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forthwith proceed to learn the substance of good for things, and arts in due order, which would bring

ly the whole language quickly into their power,

fu This I take to be the most rational and most profitable way of learning languages, and whereby

lui we may best hope to give account to God of our youth spent herein: and for the usual method of teaching arts, I deem it to be an old errror of universities not yet well-recover'd from the scholastick grossness of barbarous ages, that instead of

f beginning with arts most easy, (and those be such as are most obvious to the sense,) they present their young unmatriculated novices at first coming with the intellective abstractions of logick and metaphysicks : so that they having but newly left those grammatick flats and shallows where they stuck unreasonably, to learn a few words with lamentable construction, and now on the sudden transported under another climate to be tost and turmoild with their unballasted wits in fathomless and unquiet deeps of controversy, do for the most part grow into hatred and contempt of learning, mock'd and deluded all this while with ragged notions and bablements, while they expected worthy and delightful knowledge ; 'till

poverty or youthful years call them importunately their several ways, and hasten them with the sway of friends, either to an ambitious or mercenary, or ignorantly zealous divinity: fome allur'd to the trade of law, grounding their purposes not on the prudent and heav'nly contemplation of justice and equity, which was never taught them, but on the promising and pleasing thoughts of litigious terms, fat contentions, and flowing fees; others betake them to state affairs, with fouls so unprincipled in virtue, and true generous breeding, that flattery, and court shifts, and 'tyrannous aphorisms appear to them the highelt points of wisdom; instilling their barren hearts with a conscientious slavery, if, as I rather think, it be not feign'd; others, lastly, of a more delicious and airy spirit, retire themselves, knowing no better, to the enjoyments of ease and luxury, living out their days in fcast and jollity; which indeed is the wisest and the safelt course of all these, unless they were with more integrity undertaken. And these are rhe fruits of mispending our prime youth at the schools and universities as we do, either in learning mere

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words, or such things chiefly as were better unlearnt.

I shall detain you no longer in the demonftration of what we should not do, but straight conduct you to a hill-lide, where I will point ye out the right path of a virtuous and noble education; laborious indeed at the first ascent, but elfe fo fmooth, fo green, fo full of goodly prospect, and melodious sounds on every fide, that the harp of Orpheus was not more charming. I doubt 5

ye

shall have more ado to drive our dulleft and laziest youth, our stocks and stubs, from the infinite desire of such a happy nurture, than we have now to hale and drag our choicest and hopefullelt wits to that asinine feast of sowthistles, e and brambles which is commonly set before them, te as all the food and entertainment of their tende- the rest and most docible age. I call therefore a com- til plete and generous education that which fits a T man to perform juftly, skilfully and magnanimously, all the offices, both private and publick, it of peace and war. And how all this may be done da between twelve and one and twenty, less time than is now bestow'd in pure trifling at Grammar and Sophistry, is to be thus order'd.

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First, to find out a spacious house, and ground about it, fit for an Academy, and big enough to lodge an hundred and fifty persons, whereoftwenty or thereabout may be attendants, all under the government of one, who shall be thought of desert sufficient, and ability either to do all, or wisely to direct, and oversee it done. This place should be at once both school and university, not needing a remove to any other house of scholarship, except it be some peculiar college of law, or phyfick, where they mean to be practitioners ; but as for those general studies which take up all our time from Lilly to the commencing, as they term it, master of arts, it should be abfolute. Af. ter this pattern, as many edifices may

be ted to this use, as shall be needful in every city throughout this land, which would tend much to the increase of learning and civility every where. This number, less or more thus collected, to the conveneince of a foot company, or interchangeably two troops of cavalry, should divide their days work into three parts, as it lies orderly : their studies, their exercise, and their diet.

For their studies, first they should begin with the chief and neceffary rules of some good gram

Conver

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southern tongue;

mar, either that now us’d, or any better : and while this is doing, their speech is to be fashion'd to a distinct and clear pronunciation, as near as may be to the Italian, especially in the vowels. For we Englishmen being far northerly, do not open our mouths in the cold air, wide enough to grace

but are observ'd by all other nations to speak exceeding close and inward: so that to smatter Latin with an English mouth, is as ill a hearing as Law-French. Next to make them expert in the usefullest points of in grammar, and withal to season them, and win ice them early to the love of virtue and true labour, a ere any flattering seducement, or vain principle of feize them wandring, some eafy and delightful la book of education should be read to them; where. ta of the Greeks have store, as Cebes, Plutarch, af and other Socratic difcourses. But in Latin weth have none of classic authority extant, except the be two or three first books of Quintilian, and some th felect pieces elsewhere. But here the main skills' Sc and ground-work will be, to temper them such of lectures and explanations upon every opportuni- fo ty, as may lead and draw them in willing obedi- be ence, infiam'd with the study of learning, and the ty

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