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sent, or assuming or exercising a right or authority to represent, the people of this realm, or any number or description of the people of the same, or the people of any province, county, city, or town, or other district within the same, under pretence of petitioning for, or in any other manner procuring an alteration of matters established by law, in Church or State, save and except the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses elected to serve in the Parliament thereof, and save and except the Houses of Convocation duly summoned by the King's will, are unlawful assemblies; and that it shall and may be lawful for any Mayor, Sheriff, Justice of the Peace, or other Peace Offcer, and they are thereby respectively authorized and required, within his and their respective jurisdictions, to disperse all such unlawful assemblies, and if resisted, to enter into the same, and to apprehend all persons offending in that behalf.' And it is further enacted, That if any person shall give or publish, or cause or procure to be given or published, any written or other notice of election to be holden, or of any manner of appointment of any person or persons, to be the representative or representatives, delegate or delegates, or to act by any other name or description whatever, as representative or representatives, delegate or delegates, of the inhabitants, or of any description of the inhabitants of any province, county, city, town, or other district within this kingdom, at any such assembly; or if any person shall attend and vote at such election or appointment of such representatives or delegates, or other persons to act as such, every person who shall be guilty of any of the said offences, respectively being thereof convicted by due course of law, shall be deemed guilty of an high misde.
And whereas at a meeting or assembly the 9th day of July instant, and stiling of persons held in the city of Dublin, on themselves "A Meeting of the Catholics of Ireland," certain Resolutions, amongst others, were entered into, and have since been published, of the tenour following:
of his Majesty's ships and vessels em ployed, and to be employed, in the River Saint Lawrence, along the Coast of Nova Scotia, the Islands of Anticoste, Madelaine and Saint John, and Cape Breton, the Bay of Fundy, and at or about the Island of Bermuda, or Somers Island.
You are hereby required and directed to put to sea in his Majesty's sloop under your command, and proceed without loss of time off Charlestown, where you may expect to meet Captain Pechell, in the Guerriere, to whom you will deliver the packet you will herewith receive, and follow his orders for your further proceedings. Should you not meet the Guerriere off Charlestown, you will stand for the northward, and use your utmost endea vours to join him off the Capes of Virginia, or off New York; and in the event of not meeting the Guerriere, you will cruize as long as your provisions and water will last, and then repair to Halifax for further orders. You are to pay due regard to protecting the trade of his Majesty's subjects, and the capture or destruction of the ships of the enemy. You are to be particularly careful not to give any just cause of offence to the Government or Subjects of the United States of America; and to give very particular orders to this effect to the Officers you may have occasion to send on board ships under the American Flag. You are not to anchor in any of the American Ports, but in case of absolute necessity, and then put to sea again as soon as possible.-Given under my hand at Bermuda, this 19th April, 1811. HERBERT SAWYER.
To Arthur Batt Bingham, Esq.
IRELAND.-A Proclamation, relative to the
Whereas, by an Act made in the Parliament of Ireland, in the thirty-third "Resolved, That a Committee of Cayear of his present Majesty's reign, entituled," An Act to prevent the Election or tholics be therefore appointed, and reAppointment of unlawful Assemblies, un-quested to cause proper Petitions to be der pretence of preparing or presenting public Petitions, or other Addresses to his Majesty or the Parliament," it is enacted, That all assemblies, committees, or other bodies of persons elected or in any other manner constituted or appointed to repre
forthwith framed for the repeal of the penal laws, and to procure signatures thereto in all parts of Ireland, and to take measures for bringing such Petitions under the serious consideration of the Legislature within the first month of the ensuing Sessions of Parliament.
"Resolved,―That said Committee do | require all Justices of the peace, Mayors,
consist of the Catholic Peers and their eldest sons, the Catholic Baronets, the Prelates of the Catholic Church in Ireland, and also ten persons to be appointed by the Catholics in each County of Ireland, the survivors of the delegates of 1793 to constitute an integral part of that number, and also of five persons to be appointed by the Catholic inhabitants of each Parish in Dublin.
"Resolved, That the appointment of the said persons be made forthwith.
"Resolved, That it be recommended to such Committee to resort to all legal and constitutional means of maintaining a cordial communication of sentiment and co-operation of conduct amongst the Catholics of Ireland, and generally of promoting the favourable reception of their petition.
"Resolved, That until the new Committee shall be appointed, the management of Catholic affairs shall be confided to the Catholic Peers, Baronets, and survivors of the delegates of 1793."
And whereas there is reason to apprehend, that some of his Majesty's subjects may have already acted, and that others may be misled to act in furtherance of those resolutions, by taking a part in the election or appointment of delegates or representatives for such proposed Assembly or Committee; and that the persons so elected or delegated, or to be so elected or delegated, may be disposed to meet and form such assembly or Committee as aforesaid,
And whereas such an Assembly as is by these resolutions proposed to be convened, is not only in direct violation of the provisions of the statute aforesaid, and an unlawful assembly, but tends directly to endanger the peace and tranquillity of the State.
Now we, the Lord Lieutenant, by and with the advice of the Privy Council of Ireland, being determined, as far as in us lies, to enforce the due observance of the laws of this realm, and being anxious to prevent the mischiefs which the violation of those laws, and particularly of the statute herein before mentioned, must occasion, do, by this our Proclamation, command all his Majesty's loving subjects of this part of the United Kingdom, that they do abstain from all acts and proceedings whatsoever contrary to the provisions of the aforesaid statute.
And we do further hereby call upon and
Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and other Peace officers in this part of the United Kingdom, that they do proceed in due course of law to apprehend and hold to bail all persons against whom information on oath shall have been obtained of having given or published, or caused to be given or published, any written or other notice of elections to be holden, or of any manner of appointment of any representative or delegates for any such assembly as is herein before-mentioned, or of having voted, or in any manner acted, or who shall be found actually voting, or in any other manner acting, in the election or appointment of such delegates or representatives, that the person or persons so offending may be prosecuted according to law; and in case an assembly of such delegates or representatives shall bereafter attempt to meet in defiance of the law, and notwithstanding this our Proclamation, that they shall proceed to disperse the same as an unlawful assembly, pursuant to the directions of the aforesaid statute.
Given at the Council Chamber in Dub-
W. W. POLE,
W. SAURIN, P. DUIGENAN.
IRELAND.-At a Special Meeting of the General Committee of the Catholics of Ireland, held in Dublin, at No. 4, CapelStreet, on Wednesday, the 31st of July,
The Earl of FINCALL in the Chair,
Resolved, That the Catholic Committee, having adjourned on the 26th of July to the 19th of October, 1811, have, notwithstanding, deemed it expedient to hold an an Extraordinary Meeting on the 31st day of July, in consequence of a communication from Government to the Earl of Fingall, dated the 30th instant, to the following effect: That a Privy Council was to be assembled to take into consideration the expediency of issuing a Proclamation declaratory of the Laws,' &c. &c. 'and likewise the course to be pursued to insure its observance.'
Resolved, That this Committee, relying on the Constitutional Rights of the Subject
to petition the Legislature in the way and to cause proper Petitions to be forth with manner specified in a Resolution to that framed, for the repeal of the Penal Laws, effect, passed at the last aggregate Meet- and to procure signatures thereto in all ing of their Body, do now determine to parts of Ireland, and to take measures for continue and persevere in the Constitu- bringing such Petitions under the serious tional course they have maturely adopted, consideration of the Legislature, within for the sole, express, and specific purpose the first month of the ensuing Sessions of of preparing a Petition, or Petitions to Parliament. Parliament, for their full participation of Resolved, That said Committee do conthe Rights of the Constitution; and that, sist of the Catholic Peers, and their eldest in so doing, they not only, in their opi- sons; the Catholic Baronets; the Prelates nion, do not violate, but act in strict cons of the Catholic Church in Ireland; and formity with its soundest principles. also of ten persons, to be appointed by
Resolved, That this Committee will the Catholics in each county in Ireland, never meet under pretence of preparing the survivors of the Delegates of 1793, to or presenting Petitions, but for the strict constitute an integral part of that numand sole purpose of preparing and causing ber; and also of five persons, to be apto be presented a Petition or Petitions. pointed by the Catholic inhabitants of
Resolved, that the right of Petitioning each parish in Dublin. secured by the Bill of Rights, is recog.
Resolved, That it be recommended to nized by ihe 4th and last clause of the such Committee to resort to all legal and Convention Act, in the words following:- constitutional means of maintaining a cor• Provided also, that nothing herein con- dial communication of sentiment and cotained shall be construed in any manner operation of conduct amongst the Catholics to prevent or impede the undoubted right of Ireland ; and, generally, of promoting of his Majesty's subjects of this realm to the favourable reception of our Petition. petition his Majesty, or both Houses, or Resolved, That the appointment of the either House of Parliament, for redress of said persons be made forthwith. any public or private grievance.'
Resolved, That, until the new CommitResolved, That the Resolutions of the tee shall be appointed, the management late aggregate Meeting of the Catholics of of Catholic affairs shall be confided to the Ireland, holden on the 9th of July, having Catholic Peers, Baronets, and survivors of appeared this day in an imperfect state in the Delegates of 1793. a Proclamation from Government, we feel
FINGALL, Chairman. it expedient to republish them, viz.
EDWARD HAY, Secretary. Resolved, That being impressed with an unalterable conviction of its being the
DENNYS SCULLY, Esq. in the Chair. undoubted right of every man to worship
Resolved, That the most cordial Thanks his Creator according to the genuine dic of the Committee are due, and are hereby tates of his own conscience, we deem it returned to the Earl of Fingall, for his our duty publicly and solemnly to declare manly, spirited, and dignified conduct in our decided opinion and principle, that no the Chair. Government can, with justice, inflict any pains, penalty, or privation, upon any IRELAND.-Account of the Arrest of the Coman for professing that form of Christian faith which he in his conscience believes.
tholic Delegates in Dublin, on the 9th of Resolved, That we, therefore, shall per.
August, 1911.- From the Dublin Evensevere in petitioning the Legislature for a
ing Post of the 10th of August, 1811. total and unqualified repeal of the Penal Early in the forenoon cf yesterday, Laws which aggrieve and degrade the Henry Edward Taaffe, Esq. partner in the Catholics of Ireland.
Bank of Lord Ffrench and Co. and Mr. Resolved, That in exercising this un- Kirwan, merchant, of Abbey-street, were doubted right of petitioning, we shall con arrested, under a warrant from Lord Chief tinue to adhere to the ancient principles Justice Downes, for acting as Delegates; of the Constitution, and to conform also to and Doctors Breen and Burke, and Mr. the peculiar restrictions which, by modern Scurlog, merchant, were also arrested, statutes, are imposed on the people of for acting as Electors of Delegates to the Ireland.
Catholic Committee. These Gentlemen Resolved, That a Committee of Catho having been brought in custody to the lics be therefore appointed, and requested house of Lord Chief Justice, in Merrion.
square, and Mr. Carmichael having attend- | ed there on the part of Mr. Kemmis, the Crown Solicitor, the Gentlemen so in custody required Mr. Carmichael to state to the Chief Justice, that they had been arrested without any previous information, that they were desirous of having an opportunity of advising with Council as to the conduct they should pursue; and that time should be granted them until this day for that purpose. Mr. Carmichael said he would communicate what was so desired to the Chief Justice, and having gone up stairs, returned in a few minutes with the Chief Justice's answer, which was, that he could not give such time. They then desired Mr. Carmichael to ask the Chief Justice if it was his intention to commit them to prison, in case they did not then procure bail. Mr. Carmichael having again retired, returned soon after, and mentioned that the Chief Justice had desired him to say, if bail was not given, he would then commit the persons in custody to prison. Bail was afterwards entered for 1,000l. and two sureties for 2001. each. Upon the bail being entered, Mr. Kirwan addressed the Crown Solicitor's Clerk, Mr. Carmichael, in the following words:-Sir, I would wish to have a copy of the information on oath, under which I have been arrested, and am now detained, as I understand the law entitles me to the same.-The Chief Justice replied-It is not usual to give it; you will take legal advice, and if you are entitled to it, the person you employ will obtain it in a legal way. Mr. Taaffe made a similar application, and received the same answer. We heard Mr. Taaffe declare, that he did not consider this extraordinary act of power so much a Catholic question, as a violation of the subject's right generally; and with this view he would defend himself by every means pointed out by the Law and the Constitution.-So far the proceedings of yesterday. Under another head we submit some observations on the subject, to which we would claim public attention. We shall here annex the Warrant of arrest.
COPY OF THE Warrant. By the Right Hon. William Downes, Lord Chief Justice of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench, in Ireland.
COUNTY OF THE CITY Whereas, it apOF DUBLIN, TO WIT. Spears to me, by information upon oath, that on the ninth day of July last, a number of persons as
sembled at Fishamble-street, in the county of the city of Dublin, did propose and resolve, that a Committee of persons, professing the Roman Catholic Religion, should be appointed to represent the Roman Catholics of Ireland, for the purpose, or under the pretence, of preparing Petitions to both Houses of Parliament, for the repeal of all laws in force in Ireland, particularly affecting the Roman Catholics of Ireland. And whereas, I have also received information on oath, that on the 31st day of the said month, divers other persons assembled in the Roman Catholic Chapel, in Liffey-street, in the county of the city of Dublin, for the purpose of appointing five persons to act in such Committee as aforesaid, as the Representatives therein of the parish in which said Chapel is situate, and that at said Meeting in Liffey-street, one Edward Sheridan was appointed one of the said Representatives, and that Thomas Kirwan, Gregory Scurlog, Henry Edmond Taaffe, and Doctor John Breen, were four of the persons so there assembled, and that they and each of them then and there acted in such appointment of the said Edward Sheridan, to be such Representative as aforesaid, against the form of the Statute in that case made and provided. These are, therefore, in his Majesty's name, strictly to charge and command you, to apprehend and bring before me, or some other of the Justices of his Majesty's said Court of King's Bench, the bodies of the said Thomas Kirwan, Gregory Scurlog, Henry Edmond Taaffe, and Doctor John Breen, that they be dealt with according to law, and for your so doing this shall be your sufficient warrant. Given under my hand and seal, the 8th day of August, 1811. WM. DOWNES.
Francis Hamilton, and all or any of the Constables of the suid county of the city of Dublin, and their Assistants.
TIPPERARY MEETING.-On Thursday, a numerous and respectable Meeting of the Catholics of the County of Tipperary took place in Clonmell. We have not room to detail the whole of the proceedings, and can only briefly state, that ten persons were appointed to the Catholic Committee, and a Vote of Thanks was unanimously passed to Counsellor Scully.-The Catholic Gentlemen received twenty distinct intimations from Magistrates, assuring
them of their dissent from the Proclama- | June, the enemy assembled at and in the tion. Mr. Prittie, Representative for the neighbourhood of Valladolid a consideraCounty, was present; and we understand ble body of troops. General Bonnet, Lord Lismore offered his support, should however, still remained in the neighbourit be thought necessary. hood of Leon and Benavente with the troops under his command; and I have received from General Silveira, a report of the defeat of the French in an attack made upon a Spanish detachment from the army in Gallicia, in front of Astorga, on
PORTUGAL AND SPAIN. THE WAR.-EX
tract of a Dispatch from Lord Viscount
Talavera. Dated, Quinta de St. Joao,
July 11, 1811.—(N. B. The foregoing Dispatch, in page 154, should be dated 4th July, and not 1st July.)
the 25th ultimo.-The Guerillas likewise continue their operations; and besides the alarm given to Valladolid on the 15th ultimo, Don Julian gave a similar alarm to Salamanca on the 29th ultimo; but a considerable party of Guerillas belonging to different Chiefs, which had taken a convoy at Penaranda, were afterwards surprised on the 30th of June, and dispersed, about 200 having been killed, wounded, and made prisoners.
FRANCE.Speech of COUNT SEGUR, Orator of the Council of State, to the Legislative Body, at the Close of the Session, July 25,
The enemy continued in the positions reported in my dispatch of the 4th instant, till the 7th, when they moved a large body of cavalry and about two battalions of infantry from Montigo towards the Xevora, and from thence upon Villa de Rey, Le Roca, and Albuquerque.-The object of this movement was apparently to cut off our detachments employed in observing the enemy on that side; in which, however, they did not succeed, Major Cocks having retired with all his detachments upon St. Vicente, still keeping communications open with Arronches and Portalegre. The enemy's troops retired from Albuquerque on the 8th, and Major Cocks again entered that town with his parties on the same day. The army of Portugal are again in the same position on the right of the Guadiana, which they occupied when I addressed your Lordship on the 4th instant.-General Blake made an attempt to obtain possession of Niebla on the night of the 30th of June, in which place the enemy had a garrison of about 300 infantry. I am sorry to say this attempt failed, and he remained before the place till the 2nd instant, and then retired towards the Guadiana.-On the 6th two divisions of infantry and the cavalry of the 5th army, under the Conde de Penne Villamur, were crossing the Guadiana, on a bridge constructed for them at St. Lucar by Colonel Austin. The artillery was embarked at Ayamonte, and General Ballasteros with the advanced guard remained upon the river St. Piedro. It appeared commences. Thus, the small number of to be General Blake's intention to embark his troops for Cadiz, but neither General Castanos nor I have heard from him since he marched from Juramenha on the 18th of June. In the north Marshal Bessieres had returned again to Valladolid from Benavente; and in the end of the month of
Gentlemen;-We have presented you this year with but few plans of laws. Now that the codes Napoleon, of commerce, &c. are organized throughout the empire, it is natural that the labours of the administration should augment, and that of the legislation diminish. The same activity which in so few years has revived France, founded the most powerful and vast empire, re-erected the altars, raised justice, endowed the communes, intersected France with roads and canals, levelled mountains, organized public institutions, and given France those wise laws which other nations envy, and are eager to adopt; the same activity, I say, must at present give motion to all these creations, advance all these establishments, and perfect the social edifice the bases of which are laid. [All the sources of riches and prosperity are opened; creation is finished; life
laws we now offer you, proves bow salutary and all-sufficient those are which already exist; but if this Session, Gentlemen, has not been marked by the adoption of important laws, it will not on that account be a less memorable epoch for you. (To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDU, Pall-Mali,
LONDON :-Printed by T: C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-Street.