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man m; endued them with living, reasonable, and immortal fouls n; made them after his own image o, in knowledgep, righteousness and holinefs q, having the law of God written in their hearts, and power to fulfil it, with dominion over the creatures; yet fubject to fall v.

Q. 18. What are God's works of providence? A. God's works of providence are his moft holy w, wifex, and nature the things contained in the law, thefe having not the law, are a law unto themselves: v. 15. who fhew the work of the law written in their hearts, their confcience also bearing witnefs, and their thoughts the mean while accufing, or elie excufing one another.

Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright, but they have fought out many inventions.

t Gen. i. 28. And God bleffed them, and God faid unto them, Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdue it: and have dominion over the fifh of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

m Gen. ii. 22. And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.

» Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed man of the duft of the ground, and breathed into his noftrils the breath of life: and man became a living foul. Compared with Job xxxv. 11. Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wifer than the fowls of heaven. And with Eccl. xii. 7. Then fhall the duft return to the earth as it was: and the fpirit fhall return unto God who gave it. And with Mat. x. 28. And fear not them who can kill the body, but are not able to kill the foul: but rather fear him who is able to destroy both foul and body in hell. And with Luke xxiii. 43. And Jefus faid unto him, Verily I fay unto thee, To day fhalt thou be with me in paradise.

• Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them.

Col. iii. 10. And have put on the new man, who is renewed in knowledge, after the image of him that created him.

q Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the new man, who after God is created in righteoufns, and true holinefs. Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles who have not the law, do by

Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman faw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be defired to make one wife; the took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave alfo unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright, but they have fought out many inventions.

18. w Pfal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.

x Pfal. civ. 24. O Lord, how ma-nifold are thy works! in wifdom haft thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. Ifa. xxviii. 29. This alfo

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and powerful preservingy, and governing all his creatures z; ordering them, and all their actions a, to his own glory b.

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels? A. God by his providence permitted fome of the angels, willfully and irrecoverably, to fall into fin and damnation c, Jimiting and ordering that and all their fins to his own glory d; and established the reft in holiness and happinesse; employing fpared not the angels that finned, but caft them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be referved unto judgment. Heb. ii. 16. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the feed of Abraham. John viii. 44. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lufts of your father ye will do: he was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he fpeaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

Job. i. 12. And the Lord faid unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power, only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the prefence of the Lord. Mat. viii. 31. So the devils befought him, faying, If thou caft us out, fuffer us to go away into the herd of fwine.

also cometh forth from the Lord of hofts, who is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

yHeb.i. 3.Who, being the brightnefs of his glory, and exprefs image of his perfon, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our fins, fat down on the right hand of the Majefty on high.

z Pfal. ciii. 19. The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens: and his kingdom ruleth over all.

a Mat. x. 29. Are not two fparrows fold for a farthing? and one of them fhall not fall on the ground without your Father. v. 30. But the very hairs of your head are all num bered. v. 31. Fear ye not therefore, yeare of more value than many fpar rows. Gen xlv. 7. And God fent me before you to preferve you a pofterity in the earth, and to fave your lives by a great deliverance.

Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things; to whom be glory for ever. Amen. Ifa. lxiii. 14. As a beaft goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the Lord caufeth him to reft: fo didst thou lead thy people, to make thyfelf a glorious name.

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19. Jude 6. And the angels who kept not their firft eftate, but left their own habitation, he hath referved in everlafting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God

e 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God and the Lord Jefus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou obferve thefe things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Mark viii. 38. Whofoever therefore shall be afhamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and finful generation, of him alfo fhall the Son of man be afhamed when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of

ploying them allf, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice g.

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was, The placing him in paradife, appointing him to drefs it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth b, putting the creatures under his dominioni, and ordaining marriage for his helpk; affording him communion with himself, inftituting the Sabbath,

of the living God, the heavenly Jerufalem, and to an innumerable company of angels.

f Pfal. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels fpirits: his ministers a flaming fire.

g 2 Kings xix. 35. And it came to pafs that night, that the angel of the Lord went out and fmote in the camp of the Affyrians, an hundred fouricore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpfes. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all miniftring fpirits, fent forth to minifter for them who shall be heirs of falvation?

20. b Gen. ii. 8. And the Lord God planted a garden caft-ward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. v. 15. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to drefs it and keep it. v. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, faying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayeft freely eat.

i Gen. i. 28. And God bleffed them, and God faid unto them, Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and o

ver every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

* Gen, ii, 18. And the Lord God faid, It is not good that the man fhould be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.

I Gen. i. 26. And God faid, Let us make man in our image, after our likenefs: and let them have dominion over the fish of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. v. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them. v. 28. And God bleffed them, and God faid unto them, Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdue it: and have dominion over the fith of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. v. 29. And God faid, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing feed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding feed: to you it fhall be for meat. Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and M 4

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bath m, entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfonal, perfect, and perpetual obediencen, of which the tree of life was a pledgeo; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death p.

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at firft created him?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, tranfgreffed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit, and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created q.

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first tranfgreffion?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, as a publick

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perfor food, and that.it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be defired to make one wife; the took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. v. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they fewed fi-leaves together, and made themielves aprons. v. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adain and his wife hid themfelves from the prefence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. v. 13. And the Lord God faid unto the woman, What is this that thou haft done? And the woman faid, The ferpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl. vii. 2 . 29. Lo this only have I found, that God made man upright: but they have fought out many inventions. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear leaft by any means, as the ferpent beguiled Eve through his fubtilty, fo your minds fhould be corrupted from the fimplicity that is in Christ.

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perfon, not for himself only, but for his pofterity; all mankind defcending from him by ordinary generation r, finned in him, and fell with him in that firft tranfgreffion/.

Q. 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

A. The fall brought mankind into an eftate of fin and mifery t.

Q. 24. What is fin?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or tranfgreffion of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature v. Q. 25. Wherein confifteth the finfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. The finfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, confifteth in the guilt of Adam's firft fin w, the want of that

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22. r Acts xvii. 26. And have made of one blood all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth: and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation.

Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, faying, Ofeevery tree of the garden thou mayeit freely eat: v. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou catest thereof, thou fhalt furely die. (Compared with Rom. v. 12. to 20. verse.) Wherefore, as by one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all have finned. v. 15. For if thro' the offence of one, many be dead; much more v. 16. For the judgment was by one to condemnation; v. 17. For if by one man's offence, death reigned by one: much more v. 18. Therefore as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even fo,-v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners,

fo by the obedience

-And with 1 Cor. xv. 21. For fince by man came death, by man came also the refurrection of the dead. v. 22. For as in Adam all die, even fo in Chrift fhall all be made alive.

23. Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all have finned. Rom. iii. 23. For all have finned, and come short of the glory of God.

24. 1 John iii. 4. Whofoever committeth fin, tranfgreffeth also the law: for fin is the tranfgreffion of the law. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curfe: for it is written, Curfed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. v. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, the man that doth them, fhall live in them.

25. w Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that

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