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Fisher, Bishop, love of learning, 33, Greek-

note; object in studying Greek, 36; 1 Decline in study of, after Reformas
views on Papal supremacy, 81, and tion, 44; Erasmus and the Greek
note ; books against Luther, 8o, Testament, 148 et seq; outcry
note, 170; execution, 81; sermon against studies in, 156
on, 82 ; on moral character of re Green, historian, cited, 14, note
ligious, 121, note; invitation to Gregory VII., Pope, 90
Erasmus, 142; on Erasmus' New Grocyn, William, 27, and note, 141
Testament, 149, 154, note; sup Grudge oflaity against ecclesiastics, 101
ports study of Greek, 156

Guardian angel, prayer to, 271
Fisher, Kev. J., 273, note

Guarini, pupil of Chrysoloras, 21, 29,
Fleming, Robert, 21

note
Foxe, cited, 211, note, 221

Guilds, 309; founded upon principle
Francis, I., 69

of Christian brotherhood, 310 et
Francis, Order of St., 104

seq. ; trade and religious, 318;
Free, John, 37, and note

benefit societies, 320; their work,
Frith, 190, 197, 201

321, 339; constitution, 322 et seq. ;
Froben, printer, 146, 160, 165

** Pinners'” Guild, 324; accounts,
Froude, on Erasmus' New Testa. 324-325 ; fees, 326 ; Guild of
ment, 152

Tailors, 326; members, 326 ; ex-
Funerals, 49

penditure, 327, and note ; their part

in Corpus Christi processions, 328.
GAIrdner, James, cited on jurisdic 329 ; brethren of St. John's, 329;

tion of Pope, 72, note ; on the feasts, 331, and note; Candlemas
divorce question, 184, note ; on Guild of Bury St. Edmunds, 331-
Reformation influences, 186, 187, 332; bequests, 331-333; connec-
note

tion with fairs, 333; final destruc-
Gardiner, Bishop, 384

tion, 334
Gardynare, Gerinen, 201
Garlekhithe, St. James, 322

Hadley, William, companion of
German reformers, books prohibited, Prior Selling, 22; studies at
189-190

foreign universities, 23; returns to
Gibbon, cited, 20

Christchurch, 24
Glasse of Truth, 90, note

Hair shirts, 116, 119
Glastonbury monastery, 36

Headship of the Church, the king's, 51
Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, 21 Hegius, Alexander, 138
God, love of, 263; worship of, 267 Henley-on-Thames, chantries at, 357
Goldstone, Reginald, monk, com Henry IV., 120
panion of Selling, 24

Henry VII. obtains Bull from Inno-
Goldstone, Thomas, Prior of Christ. cent VIII., 51; purchases pardon
church, 22

for Westminster and Savoy, 110
Gonville Hall, Cambridge, 39, 40 Henry VIII., calendar of papers of
Good Friday observances, 266

reign, 3; exerts his influence on
Government, true principle of, 94 behalf of learning, 33, 156; deter-
Grace at meals, 276

mined to maintain rights of Crown,
Graduates at Oxford, register of, 62; book against Luther, 80, 84;
38-39

defends Church, 84, 200; reputed
Greek emperors, journeys to courts of book, go, note ; petition of Com-
Western Europe, 20

mons, &c., against spirituality, 135;
Greek, influence in revival of learn quarrel with Rome on divorce

ing, 13, 19 et seq. ; first schools of question, 184, and note ; forbids
the revival, 21; effect of fall of Lutheran books, 189-190, 228;
Constantinople, 22-23.

authorises English Bibles, 241.

Henry VIII.

LAITY, Reformation opposed to
Destroys the guilds, 334 ; the re convictions of, I; alleged dis-
formers and, 387

affection to Church, ibid. ; and
Heresy, spread by books, 189, 192 reasons advanced, ibid.; attitude to
Hobhouse, Bishop, cited, 304, 314 Church's jurisdiction, 47; absence
Holidays determined by ecclesiastical of enthusiasm among, in doctrinal
law, 64

disputes, 48; grudge against eccle-
Holy Land, pilgrimages to, 366

siastics, 101 et seq. ; charge clergy
Hortulus Anima, the, 189, and note with mercenary spirit, 109 ; dislike
Huchin, William, see Tyndale

of clergy, and reasons for, 112;
Hunn, Richard, 212

“mortuaries" a great offence to, 123
Hunting, by priests, 122, 123, 133 Langton, Thomas, Bishop of Win.
Hutton, Rev. W. H., cited, 184, note chester, 30, 31, and note
Hytton, Sir Thomas, 198, 199

Languages, battle of, 156.158
Laocoon, the, statue of, 182, note

Lascaris, John, 22
IDOLATRY, charges of, 258, 266, 268
Idols, distinguished from images, 233,

Latimer, William, Bishop, 32, 36,

43
254 et seq. ; 268-269

“ Latria,” 258-267, 268-270
Ignorance, alleged prevalence of, 2,

Lawyers, ecclesiastical, 85
245
Images, confused with idols, 233, 257;

Learning, revival of, not due to Re-

formation, 6-7, 14 ; adverse effects
veneration of, 254 et seq., 372 et

of Reformation on, 8, 175-176;
seg.

“New Learning” applied only to
Immunity of clergy, 57, 60 et seq.

religious teaching,
Indulgences, 97, note; 382 et seq.

14 et seg ;

Church's attitude to learning, 14,
Innocent VIII., grants Bull to Henry

18, 35; Erasmus on Reformation's
VII., 51, note

effect on, 18; general aspect of
JANSSEN, historian, cited, 5, 6, 246,

revival of, 19; Greek influence in,

13, 20 et seq. ; subsequent progress,
311
Jerome, St., corrections in Testa-

32; occasional pulpit denunciations,

33; slight nature of opposition,
ment, 150; cited on Papal supre-

ibid. ; laymen associated with re-
macy, 174

vival, 34 ; fostered by monasteries,
Jessop, Dr., cited, 40 ; on popular
gists to churches, 295 ; on poverty,

36; condition of things at universi-

ties, 38-40; education assisted by
317

religious houses, 41; decay of,
Jesus, bowing at name of, 249

after Reformation, 42-44; revival
Joye, George, or Clarke, 196, 198,

of, associated with Lutheranism,
223, 227, 384

157; but without cause, 159-60;
Judges, English Prelates as, 72

Erasmus' attitude to revival of
Julius II., Pope, 85, 91, 98, 180
Jurisdiction, limits of ecclesiastical

letters, 179-183

Lee, Edward, afterwards Archbishop
and lay, 47, 59 et seq., 156 ; leading 1 -

of York, 153-155, and note, 222
factor in Reformation, 48; Papal,

Leeds, chantries at, 362-363
70 et seq.; Roman curia as court

Leland, cited, 22, note, 23
of appeal, 72

Leo X., Pope, 26, and note, 69, 84,

86, 153, 158, 160, 163, 386
KATHERINE, Queen, 157

Leo XIII., Pope, cited, 313, note
Kent, Holy Maid of, 388

Leonicenus, 31
King's power, 68 ; his Headship of Leonicus 31, and note
Church, 59, 99

Leverton, parish of, 298; Church
Knowledge, result of increase of, I accounts, 301 et seq.

Lewes, Cluniac House at, 40

Lupset, Thomas, sketch of, 33, note;
Liberty advocated by Luther, 201 on study of Bible, 218
Libraries, destruction of, 44; Dr. Lutheranism, tenets of, 171; re-

Dee's supplication to Queen Mary, sponsibility for, 174; effects of, 175;
44; national library suggested, evils of, 201-203 ; expectations of
45

English Lutherans, 387, 391
Life, daily rules of, 252-253, 275 Lyndwood, cited, 218, 311
Lilly, George, 26, note
Linacre, pupil of Selling, sketch of Mace, George, canon of Westacre, 41

early life, 25; accompanies Selling Maitland, Professor, quoted on pre-
to Italy, 26; becomes pupil of Poli. Reformation position of the Pope,
tian, ibid. ; at Rome, ibid. ; returns 72
to Oxford, 28; appointed Court Manuel, Greek Emperor, arrival at
physician, ibid. ; receives priest's Canterbury, 20
orders, ibid.; friend of Erasmus, Marlianus, Bishop, 174
141, 145

Marshall, William, 91
Liveries for chaplains, 122

Marsilius of Padua, 91, 92, note
Lollards, the, 185 et seq., 190, 212 Mary Magdalene, religious play, 281
London, Mors's Lamentation against, Mary, Queen, attempt to restore
- 387

learning under, 44
Longland, Bishop, 83, 129, 130, note Mass, the, 199, 239, 249, 251
Louvain, University of, 141, 154, Matrimony, State regulation of, 56;
note, 156, 157, 158, 159

Hytton's view of, 199
Love of God, 263

Matthew, Simon, preacher, 81
Luce, M. Siméon, cited, 309

Medici, Lorenzo de, 26
Luther, Martin, aims of, 6 ; cited on Mentz, Cardinal Archbishop of, 160,

pre-Reformation progress, 8; “New 163
Learning” inculcated by, 14, and Metal-working, inventions in, 376
note; books against, 75-76, 80, 84; | “ Miles," mouthpiece of Saint-Ger-
sermon against, 83; Henry VIII. man, 66, 67
opposes, 84; method of, 97, note ; Miracles, 57, 376
More and Lutherans, 106; con Monasteries, scholarship in, 36, and
sidered disciple of Erasmus, 138, note; members of at universities,
157, 159; revival of letters not 39 et seq.
connected with his movement, 159 Monks, hostile to Erasmus, 156, 159 ;
160; Erasmus's repudiation of, 159 Erasmus quoted on, 178; pilgrim-
161, 172-175; efforts to win over ages and relics maintained by, 365
Erasmus, 161-162; attacked by Morality of clergy, 128-129
Erasmus, 164, 169; supported by More, Sir Thomas, attitude to Re.
von Hutten, 164 et seq. ; tenets of formation, 6; and to learning, 18,
Lutheranism, 171; methods of 33-35 ; connection with Christ-
attacking condemned, 173; who church, 26; at Oxford 27, and note;
responsible for his movement, 174; on immunity of clergy, 63; his
effects of Lutheranism, 175; and “ Apology,” 64, 65, 102, 107, 127 ;
spread of, 188-189; books pro on spiritual authority, 65; on Papal
hibited, 189-191; disciples, 192; Supremacy, 76 et seq., 79; on nature
his book, 197 ; “New Learning" of the Church, 77 et seq. ; against
and, 199; advocacy of liberty, 201, Friar Barnes, 79; book against
evils of Lutheranism, 201-203; and Luther, 80; death, 81; sermon on,
of Lutheran literature, 215; Tyn 82; controversy on clergy and laity,
dale's connection with, 222 ; share 102 et seq.; on quarrels between
in Tyndale's Testament, 222-225; religious, 103-104 ; defends clergy,
direction of his remonstrances, 246 106; and replies to allegation of

National library, suggested, 45
Nevill, Archbishop, 247
New Testament, * Erasmus' transla-

tion, 148 et seq. ; English versions
destroyed, 208; Tyndale's version,

and Luther's share in it, 222 et seq.
Nicholas V., Pope, 85
Nicholas of Cusa, reforms in Ger-

many, 5; opinion on Constantine's

gist to Pope, 85
“Noah and his Sons," religious play,

281
Nobility, attitude to clergy, 120
Norwich, Visitations of Diocese of,

40; Benedictine Cathedral Priory

of, ibid.
Nottinghamshire, chantries in, 354,

357-358

More, Sir Thomas-

their mercenary spirit, 109; and of
their idle laxity of life, 112; on
abuses in religious life, 115; on
prayers and alms of clergy, 116-
120 ; defends clergy from charges
of corruption, 120; on faults of
clergy, 126-128; and on their
morality, 128-129; visited by Eras.
mus, 141-142 ; share in Erasmus'
Encomium Moria, 142-143, 177 ;
defends Erasmus' translation of
New Testament, 149-150, 153, note;
defends Greek studies, 156 ; urges
Erasmus against Luther, 164;
opinion of Erasmus' Encomium
Moriæ, 178, note; on spread of
heresy, 188, 192; on “New Learn-
ing” and Lutheranism, 199 ; on
Luther's advocacy of liberty, 201 ;
on evils of Lutheranism, 201-203;
on English Bible, 209 et seq. ; on
case of Richard Hunn, 212-213;
on Church's acceptance of vernacu-
lar Bibles, 213-214, 218 - 220;
on false translations, 214; and
reasons for condemnation of Tyn-
dale's version, 214, 229-237 ; on
reverence of images, 255-256, 258-
262; on prayer, 270 ; on pilgrim-
ages, 368 et seq., 373 et seq. ; on

relics, 377 ; on indulgences, 384
Morebath, village of, well supported

church, 296
Mors, Roderigo, his “ Lamentation,"

387
Mortality among pilgrims, 367
Mortmain, lands in, 50
Mortuaries, 49, 123
Morysine, Richard, 93, 95, nole
Mountjoy, Lord, 141, 142, 145
Music, pre-Reformation progress in,

II ; Richard Pace, quoted on, 32
Mystery plays, 278 et seq.
NATIONAL churches, opposed by

Erasmus, 161, note
National feeling and the Papacy, 73

et seq.
“New Learning" defined, 14 et seq, ;

its purely religious application, 15
et seq. ; result of, 45; founded on
Luther's teaching, 199

OBITS, 352 et seg.

colampadius, 162, 189
“Open Bible," 208, 217, 240, 242
Orders, religious, their graduates at

Oxford, 39; suggested alterations
in constitutions, 114; hostility of

Erasmus, 139
Ordinations, proposed prohibition

regarding, 57 ; abuses in, 96, note,
131; action by Convocation, 131 ;
William de Melton on, 131-135,

note ; reformers on, 199, 205
Oxford, Register of Graduates at, 38-

39; refounding of Durham College
at, 44 ; heresy at, 201; Constitu-
tion or Synod of, 210, 218, 246

PACE, Richard, befriended by Bishop

Langton, 31 ; his De Fructu, 31,
note ; at foreign universities, 32;
the Pope's library, ibid.; remarks
on music, ibid. ; indebtedness to
Abbot Bere, 37 ; supports Greek

studies, 156
Pagula, Walter, 272
Papal Commissions, 93, 385-386
Papal jurisdiction, meaning of renun-

ciation of, 70 ; general acceptance,

71; books against, 90
Papal supremacy, 74 et seq. ; rejec-

tion of, 81; English belief in,
83-85 ; rejection of, defended by
Bishop Tunstall, 97 ; Erasmus on,
168, and note, 172

Papal prerogatives, in England, 48, i Pope, Sir Thomas, 44
95-97 ; in France, 69

Pope, the, and Sanctuary, 51 et seq. ;
Pardons, 110, 128, 382-383 et seq. pre-Reformation loyalty to, 71*:
Parish churches, sanctuary privileges, powers in England, before Re-

52 ; religious teaching in, 247 et formation, 72 et seq. ; spiritual and
seg.

temporal power in conflict, 74 ;
Parish life, 284 et seq.; devotion of position as head of church, 74 et
people, 286; care of the churches, seg. ; rejection of his supremacy,
288 ; raising of money, 299; 81; imprisoned, 84; English ac-
brotherhoods, 305

ceptance of his supremacy, 83-85 ;
Parliament, legislation on mortuaries, Constantine's gift to, 85; wars of,

49, 124; and on immunity of clergy, 87 ; temporal power of, 86-89,
60; need for settlement of religious 92-93 ; authority as Peter's suc-
divisions, 55; suggested legislation, cessor, 81, 88-89, 92; works
50, 56, 64; right of legislation, against character of, 90-93; com-
124; transfers powers of Convoca mission appointed by, 93; how
tion to Crown, 135; petition of deceived, 94; recommendations of
Commons against spirituality, ibid.; commission, 95; sermon against,

authorises destruction of guilds, 334 97 ; object of attacks on, 98;
Paul III., Pope, 93, 386

Erasmus' attitude to, 167 · 168,
Paul IV., Pope, 385

170-172, 174 ; Erasmus' satire on,
Payment for ^ Pardons,” 383 et seg. 178, and note ; refuses to grant
Peckham, or Pecham, Archbishop, Henry's divorce, 184, and note
246, 252

Prayers for Pope, 98 ; of clergy and
Penance, 248

religious, 116 ; Sir Thos. More on,
Pensions, 96, note

270 ; daily, 275 ; for the dead, 352
Pensioners, university, 40

Preaching at St. Paul's Crois, 61;
Pepwell, publisher, 272, note

style of, against Pope, condemned,
Petition of House of Commons against 82; in parish churches, 248, 249
spirituality, 135

more important than mass, 250-251
Pilgrimage of Perfection, quoted, 74 “ Prick song,” or part music, II
Pilgrimages, State supervision urged, “ Primer,” the, 191, 198, 252

56; objections to, 258, 365 ; im- | Printing, responsible for spread of
portance, 366; foreign, 366; to heresy, 188; religious works pre-
England, 368

dominate in earliest, 277-278
Pincern, Bartolomeo, 85

Psalter, the, 198
Pinners, Guild of, 324

Purgatory, 55, 199, 205, 341, 352,
Plays, Mystery, 278 et seq., 301

357, 384
Pocket, the people's, a clue to reli. Pynson, printer, 262

gious changes, 48
Pole, Cardinal, 44, 95
Politian, Angelo, 23, 26

REFORMATION, impossibility of writ-
Pomeranus, 189

ing history of, 3; revival of letters
Poor, right to benefices, 50 ; injury not due to, 6-7, 14; adverse effect

to, by confiscations, 336, 354 et seq.; on learning, 8, 18, 38 et seq. ;
bequests to, 350-351

English attitude to Pope, prior to,
Powell, Edward, theologian, quoted 70-71; share of divorce question
on papal supremacy, 76

in, 184, and note ; similar in Eng-
Power, spiritual and temporal, 63, land to Luther's principles, 204 ;
65-66, 74 ; dialogue on, 65 et seq., meaning of, 74, 246 ; share of Wy-
87; the king's, 68

cliffe and Lollards in, 185 et seq. ;
Praier and Complaynte of the Plowe effect upon church art, 291; and
man, 15, 16, note, 198

poverty, 315

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