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of God, and David, in a very lofty and figurative Style, which therefore cannot be meant in a literal sense : But the brief and plain design of these Verses is to express the sence that David had of God's being the Author of all his Success and Victories, which he did as fincerely believe, as if he had seen the Divine Majesty interposing and manifesting itself, as formerly it did at Mount Sinai, when the Law was given, Exod. xix. 18, doc. from whence the Psalmist seems chiefly to have taken this Description. There, as well as here, is mention of an Earthquake, Smoke, Fire, Thunder, Lightning, &c. and such Descriptions are not unusual in Holy Scripture. See Psal. xcvii.
8 *Coals in this place 8 There went a * smoke out deno:e God's Judg: in his presence: and a consuments; as likewise Hab. iii.5. Ez.x. 2. * Smoke ming * fire out of his mouth, so and Fire denote the ve- that* coals were kindled at it. hemence of the Divine 9 Hebowed the heavens also Wrath. Dr. Ham. and
and came down : and it was some others, by the • Coals understand Thun
dark under his feet. derbolts. 10 *Cherubims or An
19 He rode upon the * Chegels are called God's Chariots , 1 Chr. xxviii
. rubims, and did fly: He came 18. Pfal. Ixviii. 18. im- flying upon the wings of the plying that God is in an wind. especial manner present among the Angels, and in all things uses their Service and Ministry.
11 The * darkness here 11 He made * darkness his said to surround the
secret place: his* pavilion round place of his Majestatic Presence, his Royal about him with dark water, and Tent, or * Pavilion, lig- thick clouds to cover him. nifies the Invisibleness of his Nature, the unsearchableness of his Counsels, and terribleness of his displeasure. 12 But the secret
12 [At the brightness of his Vigour and Brightness of his Presence, foon presence his clouds removed : made the Clouds to *hail-Itones, and coals of fire.] move and be dissolved, 13 The Lord also thundred from which Hail-ftones
out of heaven, and the Highest and Coals of Fire immediately dropt for the gave his thunder : * hail-stones destruction of his Ene- and coals of fire. mies.
He sent out his arrows, Hailstones and Coals and' scattered them : he cast of Fire falling down in Thowers from Heavert
; forth lightnings, and destroyed were the Instruments them.
whereby God executed his Wrath on the Sodomites, Gen. xix. and on the five Kings, Jof. x. II. and hence, probably, by these two, God's Judgments of all sorts, how contrary foever they may be to one another, are represented not only here, but Zach. xii. 6. Rev. xvi. 21.
It may be observed, that to make the sense entire it may be proper in your Mind, to supply some word after the mention of Hail-ftones and Coals of Fire, viz, fell down, were dispersed, scate tered, or the like.
15 The * springs of waters 15 * Springs of Wawere seen, and the foundations ters were seen ;] Earthof the round world were dif- quakes do frequently
open great Spouts and covered at thy chiding, O Lord: Streams of Warer at the blasting of the breath of where none appeared
before. And as the thy displeasure.
Psalmist began che eragical Description of God's punishing his Enemies with an Earthquake, fo he ends it with the effect of the Earthquake, viz. the cleaving of the Ground to such a degree, as if not only great streams of Water gushed out, but that it had been rent and corn to the very center, which is in a Poerick sense called its Basis or Foundation.
16 He shall send down from on high to fetch me: and shall take me out of many waters.
17 He shall deliver me from my strongest enemy, and from them which hate me: for they are too mighty for me,
17 [They prevented me) in 18 [They were too the day of my trouble: but the quick for me.] See Lord was my upholder.
Vocabulary. 19. [He brought me forth
19 (He ser me free also into a place of liberty]: from all my Straits he brought me forth, even be
and Difficulties, and cause he had a favour unto me.
made my Condicion
prosperous. ] 20 The Lord shall reward me after my righteous dealing: according to the cleanness of my [hands] shall he recom 20 (Actions. ] pense me.
21 Because I have kept the ways of the Lord : and have not forsaken my God, as the wicked doth.
22 For I have an eye unto all his laws: and will not cast out his commandments from
23 (Avoided the Sin
23 I was also uncorrupt beto which I was molt in- fore him: and (eschewed mine clined.]
. ] 24 (Actions.) He pro 24 Therefore Thall the Lord bably means his keep reward me after my righteous ing himself free from the Blood of Saul,when dealing: and according unto he might have slain the cleanness of
the cleanness of my [hands ] him, i Sam. xxiv.
in his eye-light. 25 (To those who
25 [With the holy thou shalt are good beyond the common rare thou shalt be holy: and with a perfect Thew thy self a true Lo man thou shalt be perfect.] ver of Goodness, and wilt do Justice to them against their Enemies, who preserve their own Integrity.]
26 [Thou shalt spare the Lives of those who be clean: and with the fro
26 [With the clean thou shalt have spared the Lives of others. (See ver.24.)
ward thou shalt learn frowardbut if any take crooked ness.] ways to obtain their
27 For thou shalt fave the ends, thou shalt ensnare them in their own De people that are in adversity : vices.] See Vindication. and shalt bring down the high
looks of the proud.
shall make my darkness to be
29 For in thee I shall dif
comfit an host of men: and of In order to take a
with the help of my God I City. See ver. 33. shall leap over the wallt.
30 [ The way of God is an 30 [God never deundefiled way: the word of filed himself with any the Lord also is tried in the fire;] Promises are like Meral
breach of Word ; his he is the defender of all them try'd in the Fire.) that put their trust in him.
31 For who is God, but the Lord: or who hath any strength, except our God? 32 It is God that girdeth me
32 [And removes all with strength of War: (and obstacles and difficulties maketh my way perfect.]
out of my way.) 33. He maketh my feet like harts feet and fetteth me up on high t.
+ Above the reach of 34 He teaches inine hands to fight: and mine arms shall break even a bow of steel.
35 Thou hast given me the 35 [Saving help] defence of thy (salvation:] (I have found by exthy right hand allo shall hold perience, that the more
Troubles and Crosses I me up, and [thy loving cor
meer with, I shall still rection shall make me great. ]
grow wiser and better 36 Thou shalt make room
under them;thou wilc,as enough under me for to go: "thy Love in all thy Cor
thou hast hitherto, shew that my foot-steps shall not slide. reétions The attempts
37 I will follow upon mine of my Foreign Enemies, enemies, and overtake them: and the struggles of my neither will I turn again till I
own Rebellious Subjects
being defeated, shall have destroyed them.
add to my Strength, 38 I will smite them, that and increase my Power, they shall not be able to stand: thod wilt still continue but fall under my feet.
to make even my Af.
flictions turn to my pre39. Thou hast girded me with fent and future Glory.] strength unto the battle: thou shalt throw down mine enemies under me.
40 Thou hast made mine enemies also to turn their backs
21 Because I have ke ways of the Lord : an not forsaken my God, wicked doth.
22. For I have an e all his laws: and will out his commandme
me. 23 (Avoided the Sin
I was also un to which I was molt in- fore him: and (esch clined.]
. ] 24 (Actions.] He pro
24 Therefore the bably means his keep reward me after n ing himself free from the Blood of Saul,when dealing: and acc he might have slain the cleanness of him, i Sam. xxiv.
in his eye-sight. 25 (To those who are good beyond the
25 [With the common rare thou shalt be holy: and Thew thy self a true Lo man thou shalt + ver of Goodness, and wilt do Justice to ther mies, who preserve their own Integrity.] 26 [Thou shalt spare
26 (With th the Lives of those who
be clean: a have spared the Lives of others. (See ver.24.) ward thou sh. but if any take crooked ness. ways to obtain their
wall 27 For ti ends, thou shalt ensnare
heir them in their own De people that vices.] See Vindication. and shalt bi
looks of the 28 (Thou shalt make 28 [Thc
nelper : xxi. 17. Prov. xxiv, 20.
: shall mak light.
that feeth and subdue
1) me. + In or
...It delivereth City, S
re mine adver
me prosperous.] Job candle] :
i of my