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order that these Presents under our Seal prisoners. My light cavalry, after the be directed to all Courts, Tribunals, and action, pursued the enemy beyond PaAuthorities, that they may be transcribed lairos, where he took up a position at the in their Registers, that they themselves, same time that General Dumoustier enand all others in the Kingdom, may ob- tered Baneza, Roguet, Cebrones, and Bone seeve and obey the same. The Minister net established bimself in front of Orbigo. of Justice is to promulgate this law."- I arrived at Baneza, where I learned that 35. The Decrees of Courts of Justice are General Abadia intended to collect his in the following form :-—" By the Grace army under Astorga, and wait for me. I of God, and the Constitutional Law of the gave orders in consequence to all my State, do declare greeting. (Then follows troops to proceed thither.-On the 26th, the Decree.) We command and order all my advauced guard arrived there at seven Officers to put in execution the said judg- a. m. and the divisions of the army at eight. ment, to all our Law Agents to sign their The enemy, after having evacuated the name to it, and to all Military Com. place in the night, continued his retreat, manders to einploy their force, if re. taking the road of Galicia. I then ordered quired, to secure obedience to the same.- General Bonnet to pursue him with two In witness whereof,” &c.
brigades of infantry and 600 horse beyond ['To be signed by the President and Villafranca, keeping the two roads that Chief Secretary.)
lead from Astorga to that town. Roguet The above Constitutional Law of the took up a position in front of Astorga, Realm is dated from Cape Henry, in the and during Bonnet's march pushed forsih year of Independence, 181, and is ward strong parties to watch the designed by all the Public Authorities com- bouchés of Asturias.-Dumoustier had orposing the Council of State.
ders to be ready to act as occasion re
quired.-General Bonnet established bimFRENCH ARMY IN SPAIN.
self the same day in front of Ravanal. ARMY OF THE North.
On the 27th, he came up with the enemy, Report of the Count D’Orsenne, General-in. 5,000 strong, on the heights of. Reigo de
Chief of the Army of the North, to the Ambroso, and in spite of a heavy firing Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram.- the bayonet. General Abadia, who be
carried this strong position at the point of Camp of Astorga, Aug. 28. (Concluded from page 416.)
held the defcat of his troops, retired hasBonnet's, Dumoustier's, and Roguet's di- the 28th, early in the morning, we entered
tily by the mountains of Orensee. On visions received orders to pass the Elsa on Villafranca. We found there, and at the 25th, at four in the morning, and to Ponferrada, 2,500 muskets, 400 uniforms, proceed, the first by the Leon road to
15,000 pounds of rice, and 120,000 cartAstorga on Puente d'Orbigo--the second ridges—The enemy lost 300 killed and from Valencia de Don Juan on Baneza wounded, and 200 prisoners.-We had no -the 3d by Benavente lo the same
one killed-General Corsen, Col. Bartel, point, and the reserve, at the head of which and two chasseurs were wounded. - All I was, marched from Valderas, to proceed the reports confirm the entire dispersion of to Cebrones, passing by Villaquesjida. the army of Galicia, and the impossibility -The different movements were execut- of its resuming the offensive for a long ed with much unity. General Abadia, who time, which fulfils completely the object had been informed but a few hours before, I had in view. I am, &c. had only time to evacuate his position, re
Count D'ORSENNE. tiring upon Astorga. Disturbed by the unexpected march of our troops, be re
To the Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram. treated with the greatest precipitation.
Camp of Astorga, Aug. 30. His advanced guard, which was on the The information I receive from all height of St. Martin, shewed a determina-parts, confirms more and more the total tion to defend itself. I ordered the Horse dissolution and dispersion in the mountains Chasseurs, and light Chasseurs of the of the different corps of this army. The Guard to drive them away. Some squa- greatest privations oblige the soldiers to redrons of Galician Hussars maintained turn home,hencethese asseniblages wbich themselves obstinately, but they were for a moment threatened the tranquillity of charged by our brave men, who killed or this province, are dispersed like a cloud. wounded some sixty, and made several
AIMY OF PORTUGAL.
But no law has yet been laid down
either with regard to Frenchnen natural« Five divisions of the English army ised in foreign countries, with or without have passed the Tagus, and directed their our authority, or with regard to such as march to the Coa; two divisions remain on may have already entered, or choose to the left bank of the Tagus. This move. enter. in future, into the service of a foment, at this season, is very fatal to the reign Power. English. It increases discases which And as it is not our wish to confound have fatigued them much for some time. those of our subjects who are induced from The heat, wbich is very great this year, legitimate motives to naturalise themselves is more prejudicial to the English, who abroad, with those whose conduct will asare little used to it, than any other nation! sume the character of felony, we have Our army is in good cantonments, and resolved, by these presents, to complete is recovering from its fatigues. It has and make known this important branch of rereived a great quantity of horses to re- legislation, mount its artillery entirely.
For these reasons, on the report
Grand Judge, Minister of Justice, and our
Council of State, being heard, General Rognet, Commandant at St. We have decreed and ordered, and do Andero, suffered bimself to be surprised decree and order, as follows: on the 14th August. An hour before day- Title l.- Of Frenchmen nuturalised abroad break, a coluinn of soo insurgents marched upon the city, after having travelled all
with our permission. nighi, carefully avoiding the different Art I. No Frenchman can be naturalposts of the provinces ; it thus arrived at ised abroad, without our authority. the skirts of the town, whilst a second co- 2. Our permission shall be granted by lumn of 1,800 men proceeded against the letters-patent, drawn up by our Grand important post of Torre Lovega. The Judge, signed with our hand, countersigned guard before the Hospital of St. Andero by our Secretary of State, inspected by our was the first attacked, and tought with Cousin the Prince Arch-Chancellor, incourage; the day having dawned, the serted in the Bulletin of Laws, and reenemy was attacked in his turn, beat, and gistered in the Imperial Court of the last pursued; upwards of 300 men remained place of domicile of the person to whom on the field, the rest were driven beyond they relate. the mountains of Presillas, where more 3. Frenchmen thus naturalised abroad were killed.—The column which attacked shall enjoy the right of possessing, of Torre Lovega was not more fortunate; the transmitiing, and of succeeding to progarrison defended itself bravely, and more perty, even when the subjects of the than half the insurgents were killed. countries where they shall be naturalised
do not enjoy those rights in France.
4. The children of a Frenchman born FRANCE. Decree relatite to the Natural ization of Frenchmen. Triunon, 26 Aug. aliens.
in the country where he is naturalised, are 1811.
5. Frenchmen naturalised abroad even Napoleon, by the grace of God, and the with our permission, can at no time carry Constitutions, Emperor of the French, &c. arms against France, under pain of being to all present and to come, greeting: indicted in our Courts, and condeinned to
Different questions having been submitted the punishments enacted in the Penal to us with regard to the condition of Code, Book 3d, cap. 75. Frenchmen established in foreign coun- Title II.--Of Frenchmen naturalised abroad tries, we have thought it right to make
without our permission. known our intentions on that subject.
By our decree of the oth of April, 1809, 6. Every Frenchman naturalised abroad we have already pronounced with regard without our permission, shall incur the to such Frenchmen as have borne arms loss of his property, which shall be confisagainst their country; and those who, re- cated; he shall no longer enjoy the right siding with a Power with whom we go to of succession, and all the succession fallwar, do not quit its territory; or who, ing in to him shall pass to the next heir, being summoned by us, do not obey that provided he is domiciliated in France. order.
By the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, it is provided, that by a process instituted in 18. They may nevertheless wear the ihe Courts of Justice, such persons shall decorations of foreign orders, when they lose their titles if they have any, together shall have received them with our cons ni. with the property attached to them, which 19. They may not enter France but shall devolve to the nearest heir, being with our special permission. French, the rights of the wife being se- 20. Frenchmen in the service of a focured, which shall be regulated as in the reign power can never be accredited as case of widowhood.
Ambassadors, Ministers, or Envoys at our 11. Those who are naturalised abroad Court, nor received as charged with any without permission, and against whom the kind of mission that would render it neabove process has taken place, if found in cessary for them to appear before us in the territory of the Empire, shall, for the their foreign costume. first time, be arrested and conducted hea 21. Frenchmen entering the service of yond the frontiers; if they return, they a Foreign Power, without our permission, shall be condemned to a period of impri- and remaining in it after war is declared sonment not less than a year, nor more between France and that Power, shall be than 10 years.
considered as having borne arms against
us, from the circumstance alone of their TITLE III.- Of Individuals already natura
having continued to form part of a military lised abroad.
corps destined to act against the French 12. Individuals naturalised abroad at empire or its allies. the period of the publication of this de- 22. Our Ministers are charged, each in cree, may, within a year, if on the Con- his own department, with the execution Linent of Europe; within three years, if of the present degree.--(Signed) beyond that Continent; within five years, By the Emperor, NAPOLEON. if beyond the Cape of Good Hope and in
Count Daru, Secretary of State. the Indies, obtain our confirmation accor, ding to the forms prescribed in the present Spain.--Ilend Quarters at Valladolid. Decree.
Ordinance. Title IV.- Of Frenchmen in the service of of Istria, Colonel General of the Imperial
We the Marshal of the Empire, Duke a Foreign Power.
Guards, General in Chief of the Army of 13. No Frenchman can enter the ser- the North of Spain; vice of a foreign power without our spe. Considering that the measures of cle. cial permission, and excejt under condi- mency by which we had flattered ourtion of returning, should we recal him selves that the people would be brought either by a general proclamation or a din back to submission, and thus avoid the rect order.
evils produced by a more protracted re14. Those of our subjects who shall sistance, have had no other effect but to have obtained this permission, cannot take increase the audacity of the insurgents the oaths to the power which they serve, and their partisans: without a proviso of never bearing arms Considering that measures of rigour against France, and of quitting the service, must be so much the more severe the even without being recalled, should that longer they are deferred, and that we power happen to go to war with us. have not adopted them untill we have
15. The permission of entering the ser- been convinced that they are the sole vice of a foreign Power shall be granted means of maintaining the tranquillity of by letters patent, according to the forms the country : presented in Act 2d.
Upon the report of the Intendant Ge. 16. 'They cannot act as ministers pleni. neral, we have ordered and do order as potentiary in any treaty where our inte-follows: rests come into discussion.
Art. 1. There shall be formed by the 17. They must not wear a foreign cock. municipalities in the towns, and by the ade in countries in subjection to us, nor magistrates in the villages, a list of all the there appear in a foreign uniform; they individuals who have quitied their hom-s, shall be authorised to wear the national and who do not reside in plares occupied colours when in the Empire.
by French tronps.
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :-Sold a su by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall,
LONDON :- Printed by T. C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-streer.
VOL. XX. No. 16.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1811.
" Captain Harris of the Iris, just arrired at Liverpool, has DEPOSED, that, on the 30th, when he
on, Telegraphic message had been received of the defeat of the French, afte two days " hard fighting, with the loss of 20,000 in killed and wounded."- -COURIER News-paper, 14th Oct. 1811. 481)
[482 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
the border of Spain and Portugal and near
the city of Rodrigo.—These fabricators, Talavera's WARS.-Long as the peo of falshoods had, for more than a month beple of this country have been accustomed fore, been telling the people of England, that io be abused with falsehoods as to these our Commander had safely blockaded Rowars; manifold as these falsehoods have drigo. At one time they said he had laid been and gross and impudent as they have siege to it; and, at another time, they acbeen in their manner and extent; still, I tually asserted, that he had taken it. Then think, that the last ten days have, in this again be had left it in his rear, and was respect, surpassed all former periods. A upon high march towards Salamanca. liule while ago there were published, in But, the very least they taught us to exthe Moniteur, two articles upon the sub- pect was, a blockade of Rodrigo, which set ject of the Impostor Paper, which had been the enemy at defiance, and which it was, circulated through our venal primis, under in short, impossible for him to raise.pretence of its having been copied from At the same time, we were told, that our an American newspaper, and upon the Commander was daily receiving great reletters between Napoleon and his brother inforcements from the sea-ports; that his Joseph, pretended to have been intercepted army amounted to 47,000 British troops, in Spain. In these articles the Moniteur and that the Portuguese part of the army goes into a description of the ways in (equal, it was said, in quality 10 our own) which the people of England are cheated amounted to upwards of 30,000 regulars, and kept in ignorance by means of a ser making an army of 77,000 exclusive of vile press; and, its observations were so the large bodies of militia, which were cutting, because so true, that one might under arms in all parts of Portugal. And, have hoped, that, for the future, shame to this was added, that the Spaniards had would have had some power in restraining recently gained such advantages over the fabricating fingers of these venal men. the French, that the latter, harrassed One might have hoped, that, when they in all quarters, beset with enemies saw proofs of the contempt, which, from from every hill, hedge, ditch, and brake, ail foreign nations, they were, by and wasted exceedingly by sickness, were their miserable forgeries, daily bring. not in a state to force their way into Roding upon themselves and their country, rigo; and that, therefore, in a short time, they would have desisted from the dis- without any loss of lives, that important graceful practice. Bat, nothing of this city and fortress must fall into our hands. sort has any effect upon them. They seem -Having thus prepared the public to wholly insensible to shame; and they still expect the fall of this place sooner or later affect to laugh at the hood-winked state of during the campaiga; having made such the people of France, while they themselves a representation as, if believed, must neare continually labouring to hoodwink and cessarily lead the public to rely upon the cheat the people of England, and while capture of one of the most important fortheir publications are the scorn and con- tresses in the Peninsula, and having, intempt, and they themselves know that deed, so represented the state of the hosthey are the scorn and contempt, of all lile armies, that every one who credited Europe and all America. This much I the representation must have been in daily could not refrain from saying by way of hopes of hearing of some great achievepreface to the analysis that I am about to ment, and, if a battle did take place, must endeavour to give of the falshoods which have made sure of decisive victory; have have appeared in these prints, during the ing thus stuffed the heads of the “ most last ten days, upon the subject of the mili-thinking people of all Europe,” in a pretary operations of the hostile armies on paratory way, there remained nothing but
to come to the account of the promised " " a passenger, has favoured us with the and expected victories, and, in doing this, "" following grateful information, which 'very little time was lost. On the 10th "" was communicated to him by Colonel instant, the important news was announced ““ Fagan, on the authority of Colonel to the public, through the channel of the “ “ Trant, governor of the place. On the news-papers, but especially the COURIER,“ « 25th ult. six leagues from Ciudad Rod. in the following words:-" Intelligence « rigo, Lord Wellington defeated the " of the highest importance, has been brought ““ French army under Marmont and kill“ 10 Liverpool by a vessel from Oporto. “ed and took prisoners 20,000 men.” “ The following is the account from Li. This was accompanied with a column and “ verpool: “« Liverpool, October 8. The a half of observations in the Courier, tho 16,49 Briton, Ward, is arrived at Hoylake jet of which was, that the news was likely ““ from Oporto, sailed from thence the to be true. Every thing was here said that ““ 2d instant; reports that an account the writer could think of calculated to "" was received there just as they sailed, make the public believe the news to be "" that a general engagement had taken true. He went into reasoning to show
place on the 25th or 26th September, that, if the French advanced for the re« « between the British army under Lord lief of Rodrigo, it was not only reasonable
in 1 to “ " which ihe latter were defeated with but, that it would be his duty to fight them ““ great loss, and was driven six leagues in opposition to such an enterprize. This " " beyond Ciudad Rodrigo."-In addi- was acting a friendly part towards him with " tion to the above letter we have received a vengeance! The' passage I allude to “the following from the respectable Pro- was in these words :- Taking all these “ prietor of the Liverpool Advertiser : “circumstances into our consideration;
Liverpool, October 8. Sır, The brighearing, from previous accounts, that **:“ Briton, Captain Ward, has just arriv- “ Marmont was on the advance, and a
“ ed here, in five days from Oporto, convoy coming from Salamanca; hap““ bringing a Mr. James Welsh, of this " ing no reason to believe that Lord Welling?"“ town, passenger, who gives the fol. “ lon had INVESTED Ciudad Rodrigo
lowing account, which he received “ MERELY. TO RETIRE THE MO"" from Colonel Fagan, who obtained it “ MENT MARMONT ADVANCED; 54 « from Colonel Trant, Governor of that “ an advance which it was of NO USE "" place: Lord Wellington has had a bat
“ TO PRODUCE IF WE DID NOT «« tle with the French, and has killed and “ FIGHT HIM; finding from reports at «« taken prisoners 20,000 of the enemy. “ Lisbon that a battle was expected; and “ “ The battle was fought five days before “ last of all receiving from Oporto an ac. « « about' six leagues from Ciudad Rod- “ count that a battle had been fought, and
rigo. Captain Ward further says that “that accounts brought by the Captain " " the account came to Oporto on Thurs." of a British vessel, and by a passenger
day morning last, just before he sailed, " in that vessel, an inhabitant of Liver"" and was fully believed by the inha- " pool, who SOLEMNLY DECLARES, «« « bitants there, who were rejoicing on the
« that he had it FROM A BRITISH "" occasion. I think the account will “ OFFICER, WHOSE VERACITY IT ““ prove true, though possibly not to “ WERE IMPOSSIBLE TO QUES. «« ihe extent. I am, Gentlemen, yours, TION; taking all these circumstances " " &c. THOMAS,,Billinge." ". -This "into consideration, we have no doubt that was the first publication upon the subject." the intelligence is correct. The statement The Courier adds a paragraph of its own, “ of the enemy's loss may
be exaggerat in which the truth of the news is insisted "ed; the account may not be correct to upon. Truh! why, after such solemnity” the extent, but that a battle bas been of statement, who, that did not know these fought, and our arms been successful, people, could have wanted any thing in " we repeat, we have no doubt.” This confirmation of what had been said in was not only inculcating a belief in the On the next day, the 11th instant, the news; but, in his eagerness to inculcate former accounts were backed up by the such belief, the writer reasons in a way following: - Liverpool, October 9, completely to commit, as far as he is able, “ “ DEFEAT OF MARMONT.- - The the reputation of the General, wbose "" Briton, Ward, arrived here yesterday praises it is his main object to sing forth "." from Oporto in six days, Mr. Welsh, in the promulgation of this news. -On