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Exchange as aforesaid respectively, freed and absolutely discharged of and from all Manner of prior Estates, Leases, Rights, Titles, Interests, Charges, Incumbrances, and Demands whatsoever, which can or may be had, made, set up, in, to, out of, or upon or in respect of the same Messuages, Buildings, Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, by any Person or Persons whomsoever, by, from, or under or in trust for His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, on any Account whatsoever, save and except such Estates, Leases, Rights, Titles, Interests, Charges, Incumbrances, Claims, and Demands, if any, as in any such Conveyance or Assignment shall be specially excepted.

CXXVII. And be it further enacted, That from and after the Former Regu. Commencement of this Act, all Laws, Powers, Authorities, Rules, lations which Regulations, Restrictions, Exceptions, Provisions, Clauses, Mat- are inconsistent ters, and Things, provided for or contained in any Act or Acts of with this Act,

to Parliament in force at and immediately before the Commence

repealed. ment of this Act, relating to the Revenue of Excise in any Part of the United Kingdom, or to any Matter or Thing, expressly provided for by this Act, which are repugnant to or inconsistent with the several Matters, Clauses, Provisions, and Regulations of this Act, or any of them, shall be and the same are hereby respectively repealed, and shall no longer be put in force or observed in any Part of the United Kingdom; save and except so far as the same repeal or repeals any former Act or Acts, or any Part or Parts of any former Act or Acts of Parliament ; and save and except so far as the same, or any of them, relate or relates to the recovering, suing for, mitigating, levying, or paying any Duty, or any Arrear thereof, charged or chargeable, or any Penalty or Forfeiture incurred for any Offence against any Act or Acts of Parliament relating to the Revenue of Excise, which shall have been or shall be committed, and for the Recovery of which Duty or Arrear thereof, Penalty or Forfeiture, Proceeding shall have been commenced before and shall be depending at the Time of the Commencement of this Act; and save and except also as to any Duty or Arrear thereof charged or chargeable, and Penalty or Forfeiture which shall have been incurred, under or by virtue of any Act or Acts of Parliament relating to the Revenue of Excise, by this Act repealed as aforesaid, for which no Proceedings for the Recovery thereof shall have been commenced before, and shall be depending at the Commencement of this Act.

CXXVIII. Provided always, and be it enacted, That all Sub-Sub-CommisCommissioners and Commissioners of Appeal in Ireland, who at sioners and any Time before the Commencement of this Act shall have been Commissioners appointed under the Laws relating to the Revenue of Excise in of Appeal in Ireland, shall respectively continue to execute and perform the tinued to comseveral Duties of their respective Offices until all Proceedings plete dependwhich shall have been or shall be begun before and be depending ing Proceedat the Commencement of this Act before them judicially shall ings. be completed or ended; and that it shall be lawful for such several Sub-Commissioners and Commissioners of Appeal respectively in Ireland, and they are hereby respectively authorized and required to continue to act in the Performance of their several judicial Duties pursuant to the Laws in force at and immediately before Сс 2

the

the passing of this Act, for the Purpose of and until all such Proceedings shall be completed or ended; and that nothing in this Act shall extend or be deemed or construed to extend to repeal, annul, or make void any Law or Part of any Law, or any Act or Acts of Parliament, or any Part thereof, relating to such

Proceedings, or any of them, or any Part thereof, until all such All Duties and Proceedings shall be completed and ended : Provided always, Penalties shall, that all Penalties and Forfeitures which shall have been or shall after the Com- be incurred under or by virtue of any Act or Acts of Parlia. mencement of this Act, be

ment relating to the Revenue of Excise before the Commencerecovered as ment of this Act, for the Recovery of which no Proceedings shall directed by this have been commenced before and be depending at the CommenceAct.

ment of this Act, and all Penalties and Forfeitures which shall be incurred under or by virtue of this Act, or any other Act or Acts of Parliament relating to the Revenue of Excise after the Commencement of this Act, shall be recovered and applied in such Manner and by such Form or Forms and Ways of Proceeding as are by this Act directed and provided ; any thing in any

Act or Acts of Parliament to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. Commence- CXXIX. And be it further enacted, That this Act shall comment of this

mence and take effect from and immediately after the Fifth Day Act.

of January One thousand eight hundred and twenty eight. Act may be al. CXXX. And be it further enacted, That this Act or any of tered this Ses. the Provisions thereof may be amended, altered, or repealed by sion.

any Act or Acts to be passed in this Session of Parliament.

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CAP. LIV. An Act to carry into Effect the Treaty with Sweden relative to the Slave Trade.

[2d July 1827.] Ć Treaty, dated HEREAS a Treaty was made between His Majesty and 6th Nov. 1824.

the King of Sweden and Norway, for preventing their Subjects from engaging in any Traffic in Slaves, and signed at Stockholm on the Sixth Day of November One thousand eight • hundred and twenty four : And Whereas by the First Article • of the said Treaty, wherein it is recited that the Laws of Sweden and Norway, from the remotest Time, never have re'cognized the Existence of Slavery under any Form whatever ; • and that the Laws of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Ireland prohibit to the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, ' under the severest Penalties, any Participation whatever in a

Commerce degrading to Humanity and unworthy of a civilized

Age; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway engages • himself, in consequence, to reiterate within the Space of Six Months after the Ratification of the said Treaty, or sooner if

possible, to all His Subjects, in the most explicit Manner, the • Prohibition then already existing, that they should take any • Part in the Traffic of Slaves; and by the said First Article, in ( order to render more effective the Measures to which His • Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway pledges himself by • the said Treaty for the Suppression of the said Traffic, and with ' a View of assimilating them more nearly to those already adopted

by Great Britain, His said Majesty engages to add to them as soon as possible, with the Concurrence of the States General of

• the

the Kingdom of Sweden, and of the Storthing of the Kingdom • of Norway, penal Laws according to the Spirit of the Legis"lation of each of the said Countries, which Laws shall visit with "a Punishment proportionate to the Magnitude of the Crime, + any Participation whatever by Swedish or Norwegian Subjects

in the Slave Trade ; and in the meantime and until these sub

sequent Arrangements could be put in force, the Tenor of the • Royal Ordinance of the Seventh Day of February One thousand

eight hundred and twenty three, of which a Copy is annexed

to the said Treaty, marked with the Letter A., is formally main<tained and confirmed by the said First Article : And Whereas

by the Second Article of the said Treaty, in order more com• pletely to prevent all Infringement of the Spirit of the said · First Article, His Majesty and His Majesty the King of Sweden • and Norway do declare, that the Vessels belonging to their re

spective Subjects, which contrary to all Expectation may be • found employed in the said forbidden Traffic, shall by that Act • lose all Right to claim the Protection of their Flag ; and His • Majesty and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway mu• tually consent, that the Ships of their royal Navies, which shall • be provided with special Instructions for this Purpose as therein• after mentioned, shall visit such Merchant Vessels of the Two • Nations as may be suspected on reasonable Grounds of being « concerned in the Traffic of Slaves contrary to the Provisions of & the said Treaty, and in case thereof, may detain and bring

away such Vessels, in order that they may be brought to Trial • in the Manner stipulated in the Fourth Article of the said · Treaty: And Whereas by the Third Article of the said Treaty, . in order to explain the Mode of Execution of the preceding · Article, it is agreed, First, that such reciprocal Right of Visit ( and Detention shall not be exercised within the Mediterranean

Sea, nor within the European Seas lying without the Straits of Gibraltar, to the Northward of the Thirty seventh Degree of North Latitude, and within and to the Eastward of the

Meridian of Ferro; Secondly, that all Ships of the Royal • Navies of the Two Nations, which shall be thereafter employed 'to prevent the Traffic in Slaves, shall be furnished by their re

spective Governments with a Copy in the English, Swedish, ' and Norwegian Languages of the Instructions annexed to the ' said Treaty, and which Instructions shall be considered as an • integral Part thereof, provided that they shall not be altered or • modified but with the common Consent of His Majesty and of • His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; Thirdly, that the • Names of the several Vessels furnished with such Instructions, " the Force of each, and the Names of their several Commanders, • shall be from time to time communicated forthwith by the • Power issuing the same to the other High Contracting Party;

Fourthly, that the Ships of each of the Royal Navies authorized " to make such Visit as aforesaid shall not exceed the Number of • Twelve belonging to either of the High Contracting Parties, ' without the previous Consent of the other High Contracting • Party; Fifthly, that the Right of Visit, such as thus recipro*cally agreed on by His Majesty and His Majesty the King of • Sweden and Norway, shall not be directly exercised upon MerСс 3

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chant Vessels sailing under the Convoy of one or more Ships * of War of either His Majesty or His Majesty the King of Sweden ' and Norway ; but that it, contrary to all Expectation, the Com'mander of a Ship of War of either of the Two Governments 'employed in the Suppression of the Slave Trade, should have

reasonable Grounds for suspecting that a Ship under Convoy of " the other Government should in fact have on board Slaves de' stined for Sale, or be otherwise engaged in the Traffic of Slaves

contrary to the Provisions of the said Treaty, the Commander

of such Ship of War as aforesaid shall address himself to the • Commander of the Convoy, in order to communicate his Suspi. * cions, and the latter shall then proceed to visit the suspected • Ship, accompanied by either the Commander of the Cruiser him• self, or any Officer whom the latter may delegate as his Repre

sentative; and it is agreed that the Commander of the Convoy • shall afford all the Aid and Assistance possible to the Visit of • the suspected Ships, and to their eventual Detention, according ' to the Spirit and true Sense of the said Treaty: And Whereas • it is by the Fourth Article of the said Treaty agreed, in order to

bring to Adjudication, with the least Delay and Inconvenience, • the Ships of the Two Nations which may be detained for being

engaged in a Traffic of Slaves, contrary to the Provisions of the said Treaty, that mixed Courts of Justice shall be formed, of an equal Number of Individuals to be named for this Purpose by

their respective Sovereigns, and that One of the said Courts • shall be established in One of the Possessions of His Britannio

Majesty on the Coast of Africa, which shall be named at the • Exchange of the Ratification of the said Treaty, and the other • in the Island of Saint Bartholomew in the West Indies, belonging ' to His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norrvay, each of their ' said Majesties reserving to himself the Right of changing at • his Pleasure the Place of Residence of the Court within his · Dominions ; and it is also thereby provided, that in the Event

of the Absence, on account of Illness or any other unavoid• able Cause, of One or more of the Commissioners, Judges, or • Arbiters under the said Treaty, or in case of their Absence on • Leave from their Government, duly notified to the Board of • Commissioners sitting under the said Treaty, their Posts shall • be supplied in the same Manner in which, by the Ninth Article • of the Regulations for the Mixed Commissioners, those Va• cancies are to be supplied which may occur by the Death of • One or more of the Commissioners aforesaid; and it is thereby • also agreed, that each Government shall name, to sit in each of • these Courts, a Judge and an Arbiter, reserving, however, to • itself, according to Circumstances and as it shall think proper, • the Power either of naming for that Purpose permanent salaried • Officers, or of eventually appointing duly qualified Individuals

on the Spot, who shall, when the Case occurs, assemble in the • Quality of Judges and Arbiters; and it is provided, never• theless, that after the Term fixed for the Meeting of the said • Commissioners, their Proceedings in Examination and Adju• dication shall not be delayed by reason of the Absence of any

Judge or Arbiter to be appointed under the Provisions of • the said Treaty, but that the same shall be had and deter.

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mined by such Commissioners as shall or may be assem

bled, observing in all Things, as nearly as may be, the several * Provisions of the said Treaty: And Whereas, by the Fifth Arti'cle of the said Treaty, His Majesty and His Majesty the King ' of Sweden and Norway each engage to make good to the Sub"jects of the other any Losses which their respective Cruisers

may cause them to experience by the illegal or arbitrary Deten' tion of their Vessels; and it is thereby declared to be under

stood, that the Visit and Detention shall not under any Pretext < whatever be effected but by Ships which form a Part of the Two · Royal Navies of their said Majesties, and which shall be pro'vided with the special Instructions annexed to the said Treaty, ' and in pursuance to the Provisions thereof: And Whereas by ' the Sixth Article of the said Treaty it is agreed, that in case the

Officers commanding Vessels employed for the Suppression of ' the Slave Trade shall deviate in any respect whatever from the

Stipulations of the said Treaty, the Government which shall con'ceive itself to be wronged by such Conduct shall have the Right 'to demand Reparation, and in such case the Government to ' which the said Commanding Officers shall belong binds itself to . cause Enquiry to be made into the Subject of the Complaint, ' and to inflict, should such Complaint be grounded, Punish* ment proportioned to the Transgression which may have been ' committed : And Whereas by the Seventh Article of the said

Treaty it is agreed, that in case of clear and undeniable Proof • that during the immediate Voyage of a Vessel so visited as afore' said, one or more Slaves shall, for the Purpose of Traffic, have

been embarked on board of such Vessel, then and in such Case ' the Vessel in question shall be detained and brought to Trial in " the Manner therein above mentioned in the Second Article of ' the said Treaty; and it is thereby further mutually agreed, ' that all Merchant Vessels which shall be found hovering or sail' ing near the Coasts of Africa, within One Degree to the West' ward of the said Coasts, between the Twentieth Degree of North ' Latitude and the same Degree of South Latitude, or at anchor • within any of the Rivers, Gulfs, or Creeks of these Coasts within • the Limits herein above established, or at anchor in any Part ' within the said Limits, may be lawfully detained and brought • before the established Tribunals, provided that in her Equip'ment there shall be found any of the Particulars thereinafter ' mentioned; namely, First, that her Hatches are fitted with open

Gratings instead of close Hatches, as usual in Merchants’ Ves• sels; Secondly, that there are more Divisions or Bulk Heads in - her Hold, or on her Deck, than are necessary for Trading Ves.

sels ; Thirdly, that on board of her there is spare Plank either • actually fitted in that Shape, or fit for readily laying a Second

or moveable Deck, or Slave Deck; Fourthly, that on board of • her there are Shackles, Bolts, and Handcuffs ; Fifthly, that on • board of her there is an unreasonable Quantity of Water in Casks 4 or in Tanks, im

more than sufficient for the Consumption of her • Crew as a Merchant Vessel; Sixthly, that on board of her there

is an unreasonable Number of Water Casks or other Vessels for • holding Water, unless the Master shall produce a Certificate * from the Custom House from the Place from which he cleared

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