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And he doth sin, that doth belie the dead ;
Bard. I cannot think, my lord, your son is dead.
Mor. I am sorry, I should force you to believe That, which I would to Heaven I had not seen; But these mine eyes saw him in bloody state, Rendering faint quittance, wearied and out-breathed, To Harry Monmouth ; whose swift wrath beat down The never-daunted Percy to the earth, From whence with life he never more sprung up. In few, his death, (whose spirit lent a fire Even to the dullest peasant in his camp,) Being bruited once, took fire and heat away From the best-tempered courage in his troops ; For from his metal was his party steeled ; Which once in him abated, all the rest Turned on themselves, like dull and heavy lead. And as the thing that's heavy in itself, Upon enforcement, flies with greatest speed, So did our men, heavy in Hotspur's loss, Lend to this weight such lightness with their fear, That arrows fled not swifter toward their aim, Than did our soldiers, aiming at their safety, Fly from the field. Then was that noble Worcester Too soon ta'en prisoner; and that furious Scot, The bloody Douglas, whose well-laboring sword Had three times slain the appearance of the king, 'Gan vail ? his stomach, and did grace the shame Of those that turned their backs; and, in his flight, Stumbling in fear, was took. The sum of all Is-that the king hath won; and hath sent out A speedy power to encounter you, my lord,
1 The bell anciently was rung before the dying person had expired, and thence was called the passing bell
. ? To vail is to lower, to cast down.
Under the conduct of young Lancaster,
North. For this I shall have time enough to mourn.
A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel,
lord.3 Bard. Sweet earl, divorce not wisdom from your
honor. Mor. The lives of all your loving complices Lean on your health ; the which, if you give o'er
1 Grief, in the latter part of this line, is used, in its present sense, for sorrow; in the former part for bodily pain.
2 Shakspeare, like his contemporaries, uses nice in the sense of effeminate, delicate, tender.
3 This line in the quarto, is, by mistake, given to Umfreville, who is spoken of in this very scene as absent. It is given to Travers at Steevens's suggestion.
To stormy passion, must perforce decay.
Bard. We all, that are engaged to this loss,
Mor. 'Tis more than time; and, my most noble lord,
| The fourteen following lines, and a number of others in this play, were not in the quarto edition.
2 This and the following twenty lines are not found in the quarto.
Supposed sincere and holy in his thoughts,
North. I knew of this before ; but, to speak truth,
SCENE II. London. A Street.
Enter Sir John FalstAFF, with his Page bearing his
sword and buckler. Fal. Sirrah, you giant, what says the doctor to my water?
Page. He said, sir, the water itself was a good, healthy water; but for the party that owed it, he might have more diseases than he knew for.
Fal. Men of all sorts take a pride to girdo at me. The brain of this foolish-compounded clay, man, is not able to vent any thing that tends to laughter, more than I invent, or is invented on me. I am not only witty in myself, but the cause that wit is in other men. I do here walk before thee, like a sow, that hath overwhelmed all her litter but one. If the prince put thee into my service for any other reason than to set me off, why then I have no judgment. Thou whoreson mandrake, thou art fitter to be worn in my cap, than to wait at my heels. I was never manned with an agate 2 till now: but I will set you neither in gold nor silver, but in vile apparel, and send you back again to your master, for a jewel ; the juvenal, the prince your master, whose chin is not yet fledged. I will sooner have a beard grow in the palm of my hand, than he shall get one on his cheek; and yet he will not stick to say, his face is a face-royal. God
1 i. e. great and small, all ranks. 2. This quackery was once so much in fashion that Linacre, the founder of the College of Physicians, formed a statute to restrain apothecaries from carrying the water of their patients to a doctor, and afterwards giving medicines in consequence of the opinions pronounced concerning it. This statute was followed by another, which forbade the doctors themselves to pronounce on any disorder from such an uncertain diagnostic. But this did not extinguish the practice.
4 “ Gird (Mr. Gifford says) is a mere metathesis of gride, and means a thrust, a blow: the metaphorical use of the word for a smart stroke of wit, taunt, reproachful retort, &c., is justified by a similar application of kindred terms in all languages.
finish it when he will, it is not a hair amiss yet : he may keep it still as a face-royal," for a barber shall never earn sixpence out of it; and yet he will be crowing, as if he had writ man ever since his father was a bachelor. He may keep his own grace, but he is almost out of mine, 1 can assure him.
What said master Dumbleton about the satin for my short cloak, and slops ?
Page. He said, sir, you should procure him better assurance than Bardolph ; he would not take his bond and yours; he liked not the security.
Fal. Let him be damned like the glutton! may his tongue be hotter! S-A whoreson Achitophel! a rascally
1 A root supposed to have the shape of a man. Quacks and impostors counterfeited, with the root briony, figures resembling parts of the human body, which were sold to the credulous as endued with specific virtues. See sir Thomas Brown's Vulgar Errors, p. 72, edit. 1686.
2 An agate is used metaphorically for a very diminutive person, in allusion to the small figures cut in agate for rings and broaches.
3 Juvenal occurs in A Midsummer Night's Dream, and in Love's Labor's Lost. It is also used in many places by Chaucer for a young
4 Johnson says that, by a face-royal, Falstaff means a face exempt from the touch of vulgar hands. Steevens imagines that there may be a quibble intended on the coin called a real, or royal ; that a barber can no more earn sixpence by his face, than by the face stamped on the coin, the one requiring as little shaving as the other. Mason thinks that Falstaff's conceit is, " If nothing be taken out of a royal, it will remain a royal still, as it was.” The reader will decide for himself.
5 An allusion to the fate of the rich man, who had fared sumptuously every day, when he requested a drop of water to cool his tongue.