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Island, it was deemed expedient to reefs, and terminating in a lagoon. keep in the seventh parallel of south The natives some of whom were latitude, sailing to the westward, armed with long sticks, were very being the tract in which Captain numerous, sitting or running along Eeg, commanding the Pollux sloop the shore, as the vessel sailed along. of war, thought some Islands might An armed boat was dispatched toprobably be discovered. The coral wards the shore.

The island apİslands in those seas being generally peared iron-bound; for at a boat's small and low, it was reckoned pru- length from the shore, the depth was dent to proceed at night under easy six fathoms, and rough coral ground. sail, and thus to leave de Peyster's A ship's length from the shore there and Sherson's Islands one degree to was fifteen fathoms depth. At the the north and south. On the 14th N.W. point they found a coral reef, July, 1825, at five o'clock A.M., after projeeting far in the sea, and on a very bazy and rainy night, it was which there was a heavy surf. It presumed that land was to be scen was supposcd that these were the a-head, but very indistinctly; and breakers heard previous to the disshortly after the breakers were dis- covery of the island. The land had tinctly heard. The vessel was brought a pleasing aspect, and appeared ferto, and the signal made for the Ma- tile. The number of natives assemria Reygersberch frigate to do the bled on sbore was estimated at about same. After sun-rise, they discovered 300. They were of a dark copper a very low Island, bearing W. by S., hue, tall and well-made. Few were two miles distant (miles of 60 to a less than six feet Rhinland measure, degree.) The land appeared well or 6, 166 English. The women were stocked with cocoa and other trees. also very stout. Some of the people About noou they had the north point were tatooed, but not so much as at of the Island, S. 60 deg. E. The lon- Nukahiwa. They were naked, exgitude of this Island and its latitude cept some covering made of leaves. being ascertained, with as much ac- A few others had some cloth of cocoa curacy

circumstances would bark wrapped round the waist. The allow, and no other Island being heads of some were adorned with found in the same position in any feathers. Their conduct appeared of the charts on board, this was deem- very fierce and wild, and they coned a new discovery. The nearest trived to steal whatever they thought land was de Peyster's group, but it within their reach. The boat-hooks was 50 min. different in latitude. soon disappeared, and they even atThough the sky was very clear, no tempted to tear the oars from the other islands were seen at the same bands of the boat's crew. An old time. The pame Nederlandich island man, with a white beard, and of was given to this New land. Its north respectable appearance, carrying a point is in lat. 7. deg. 10 min, S. and greon bow in his hand, was at their the centre of it in long. 177 deg. 33 head. He continually kept singing min. 16 sec. E, from Greenwich ; the some monotonous song, in a melanvariation of the magnetic needle choly tune, They bartered some being 7 deg. to the east. The longi- cocoa-nutts, and some their tools, tude was determined by three chro- against some old handkerchiefs and nometers. One of these, made by empty bottles; and it appeared that Thompson, was reckoned the most their language had some resemblance accurate ; its rate had been ascer- with that spoken at Nukahiwa. tained seventeen days before at When the boat again put to sea, they Nukahiwa, and its differences from tried the effect of firing a few musthe other two were very regular. A ket shots in the air, but the natives few days before coming in sight with did not show symptoms of fear, and the island, the longitude was ascer- thus appeared unconscious of the eftained by lunar observations, agree- fects of European arms. No canoes ing remarkably well with the chro- were seen in the possession of these nometers. This island has a form people, por did they attempt to apresembling a horse-shoe; its extent proach the ships, although the weais about eight miles. In the west ther was excellent, and the sea very side an indentation, closed by low calm. The commanders of the two

as

salt;

A NEGRO SACRIFICE.

vessels regretted very much that was my own pickenniny-and do, their large complement, and the small Juba, and Mimba, you was my pickequantity of water, obliged them to ninny pickenninies (grand children). make every possible despatch. They If you make Quasheba and Cudjoe accordingly pursued their journey get well, every year I will give you to Sourabaya in Java, where they fowls, and cocos, and nyams, and found other work at hand than the plantains, and sugar and water, and discovery of new countries.

bread, and more than that (exclaim“I am, dear sir, with very great ing with energy), and more than esteem, your bumble servant, that, I will give you grog-what

G. Moil.”

you think? but I won't give you « Utrecht, Feb. 9th 1826

salt, because Duppies do not love

but if you think to take my The following very curious account poor sick pickenninies to come live of a Negro sacrifice is given by an with you in this cold, cold dirt-I eye-witness :-we extract it from the tell you what ! you, Coobenha! you, notes to a recent pamphlet on the Quamina! you, Cooba! you, Juba! West India question. Our classical you Mimba! But I don't want to readers will be reminded by it of the quarrel with you, me been love you Choephoræ of Æschylus; and all too much-mo beg you no kill my our readers will be struck by its re. peckenninies. If you hungry, here is semblance to the sacrifices to the meat; if you want drink, here is dead, alluded to in Deuteronomy xiv. sugar and water, and more here is 1. xxvi, 14. xxxii. 17. and in other grog! good strong grog! what do parts of Scripture :

you think? Do, don't take my picke“ In Jamaica ' there had been a pinnies! Coobena, you was my hussevere distemper prevailing for some 'band before time, you bad plenty time; it had swept away some of the wife besides me, but I never had any grandchildren of a very old African man but you one, since I came from woman, who had contributed much Guinea, till you dead, excepting to the increase of her master's sub- Creole Cuffy and Coromontee Cudjects. One evening I saw her at the joe-all my pickenninies was for graves of her deceased descendants, you—make me ask you, did me ever and surrounded by those who were thieve any thing from you? Cudjoe! in health ; two were confined to their you was a good husband-Cudjoe beds, and, to procure their health, make my pickenninies live-do! And. old Beneba was a suitor to the Dup- my good brother, and you, my tother pies, or spirits of her departed chil- pickenninies, do make them poor dren, her brother, and husband. She sick pickenninies, Quasheha and had prepared a liberal repast, most Cudjoe, get well-no make them part of which she cast over the graves,

dead.' Here' she again scattered and thus invoked the Duppies: her offering.New Monthly Mag.

Cooba! Quamina! Coobenba! Juba! Mimba! me call you by your The Adventure and Beagle, under born-day name to please you! Look!: the orders of Captain King, finally me give you fowl- -me give you ny- sailed from Plymouth a few week's ams, and cocos, and plantains,' (va- ago, to survey the farthest coast of rious species of roots) and more than South America. The cares of the that, me give you bread, and sugar, Admiralty have been bountifully exand water; and what you think? ercised, to provide them with every here me give you rum (exalting her thing that can contribute to the voice, and scattering the sacrifice health and safety of the crews, and about), but me don't give you salt, the promotion of geographical scibecause Duppies don't like salt: ence, natural history, &c. now look, all this me give you to make my poor pickenninies (children), Quasheba and Cudjoe, 'live. An Account of Emanuel SwedenI beg you upon my knees. Do, Coo- borg, as contained in an Eulogium benha, you was my husband when to his Memory, 1s. A Treatise on the you was living-do, Quamina, you Management of Infant Schools, by was my brother-do, Cooba, you D. G. Goyder, 8vo. 2s. 6d.

SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITION.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Obituary.

[graphic]

Died on Friday, the 7th July, in the 720 year of his age, deservedly regretted by all who knew him, Mr. Joseph Radley, of Parnel Place, Harold'scross. A man of sterling truth combined with an intense desire of doing good.--About thirty-six

years ago he met with the writings of the Honorable Baron Swedenborg ; to the principles laid bown by this Author he endeavoured to live to the hour of his death. He was a steady and constant friend, an affectionate husband, and tender father. No blessing was considered by him greater than having an opportunity of serving mankind.

Dublin Morning Post.

POETRY

BROTHERLY LOVE.

What is it I feel at all seasons and times ?
That's found in all places, that visits all climes ?
Without which all nature would quickly expire ?
'Tis the wonderful all-active principle, fire!
It flows from the sun as a stream from its source,
With light as its herald, and heat as its force;
In motion unceasing, tho' we be at rest,
And thus with its presence creatio is blest.
Look, then, at this beautiful emblem of love,
Descending in streams from the fountain above;
It warms and it blesses as down it doth flow,
And makes ev'ry bosom with charity glow.
Confin’d to no party, no colour, no land,
Behold it extend its benevolent hand !
A friend universal ! the whole human race,
It gladly encircles in one wide embrace !
Tho' angelic eloquence dwell on my tongue,
And I, in each language, the strain could prolong;
Could mysteries reveal, yet, without this, alas !
“I'm but as a cymbal, and empty-ton'd brass."
Tho' I give all the goods I possess to the poor ;
My body a victim the flames to devour ;
My zeal is fanatic; the sacrifice vain;
For charity only the prize can obtain.
Let us catch, then, a spark of this heavenly fire,
To deeds the most worthy our hearts 'twill inspire;
And emulate, thus, all the bright flames above,
In loving each other; because,God is Love."

F. M. H.

THE

NEW JERUSALEM MAGAZINE,

AND

Theological Inspector.

SEPTEMBER, 1826.

ON THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL. As our present condition is liable to sudden vicissitude and endless perturbations, as enjoyments cannot be secured, nor misery avoided, we naturally turn to the contemplation of that state which promises to bestow that peace which the world cannot give nor destroy. Perhaps nothing affords such powerful and lasting consolation as the belief that we are advancing towards a more perfect existence; without such an assurance, life would be a gloomy waste, in which much must be suffered and little enjoyed; pleasure would be followed by regret, because, when vanished, we could not hope for a more durable repetition ; sorrows would admit of trifling mitigation, when we remembered that there was no certainty of future tranquility; we should live under perpetual dread of extinction, or be lost in the maze of useless conjecture; Revelation proclaims our immortality, and teaches us how to make it a happy one; but some who need pity and reproof, have declared it to be inconsistent with reason, and have endeavoured by various arts of sophistry, to prove that man is not constituted for eternal duration. Any consideration, then, which enforces what religion invites us to believe, will not, it is hoped, be unwelcome or vain.

If man were a simply material being, produced by a “fortuitous jumble of atoms” it would be difficult to account for his subjection to decay and death; for investigation informs us that the body is always changing, that it loses the particles which have become useless, and receives, in their place, a fresh supply of matter, and thus exists by continual renewal. If, therefore, matter had those latent energies which the naturalist ascribes to it, how could dissolution be possible ? Death is commonly the effect of extreme

No. 9-VOL. I.

R

ness.

infirmity; but infirmity would not be found under perpetual renovation. It cannot be offered, that the properties of nature may be exhausted; because if it ever had a vital principle, and could, by time or accident, lose that principle, still the deficiency would be repaired by the introduction of matter in full vigour. Nor is there any reason in supposing, that the desire of one part of the body should so affect the other parts as to deprive them of sensation and activity, and thus cause death; for if matter have life, then the minutest particle must partake of the general nature of vitality, and must be an independent self-subsisting particle ; it should not, therefore be affirmed, that when some particles lose their active powers, that the others must necessarily suffer a like privation : thus, when the head has been severed from the shoulders, why should the remaining and larger portion of the body, which must possess precisely the same qualities as the particles which composed the head, immediately become devoid of motion, and entirely lifeless? Or why, when the legs have been amputated, should the head retain its functions unimpaired ? the cases are parallel, if we follow the doctrine of materialism with exact

If the denier of a spiritual principle, attempt to evade the conclusion which examination would enforce by saying, that some particles differ from their associates, how will he be able to account for such a difference, or how can he prove that one particle is more excellent than another ?

It appears certain, that if the life of the body was derived from the inherent vitality of its components, man would not die, because the constant introduction of new matter would prevent dilapidation. What, then, may we justly infer from death ? Are we to conclude that man becomes extinct when his body loses animation ? This would be contrary to the suffrage of reason, and a total rejection of evident truth : but investigation and reflection support the fact, that the energies of the body are produced and sustained by its union with a higher nature, which receives and can suffer nothing from its material envelopment, and which, consequently, cannot be impaired by physical dissolution, because it is the proper recipient of life, from tho Great Source of being and intelligence.

But immortality suggests a solemn question : does a life of obedience to the divine commandments, a continual endeavour to avoid evil, and cultivate every christian excellence, declare our gratitude to Him, who has thus rendered us capable of eternal happiness. If gratitude should be proportionate to the magnificence of the gift received, what unbounded adoration must we owe for the highest privilege that Omnipotence can give, the capability

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