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temple, nor yet against Cæsar have I commit9 ted any offence. But Festus, willing to do the
Jews a fivor, answered Paul and said, Wilt thou
go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged 10 of these things before me? Then said Paul, I
stand at Cæsar's judgment-seat, where I ought
to be judged: To the Jews I have done no 11 wrong, as thou very well knowest. For if I
be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die : but if there be nothing in the things, whereof these
accuse me, no man should deliver me unto 12 them. I appeal unto Cæsar. Then Festus,
when he had conferred with the council, an
swered, Hast thou appealed unto Cæsar? 13 Unto Cæsar thou shalt go. And after certain
days, king Agrippa and Bernice came unto Cæ14 sarea to salute Festus. * And when they had
been there many days, Festus declared Paul's
cause unto the king, saying, There is a certain 15 man left in bonds by Felix : About whom,
when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and
the elders of the Jews informed me, desiring 16 judgment against him. To whom I answered,
It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver
Agrippa was son of Herod, who had beheaded the apostle James, and great grand-son to Herod, who reigned in Judea when Christ was born. Herod who caused John Baptist to be slain was brother of Aristobulus, grand-father of Agrippa. The father of this Agrippa was king of Judea, appointed by, and accountable to the Roman emperor. After his death Judea was under the management of Ronian governors. Agrippa however was vested with kingly power in northern parts of Judca.
any man to die, before he who is accused have the accusers face to face, and have op
portunity for a defence, touching the matter 17 alleged against him. Therefore, when they
were come hither, without any delay, on the morrow I sat on the judgment-seat, and
commanded the man to be brought forth : 18 Against whom, when the accusers stood up,
they brought none accusation of such things 19 as I supposed : But had certain questions
against him of their own superstition, and of
one Jesus who was dead, whom Paul affirmed 20 to be alive. And because I doubted of such
manner of questions, I asked him whether he
would go to Jerusalem, and there be judged 21 of these matters. But Paul having claimed
to be reserved for the judgment of Augustus,
I commanded him to be kept till I might send 22 him to Cæsar. Then Agrippa said unto Fes
tus, I would also hear the man myself. To- . 23 morrow, said he, thou shalt hear him. And
on the morrow, when Agrippa was come, and Bernice with great pomp, and had entered into the place of hearing, with the chief captains
and principal men of the city, by Festus' order, 24 Paul was brought forth. And Festus said,
King Agrippa, and all who are here present with us, ye see this man, about whom all the multitude of the Jews have dealt with me,
both at Jerusalem, and also here, crying that 25 he ought not to live any longer. But when I
found that he had committed nothing worthy
of death, and that he himself hath appealed to 26 Augustus, I determined to send him. Of whom I have no certain thing to write unto my master. Wherefore I have brought him forth before you, and especially before thee,
O king Agrippa, that after examination had, 27 I might have somewhat to write. For it
seemeth to me unreasonable to send a prisoner, and not also to signify the crimes laid against him.
1 THEN Agrippa said unto Paul, Thou
art permitted to speak for thyself. Then
Paul stretched forth the hand, and answered 2 for himself :* I think myself happy, king
Agrippa, because I shall answer for myself
this day before thee, touching all the things 3 of which I am accused by the Jews; espe.
cially, as thou hast knowledge of all customs and questions which are among the Jews.
Wherefore I beseech thee to hear me patiently. * 4 Now my manner of life from my youth, which
was from the first among mine own nation at 5 Jerusalem, all the Jews well kaow, who knew
me from the beginning, (if they would testify)
that after the strictest sect of our religion, I. 6 lived a Pharisee. And now I stand, and am
judged for the hope of the promise made by 7 God unto our fathers : To which promise our
twelve tribės, constantly worshipping, day and
* Or made his defence, or apology: and it sliews both the zeal and ability of the apostle.
night, hope to come: for which hope's sake,
king Agrippa, I am accused by the Jews. 8 Why should it be thought a thing incredible
with you, that God should raise the dead ?* 9 I indeed thought with myself, that I ought to
do many things contrary to the name of Jesus 10 of Nazareth.f Which I also did in Jerusalem,
and many of the saints I shut upin prison, hav:ign received authority from the chiefpriests; and
when they were put to death, I gave my voice 11 against them. And I punished them often in
every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly enraged against
them, I persecuted them even unto foreign 12 cities. Whereupon, as I went to Damascus,
with authority and commission from the chief 13 priests, at mid-day, O king, I saw in the way
a light from heaven, above the brightness of
the sun, shining round about me, and them 14 who journeyed with me. And when we were
all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue,
Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? It is 15 hard for thce to kick against the pricks. And
I said, Who art thou, Lord ? And he said, I 16 am Jesus, whom thou persecutest. But rise
and stand upon thy feet, for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both of the things which
* Panl has reference here to the resurrection of Jesus, which the unbelieving Jews and Gentiles denied.
+ Paul was sincere in his opposition to Christianity. See chap. xxii. 1; xxiv. 16; 1 Tim. i. 13.
thou hast seen, and of those in which I will 17 appear unto thee ; delivering thee from the
people, and the Gentiles, to whom now I send 18 thee, to open their eyes, and to turn them from
darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of
sins, and inheritance among them who are 19 sanctified by faith which is in me. From that
time, Oking Agrippa, I was not disobedient 20 zunto the heavenly vision : but shewed first
unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the country of Judea, and to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn
to God, and do works worthy of repentance.* 21 For these causes the Jews caught me in the 22 temple, and attempted to kill me.
But having obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, say
ing no other things than those which the 23 prophets and Moses said should come: That
Christ should suffer, that he should be the first who should rise from the dead, and should
shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles. 24 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said
with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thy
self; much learning doth make thee mad. 25 But he said, I am not mad, most noble Fes
tus; but speak the words of truth and sober. 26 ness.
For the king knoweth of these things,
* Works fitting those to perform, whose repentance is sincere.