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"s into it. Therefore, let them return on commend, to exercise that.power will be

any terms that are tolerable ; and, even running great risks as to the effect which it “ did it depend on the king, and he were is calculated to produce in the minds of “to grant solid privileges to his people, it the people of other countries, especially certainly would be better to govern freemen in the minds of the Spaniards, whose " than sluvcs. - This does great honour friendship it is now so important to us to 10 the heart as well as to the understand preserve. And, then, as I before pointed ing of Lord Keith, and points him out as a out, the expence will become enormous; man entitled to the respect of the nation. for, we must not only maintain a sea and

-If this sober, this wise counsel of Lord land force sufficient to make head against Keith, thiş counsel so worthy of a British the French, but also sufficient to watch Admiral, had been followed, how diferent any movements amongst the people of might the lot of the Court of Sicily have been Sicily themselves. That the people would at this day, and how different our situation have no reason to repent their change of with regard to that court ! -But, how rulers is probable ; but, in such cases, came the Reverend Mr. Clarke to insert

men are not always under the guidance of this letter of Lord Keith? Why, he dared reason; and, indeed, they seldom are, not leave it out; for, Lord Keith was the otherwise history would not inform us of superior officer on the station to Lord so many long and bloody wars about the Nelson. It was, in some measure, neces. right of succession. So that, in any case, sary to Lord Keith's character ; and, Mr. present appearances, with regard to Sicily,. Mc. Arthur, who was the associate of Mr. are, in a military and naval point of Clarke in the compilation of the life of Lord view, any thing but promising ; though, Nelson, was, I believe, the Secretary of Lord considered politically, they may, in the Keith, and has, I believe, ever since, been opinions of some men, be of a different intimately connected, or at least, ac- aspect. quainted, with his Lordship. I do not mention this in order to hint at any par

Militias' QUARRELING.-It appears tiality shown towards Lord Keith; for the from the Dublin news-papers, that two, insertion was called for by truth and jus- regiments of Militia, the Limerick and the tice; but, I mention it to shew, that, as Nottingham, quartered in the Barracks in: far as the Biographers were concerned, that city, have had a serious misunderother motives might, and in all likelihood, standing. It is stated, in these papers, had, their influence ; but, at any rate, it that there were 400 of the Irish who enis manifest, that they liad more scruple to countered 1500 of the English. Wounds run even the risk of barely touching by appear to have been given on boih sides, inference the reputation of Lord Keith, and, it is said, that soine lives were lost; than they had to make a complete and hut, that peace was at last restored; that direct sacrifice of the reputation of Cap. the Irislı were moved away from those. tain Foote; though, from the beginning to quarters, and that, since, perfect harmony, the end, be appears to bave acted the part has been shown between the corps, who of an intelligent and zcalous officer and have shaken hands, and given io each of a nan of humanity and honour, with other assurances of unalterable friendship. feelings always alive to the fair fame This is a matter of no small account ; of his country. -Reverting, for a mo- for, from such beginnings, the most imment, to the aliairs of Sicily at this time, it portant consequences have often ensued ;) is possible that facts may have been dis- and, it is the duty of every one, who has covered sufficient to warrant the suspicion an opportunity of addressing the public, of a design on the part of our allies, the to suggest any thing that appears to him. Court of Sicily, to throw themselves into likely to tend towards the averting of the arms of the French. This is possible, such consequences.

--The most effectual though no proof has been produced of it; step would certainly be, in my opinion, and, if this should prove to be the case, it, to undo what has been done as to ihe inwill then become a very delicate question, terchange of the Militias, leave the Irish in what we ought to do. Ii will form a point their country and keep the English at of more difficulty than any that has yet home. But, perhaps, it is useless to talk arisen. For, though we may have the of this now. . The interchange has taken power in our hands to compel what is sug- place; and it might be difficult to attempt gested in the above paragraph, and what to undo it all at once. One thing, Captain Pasley and our newspapers re- however, may always be done ; one.

thing is at all times in season; and that is not know that, and they are not, thereto CONCILIATE Ireland; an object of fore, to blame for mistaking the object of which I have never lost sight for one sin- their resentment. - The Courier newsgle moment of the last ten years of my paper seems now, however, to be alarmed life, being fully convinced, seeing as a little at the natural consequences of its plainly as I could see any thing, that un- own labours. It quoies, from, an Irish less Ireland was conciliated, England must paper, the Dublin Morning Post, of the always be in imminent danger. The 3rd of October, the following angry paraIrish are full of wit, eloquence, spirit, and graph upon the subject of ihe verdict of bravery, and they are hardy beyond al.justifiable homicide on the killing of the most any people in the world, but by Irish soldiers a little while ago at Thatcham. none of their other qualities are they so .Is there common justice for an Irishmuch distinguished as by their kindness mun, or when will ihe imbabjiants of and their readiness to forgive. Yet, they " England cease to insult their long-sufare hasty, impetuous, sanguine, rash, and " lering, though brave protectors? The (on the sudden) vengeful. ---It requires "day seeins to be far distant, for the inbut a very small portion of the knowledge “ solent inhabitants of England are a3 of human nature to know, that such a peo- ungrateful to the People of Ireland, as they ple must either be treated kindly or ac. " were cruel to the natives of Africa in tually keld dorun by sheer force. The latter," resisting the Abolition of the Slave in the present sia ion of the world, is “ Trade. The people of England are deimpossible; and, therefore, if we were 10 “ bauched by opulence; and, though the leave justice wholly out of sight, sound “ British name would seem to be preserved policy calls upon us to do all that lies in “ froin utter extinction by Irish valour, our power in the way of conciliation. “ their arrogance is equal to their corrupWhether our government has done all that “ tion! Yet that arrogance may be humit was able in this way; whether it has “ bled, if they should persist in thinking pursued, either lately or formerly, a sys- " that Irishmen are passire as Brilons, or tem of conciliation towards Ireland, to- " that forbearance is cowardice, or that wards that great, that powerful, that most " their indignant silence results from a vulnerable partof the kingdom, I must leave conviction of their inability to obtain the reader to judge; but, of the conduct of * justice even by the tedious forms of the hireling's newspapers, in this respect, I Law ? No, no; the Irish seem at cannot forbear to speak in terms becom- " ibis awful moment to be destined by ing the nature of that conduct. -- These “ Providence to sustain the glorious chaprints, in both countries, have loaded the "racter of being the arbiters of the fute,' İrish Catholics with the foulest abuse that " of Europe! The People of Ireland cry ever blackened paper. They have called • aloud for justice on the slayers of the their leaders, and all those who have re. brave man, who voluntarily left his native cently appeared conspicuous in forward-land to protect that country, where he ing the intended petition, by every name “ was so basely slaughtered. The People descriptive of bad men, bad citizens, and “ of Ireland feel the greatest indignation bad subjects. They have accused them of " against those unfeeling Englishmen, who acting under falsely alledged motives ; solemnly on their oaths-at a public they have'accused them of a design to “ inquest--in the face of the world, destir up the people to a resistance of the “ clared that a wanton murder (as it aftergovernment and the law; they have ac- “ wards appeared to be) was a justifiable cused them of a desire to separate Ireland

Brutal-infatuated men, do you from England; and, in short, they have “ seek to irritate Ireland, or do you not branded them as traitors. This has been dreud the consequences of injustice ? How done in the Courier news-paper over and “ stands the faci according to your own over again.--To accuse the Catholics in " Newspapers ? — That corrupt portion of this way is to accuse Ireland; for, Ireland

your public Journals in the pay of the Treais, at least, three-fourths Catholic. And, yet sury.' Your Newspapers that flutter your these malignant writers seem surprized, corrupt vanity to the destruction of the Brithat ihe Irish should be irritated against “ tish name ! Your Newspapers that vilify England. It may be unjust, and it cer. '« Treland, because you are prejudiced and tainly is unjust, to suppose that these bire. " ungrateful! Your Newspapers that palling prints speak the voice of the people of " liute those abominable crimes evhich cannot England; but, the people of Ireland can. " in decency be named! Your Newspapers

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“ found your guilt too flagrant to be de. I have done all that was in your power to “nied, and you have thus proved your produce deep and implacable animosity in

criminality. Be unjust, and suffer man. ihe breasts of the Irish! The writer whose slaughter to escape if you dare! By your violence" you censure, accuses you ; he

statements, which you cannot accuses the hireling news-papers of England. "deny, you are condemned already.” Why do you not answer him upon that point? -This is indeed strong and violent Why do you not attempt to defend yourlanguage. It certainly is not justifiable self? An exclamation of “ Good God!" as applied to the people of England. But, is no defence; and, unless you can offer who have we to thank for it but those venal | something better, you may as well keep prints, which have so outrageously calum- your piety for the use of your closel.niated the people of Ireland, and which You complain about “ squabbling about have never besitated to brand with the places and disputing about dogmas;" but, name of traitor every Irishman who dared whose fault is that? Do you remember to utter a complaint, in however mild a way La Fontaine's Sister June, the aged Nun, it was done? Such abuse, such contemp who, having been gay in her youth, extuous treatment would move stocks and horted the young girls when they came to stones to resentment; and, of all the peo- the grate, to shun the blandishments of ple in the world, the Irish are the farthest men, and who received for answer, that, from stocks and stones.- -The Courier when they had done as she had done, has now discovered, that there is a point they would do as she did ? Oh! Sir, there beyond which it may be dangerous to is nothing so easy as for those who are in goad the Irish people with abuse; and, place to exhort those who are out of place therefore, in copying the above para- not, for God's sake, to squabble about graph, on the sth instant, it assumes a places.” The same may be said about softened tone, and (Oh! admirable !) be- doymas, by those who object to the grantcomes the preacher of mutuul forbearunce ! ing of any thing that is asked by others as After having complained of the violence of lo religious toleration. — But have the the above quoted paragraph, it proceeds news papers ceased to calumniate the Irish thus : “ These comments would inculcate Catholics ? No: they assault i hem with as "a belief that there is no community of in. much bitterness as ever, as will be seen by trests between the two countries: that Eng. a paragraph quoted from a Dublin News“ lish interests are not Irish interests, and paper in this same nuinber of the Cou. " that it were possible for Ireland to be rier. -" To the confusion of the Fuc.

prosperous and free for a day, a moment, tion, we rejoice in stating, that the late “ without being connected with England.

“ differences between the Limerick and “Let this delusion pass away-Good God!“ Nottingham Regiments of Militia, have “ that while the sword and sceptre of Eu- “ been happily accommodated. These

rope are in one hand against us, that we Regiments met yesterday morning in “ should not be united! that we should still Stephen's:green, and delighted every “ be squabbling about places, and disputing honest mind by their cordial reconcilia “ about dogmas.

The instinct of brutes « tion. During this gratifying scene, the " unites them in a common danger. The “ Bands of each Regiment played the “reason of man seems to render bim an “ National Tunes of the other. This is as “ easier prey-Let us put an end to this o it should be; henceforth their weapons “ system of crasperation and recrimination.“ will be drawn only against the common Aye, put an end to them by all means; “ Enemy; and the Faction, who so brutally but, how? Why by you and your like erul:ed in their dissention, have now to Ceasing to accuse the Irish petitioners with mourn their re-union. May such tears be treusonable designs; by your ceasing to “ ever shed by the eternal adversaries of abuse the Irish people, and to speak of

Ireland, the AGENTS OF HER EXthem as men to be kept in awe by the

“TERNAL FOE!" -Thus even the sword. If the people of Ireland are reconciliation of the Soldiers of the two taught to believe, that there is no commu. courtries who had unfortunately disagreed, nity of interests between the two coun. must be seized on by the implacable matries, whose fault is it but yours and those lignity of these men as a suitable occasion who act and think like you? Ah! you for calumniating their political opponents may exclaim “ Good God !” but, if we and for representing them as traitors. If are dis-united at this perilous season, who is any thing disastrous happens, they are to be blamed but you and your like, who accused of rejoicing at it, and if any

ching fortunate, they are accused of mourn- it always has been, my conviction, that ing over it; and, in both cases, they are nothing will put an end to those evils, but marked out as worthy of being treated putting the Catholics upon the same footing with all possible severity. This is the with the members of the Church of Scotland. way to conciliate is it? And, observe, too, The measure which has been so much that these writers have no hesitation in in'agitation would do something; and I proclaiming to all the world, and, of should say “so far so good ;” but I will not course, to our ever-watchful enemy, that lend my hand to deceive the public. I do there is, in Ireland, a party who are consi- not think that that measure would do imich, dered as his “ agents.” They have no hesi- and every one whom I know, conversant in tation in doing this, and yet they have the Irish affairs, thinks the same. I have be. cool insolence to express their sorrow at fore, upon various occasions, shown, ibat the existence of disunion! This cool inso- to do, what I propose, would be attended lence is even better calculated to foment with little cost, and with no injury at all animosity than their outrageous abuse ; to the established Church ; but, suppose and, in short, the abused and insulied it were to weaken the established Church, party, must be far too low to merit the and suppose that to be an evil, that cvil name of men, if they did not show their is to be set against the evil of continuing sesentment against their calumniators. the dissentions in Ireland, which render It was the government who adopted the that part of the kingdom so vulnerable measure of an interchange of Militias ; if at a time when it is impossible to say what any evils have arisen, or shall arise, out of hour it may be attacked by a powerful fo. it,' the fault, if any, lies with the govern- reign enemy. I may be deceived; my ment. The least, therefore, that justice remedy might bë insufficient for the purdemands is to forbear to impute the blame, pose; hat, no man will, I think, deny that or any part of it, to those who are looked

something ought to be attempted to put an upon as opponents of the government, and end to those dissentions, the existence of who had no hand in the adoption of the which is notorious, and the consequences measure. Yet do the venal prints conti- of which may be so falai. -But, at any nually throw out insinuations, upon this rate, it would cost nothing for the venal score, againt the political opponents of the writers to abstain from an abuse of the government; against the “ factious," that Irish Catholics, which, I repeat, compose is to say, in their sense of the word, against three fourths of the people of Ireland'; it every man, who dares to utter a complaint would cost the nation nothing for them to abupon any subject connected with politics, stain from the indulgence of their malignity and especially if he goes so far as to call for in that way; it would cost' nothing for a redress of any griepunce, however modest them to cease to speak, upon all occasions, and humble may be his language and his so contemptuously as they do of the claims mode of proceeding.Thus treated how and the character of the Irish Catholics; is it possible for men of any spirit not to be- it would cost nothing for them to refrain come desperate; and, from desperate men from exulting at every measure, hostile in what are ive to expect but desperate deeds? its operation to that numerous class of Infinite is the mischief which these prints people; it would cost nothing for them to have done. They find themselves beaten cease, in short, to represent the Catholic at argument, and then they fall to abuse. body as fools and their leaders as traitors. Those whom they thus answer feel as they This would cost nothing, at any rate ; but, naturally must feel; and thus is animosity, I must confess, that it is more than I can, the animosity inspired by injustice, which after long observation of their conduct, is the most lasting of all, kept constantly hope to see. All the fact and argument is alive in bosoms where it seldom long re- against them; they have nothing left but mains inactive, and when it discovers to give up the contestor resort to calumny; itself either in words or acts, the same and, in such cases, I have seen them uniformmen who have occasioned it are the ly adopt the latter course. They charge first to recommend the severest punish the Catholics with having other views than ments of those words or acts. And, after those which they profess. What can be all this they have the astonishing effrontry more unjust and more irritating than this? coolly to express their lamentations over There is no such thing as answering such that want of union which is found to an accusation, and there is no such thing prevail !-As to the remedy for all the as hearing it with patience. The party.thus evils which belong to Ireland, it is, as accused must necessarily be filled with re

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sentment; and, is it any wonder if they port of reform, that very reform, to which really do, even on the ground of this accu. stood pledged these very Whigs, by declasation, conceive projects which they did rations the inost solemn. I have now lydid not hefore entertain ? To make a ing before me their Declaration to the Peowoman faithless the ready and infallible ple of England, issued in 1791, signed by way is to shew that you suspect ber; and, twenty-seven Members of Parliament, to make a man aiin at accomplishing any amongst whom were Charles Grey, Lord thing hostile to the governinent, what is, Lauderdale, Lord Kinnaird, William H. 80 likely as a faise accusation of his in- Lambion, George Tierney, Arthur Pigott, tending so to do? But, all these arguments, William Baker, Samuel Whitbread, Dudand ten milion more, if I could add them, ley North, Thomas Erskine, Lord John would. I am afraid, have no weight with Russell, T. C. Curwen, R. B. Sheridan, the conductors of a venal press.

William Smith, Ralph Milbank, Henry

Howard, Richard S. Milnes, H. Haworth, Essex ELECTION. -The state of par- W. Powlett Powlett. These gentlemen ties in this country is worthy of particular and their associates declared their objects attention. For many elections past, the to be," ]. To restore the freedom of election two settled, regularıy drilled parties, have " and a more equal representation of the divided the county between them, as they “people in Parliament. 2. To secure to used to divide the city of Westminster, “ihe people a more frequent exercise of till the people there were resolved no “their right of electing their representalonger to be the tools of party.


stives." These were the objects which Wags (as they still call themselves) used the Whigs professed to leave in view; and to put in one member, and the Pirites the these are the objects that Mr. Burgoyne bas other, There was no disposition in either in view. He tells the county of Essex: “I -pariy to have a contested election. The “ do not want to be elected myself ; I am thing was a matter of amicable condention, “ pot anxious that you should vote for me ; and was settled by the respective leaders " but I am anxious that you shonid vole over a bottle at some inn, or at some coun" for these objects; and, if no onc amongst try house.--Thus the people of the coun- those who have prosessed to have them ty, the freeholders at large, had no more lo in view, will now distinctly pledye bin. do in choosing the members of the county, “self to pursue them, I will, and I will than the people of any rotten borough have “ siand forward as a candidate, and give in choosing the members for the said rotten you an opportucity of approving of sucb borough.--To put an end to this, and,“ a pledge. Nothing can be more fair at the same time, to give the freeholders or niore consistent. The way is clearly of E-sex an opportunity of making a stand open for any Whig candidate, who will for Parliumentary Reform, Mr. BURGOYNE | act upon the principles, which his party declared hims. If a candidate upon that have so long professed to the people; ground. This was throwing open the coun- but, if no one will do that, and if any one ty; it was putting an end to the snug of them becomes a candidate without giv, thing that had been going on for so many ing the pledge, Mr. Burgoyne will oppose years, it was what the Whigs in particular him..Thus, then, stands the case with complain d of as dis urbing the peace of the the Whigs: they must, in Essex, give the coun'y. Oh! impudent assertion! To pledge for Reform; or, they must see Mr. give the freeholders an opportunity of Burynyne beat them ; or, they must be conexercising their elective rights was to dis- tent to let the Piutites put in both the Menturb the peace of the county! But, why bers. They are unable to carry a Memdid the Whigs dislike it most? For a very ber without the aid of the Reformers. Mr. good reason Mr. Burgoyne stood, and Burgoyne divides their numbers and takes yet means to stand it seems, upon the the better balf from them. If such division very p.inciples that the Whigs had al. takes place, the Pittites will put forward troo ways professed; and, he had the candour of their own candidates; and, it is very to le lihtm, that, if any one of them would probable, may carry them both. The pledge hin self to endeurour to obtain a pur- question is, then; will the Whigs give the liamentary reform, he, Mr. Burgoyne, would pledye? I think they will not; for, from resign bis owu pretensions, and join in their conduct of late years, it is clear, that supporting that mun. Nothing could be they prefer the success of the Pittites; more fair and public-spirited than this. that they prefer being beaten by their He asked for nothing more than the sup- rivals in all sorts of ways; that, in short,

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