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to the pulling down of all the strongholds of the enemy,to the disarming of all our foes, to the capturing of them, and the leading of them captive. This is what he had to do, and what he did. And it is a damnable doctrine to teach, that he had any advantage over us in the field. They are teachers of error, who say that his flesh was otherwise constituted than ours is. And I pray devoutly that they may be converted. If this be the doctrine they are preaching in this land, and the people will receive it, then the church shall soon become a church abandoned of the Lord. They are very slow of giving forth what they hold: we gather it more from what they oppose. But if they be holding that Christ's flesh was not weak and tempted as ours is, they hold the doctrine of heretics; and if they cleave unto it as their faith, they stand in peril of death. They may talk of atonement, and substitution, and satisfaction how they please ; it is all a system of indulgences, if they believe not that Christ came in our flesh, and overcame our temptations in the flesh, and crucified his flesh, and sanctified it as a sacrifice, and presented it holy thus, and in no other way. There are a set of ministers who have been stirred up to fight against this truth; and who are driving the church into the awful guilt of condemning it in our persons who hold it, and in our books which contain it. I hope and

the church will have grace given her to resist these stirrers of strife, all holy as they seem to be ; but if not, then the church will seal her own death-warrant, and die by her own hand. Oh, my mother church ! I say unto thee, as David did say to Jonathan, “ As the Lord liveth, there is but a step between” thee " and death.” That step these evil counsellors would have thee take ; because, like the Pharisees of old, they are full of self-sufficiency, and know not the awful thing which they are about to do. God only knows how my heart is rent and torn asunder, and how my bowels are pained, and my zeal stirred up. I will not give place to these men; no, not for a moment. And I call upon every child of God, upon every minister and man who knows the truth in the realm of Scotland, to put on his armour, and contend for the faith once delivered to the saints. What were the meaning of the Lord's calling upon us to overcome as he also overcame, if so be that he did not overcome as he would have us to overcome? If the battle was not arrayed against him, as against us it is arrayed, or if he had, in virtue of his Godhead or of his manhood, weapons of offence and defence, which we have not in Him, what is the meaning of asking us to overcome, as he also overcame? The same truth is taught us in all other parts of Scripture. For examples of this, take first, what he saith to the twelve Apostles (Matt. xix. 27-29), upon the occasion of the young rich man, who would not part with his all, to follow him into poverty, and the preaching of the Gospel. “ Then answered Peter, and said unto him, Be. hold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee : what shall we have therefore ? And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of [an shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands for my name's sake, shall receive an hundred-fold, and shall inherit everlasting life.” Here is much the same language as in the promise before us: he assureth these twelve of the royalty over the tribes of Israel; by which I understand, that as Christ himself shall be King of the Jews, the twelve Apostles shall be his twelve viceroys in that dominion ; and I believe that after the same manner the most faithful of the martyrs in each several region of the earth, shall in that day of his glorious appearing have a local superintendency, being, as it were, to take advantage of Satan's rehearsal, the legates, envoys, and nuncios from the regal and metropolitan city of the new Jerusalem. Observe also, that these dignities and rewards are bestowed upon us against that day, “when the Son of Man shall sit in the throne of his glory.' Which being interpreted according to the foregoing prophecies upon the Son of Man, carries us to the viith chapter of Daniel, where is the full and distinct exhibi. tion of the throne of glory, and the Son of Man's receiving it to sit upon, and with it the kingdoms of all the earth to distribute amongst his saints. Moreover, this same passage of Matthew's Gospel doth exhibit to us the kind of warfare to which he calleth his disciples; not against


depravity and lust, and avarice, and other gross sins, heinous even in the world's eye, but against the strongest and most honourable, yea, and dutiful affections of the heart; not against worthless, lawless, and profligate persons, alike hated of God and man, but against the most near and dear relations, the fastest and closest friends, brethren, sisters, father, mother, wife and children. When in another place he says, we must not only forsake but absolutely hạte; that is, hate in the same sense in which God is said to hate Esau, and other wicked persons, though they be his own creatures, made in his image, for whose ransom he hath given his own Son to-suffer and die. And like as God surrendereth all natural ties, when his holiness is in question, nor suffereth for a moment a balance in his mind, between affection and holiness; but as he loveth them, and because he loveth them, doth divorce them from all enjoyment of his countenance, and hope of his favour, unless they will kiss the Son, and yield unto him obedience ; even so commandeth he us, to count every natural affection hateful, and our very parents our enemies, if they would rise up against Christ. And with respect to the goods of this world, it is not the honours and preferments merely of the world which we are called to be denied unto, but even to give up our houses and our lands, and every thing which we are wont to call our own. the contentions and controversies of which the Christian warfare is made up. Contentions against all that is dear and honourable in the world, controversies with our own heart, with the best and most virtuous feelings of our heart. All these, Christ for his Father's sake forewent, and became motherless and brotherless, houseless and homeless ; preferring his Father's pleasure to the eating of his daily bread, and having found his Father faithful to his word, yea far more generous than his word, yielding him not the throne of David his Father, but the throne of God his Father, he crieth unto his followers, when he left treading the same wine-press of tears and sorrows, to be of good cheer, to go on with the heart-crucifying work, and surely to expect the fellowship of his heavenly throne. “ These are they who have come out of great tribulation, therefore are they before the throne.”

Another beautiful illustration of the promise in the text

Such are

is to be found in the xvith chapter of the same Gospel ; where, at the 21st verse we are informed, that the Lord began to discourse to his disciples concerning the sorrowful and suffering path through which he was to win the dig. nity of “ The Christ, the Son of the living God;" which Peter not savouring, “ Jesus said unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take


cross, and follow me. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosocver will lose his life for my

sake shall find it. For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul? For the Son of Man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels: and then he shall reward every man according to his works.” Here, as in the former case, the reward presented in the distance, is his coming in the glory of his Father, as it is also in our text; and the scale according to which the rewards of heaven are to be dispensed, is self-denial, taking up of the cross, indifference to this present life, readiness for martyrdom at all times, and a willingness to part with the whole world rather than to put our souls into jeopardy. Of works of this sort are the thrones of heaven the meed. I would I saw some more of them! Who ot' us can now-a-days take joyfully the spoiling of their goods as did the Hebrews ? who of us rejoice and are exceeding glad when men revile us, and speak all manner of evil against us falsely for Christ's sake? I know what it is to have been reproached for the truth of Christ; would that I knew more of joy under the temptation. The school is now so forsaken that there are neither masters nor scholars in it any more. And why this unsuffering state of the church? because she has been ignorant of the rewards of suffering. The doctrine of the church since the Reformation, hath been taken up chiefly with the question, How are we to get off at the judgment-seat? and they have hardly dared to think of the question, How are we to obtain the dignities of the world to come ? Indeed the world to come has been a visionary elysium of ghosts; not the terra firma of this material world, governed by embodied men. That prison allowance of doctrine will do no longer for the followers of Christ, who must have both wine and milk, and marrow and fatness; because it is no longer a question of sects, or a strife of words, but it is a battle with an infidel world, with a Pharisaical church which we have to wage. We are about to bear the brunt of brothers' blows, and to be cast out of the house by brethren; and our Brother is thus early beginning to entreat us with discourse concerning the thrones of his Father's house. Like a good captain on the eve of battle, he setteth out to his soldiers the rich rewards and splendid endowments which abide them after the conflict. But in every other battle, only the survivors receive the reward; in this one, all, as well those who lose their lives in his service, as those who wear out the time till his appearing. This doctrine of rewards in the kingdom of glory, proportionable to our forfeitures in the kingdom of patience and suffering, we would illustrate a little further, as it is so seldom borne in mind; hardly even mooted in the church, too intent upon the question, By what means she may satisfy Christ her hard master? to think of any glorious aims or heavenly ambitions.

Let us then take that noble instance of Paul described by himself in the iiid chapter of the Philippians, wherein having delineated bis high degree and distinction among the Pharisees, he declareth not merely that he had fore. gone them all, but that he nauseated them as vile things; he hated them as the splendid trappings of his bondage ; to the end he might obtain Christ's righteousness, and know him, and the power of his resurrection, which enables us to enter into new life; and the fellowship of his sufferings, which is the yielding that new life to the encounter of all trials, that its heavenly temper of joy and proof of faith may the more appear. Sufferings to such an extent doth he covet, as that he may be conformed to Christ's death, or be brought into as weak, sorrowful, and passive a state as Christ died in. And why all this panting after the lowliest and most painful experiences of the Christian life? In order that by all means he might attain unto the resurrection of the dead; that is, the resurrection out from amongst the dead, the resurrection unto life, the first resurrection, of which every one that partaketh is a crowned king (Rev. xx. 4). That this is the thing which he hath in his mind, he declareth in the context twice over; calling it first, " that for which Christ had apprehended him,' or laid hold on him, or, as it were, enlisted

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