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where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and
whither it goeth : so is every one that is born of 9 the Spirit. Then Nicodemus said unto him, 10 How can these things be? Jesus replied and
said unto him, Art thou a teacher in Israel, 11 and knowest not these things ? Verily, verily
I say unto thee, we speak that we know, and
testify that we have seen ; and ye receive not 12 our witness. If I have told you earthly things,
and ye believe not, how will ye believe if I tell you 13 of heavenly things? And no man hath ascended
up to heaven, but he who came down from hea
ven, even the Son of man, who is in heaven.* 14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the
wilderness, even so must the Son of man be 15 lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him
should not perish, but have eternal life, 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave
his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth
in him, should not perish, but have everlasting 17 life.t For God sent his Son into the world,
not to condemn the world, but that the world
through him might be saved. 18 He that believeth on him, is not condemned:
* Whose home, whose permanent abode is in heaven.
7 What need of other instruction than reason gives : Because reason teaches nothing decisive respecting the divine forgiveness, or a future state of retribution. What is declared in this passage on the former subject, and in the fifth chap. 28, 29, of a future jndgment, affords us information of the highest importance, as it respects both the morals and the hopes of mankind; and fully vindicates the divine character in sending an heavenly messenger, possessed of miraculous powers, to establish these interesting truths.
but he that believeth not, is condemned already,
because he hath not believed in the name of the 19 only begotten Son of God. And this is the
condemnation, that light is come into the world,
and men loved darkness rather than light, 20 because their deeds were evil. For every one
that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh
to the light, lest bis deeds should be reproved. 21 But he that doeth truth* cometh to the light,
that his deeds may be made manifest, that they
are wrought in God.t 22 After these things Jesus and his disciples
came into the land of Judea; and there he abode
with them and baptized. 23 And John also was baptizing in Enon, near
Salim ; because there was much water there ; 24 and they came and were baptized. (For John
was not yet cast into prison.) 25 Then there arose a question between some of
John's disciples and the Jews about purifying. 26 And they came to John, and said unto him,
Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to
whom thou barest witness, behold, he baptizeth, 27 and all men come to him. John answered and
said, A man can receive nothing, except it be 28 given him from heaven. Ye yourselves bear
me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, 29 but that I am sent before him. He that hath
* He who practises according to moral truth and virtue.
+ That is, agreeable to God, or according to the divine will.
That is, many springs or streams; and travellers say they are not deep.
$ That is, baptizing. The dispute probably was, as to the design and object of John's baptism.
the bride, is the bridegroom ; but the friend of the bridegroom, who standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly, because of the bride
groom's voice. This my joy therefore is com30 plete. He must increase, but I must decrease. 31 He that cometh from above, is above all : he
that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of
the earth : he that cometh from heaven is above 32 all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he
testifieth ; though no man receiveth his testi. 33 mony. He that hath received his testimony, 34 hath set to his seal that God is true. For he
whom God hath sent, speaketh the words of
God : for God giveth not the Spirit by measure 35 unto him. The Father loveth the Son, and 36 lath given all things into his hands, * He that
believeth on the Son, hath everlasting life : and he that believeth not the Son, shall not see life ; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
1 NOW when the Lord knew that the Phari.
sees had heard, that Jesus made and baptized 2 more disciples than John, (though it was not 3 Jesus, but his disciples who baptized,) he left 4 Judea, and departed again into Galilee. And
* May he not then be worshipped, as the Son of God ? See chap, v. 23.
5 he chose to go through Samaria.* Then he
cometh to a city of Samaria, which is called
Sychar, near to the parcel of ground which 6 Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob's
well was there. And Jesus being wearied with
his journey, sat by the well. (And it was 7 about the sixth hour.)t A Samaritan woman
coming to draw water, Jesus saith unto her, 8 Give me to drink. (For his disciples were 9 gone away unto the city to buy meat.) Then
said the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, who
am a woman of Samaria ? (For the Jews have 10 no dealings with the Samaritans.)ț Jesus
answered and said unto her, If thou didst know the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink ; thou wouldest have
asked of him, and he would have given thee 11 living water. The woman saith unto him, Sir,
thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well
Samaria is between Judea, properly so called, and Galilee. This lies in the northern part of Palestine, adjoining heathen countries : and therefore is called “Galilee of the Gentiles.”
+ That is, the middle of the day. The Jews counted the hours from sun-rise.
# The Jews affected to despise the Sainaritans who were a mixed people, descended from those Israelites who returned from captivity, who had become connected with heathens, and imitated some of their idolatrous practices. They received only the book of Moses as inspired ; and pretended also mount Gerizzim, and not Jerusalem, was the place to worship.
§ The waters of life, that is, spiritual and iminortal blessings.
is deep :* from whence then hast thou that 12 living water ? Art thou greater than our father
Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank thereof 13 himself, and his children, and his cattle? Jesus
answered and said unto her, Whosoever drink14 eth of this water, shall thirst again : but
whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him, shall never thirst; but the water that I shall
give him, shall be in him a well of water springing 15 up into everlasting life. The woman said unto
him, Lord, give me this, water, that I thirst 16 not, neither come hither to draw.t Then
Jesus said unto her, Go, call thy husband, and 17 come hither. The woman answered and said,
I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou 18 hast well said, I have no husband : For thou
hast had five husbands, and he whom thou now
hast, is not tliy husband : in that sayest thou 19 truly. The woman saith unto him, Sir, I per20 ctive that thou art a prophet. $ Our fathers
worshipped in this mountain ; and ye say, that
in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to 21 worship. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, be
lieve me, the hour cometh when ye shall
neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, 22 worship the Father.ý Ye worship ye know not
* The woman did not perceive our Lord's meaning.
† Still the woman appears not to understand his true meaning
† And I will therefore propose a question for you to decide-our fathers, &c.
§ These places of worship will be destroyed—and the worship of the sincerely pious and devout in all places will be acceptable.