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44 him, Follow me. Now Philip was of Beth45 saida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip

findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law,

and the prophets did write ; Jesus of Nazareth 46 the son of Joseph. And Nathanael said unto

him, Can any good thing come out of Nazar

eth ?* Philip saith unto him, Come and see. 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith

of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom 48 is no guile. Nathanael saith unto him, Whence

knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when

thou wast under the fig-tree, t I saw thee. 49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, I

thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of 50 Ísrael. § Jesus answered and said unto him,

Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the

fig-tree, dost thou believe? Thou shalt see 51 greater things than these. And he saith unto

him, Verily, verily I say unto you, hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.

* Nazareth was an obscure place. The Jews said, 'Out of Nazareth ariseth no prophet.' Nathanael had strong prejudices, yet was sincere and devout.

† Probably engaged in devotional exercises.

* This Hebrew word signifies master, or lord; and sometimes teacher or doctor.

| Even the devout Jews expected Christ would be a pow. erful Prince, and rule over their nation, as its King.


1 AND the third day there tras a marriage at

Cana in Galilee : and the mother of Jesus was 2 there. And both Jesus and his disciples were 3 invited to the marriage. And when they

wanted wine, the mother of Jesus. saith unto 4 him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto

her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? 5 mine hour is not yet come.* His mother

saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith 6 unto you, do it. And there were set there six

water-pots of stone, after the manner of the pu

rifying of the Jews, containing two or three 7 firkins apiece. Jesus saith unto them, Fill the

water-pots with water. And they filled them 8 up to the brim. And he saith unto them,

Draw out now, and bear unto the master of the 9 feast ; and they bare it. When the master of

the feast had tasted the water which was made wine, and knew not whence it was ; (but the

servants who drew the water knew,) he called the 10 bridegroom, and saith unto him, Every man

brings out the good wine at first ; and when men have well drunken, then that which is in

ferior : but thou hast kept the good wine until 11 now. This beginning of miracles Jesus did ir

Cana of Galilee, and manifested his glory : and

his disciples believed on him. 12 After this, he went down to Capernaum, he

and his mother, and his brethren, and his diş

* The time to exert and display my miraeulous power.

ciples : but they did not continue there many

days. 13 Now the Jews' passover was near, and Jesus 14 went up to Jerusalem,* and found in the tem

ple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves, 15 and the changers of money, sitting : And

when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen ; and poured out the

brokers' money, and overthrew tie tables ; 16 and said unto them that sold doves, Take

these things hence ; make not my Father's 17 house an house of merchandise. + And his

disciples remembered that it was written,

The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up. 18 Then the Jews said unto him, What sign

shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest 19 these things ? Jesus answered and said unto

them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I 20 will raise it up. Then the Jews said, Forty

and six years was this temple in building, and 21 wilt thou rear it up in three days ? But he 22 spake of the temple of his body. When there.

fore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them : and they believed the scripture, and the word

which Jesus had said, 23 Now, when he was in Jerusalem at the pass

over, on the feast-day, many believed in his

* John relates many things omitted by the other evan. gelists.

+ This was assuming great authority for an obscure Nazarene ; and must have excited great surprise and interest among the Jews.

name, when they saw the miracles which he 24 did. But Jesus did not commit hiinself unto 25 them, because he knew all men, and needed

not that any should testify of man : for he knew what was in man.


1 THERE was a man of the Pharisees, named 2 Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews :

This man came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rab. bi, we are convinced that thou art a teacher come from God : for no man can do the miracles

which thou doest, except God be with him. 3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, ver

say unto thee, except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. * 4 Nicodemus saith unto hiin, How can a

be born when he is old ? can he enter the

second time into his mother's womb, and be ģ born? Jesus answered, Verily, verily I say

unto thee, except a man be born of water, and of the Spirit,

he cannot enter into the kingdom 6 of God.t That which is born of the flesh, is

ily I


* Here is reference, probably, to the Jewish mode of proselyting. When a person professed Judaism, he was obliged to be washed with water, to have a new name, to renounce his former acquaintance and even his relations, and was called a new creature. This is alluded to in Luke xiv.26.

+ If by kingdom of God here and in the third verse, we understand the Christian church, as in most other places in the gospel, the meaning is, that those who would be the disciples of Jesus must be baptized and receive miraculous gifts. Sec Mat. xviii. 3.

flesh ; and that which is born of the Spirit, is 7 Spirit.* Be not surprised that I said unto you, 8 Ye must be born again. The wind bloweth

* This conversation between Christ and Nicodemus is a Tery interesting one. Nicodemus was of the sect of the Pharisees, and a teacher among the Jews.

He appears to have been in suspense whether Jesus were the Christ. Expecting a temporal prince in the Messiah, he was probably perplexed at the humble state of the prophet of Nazareth: and yet a conviction of Christ's miracles led him to conclude he was divinely assisted. He came to our Lord with a view to obtain satisfaction respecting this extraordinary person, whose miracles had become a subject of great notoriety and astonishment. But he came in a private manner, and by night ; probably from a fear of exposing himself to the hatred of his sect. Our Savior informed him that no one could discern or perceive the kingdom of God (or of the Messiah) except he was enlightened by the Divine Spirit. And that a public acknowledgment of the gospel, and professing penitence, fa token of which was baptism with water) were necessary for those who would become his disciples. The Jews, it is said, in making proselytes to their religion from the heathens, required them to be baptized, gave them a new name, and said they had become new men. To this practice, Christ may allude in his reply to Nicodemus. But it would appear that more than this is meant : Because the Jewish teacher did not understand the declaration of our Savior. And by saying, that a man must be born from above, and born of the Spirit, it is evident Christ had reference to the sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit, which are requisite in forming a really good man ; or to the miraculous gifts of the Spirit, which his first disciples would receive. The former, we apprehend, our Lord had particularly in view, in this conversation with the Jewish ruler. He would have Nicodemus understand, that he could not be considered a proper member of the Messiah's kingdom, without an open and decided declaration in favor. of Jesus, and a change of views and affections; from a worldly temper, to a spirit of humility, self-denial, and heavenly mindedness.

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