Explaining Pictures: Buddhist Propaganda And Etoki Storytelling in Japan

University of Hawaii Press, 2006 - 246 sivua
Early Japanese Buddhism patronized the literate classes and remained a prerogative of the elite until the end of the twelfth century. With the fiscal and political decline of its aristocratic patrons, the Buddhist establishment turned to lay commoners and women--two groups previously excluded from the benefits of the Dharma--for financial support, using paintings to accommodate its new, and often subliterate, audiences. This type of preaching, known as etoki (pictorial decipherment), helped bridge the worlds of esoteric Buddhism and lay practice and reveals much about the role of art in the context of didactic storytelling and proselytization. Beginning with the provocative claim that the popularization of Buddhism in the medieval period was a phenomenon of visual culture, Explaining Pictures reexamines the history (and historiography) of medieval Japanese Buddhism. With theoretical sophistication and a full appreciation of the power of imagery to convey and control religious meaning, it investigates a range of aspects of etoki, including the particularly active role of itinerant nuns as well as the visual hagiography of the reputed founder of Japanese Buddhism, the pictorial projections of Buddhist paradise and hell, and the explanation, through visual imagery, of sacred mountains.

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Etoki in History
Deciphering the Founder of Japanese Buddhism
Pure Land Buddhism and Etoki LATE 12TH14TH CENTURIES
Deciphering Pure Land Imagery
Etoki as a Pure Land Method of Proselytization
Images of Itinerant Etoki 14TH16TH CENTURIES
Itinerant Etoki Solicitors of Buddhism
Women and Sacred Mountains 17TH19TH CENTURIES
Kumano Images and Propaganda for Women
Deciphering Mountain Worship

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Suositut otteet

Sivu 6 - A real translation is transparent; it does not cover the original, does not block its light, but allows the pure language, as though reinforced by its own medium, to shine upon the original all the more fully.
Sivu 8 - ... the Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide (Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith), a committee of cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church that Pope Gregory XV founded in 1622 to oversee the jurisdiction of missionary territories in foreign countries. In this context, propaganda's literal meaning, "extension," is used in naming a religious office that took care of the missionary work of "propagating

Tietoja kirjoittajasta (2006)

Ikumi Kaminishi is an associate professor in the Department of Art and Art History at Tufts University.

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