony
to the scriptures, 12, 13; too much relied upon in the
account of Novatus, 51; his confession and martyrdom in
the time of Valerian, iv. 197 to 199
Cyprianus (Ernestus Solomon), his remark on Jerom, i. 435
Cyrenius, the account of his coming into Syria and Judea
after the removal of Archelaus, i. 43, 119, 157, 158, 160;
his true name, 162; his character and history, 172; di-
vers solutions of the chief difficulty concerning the en-
rolment at our Saviour's nativity, 162, &c.; that enrol-
ment made by Cyrenius, 171 to 175; ii. 392; objections
against this considered, i 175 to 179

Cyril, Bp of Alexandria, how he treated the Novatians, ii.
57; his time and works, and testimony to the scriptures,
iii. 89; his answer to Julian's work against the Christians,
iv. 322, 332

Cyril of Jesusalem, his time and works, ii. 409; his testi-
mony to the scriptures, 409 to 411; his catalogue of the
books of the Old Testament, 409; what he said when
there was much discourse, in the time of Julian, about re-
building the temple, iv. 325, 326


Damoniac, how Ignatius useth that word, and dæmon, i.

Remarks on Dr. Ward's dissertations concerning the
demoniac who resided among the tombs, v. 475 to 480;
Mr. Mole's cbservations on the subject, 475 to 477; phy-
sicians acribed their disorders to natural causes, i. 570;
Origen's opinion of them, ibid. Optatus thought that
every man is born with an unclean spirit, 570, 571
The CASE of the DEMONIACS mentioned in the New Tes
tament, in four sermons on Mark v. 19, with an appen-
dix, i. 235 to 272; by what means the herd was hurried
down the precipice, 239, 240, 259, 260; for what rea-
sons our Saviour did not suffer the dæmoniac to continue

with him, 241; the distemper of the men was lunacy, or
distraction, ibid. ; the only miracle of the kind particularly
recorded, ibid; the opinion of the moderns concerning the
dæmoniacs, 244, 245; the general opinion concerning
them in the time of our Saviour, 245 250; the word
dæmons should be used, and not devils, for throughout the
New Testament there is but one evil spirit called devil,
245; meaning of the word dæmons, in ancient writers,
and in the New Testament, 246; Josephus and many
others supposed that they were the souls of wicked men,
247; in which sense the word is used in the Old and
New Testament, ibid. ; many believed that Providence per-
mitted the souls of bad men, and fallen angels, to dwell
in the region of the air, 247, 248; and that these evil spi-
rits were in subjection to Satan, or the devil, as their head
or prince, and were instruments of afflictions to men, 248
to 250; there were demoniacs likewise among the hea-
thens about the same time, 250, ibid.; that those disorders
were mere bodily indispositions appears from several con-
siderations, 252 to 256; objections to this answered, 257 to
266; Mary Magdalene's case, 260; two passages from
Josephus, with remarks, 266 to 268. Some texts of the
New Testament explained, 268 to 271; that dæmons, or
the souls of dead men, have power over the living, was
believed universally among the heathens, and by many
orthodox Christians, iv. 544, 638, note


Daillé, (J.) his character of Tertullian, i. 418; his judgment
concerning the apostolical constitutions, ii. 424; his trea-
tise about them, 427; quoted again, 429, 432
Damascenus, (J.) his catalogue of the books of the Old Tes-
tament, ii. 546; his time and works, and testimony to the
scriptures, ii. 79 to 81

Damascius, his time and works, iv. 422; extracts out of his
works, in Photius, 423 to 425; in Suidas, 425 to 427
Damasus persecuted the Luciferians, ii. 450; his learning
and writings, 464, 465; how he succeeded in the con-
tention for the bishopric of Rome, 464; iv. 377
Damis, friend and companion of Apollonius Tyanæus, iv.
260, 268, 272

Daniel esteemed a prophet by Josephus, ii. 543; and by
Jerom, though not by the Jews in his time, 541; the ad-
ditional apocryphal part of his book rejected by Apollina
rius and Eusebius, 456; and Jerom, ii. 541; that part not
explained by Theodoret, iii. 10

Deaconesses, Christian, Pliny's account of them, and how they
were, by his order, examined by torture, iv. 15, 25, 41
Deacons, their office, i. 280, 281

Decius, his time and character, iv. 191; accounts of his per-
secution from several, 192; a persecution at Alexandria
before the publication of his edict against the Christians,
ibid.; his persecution was general, 193

Decree (Apostolic) in the fifteenth chapter of the Acts, con-
sidered, v. 494 to 519; it was directed to all Gentile con-
verts, 498, 504, all the particulars of it in their own
nature indifferent, 504, 505; therefore not obligatory
on all men, at all times, 506; the several articles ex-
plained, 506 to 509; the word rendered fornication im-
plies some alliances with heathens, of which Esau was
guilty, Heb. xii. 16, 508

Delays in things of religion unreasonable, a sermon, v. 68
Delivering, the meaning of that word in divers places of the
New Testament, i. 29, 40

Delphinus, Bp of Bourdeaux, ii. 500, 501

Demas, his character cleared up and vindicated, iii. 318
Demetrian, to whom Cyprian's Apology for the Christian
religion was sent, iv. 113

Demetrius, Bp of Alexandria, appoints Origen master of the
catechetical school there, i. 520, 521; afterwards is of
fended with him, and ill-treats him, 522, 523
Dexter, (Fl.) son of Pacian, and friend of Jerom, ii. 490, 491
Diclinius, a Priscillianist Bp and author, ii. 509, 510.

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Didymus of Alexandria, his work against the Manichees, ii.
147; commended, ibid. 148; and quoted elsewhere. His
history and character, 477; his testimony to the scriptures,
477 to 479; published an exposition of the seven catholic
epistles, i. 404, ii. 478

Digest, how that word is used concerning the books of scrip-
ture, iii. 140, 141

Dioclesian, an introduction to an account of his persecution, iv.
275; the civil state of the empire at that time, 276 to 277 ;
general accounts of this persecution from several authors,
277; the date of it, and the several edicts published
against the Christians at that time, ii. 324, iv. 278; the
sufferings of the Christians, 279 to 281; the edict of Gale-
rius in their favour in the year 311, p. 282, 283; how the
persecution was still carried on by Maximin in the East,
285; how Constantine overcame Maxentius at Rome,
A. D. 312, and he and Licinius in the same year published
their first edict in favour of the Christians, 288; Maxi-
min's letter to Sabinus in favour of the Christians in 312,
p. 288, 289; the second edict of Constantine and Lici.
nins in favour of the Christians, A. D. 313, p. 289, 290;
Maximin is overcome by Licinius, and publishes a new
edict in favour of the Christians, in 313, and dies, 291,
292; two inscriptions relating to Dioclesian's persecution,
293; observations upon this persecution, and Dioclesian's
character, 293 to 295; an edict against the Manichees,
said to be his, ii. 162; he resigns the empire, and lives re-
tired, and dies, 324

Diodorus, Bp of Tarsus, his book against the Manichees, ii.
144; a mistake imputed to him, 150; his time and bis-
tory, 517; his commentaries upon the scriptures, and his
other works, 518; his great merit, 519; said to have em-
braced the doctrine of Paul of Samosata, ibid.
Diogenes; see Laertius.

Diognetus, the epistle to him not written by Justin Martyr,
i. 343, 349, 35°

Dion Cassius, his time and work, iv. 181; his testimony to
the conquest of Judea by Titus, and to the destruction of Je-
rusalem, iii. 532; iv. 182, 183; his testimony to Domitian's
persecution, 183 to 185; and to the progress of the Christian
religion at that time, 184, 185; and in the time of Com-
modus, 186; and to Nerva's favourable regard to the
Christians, 185; his account of the shower by which M.
Antoninus and his army were saved in Germany, 100,
101, 186

Dion Chrysostom, his time, and testimony to the Christians,
iv. 160

Dionysius the Areopagite, said to have been the first bishop.
of Athens, i. 352; the works falsely ascribed to him,
when written, 631; his testimony to the darkness at the
time of our Saviour's passion not much valued by learned
men, iii. 67, 68

Dionysius, falsely called the Areopagite, the time of his
works, and his catalogue of the books of the Old and New
Testament, iii. 40, 41; see also i. 631

Dionysius, Bp of Alexandria, succeeded Heraclas, i. 523;
his history, 609 to 611; had revelations, 611, 12; said to
favour Arianism, 616 to 618; his writings, 629; his ar-
gument upon the Revelation, 634 to 636; remarks upon it,
637 to 647; his own opinion of that book, 647; his testi-
mony to the scriptures summed up, 649, 650; his cha-
Tacter, 631, 632

Dionysius, Bp of Corinth, his history, and testimony to the
scriptures, i. 351 to 353.

Dionysius, Bp of Rome, his history and works, ii. 69, 70;
his kindness to the Christians at Cæsarea in Cappadocia
under affliction, 69; appealed to in the controversy about
Sabellianism, 70; several books and epistles addressed to
him, ibid.; his character, 70, 71; his testimony to the
scriptures, 71

Dioscurus, and his brothers, called tall, and other monks in

Egypt, how treated by Theophilus, Bp of Alexandria, ii.
536, 537

Diotrephes was not an Heretic; wherein his fault consisted,
iii. 432 to 434

A Divination of heathen people in the time of Valens, iv.
445 to 454

Divorces practised by the Jews, i. 22; both men and women,
213, note

Docete, their opinion concerning the person of Christ, iv.

112; V. 375, 429; they all deny the resurrection of the
body, or the flesh, iv. 628

Doctrine of the Apostles, how mentioned by Eusebius, ii. 370,
386, 387; by Athanasius, 400; and by the author of The
Synopsis of Sacred Scripture, 405; not the same as the
Apostolical Constitutions now extant, 387
Doddridge, (Dr. Ph.) quoted, ii. 158, 169, 206, 215, 252,
265, 281, 350, 369, 399; his observations upon the tes-
timony of Josephus, ii. 530; his summary of the work of
Celsus against the Christians, iv. 145, 147

Dodwell, (H.) his opinion of the age of Bardesanes examined,
i. 443, 444; quoted, iii. 117, 245, 246, 248, 464, 465
Domitian, his inquiries after the posterity of David, i. 357;
the cruelties of his reign, and the occasion of his death,
iii. 617, 621, 622. See Bruttius Præsens. Dion's testi-
mony to his persecution, iv. 184, 185

Domitilla (Flavia,) related to Flavius Clemens the consul,
banished to the island Pontia, for the sake of Christianity,
iv. 56, 184, 185

Domnus, Bp of Antioch after Paul of Samosata, i. 622, 625
Donatists, a brief history of them, ii. 296 to 298; their
writers, 298 to 300; their testimony to the scripture,
301, 302

Donatus, a confessor, to whom Cæcilius dedicated his book
of the Deaths of persecutors, iv. 283
Donatus, Bp of Carthage, ii. 295

Donatus, Bp of Case Nigra in Numidia, ii. 295, 297
Donatus, the famous Latin grammarian, and Jerom's master,
ii. 532; when he flourished and taught at Rome, iv.

Doris, a signal piece of justice done there by Petronius, pre-
sident of Syria, in the time of Claudius, with remarks
upon it, i. 98 to 100

Dorotheus, presbyter at Antioch, ii. 86

Dorotheus, Dioclesian's chamberlain, and a martyr, ii. 87
Dorotheus, supposed author of the Synopsis of the lives of
the prophets and apostles; remarks upon it, ii. 87, 88
Doxology, that at the end of the Lord's prayer taken notice
of in the dialogue, Philopatris, iv. 155
Doxologies in the New Testament, and ancient Christian
writers, v. 401, 402, and see 422

Drake (Dr.) his discourse upon the inscription of the altar to
the unknown god, iv. 173
Drusilla, third daughter of Herod Agrippa, i. 16; con-
tracted to Epiphanes, married to Azizus, afterwards to
Felix, ibid. 213, note c.


Easter, the different times of keeping it, i. 412, 413 to 445;
when kept by the Audians, ii. 412; the determination of
the council of Nice about it, 351; not kept by the Aëri-
ans, 413; the controversy about the time of it in the se-
cond and third centuries, 428

Ebedjesu, his time, i. 514, ii. 487; his catalogue of the
books of scripture, which is the same as the canon of the
churches of Syria, 488; remarks upon it, 488 to 490
Ebionites, their opinion of Christ, i. 447, 457; in his opinion
they were extremely mistaken, v. 387; two sorts of them,
iii. 483; and see Nazarenes. The beginning of their gospel
according to Epiphanius, i. 357; another passage of it

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