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ed; much more therefore ought he to perform this in the publick execution of his office, as a part thereof i.
To read the scriptures publickly; for the proof of which,
1. That the priests and Levites, in the Jewish church, were trusted with the publick reading of the word, is proved k.
2. That the ministers of the gospel have as ample a charge :
and commission to dispense the word, as well as other ordinances, as the priests and Levites had under the law, proved. Isa. Ixvi. 2 1. Mat. xxiii. 34. where our Saviour intituleth the officers of the New Testament, whom he will send forth, by the fame names of the teachers of the old l.
Which propositions prove, that therefore (the duty being of a moral nature) it followeth by just consequence, that the publick reading of the scriptures belongerh to the pastor's office.
To fins, they shall be forgiven him. felves together as one man, into the
i i Cor. xiv. 15. What is it therr? street that was before the waterI will pray with the spirit, and I gate, and they spake unto Ezra the will pray with the understanding scribe, to bring the book of the law also: I will sing with the spirit, and of Mofes, which the Lord had comI will fing with the understanding manded to Israel. v. 2. And Ezra also. v. 16. Else when thou shalt the priest brought the law before bless with the spirit, how shall he the congregation, both of men and that occupieth the room of the un- women, and all that would hear learned, fay Amen at thy giving of with understanding, upon the first thanks, seeing he understandeth not day of the seventh month. v. 3. And what thou sayest?
he read therein. V. 13. And on the « Deut. xxxi.9. And Moses wrote second day were gathered together this law, and delivered it unto the the chief of the fatirers of all the priests the sons of Levi which bare people, the priests and the Levites, Ehe ark of the covenant of the Lord, unto Ezra the scribe, even to underand unto all the elders of Ifrael. v. stand the words of the law. 10. And Mofes commanded them, i Isa. Ixvi. 21. And I will alcom. saying, At the end of every seven take of them for prietts, and for Le. years, is the solemnity of the year vites, faith the Lord. Mat. xxiii. of release, in the feast of tabernacles. 34. Wherefore behold, I send unto
v.11. When all Israel is come to ap- yon prophets, and wise men, and E pear before the Lord thy God, in fcribes, and some of them ye Mall
the place which he shall choose; kill and crucify, and some of them thou shalt read this law before all thall ye fcourge in your fynagogues, Ifrael in their hearing. Neh, viii. 1. and persecute them fronx city io ciAnd all the people gathered them- ty.
To feed the flock, by preaching of the word, according to which he is to teach, convince, reprove, exhort, and comfort m.
To catechise, which is a plain laying down the first principles of the oracles of God n, or of the doctrine of Christ, and is a part of preaching.
To dispense other divine mysteries o.
To bless the people from God, Num. vi. 23. 24. 25. 26. compared with Rev. xiv. 5. (where the same bleflings, and persons from whom they come, are exprelly mentioned q.) ifa.
on 2 Tim. iii. 2. A bishop then and of the Son, and of the Holy must be blameless, the husband of Ghost. v. 20. Teaching them to one wife, vigilant, lober, of good observe all things whatsoever I have behaviour, given to hospitality, apt commanded you; and lo, I am with to teach. 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scrip- you alway, even unto the end of the ture is given by inspiration of God, world, Amen. Mark xvi. 15. And and is profitable for doctrine, for re he said unto them, Go ye into all proof, for correction, for initruction the world and preach the goipel in righteousness: v. 17. That the unto every creature, v. 16. He that man of God may be perfeet,through- believeth and is baptized thall be ly furnished unto all good works. faved, but he that believeth not Tit. i. 9. Holding fast the faithful shall be damned. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For words as he hath been taught, that I have received of the Lord that he may be able by found doctrine, which also I delivered unto you, both to exhort and to convince the That the Lord Jesus, the fame gainsayers.
night in which he was betrayed, n Heb. v. 12. For when for the took bread. v. 24. And when he time ye ought to be teachers, ye had given thanks, he brake it, and have need that one teach you again, faid, Take, eat; this is my body, which be the firit principles of the which is broken for you; this do in oracles of God, and are become remembrance of me. v. 25. After such as have need of milk, and not the same manner also he took the of strong meat.
cup, when he had supped, saying, o i Cor. iv. 1. Let a man so ac This cup is the new testament in count of us as of the ministers of my blood, this do ye, as oft as ye Christ, and the stewards of the iny. drink it, in remembrance of me. steries of God. v. 2. Moreover, it is compared with 1 Cor. x. 26. The required in stewards, that a man be cup of blessing which we bless, is it found faithful.
not the communion of the blood of p Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. Chrift? the bread which we break, fore and teach all nations, baptiz- is it not the communion of the boing them in the name of the Father, dy of Christ?
xlvi. 21. where, under the names of priests and Levites to be continued under the gofpel, are meant evangelical paftors, who therefore are by office to bless the peopler.
To take care of the poor f.
Teacher q Numb.vi. 23. Speak unto Aaron fold them, and brought the price and unto his fons, saying, on this of the things that were sold, v. 35. wise
shall bless the children of And laid them down at the apostles Ifrael, saying unto them, v. 24. feet, and distribution was made unThe Lord bless thee, and keep thee. to every man according as he had v. 25. The Lord make his face to need. v. 36. And Joses, who by the shine upon thee. v. 26. The Lord apostles was firnamed Barnabas, lift up his countenance upon thee, (which is, being interpreted, the son and give thee peace. Compared of confolation) a Levite, and of the with Rev. i. 4. John, to the seven country of Cyprus, v. 37. Having churches which are in Asia, Graceland, fold it, and brought the mobe unto you, and peace from him ney and laid it at the apostles feet. which is, and which was, and which A&ts vi. 2. Then the twelve called is to come, and from the seven fpi- the multitude of the disciples unto Tits which are before his throne. v. them, and said, It is not reason that 5. And from Jesus Christ who is the we should leave the word of God, faithful witness, and the first begot- and serve tables. v. 3. Wherefore ten of the dead, and the prince of brethren, look you out among you the kings of the earth. Ifa. vi. 21. feven men of honest report, full of And I will also take of them for the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom priests, and for Levites, faith the ye may appoint over this business, Lord.
V. 4. But we will give ourselves con, Deut. x. 8. At that time the tinually to prayer, and to the miniLord separated the tribe of Levi, stry of the word. 1 Cor. xvi. 1. to bear the ark of the covenant of Now concerning the collection for the Lord, to stand before the Lord, the saints, as I have given order to to minister unto him, and to bless the churches of Galatia, even so do in his name unto this day. 2 Cor. ye. v. 2. Upon the first day of the xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord Je- week, let every one of you lay by sus Christ, and the love of God, and him in store as God hath prospered the communion of the Holy Ghost, him, that there be no gathering be with you all, Amen. Eph. i. 2. when I come, v. 3. And when I Grace be to you, and peace from come, whom socver ye shall approve God our Father, and from the Lord by your letters, them will I fend to Jesus Chrift,
bring your libcrality to Jerusalem. | Aas xi. 30. Which also they v. 4. And if it be meet that I go aldid, and sent it to the elders by the so, they thall go with me. Gal.ii. hands of Barnabas and Saul. 'Acts 9. And when James, Cephas and iv. 34.
Neither was there any a John, who seemed to be pillars, mong you that lacked, for as many perceived the
that was given as were possessors oí lands or houses, unto me, they gave to m:and Bar.
Teacher or Doctor.
er, as well as of the pastor v. Who is also a minister of the word as well as the pastor, and hath power of administration of the facraments. • The Lord having given different gifts, and diverse exercises according to these gifts, in the ministry of the word w; though these different gifts may meet in, and accordingly be exercised by, one and the same minister x; yet, where be se
veral nabas the right hands of followship, v i Cor. xii. 28. And God hath that we should go unto the heathen, fet some in the church, first apostles, and they unto the circumcifion. v. secondarily prophets, thirdly teach10. Only they would that we should ers, after that miracles, then gifts remember the poor, the fame which of healings, helps, governments, diI also was forward to do.
versities of tongues. Eph. iv. II. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the elders And he gave some apostles, and that rule well be counted worthy some prophets, and some evangeof double honour, especially they lifts, and some pastors and teachers. who labour in the word and doc w Rom. xii. 6. Having then gifts trine. Acts xx. 17. And from Mile- differing according to the grace that tus he sent to Ephesus, and called is given to us; whether prophecy, the elders of the church. v. 28. let us prophesie according to the Take heed therefore unto your proportion of faith: v.7. Or minifelves, and to all the flock over the stry, let us wait on our ministring: which the Holy Ghost hath made
or he that teacheth, on teaching: you overseers, to feed the church of v.8. He that exhortëth, on exhorGod, which he hath purchased with tation : he that giveth, let him do his own blood. i Theff. v. 12. And it with simplicity: he that ruleth, we beseech you, brethren, to know with diligence:' he that sheweth them which labour among you, and mercy, with cheerfulness. 1 Cor. are over you in the Lord, and ad- xii. i. Now concerning spiritual monish you. Heh. xiii. 7. Remem- gifts, brethren, I would not have ber them which have the rule over you ignorant. v. 4. Now there are you, who have spoken unto you the diversities of gifts, but the fame fpi. word of God: whose faith follow, rit. v. 5. And there are differences considering the end of their conver of administrations, but the fame sation. v. 17. Obey them that have Lord. v. 6. And there are diversithe rule over you, and submit your- ties of operations, but it is the same selves, for they watch for your fuuls, God, which worketh alfin all, v. 7. as they that must give account: that But the manifestation of the Spirit they may do it with joy and not with is given to every man to profit withgrief, for that is unprofitable for al. you,
* 1 Cor. xiv. 3. But he that pro
veral ministers in the same congregation, they may be designed to several employments, according to the different gifts in which each of them doth most excely. And he that doth more excel in exposition of scriptures, in teaching found doctrine, and in convincing gainsayers, than he doth in application, and is accordingly employed therein, may be called a teacher, or doctor (the places alledged by the notation of the word do prove the proposition.) Nevertheless, where is but one minister in a particular congregation, he is to perform so far as he is able the whole work of the ministry z.
A teacher, or doctor, is of most excellent use in schools and universities; as of old in the schools of the prophets, and at Jerusalem, where Gamaliel and others taught as doctors.
joined with the priests and Levites in the government of the church a: So Christ, who hath instituted a govern
ment, phesieth speaketh unto men to edi- minion, for ever and ever. Amen. fication, and exhortation and com z 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word, fort, 2 Tim.iv. 2. Preach the word, be instant in season, out of season, be instant in season, out of season, reprove, rebuke, exhort with all reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine. Tit. Jong-suffering and doctrine. Tit.i. i. 9. Holding falt the faithful word 9. Holding fast the faithful word as as he hath been taught, that he may he hath been taught, that he may be able by found doctrine, both to be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayexhort and to convince the gainsay- ers. 1 Tim. vi. 2. And they that
have unbelieving masters, let them 9 See in letter w immediately pre- not despise them, because they are ceeding. 1 Pet. iv. 10. As every brethren, but rather do them ferman hath received the gift, even so vice, because they are faithful and minister the same one to another, beloved, partakers of the benefits: as good stewards of the manifold. These things teach and exhort. grace of God. v. 11. If any man a 2 Chron: xix. 8. Moreover, in 1peak, let him speak as the oracles Jerusalem did Jehofhaphat fet of of God; if any man minister, let the Levites and of the priests, and him do it as of the ability which of the chief of the fathers of Israel, God giveth, that God in all things for the judgment of the Lord, and may be glorified through Jefus for controversies, when they returnChrist, to whom be praise, and do ed to Jerusalem. v.9. And he charg