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manm; endued them with living, reasonable, and immortal soulsn; made them after his own image o, in knowledge p, righteousness and holinessq, having the law of God written in their heartsr, and power to fulfil its, with dominion over the creatures t; yet subject to fall v.

Q. 1 8. What are God's works of providence?
A. God's works of providence are his most holyw, wisex,

and m Gen. ii. 22. And the rib, which nature the things contained in the the Lord God had taken from man, law, these having not the law, are made he a woman, and brought her a law unto themselves: v. 15, who unto the man.

Thew the work of the law written in Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God their hearts, their conscience also formed man of the dust of the bearing witness, and their thoughts ground, and breathed into his nof- the mean while accusing, or elie extrils the breath of life: and man be- cusing one another. came a living foul. Compared with s Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only hare Job xxxv. 11. Who teacheth us more I found, that God hath made man than the beasts of the earth, and ma- upright, but they have sought out kech us wiser than the fowls of hea- many inventions. ven. And with Eccl. xii. 7. Then i Gen, i. 28. And God blessed shall the dust return to the earth as them, and God said unto them, Be it was: and the spirit shall return fruitful and multiply, and replenish unto God who gave it. And with the earth, and subdue it: and have Mat. x. 28. And fear not them who dominion over the fish of the fea, and can kill the body, but are not able over the fowl of the air, and over to kill the soul: but rather fear him every living thing that moveth upwho is able to destroy both foul and on the earth. body in hell. And with Luke xxiii. o Gen, iji. 6. And when the wo43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily man saw that the tree was good for I say unto thee, To day shalt thou food, and that it was pleasant to the be with me in paradise.

eyes, and a tree to be desired to make . Gen.i.27. So God created man one wise; the took of the fruit therein his own image, in the image of of, and did eat, and gave also unto God created he him: male and fe- her husband with her, and he dil male created he them.

eat. Eccl.vii.29. Lo, this only have Col. iii. 10. And have put on I found, that God hath made man the new man, who is renewed in upright, but they have fought out knowledge, after the image of him many inventions. that created him.

18. w Pfal. cxlv. 17. The Lord 9 Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put is righteous in all his ways, and hoon the new man, who after God is ly in all his works. created in righteousnos, and true * Pfal. civ. 24. O Lord, how maholiness.

- nifold are thy works! in wisdom haft Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gen- thou made them all: the earth is tull tiles who have not the law, do by of thy riches. Ifa. xxviii. 29. This

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and powerful preservingy, and governing all his creatures z ordering them, and all their actions a, to his own glory b.

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels?

A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, willfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnationc, Jimiting and ordering that and all their sins to his own glory d; and established ihe rest in holiness and happinesse; em

ploying also cometh forth from the Lord of spared not the angels that sinned; luosts, who is wonderful in counsel, but cast them down to hell, and deand excellent in working.

livered them into chains of darkness, yHeb.i. 3.Who, being the bright to be reserved unto judgment. Heb. ness of his glory, and express image ii. 16. For verily he took not on him of his person, and upholding all the nature of angels; but he took on things by the word of his power, him the seed of Abraham. John viii. when he had by himself purged our


father the devil, fins, fat down on the right hand of and the lusts of your father ye will the Majesty on high.

do: he was a murderer from the bez Pfal. ciii. 19. The Lord hath ginning, and abode not in the truth, prepared his throne in the heavens: because there is no truth in him. and his kingdom ruleth over all.

When he speaketh a lie, he speaka Mat. x. 29. Are not two spar- eth of his own: for he is a liar, and rows foli for a farthing? and one the father of it. of them fhall not fall on the ground & Job. i. 12. And the Lord said without your Father. v. 30. But the unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath Yery liairs of your head are all nun is in thy power, only upon himself bered. v.31. Fear ye not therefore, put not forth thine hand. So Satan' yeareof more value than many spar: went forth from the presence of the rows. Gen xlv. 7. And God sent me Lord. Mat. viii. 31. So the devils hefore you to preserve you a poste. besought him, saying, If thou cast rity in the earth, and to save your us out, fuffer us to go away into the lives by a great deliverance. herd of swine.

6 Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and « 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee bethrough him, and to him, are all fore God and the Lord Jesus Chrilt, things; to whom be glory for ever. and the elect angels, that thou obAmen. Ifa. lxiii. 14. As a beast go- ferve these things without prefercth down into the valley, the Spi- ring one before another, doing norit of the Lord causeth him to reit: thing by partiality. Mark viii. 38. to didst thou lead thy people, to Whosoever therefore shall be ashammake thyself a glorious name. ed of me, and of my words, in this

19.c Jude 6. And the angels who adulterous and sinful generation, of kept not their first e{tate, but left him also shall the Son of inan be atheir own habitation, he hath rc- Thamed when he cometh in the gloferved in everlasting chains under ry of his Father, with the holy andarkness, unto the judgment of the gels. Heb, xii. 22. But ye are come great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God unto mount Sion, and unto the city


ploying them allf, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justiceg.

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was, The placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth b, putting the creatures under his dominioni, and ordaining marriage for his helpk; affording him communion with himselfl, instituting the Sab


of the living God, the heavenly Je- Per every living thing that moveth rusalem, and to an innumerable upon the earth. company of angels.

k Gen, 18. And the Lord God f Psal. civ. 4. Who maketh his faid, It is not good that the man angels spirits: his ministers a flam- should be alone; I will make him an ing fire.

help meet for him. § 2 Kings xix. 35. And it came to 1 Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let pafs that night, that the angel of the us make man in our image, after our Lord went out and smote in the likeness: and let them have dominicamp of the Asyrians, an hundred on over the fish of the sea, and over four core and five thousand: and the foul of the air, and over the catwhen they arose early in the morn- tle, and over all the earth, and over ing, behold, they were all dead corp- every creeping thing that creepeth ses. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all mi- upon the earth. v.27. So God creaniftring spirits, fent forth to mini- ted man in his own image, in the iter for them who shall be heirs of image of God created he him: male falvation?

and female created he them. v. 28. 20. b Gen, ii. 8. And the Lord And God blessed them, and God God planted a garden east-ward in said unto them, Be fruitful and mulEden; and there he put the man tiply, and replenish the carth, and whom he had formed. v. 15. And subdue it: and have dominion over the Lord God took the man, and the fith of the sea, and over the fowl put him into the garden of Eden, of the air, and over every living to drefs it and keep it. v. 16. And thing that moveth upon the earth. the Lord God commanded the man, v.29. And God said, Behold, I have faying, Of every tree of the garden given you every herb bearing feed, thou mayest freely eat.

which is upon the face of all the i Gen, i. 28. And God blessed earth, and every trec, in the which them, and God faid unto them, Be is the fruit of a tree yielding feed: fruitful and multiply, and replenish to you it shall be for meat. Gen. iii. the earth, and subdue it: and have 8. And they heard the voice of the dominion over the fish of the sea, Lord God walking in the garden in and over the fowl of the air, and on the cool of the day: and Adam and

bath m, entering into a covenant of life with bim, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obediencen, of which the tree of life was a pledge o; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death p.

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the tempration of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit, and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created a

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, as a publick

perhis wife hid themselves from the for food, and was pleasant te presence of the Lord God amongit the eyes, and a tree to be desired to the trees of the garden.

make one wise; she took of the fruit m Gen. ii. 3. And God blested the thereof, and did eat, ind gave also feventh day, and fanctified it: be- unto her husband with her, and he cause that in it he had reite 1 from did eat. v.7. And the eyes of them all his work, which God had cred- Lola were opened, and they knew zed and made.

that they werenaked; and they few» Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not ed fir-leaves together, and made of faith: but, The man that doth themielves aprons. v. 8. And they them shall live in them. Rom. x. 5. heard the voice of the Lor? God For Mofes describeth the righteout- walking in the garden in the cool ness which is of the law, That the of the day: and Alan and his wife man who doth those things shall live' hid themselves from the presence of by them.

the Lord God amongst the trees of Gen.ii.9. Andoutofthe ground the garden. v. 13. And the Lord made the Lord God to grow every God said unto the woman, What is tree that is pleatint to the fight, and this that thou hast done? And the good for food: the tree of life also in woman said, The serpent beguiled the midst of the garden, and the tree me, and I did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo of knowledge of good and evil. this only have I found, that God

p Gen. ii: 17. But of the tree of made man upright: but they have the knowledge of good and evil, fought out many inventions. 2 Cor. thou shalt not eat of it: for in the xi. 3. But I fear least by any means, day that thou eatest thereof thou as the serpent beguiled Eve through shalt surely die.

his subtilty, so your minds should 21.9 Gen. iii. 6. And when the be corrupted from the fimplicity wonan saw that the tree was good that is in Christ.

22 - Acts

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person, not for himself only, but for his pofterity; all mankind descending from him by ordinary generationr, finned in him, and fell with him in that first transgressions. Q. 23.

Into what estate did the fall bring mankind? A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and miseryt.

Q. 24. What is fin ?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creaturev.

Q. 25. Wherein confifteth the finfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, conListech in the guilt of Adam's first sinw, the want of that

righte22. Aets xvii. 26. And have fo by the obedience- -And with made of onc blood all nations of 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man men, for to dwell on all the face of came death, by man came also the the earth: and hath determined the resurrection of the dead. v. 22. For times before appointed, and the as in Adam all die, even so in Christ bounds of their habitation. shall all be made alive.

sGen. ii. 16. And the Lord God 23.1 Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as commanded the man, saying, Ofe- by one man sin entered into the every tree of the garden thou may- world, and death by fin; and so eit freely eat: v. 17. But of the tree death passed upon all men, for that of the knowledge of good and evil, all have finned. Rom. iii. 23. For thou shalt not eat of it: for in the all have sinned, and come short of day that thou eatest thereof, thou the glory of God. fhalt surely die. (Compared with

24. v 1 John iïi.

4. Whosoever Rom. v. 12. to 20. verse.) Where- committeth sin, transgresseth alio fore, as by one man fin entered into the law: for fin is the transgression the world, and death by fin; and so of the law. Gal. iii. 10. For as madeath passed upon all men, for that ny as are of the works of the law, all have sinned. v. 15. For if thro' are under the curse: for it is writ. the offence of one, many be dead; ten, Cursed is every one that contimuch more-v. 16.--For the nueth not in all things which are judgment was by one to condemna- written in the book of the law to do tion;-v. 17. For if by one man's them. v. 12. And the law is not of offence, death reigned by one: much faith: but, the man that doth them, more--v.18. Therefore as by the thall live in them. offence of one, judgment came up- 25. w Rom. v, 12. Wherefore, on all men to condemnation; even as by one man sin entered into the fo,-v.19. For as by one man's dif- world, and death by fin; and fo obedience many were made finners, death passed upon all men, for that


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