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INDEX

Fisher, Bishop, love of learning, 33,
note; object in studying Greek, 36;
views on Papal supremacy, 81, and
note; books against Luther, 80,
note, 170; execution, 81; sermon
on, 82; on moral character of re-
ligious, 121, note; invitation to
Erasmus, 142; on Erasmus' New
Testament, 149, 154, note; sup-
ports study of Greek, 156

Fisher, Rev. J., 273, note

Fleming, Robert, 21

Foxe, cited, 211, note, 221

Francis, I., 69

Francis, Order of St., 104

Free, John, 37, and note

Frith, 190, 197, 201

Froben, printer, 146, 160, 165

Froude, on Erasmus' New Testa-
ment, 152

Funerals, 49

Gairdner, James, cited on jurisdic-
tion of Pope, 72, note; on the
divorce question, 184, note; on
Reformation influences, 186, 187,
note

Gardiner, Bishop, 384

Gardynare, Germen, 201

Garlekhithe, St. James, 322

German reformers, books prohibited,
189-190

Gibbon, cited, 20

Giasse of Truth, 90, note

Glastonbury monastery, 36

Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, 21

God, love of, 263; worship of, 267

Goldstone, Reginald, monk, com-
panion of Selling, 24

Goldstone, Thomas, Prior of Christ-
church, 22

Gonville Hall, Cambridge, 39, 40

Good Friday observances, 266

Government, true principle of, 94

Grace at meals, 276 Graduates at Oxford, register of,
38-39

Greek emperors, journeys to courts of
Western Europe, 20

Greek, influence in revival of learn-
ing, 13, 19 et seq. ; first schools of
the revival, 21; effect of fall of
Constantinople, 22-23.

Greek-
Decline in study of, after Reformation, 44; Erasmus and the Greek
Testament, 148 et seq; outcry
against studies in, 156
Green, historian, cited, 14, note
Gregory VII., Pope, 90
Grocyn, William, 27, and note, 141
Grudgeoflaityagainstecclesiastics, IOI
Guardian angel, prayer to, 271
Guarini, pupil of Chrysoloras, 21, 29,
note Guilds, 309; founded upon principle
of Christian brotherhood, 310 et
seq.; trade and religious, 318;
benefit societies, 320; their work,
321, 339; constitution, 322 et seq.;
"Pinners' " Guild, 324; accounts,
324-325; fees, 326; Guild of
Tailors, 326; members, 326; ex-
penditure, 327, and note; their part
in Corpus Christi processions, 328-
329; brethren of St. John's, 329;
feasts, 331, and note; Candlemas
Guild of Bury St. Edmunds, 331-
332; bequests, 331-333; connec-
tion with fairs, 333; final destruc-
tion, 334

Hadley, William, companion of
Prior Selling, 22; studies at
foreign universities, 23; returns to
Christchurch, 24

Hair shirts, 116, 119

Headship of the Church, the king's, 51

Hegius, Alexander, 138

Henley-on-Thames, chantries at, 357

Henry IV., 120

Henry VII. obtains Bull from Inno-
cent VIII., 51; purchases pardon
for Westminster and Savoy, no

Henry VIII., calendar of papers of
reign, 3; exerts his influence on
behalf of learning, 33, 156; deter-
mined to maintain rights of Crown,
62; book against Luther, 80, 84;
defends Church, 84, 200; reputed
book, 90, note; petition of Com-
mons, &c., against spirituality, 135;
quarrel with Rome on divorce
question, 184, and note; forbids
Lutheran books, 189-190, 228;
authorises English Bibles, 241.

"Henry VIII.— Destroys the guilds, 334; the re-
formers and, 387
Heresy, spread by books, 189, 192
Hobhouse, Bishop, cited, 304, 314
Holidays determined by ecclesiastical
law, 64 Holy Land, pilgrimages to, 366
Hortulus Animcc, the, 189, and note
Huchin. William, see Tyndale
Hunn, Richard, 212
Hunting, by priests, 122, 123, 133
Hutton, Rev. W. H., cited, 184, note
Hytton, Sir Thomas, 198, 199

Idolatry, charges of, 258, 266, 268
Idols, distinguished from images, 233,

254 et seq.; 268-269
Ignorance, alleged prevalence of, 2,

245 Images, confused with idols, 233, 257;veneration of, 254 et seq., 372 et
seq.

Immunity of clergy, 57, 60 et seq.
Indulgences, 97, note; 382 et seq.
Innocent VIII., grants Bull to Henry
VII., 51, note

Janssen, historian, cited, 5, 6, 246,

Jerome, St., corrections in Testa-
ment, 150; cited on Papal supre-
macy, 174 Jessop, Dr., cited, 40; on popular
gifts to churches, 295; on poverty,
3«7

Jesus, bowing at name of, 249
Joye, George, or Clarke, 196, 198,

223, 227, 384
Judges, English Prelates as, 72
Julius II., Pope, 85, 91, 98, 180
Jurisdiction, limits of ecclesiastical
and lay, 47, 59 etseq., 156 ; leading
factor in Reformation, 48; Papal,
70 et seq.; Roman curia as court
of appeal, 72

Katherine, Queen, 157
Kent, Holy Maid of, 388
King's power, 68; his Headship of

Chuich, 59, 99
Knowledge, result of increase of, 1

Laity, Reformation opposed to
convictions of, I; alleged dis-
affection to Church, ibid.; and
reasons advanced, ibid.; attitude to
Church's jurisdiction, 47; absence
of enthusiasm among, in doctrinal
disputes, 48; grudge against eccle-
siastics, 101 et seq.; charge clergy
with mercenary spirit, 109; dislike
of clergy, and reasons for, 112;
"mortuaries" a great offence to, 123

Langton, Thomas, Bishop of Win-
chester, 30, 31, and note

Languages, battle of, 156-158
I Laocoon, the, statue of, 182, note

Lascaris, John, 22
Latimer, William, Bishop, 32, 36,
43

"Latria," 258-267, 268 270
Lawyers, ecclesiastical, 85
Learning, revival of, not due to Re-
formation, 6-7, 14; adverse effects
of Reformation on, 8, 175-176;
"New Learning" applied only to
religious teaching, 14 et seq;
Church's attitude to learning, 14,
18, 35; Erasmus on Reformation's
effect on, 18; general aspect of
revival of, 19; Greek influence in,
13, 20 etseq. ; subsequent progress,
32; occasional pulpit denunciations,
33; slight nature of opposition,
ibid.; laymen associated with re-
vival, 34; fostered by monasteries,
36; condition of things at universi-
ties, 38-40; education assisted by
religious houses, 41; decay of,
after Reformation, 42-44; revival
of, associated with Lutheranism,
157; but without cause, 159-60;
Erasmus' attitude to revival of
letters, 179-183
Lee, Edward, afterwards Archbishop
of York, 153-155, and note, 222

Leeds, chantries at, 362-363

Leland, cited, 22, note, 23

Leo X., Pope, 26, and note, 69, 84,
86, 153, 158, 160, 163, 386

Leo XIII., Pope, cited, 313, note

Leonicenus, 31
Leonicus 31, and note
Leverton, parish of, 298; Church
accounts, 301 et seq.

Lewes, CKiniac House at, 40
Liberty advocated by Luther, 201
Libraries, destruction of, 44; Dr.
Dee's supplication to Queen Mary,
44; national library suggested,
45

Life, daily rules of, 252-253, 275
Lilly, George, 26, note
Linacre, pupil of Selling, sketch of
early life, 25 ; accompanies Selling
to Italy, 26; becomes pupil of Poli-
tian, ibid. ; at Rome, ibid. ; returns
to Oxford, 28; appointed Court
physician, ibid.; receives priest's
orders, ibid.; friend of Erasmus,
141, 145
Liveries for chaplains, 122
Lollards, the, 185 et seq., 190, 212
London, Mors's Lamentation against,
387

Longland, Bishop, 83, 129, 130, note
Louvain, University of, 141, 154,

note, 156, 157, 158, 159
Love of God, 263
Luce, M. Simeon, cited, 309
Luther, Martin, aims of, 6; cited on
pre-Reformation progress, 8; " New
Learning" inculcated by, 14, and
note ; books against, 75-76, 80, 84;
sermon against, 83; Henry VIII.
opposes, 84; method of, 97, note;
More and Lutherans, 106; con-
sidered disciple of Erasmus, 138,
•57, '59; revival of letters not
connected with his movement, 159-
160; Erasmus's repudiation of, 159-
161, 172-175; efforts to win over
Erasmus, 161-162; attacked by
Erasmus, 164, 169; supported by
von Hutten, 164 el seq.; tenets of
Lutheranism, 171; methods of
attacking condemned, 173; who
responsible for his movement, 174 ,
effects of Lutheranism, 175; and
spread of, 188-189; books pro-
hibited, 189-191; disciples, 192;
his book, 197; "New Learning"
and, 199; advocacy of liberty, 201,
evils of Lutheranism, 201-203; and
of Lutheran literature, 215; Tyn-
dale's connection with, 222; share
in Tyndale's Testament, 222-225;
direction of his remonstrances, 246

Lupset, Thomas, sketch of, 33, note;
on study of Bible, 218 •

Lutheranism, tenets of, 171; re-
sponsibility for, 174; effects of, 175;
evils of, 201-203 , expectations of
English Lutherans, 387, 391

Lyndwood, cited, 218, 311

Mace, George, canon of Westacre, 41
Maitland, Professor, quoted on pre-
Reformation position of the Pope,
72

Manuel, Greek Emperor, arrival at Canterbury, 20
Marlianus, Bishop, 174
Marshall, William, 91
Marsilius of Padua, 91, 92, note
Mary Magdalene, religious play, 281
Mary, Queen, attempt to restore learning under, 44
Mass, the, 199, 239, 249, 251
Matrimony, State regulation of, 56;Hytton's view of, 199
Matthew, Simon, preacher, 81
Medici, Lorenzo de, 26
Mentz, Cardinal Archbishop of, 160,

163

Metal-working, inventions in, 376"Miles," mouthpiece of Saint-Ger-
man, 66, 67
Miracles, 57, 376

Monasteries, scholarship in, 36, and
note; members of at universities,
39 et seq.

Monks, hostile to Erasmus, 156, 159;
Erasmus quoted on, 178; pilgrim-
ages and relics maintained by, 365

Morality of clergy, 128-129

More, Sir Thomas, attitude to Re-
formation, 6; and to learning, 18,
33-35; connection with Christ-
church, 26; at Oxford 27, and note;
on immunity of clergy, 63; his
"Apology," 64, 65, 102, 107, 127;
on spiritual authority, 65 ; on Papal
Supremacy, 76 et seq., 79; on nature
of the Church, 77 et seq.; against
Friar Barnes, 79; book against
Luther, 80; death, 81 ; sermon on,
82; controversy on clergy and laity,
102 et seq.; on quarrels between
religious, 103-104; defends clergy,
106; and replies to allegation of

* More, Sir Thomas—

„ their mercenary spirit, 109; and of
their idle laxity of life, 112; on
abuses in religious life, 115; on
prayers and alms of clergy, 116-
120; defends clergy from charges
of corruption, 120; on faults of
clergy, 126-128; and on their
morality, 128-129; visited by Eras-
mus, 141-142; share in Erasmus'
Encomium Morict, 142-143, 177;
defends Erasmus' translation of
New Testament, 149 150, l$$,note;
defends Greek studies, 156; urges
Erasmus against Luther. 164;
opinion of Erasmus' Encomium
Moria, 178, note; on spread of
heresy, 188, 192; on "NewLearn-
ing" and Lutheranism, 199; on
Luther's advocacy of liberty, 201;
on evils of Lutheranism, 201-203;
on English Bible, 209 et seq.; on
case of Richard Hunn, 212-213;
on Church's acceptance of vernacu-
lar Bibles, 213-214, 218-220;
on false translations, 214; and
reasons for condemnation of Tyn-
dale's version, 214, 229-237; on
reverence of images, 255-256, 258-
262; on prayer, 270; on pilgrim-
ages, 368 et seq., 373 et seq.; on
relics, 377 ; on indulgences, 384

Morebath, village of, well supported
church, 296

Mors, Roderigo, his "Lamentation,"
387 Mortality among pilgrims, 367
Mortmain, lands in, 50
Mortuaries, 49, 123
Morysine, Richard, 93, 95, note
Mountjoy, Lord, 141, 142, 145
Music, pre-Reformation progress in,

II ; Richard Pace, quoted on, 32
Mystery plays, 278 et seq.

National churches, opposed by

Erasmus, 161, note
National feeling and the Papacy, 73

et seq. "New Learning" defined, 14 el seq.;
its purely religious application, 15
et seq.; result of, 45 ; founded on
Luther's teaching, 199

National library, suggested, 45

Nevill, Archbishop, 247

New Testament, Erasmus' transla-
tion, 148 et seq.; English versions
destroyed, 208; Tyndale's version,
and Luther's share in it, 222 et seq.

Nicholas V., Pope, 85 Nicholas of Cusa, reforms in Ger-
many, 5; opinion on Constantine's
gift to Pope, 85"Noah and his Sons," religious play,
281 Nobility, attitude to clergy, 120
Norwich, Visitations of Diocese of, 40; Benedictine Cathedral Priory of, ibid. Nottinghamshire, chantries in, 354,
357-358

Obits, 352 et seq. CEcolampadius, 162, 189"Open Bible," 208, 217, 240, 242 Orders, religious, their graduates at
Oxford, 39; suggested alterations
in constitutions, 114; hostility of
Erasmus, 139 Ordinations, proposed prohibition
regarding, 57; abuses in, 96, note,
131; action by Convocation, 131;
William de Melton on, 131-135,
note; reformers on, 199, 205 Oxford, Register of Graduates at, 38-
39; refounding of Durham College
at, 44; heresy at, 201; Constitu-
tion or Synod of, 210, 218, 246

Pace, Richard, befriended by Bishop
Langlon, 31; his De Fructu, 31,
note; at foreign universities, 32;
the Pope's library, ibid.; remarks
on music, ibid.; indebtedness to
Abbot Bere, 37; supports Greek
studies, 156

Pagula, Walter, 272

Papal Commissions, 93, 385-386

Papal jurisdiction, meaning of renun-
ciation of, 70; general acceptance,
71 ; books against, 90

Papal supremacy, 74 et seq.; rejec-
tion of, 81; English belief in,
83-85; rejection of, defended by
Bishop Tunstall, 97; Erasmus on,
168, and note, 172

Papal prerogatives, in England, 48,

95-97 5 in France, 69
Pardons, 110, 128, 382-383 et seq.
Parish churches, sanctuary privileges, 52; religious teaching in, 247 et seq.

Parish life, 284 et seq.; devotion of
people, 286; care of the churches,
288; raising of money, 299;brotherhoods, 305 Parliament, legislation on mortuaries,
49,124; and on immunity of clergy,
60; need for settlement of religious
divisions, 55; suggested legislation,
50, 56, 64; right of legislation,
124; transfers powers of Convoca-
tion to Crown, 135; petition of
Commons against spirituality, ibid.;
authorises destruction of guilds, 334

Paul III., Pope, 93, 386

Paul IV., Pope, 385

Payment for " Pardons," 383 et seq.

Peckham, or Pecham, Archbishop,
246, 252

Penance, 248

Pensions, 96, note

Pensioners, university, 40

Pepwell, publisher, 272, note

Petition of House of Commons against
spirituality, 135

Pilgrimage of Perfection, quoted, 74

Pilgrimages, State supervision urged,
56; objections to, 258, 365; im-
portance, 366; foreign, 366; to
England, 368

Pincern, Bartolomeo, 85

Pinners, Guild of, 324

Plays, Mystery, 278 et seq., 301

Pocket, the people's, a clue to reli-
gious changes, 48

Pole, Cardinal, 44, 95

Politian, Angelo, 23, 26

Pomeranus, 189

Poor, right to benefices, 50; injury to, by confiscations, 336, 354 et seq.; bequests to, 350-351
Powell, Edward, theologian, quoted on papal supremacy, 76
Power, spiritual and temporal, 63, 65-66, 74; dialogue on, 65 et seq., 87; the king's, 68
Praier and Complaynte of the PUm<e-

man, 15, 16, note, 198

Pope, Sir Thomas, 44 Pope, the, and Sanctuary, 51 el seq.:
pre-Reformation loyalty to, 71:
powers in England, before Re-
formation, 72 et seq. ; spiritual and
temporal power in conflict, 74;
position as head of church, 74 it
seq.; rejection of his supremacy,

81; imprisoned, 84; English ac-
ceptance of his supremacy, 83-85;
Constantine's gift to, 85; wars of,
87; temporal power of, 86-89,
92-93; authority as Peter's suc-
cessor, 81, 88-89, 92 , works
against character of, 90-93; com-
mission appointed by, 93; how
deceived, 94; recommendations of
commission, 95; sermon against,
97; object of attacks on, 98;
Erasmus' attitude to, 167 -168,
170-172, 174; Erasmus' satire on,
178, and note; refuses to grant
Henry's divorce, 184, and note

Prayers for Pope, 98; of clergy and
religious, 116; Sir Thos. More on,
270; daily, 275; for the dead, 352

Preaching at St. Paul's Cro^s, 61;
style of, against Pope, condemned,

82; in parish churches, 248, 249
more important than mass, 250-251

"Prick song," or part music, II
"Primer," the, 191, 198, 252
Printing, responsible for spread of
heresy, 188; religious works pre-
dominate in earliest, 277-278
Psalter, the, 198 Purgatory, 55, 199, 205, 341, 352,

357. 384
Pynson, printer, 262

Reformation, impossibility of writ-
ing history of, 3; revival of le'ters
not due to, 6-7, 14; adverse effect
on learning, 8, 18, 38 et seq.;
English attitude to Pope, prior to,
70-71; share of divorce question
in, 184, and note; similar in Eng-
land to Luther's principles, 204;
meaning of, 74, 246; share of Wy-
cliffe and Lollards in, 185 et seq.;
effect upon church art, 291; and
poverty, 315

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