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think of the beads or bearts of sworn companions of licentiousness, and the as. royal counsellors, who dare not save the sassins of freedom? Have not factions at bosom of their prince from torture and all times been intolerant, daring, unjust the character of his child from unjust ig- and incorrigible ? To judge by the scan. nominy : though they must know that dalous scenes in the British Islands, which the tormentors are the most profligate of an indignant continent has lamented of villains, and the most unprincipled of late, liule hope remains that the factions conspirators? What must be the standard there would desist from their nefarious of the honour of a nobility, that not only deeds, were even France (as she might not interferes between the infamous as- do) to produce damning evidence, for sailants of a prince of the blood, but centuries past up to this very time, of suffers some of its own members to act as every chief of factions ; of every usurper accomplices in the assault? Can those reo of the name of patriot; and of every presentatives of the people make any pre- candidate for popularity in Great Britain, ience to liberty, loyaliy, or patriotism, baving either fixed his price to, or intrigued who do not expel or punish the factions with, the enemies of his country; either acamong them that try to stab monarchy by cepted bribes, or received instructions, bespattering the son of their monarch from rival or inimical cabinets. Though What freedom or what loyalty must the majority might be convinced, a des. these pretended friends of the throne perate minority would command. In possess, who, to shew their attachment to England as has been the case in France, ihe royal family, purchase openly their factions can never be mended : they must future silence about one of ihe sons of be extirpated. Some few persons, amtheir king, whom it was hardly possible bitious or bankrupt in characters and any new slander could degrade, more than fortunes, will always, under the existence unnaturally to involve another son of the of the actual constitution of a Royal deKing in the disgrace of his brother? Can mocracy, find opportunities to mislead the any decency or any loyalty be supposed ignorant and to head the needy and the to exist among the citizens of the first disaffected, in committing excesses dancity of the British empire, who not only gerous to the peace of Europe, by conjoin the wild fiends of their sovereign tagious examples.-It belongs to history, every where, but encourage the senseless to recapitulate the many recent acts of the pratings of insolent and ignorant shop- daring spirit of British factions, and of keepers ; never opening their mouths but their influence on the internal and ex. to babble impertinence but to bawl out ternal politics of Great Britain of their treason? Did a single county interpose crimes towards humanity--of their comin the shamefully and cruelly audacious mon ferocity and barbarity. But had they hunt of the Royal victim ? Did not, on not power, after trampling under their the contrary, every county emulate in feet a Prince of the royal blood to extol this race of infamy, which should be fore- the exploits of a General, who deliberated most to wound the feeling of a venerable wben he ought to have acted, who adking, and to recompense the vutrageous vanced when he should have retreated, perpetratious of the bitter enemies of his and whose retreat was a disorderly flight domestic peace as much as his royal su- before a handful of pursuers ; while they premacy? Is it not evident, even io the force another General to resign, though most superficial observer, that either victorious, because the climate, the elesound morality or rational liberiy must be ments, and other unforeseen occurrences, wanting in the British nation? If it would prevent him from succeeding to the whole be uncharitable to suppose the former, it extent of extravagant expectations? Have would also be ridiculous not to see the they not forced their king to leave untotal absence of the latter.-In Great punished a political agent,* who deserved Britain faction meddles with every thing to be impeached for want of ability or of and every body: even the king is fac- integrity, in disobeying and disregarding tious, in self-defence, for self-preserva. his instructions ? Have they not forced tion. Have not however, both in ancient their King to leave unrewarded another and modern times; both in Greece political agentt, whose frmness, and and France ; both in Rome and in Eng. whose obedience to the orders of his soland; have not factions always been the vereign, exposed him to public insult and most oppressive of despots? Have not facLions always and every where, been the # Erskine. + Jackson,
personal dangers ? Have they not forced to create new factions. The most disguste their King to swallow, without daring to ing menes, the effects of the most shameresent, these and other provocations, though ful licentiousness, transform the theatre offered by the most weak and contempii. into a field of battle for boxers, and ble of governments ? I But in all the bruisers, for strumpets and pickpockets, branches of the constitutional establish- Arnong a people that talk so much of resments of Great Britain, factious sway an pect for property, the properiy of indivianarchical iron sceptre, confounding, de- duals is openly invaded, and obliged to ranging, and invading all order. Has not submit to the ruinous maximum of dictaa captain in the British fleet, cruising in torial factions. Ought it not to be appreEurope, dragged his admiral before a hended, that prosperous anarchy will not court-martiai? Though the latier has stop at the door or in the pit of a theatre, been honourably acquitted, have not fac- but sooner or later force an entrance into rions shielded the accuser from punish- banks, offices, and magazines: there, also, ment? Have not officers serving in the to affix its maximum-to inflict its requisiBritish army in India seduced the soldiers tions ? -Since the wisslom of his imperial to mutiny? Have they not, backed by and royal Majesty has instructed the Confaction, added rebellion to insubordination, tinent with regard to its true interest, and held out the most dastardly and per- continental warriors are no longer tribujurous proceeding as meritorious acts of tary to insular pedlars; and Englishmen, patriotism and of retaliating justice? Is who, in exchange for their dearly sold not the licentiousness of the British press superfluities, received froin foreigners those such, that, protected and patronized by necessaries almost for nothing, began to :actions, a convicted libeller,§.published dread a famine. To lessen the consumpfrom his prison the most inflammatory of tion for grain, government looked for some essays, defying the laws, and exciting civil substitute for the distilleries. Their warediscords : insulting equally the Judge who houses weighing down with perishable cocondemned him, and ihe Government that lonial produce; sugar naturally presented carried their sentence into execution ? | itself, and was proposed. The owners of Has not a Chief of Faction,ll who is also lanus took instant aların; they formed an a Member of Parliament, honestly told his opposition; and during months, the grain assembly, that the nation was not repre- and the sugar factions; with the theatrisented by its Representatives, and that cal and reforming factions; with the naval their country was not worth defending ? and the military factions; with the jacoWere they not instantly all on fire,--those bin, the city, and the parliamentary facvery factions that shortly before, with such tions; continued to engage the whole at. admirable and philosophical patience, tention of a truly factious, divided, and heard the son of their King irrost unmer- licentious people. This is not the only cifully ill-used? Did not these friends instance when the interior of London forms of liberty immediately decree a mandate a striking resemblance with the interior of of arrest against the declaimer of this disa Constantinople, at the period the Mussulagreeable truth, of this bold frankness?
men were at its walls, and with their scy. Now, British anarchy exhibited itself in all metars soon settled the disputes of the conits dreadful glory. Faction combats fac- tending sects and parties.-Every foreign tion. Numbers of lives are lost in the invader of the British Islands has become very streets of the capital, where a civil conqueror. Bankruptcy may dismantle, war rages with all its fury. But, mark; mutiny may disperse, storms inay destroy, when, at last, the humanity of the King and victory may capture fleeis, hitherto orders his guards to prevent farther the sole protectors of Great Britain against bloodshed, à factious · Jury pronounces the just wrath of his imperial and royal them murderous, because they did their Majesty. Submission alone can prevent duty, and did not submit to be mur- Britons from being, like the Batavians, dered themselves by the hands of the erased from the list of independent nations. rebellious faction !!!- The proprietors Resistance may retard in making more of a theatre in London augment a trifle terrible the catastrophe, but it cannot alter the prices of admittance. Englishmen, their destiny. They have no choice left like the Romans of sanguinary memory, between obedience or conquest. The do not miss such a propitious opportunity reigning House never produced a hero;
and the domestic virtues of a Prince, United States. $ Cobbett. || Burdett. ruling this turbulent and factious people, are weak pledges that the repose of conti- | take place, and no one has seen O’Rouan nental nations will not still be disturbed or again. From the saine letter may be seen invaded. It remains, however, to be de- the confusion which reigned at headcided, whether a change of dynasty will quarters, where the Marquis of Campobe necessary, or a change of constitution verue believed that a division of 4,000 will be thought suflicient. Long ago, the English had arrived in the place, and the mere assent of his imperial and royal Ma- Englisli Commandant assured me that lie jesty might have produced a general over- had only 1,000 men, who had loft Cadiz throw. Long ago bave different factions on the 9th of June. The Marquis also caused to be laid before his imperial and wished that the troops which he demanded royal Majesty, both requests for receiving of me should be embarked the same night, support, and plans for effecting revolu- and he could not but know that this was tions. But these are not times to encourage impossible, for I had no other means but subjects to undermine established thrones. those which the English lent me, and the Monarchs alone shall bercafier be the latier had then none that were disposable. judges of monarchs; and woe
to the Prince who resorts to an appeal to his peo: AMERICAN States and England. - Letter ple against the sentence of his equals !!! He has ceased 10 reign.
of Commodore John ROGERS to the Secre(Signed) Duke of Cador£.
tary of the Nary of the United States, Fountainbleau, Oct. 30, 1810.
relative to a rencontre with the English To kis Ercellency
Ship, Little Belt.— Duted, on board (Jlost Confidential.)
the United States Frigate, the PRESIDENT,
off Sandy Hook, 23rd May, 1811. OFFICIAL PAPERS.
Sir; I regret extremely being under
the necessity of representing to you an SPAIN. - TakraGONA. -- Paris, 25th July, event that occurred on the night of the
1911.-Literul Translation of a Report 10th instant, between the ship under my of the Siege of Tarragona, which GENE-command, and his Britannic Majesty's RAL CONTRERAS, Er-Governor of that ship of war, the Little Belt, commanded place, addressed to the Council of Regency. by Captain Bingham, the result of which (Concluded from p. 160.)
has given me much pain, as well on ac....... Before the fall of the count of the injury she sustained, as that I place, I wrote and declared openly, that, should have been compelled to the meaupon the system on which operations were sure that produced it, by a vessel of her carried on, or ratter, to speak more pro inferior force. The circumstances are as perly, meditated, the fortress, the garrison, follow : on the 16th instant, at twentyand the army, would infallibly be lost. five minutes past meridian, in 17 fathoms The Superior Junta of the principality can water, Cape Henry bearing S. W. distant inform you of this, because I always took fourteen or fifteen leagues, a sail was discare to acquaint theni with what was pass covered from our mast head in the east, ing; on their side, they did all that they standing towards us under a press of sail. could, in order that the operation of rais | At half past one the symmetry of her upper ing the siege might be attempted, the only sails (which were at this time distinguishoperation which it was necessary to be em- able from our deck) and her making sig. ployed about and to execute without delay, nals, shewed her to be a man of war. At and in coucert with me, whatever were 45 minutes past one,
P. M. hoisted our the numbers and nature of the enemy's ensign and pendant; when, finding her force which we had to combat; but it signals not answered, she wore and stood was all in vain, and every day all this to the southward. Being desirous of was less thought of at bead-quarters, as speaking her, and of ascertaining what will appear from the letter of General | she was, I now made sail in chase; and Campoverde, in which he orders me to. by half-past three, P. M. found we were send him 3,000 of the best troops of the coming up with her, as by this time the garrison, who were to be embarked in the
upper part of her stern began to shęw itnight of the 27th, under the orders of Co-self above the horizon. The wind now lonel O’Rouan, who came to me for that began, and continued gradually to de. purpose at eleven at night. I gave orders
I gave orders crease, so as to prevent my being able to that he should embark with the regiment approach her sufficiently before sun-set, of Almeria ; but this arrangement did not to discover her actual force, (which the position she preserved during the chace after the rest of his broadside and mus. was calculated to conceai) or to judge ketry. When the first shot was fired, even to what nation she belonged, as she being under an impression that it might appeared studiously to decline shewing possibly have proceeded from accident her colours. At fifteen or twenty minutes and without the orders of the Commander, past seven, P. M. the chace took in her I had determined at the moment to fire studding sails, and soon after hauled up only a single shot in return; but the imher courses, and hauled by the wind on mediate repetition of the previous unpro. the starboard tack; she at the same time voked outrage induced me to believe that hoisted an ensign or flag at her mizen the insult was premeditated, and that from peak, but it was too dark for me to dis. our adversary being at the time as ignocover what nation it represented ; now, rant of our real force as I was of his, he for the first time, her broadside was pre- thought this, perhaps, a favourable opporsented to our view; but night had so far tunity of acquiring promotion, although progressed, that although her appearance at the expence of violating our neutrality indicated she was a frigate, I was unable and insulting our flag; I accordingly to determine her actual force.-At fifteen with that degree of repugnance incident minutes before eight, P. M. being about a to feeling equally determined neither to mile and a half from her, the wind at the be the aggressor, or to suffer the flag of time very light, I directed Capt. Ludlow my country to be insulted with impunity, to take a position to windward of her, and gave a general order to fire; the effect of on the same tack, within shore speaking which, in from four to six minutes, as near distance. This, however, the cornmander as I can judge, having produced a partial of the chace appeared from bis manæu- silence of his guns, I gave orders to cease vres to be anxious to prevent, as he wore firing, discovering by the feeble opposition and hauled by the wind on different tacks that it must be a ship of very inferior four times successively between this pe- force to what I had supposed, or that some riod and the time of our arriving at the untoward accident had happened to her. position, which I had ordered to be taken. My orders in this instance however, alAt 15 or 20 minutes past eight, being a though they proceeded alone from motives little forward of her weather beam, and of humanity and a determination not to distant from 70 to 100 yards, I hailed spill a drop of blood unnecessarily, I had “ what ship is that?" To this inquiry no in less than four minutes some reason to answer was given, but I was hailed by her regret, as he renewed his fire, of which Commander and asked " what ship is two 32-pound shot cut off one of our fore that?” Having asked the first question, shrouds and injured our foremast. It was I of course considered myself entitled by now that I found myself under the pain. the common rules of politeness to the first ful necessity of giving orders for a repetianswer; after a
pause of 15 or 20 seconds, tion of our fire against a force which my I reiterated my first inquiry of “ What forbearance alone had enabled to do os ship is that?” and before I had time to any injury of moment; our fire was actake the trumpet from my mouth, was cordingly renewed and continued from answered by a shot, that cut off one of three to five minutes longer, when perour maintop-mast breast back stays, and ceiving our opponent's gaff and colours went into our main-mast. At this instant down, his maintop-sail yard upon the cap, Captain Caldwell (of Marines) who was and his fire silenced, although it was so standing very near to me on the gangway, dark that I could not discern any other having observed - Sir, she has fired at particular injury we had done, or how far us," caused me to pause for a moment; he was in a situation to do us farther harm, just as I was in the act of giving an order I nevertheless embraced the earliest moto fire a shot in return, and before I had ment to stop our fire and prevent the fur. time to resume the repetition of the in- ther effusion of blood. Here' a pause of tended order, a shot was actually tired half a minute or more took place, at the from the second division of this ship, and end of which, our adversary not shewing was scarcely out of the gun before it was a further disposition to fire, I hailed, and answered from our assumed enemy by again asked what ship is that?" three others in quick succession, and soon
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Bryd ges-Street, Covent - Garden :- Sold niso by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall,
Vol. XX. No. 7.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1811.
“ I shall be told, that, at the end of the year, the Re-trictions expire. Yes; so they do; but a year is a long while; many things happen in a year; and, if all other matters hold together till next « February, Mr. Perceval must be a very lame man indeed, if he be not then much more powerful than “ he pow is, and if the Prince have not much stronger reasons for keeping him than he had for " choosing him."Political Register, 6th Feb. 1811, page 311, Vol. XIX. 193)
[194 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
to all appearance, that turned out the
Whigs. They had pledged themselves to Irish CATHOLICS. By referring to the Catholics of Ireland, or, at least, they another part of this Number the reader had taken that part with respect to them, will see an account, the best that I have that they could not refuse to do somebeen able to collect, of what has recently thing. That something they attempted; passed, and is now passing in what is and that attempt was made the pretence sometimes tenderly called “ our Sister to turn them out of place, as men who " Kingdom,” relative to the Catholics and wished to restore the authority of the their petition. The object of this peri- | Pope in England as well as in Ireland, and tion has been so often discussed, and was to rekindle the fires in Smithfield. Still, been so fully explained, that it is hardly however, the Irish Catholics have contipossible that any one who can read Eng. nued to complain and to petition; and lish should want any further particulars of this brings us to our subject; for, it is as information upon that head. Suffice it to to the mode of obtaining a concurrence of say bere, just for the sake of giving shape the Cathorics in the petition, that the disto the statement of the case, that the Ca- pute, which now avitates Ireland, has tholics of Ireland have long complained arisen. -The mode pursued or pursuing of the existence of certain penal laws le- by the Catholics was this: the Catholics velled against them as Catholics, and by of each county, or other district, were to which laws they are excluded from cer- meet, and some had met, to choose Deletain benefits wbich they think they ought gutes to speak and act for them, and in to enjoy in common with the rest of their their name, in a general meeting, called a fellow-subjects. To obtain, therefore, a Committee, to be held thereafter at such · repeal of these laws, they have repeatedly place as should be agreed upon, and which petitioned the two Houses of Parliament, Committee was, besides, to be composed and their petition has been as repeatedly of the Catholic Peers and Baronets. The rejected by majorities of those Houses. Delegates, thus assembled in Committee, It is well known, that it was for espousing were, of course, to discuss all matters rethe cause of the Irish Catholics that Pitt lating to the object in view, that is to say, was, as it was then thought, turned out of to the success of the petition intended next place in 1801; though it afterwards be. to be presented. The government, canie minifest to every one who was ca- alarmed at the progress of the cause, did pable of close observation, that this was a not say to the Catholics that they should mere pretence, and that, in fact, he went not petition; it did not forbid them to peout of place to avoid the shame of the tition; that would have been taking from measures then become absolutely neces- them the right which even Paine says was sary as to the war and the finances; for, left us freeborn Englishmen by the Whigs we saw him return to place again without at the Revolution : no, it did not say, that stipulating for any thing in favour of the the Irish Catholics should not enjoy any Catholics, and, what is more, we saw him, longer the right of petitioning, that is to now become minister again, oppose, aye say the right of praying, and of humbly oppose, and successfully oppose too, a pe- praying too: it did not forbid the Irish tition for that very measure, which be- Catholics to enjoy this invaluable blessing cause he was not permitted to adopt him- of a “glorious constitution;" but, it forself he had, as he pretended, before quitted bade the Irish Catholics to choose Delehis place. These transactions will be well gates for purposes connected with their renie mbered; and, the reader will also petition; it forbade them to have reprebear in mind, that it was the same cause, sentatives in this work of petitioning; it