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Towna grb cannot hedpis being a slice apt to diftrult xhel Authority of this Tradition ibe cause as his Wife furniwd him fevon Years, and as hissi Favouriter Daughteri Sufanna-lsurviv'd her twenty fit Years o'tisbvery improbable, they should suffer fuch za Treasure to be remov'do vand translated intonau remdter Branch of the Family, without a Scrutiny firft made into the Value of iad. This, I say, bincļines me tordiltouf che/Adthority of the Relacion: buto noontithstanding, such an apparene Inprobabitiry, Vif wesreally

16ft suchsa Treasure; byuwhareren Fatality or Caprice of uFortune they icáme tinto yfuch ignorant and negleatful Hands, I agreeriwith the Relater, the Mift fortune is wholly irreparable:just l-gch: 2.09

To these Particulars, which regard his Perfon and private Life, fome few more are co be glean'dıcfrom Mr Rowie's Account of his Life and Writingsc Leo us now take fhort His ChaView of trimi ja this publick Capacity as a

rader as a Writer Vándynitrom sthende, the Transicion wiltvbdieafyn towhe State in which hišo Win tings have been handed down to us rIT (ploi nNor Ageçu perhaps can produce an Author

, morer various from himself, than Shakespeare has been universally acknowledg’dsto be. The Diverfirpin Stile, land other Parts of Conipofition, blo obvious in him, is as variquly to be accounted foror His Education, we find, Was rati best but begund and he started early inco a Science from the Force' of Genius, un



as a Player, gave him an Advantamaracter hc

equally aflisted by acquir'd Improvements. His Fire, Spirit, and Exuberance of Imagination gave an Impetuofity to his Pen : His Ideas How'd from him in a Stream rapid, but not curbulent; copious, but not ever overbearing its Shores. The Ease and Sweetness of his Temper might not a little contribute to his Facility in Writing; as his Employment,

and Habic of fancying himself the very meant to delineate. He used the Helps of his Function in forming himself to create and express that Sublime, which other Actors can only copy, and throw out, in Action and graceful Attitude. But Nullum fine Veniá pla. cuit Ingenium, says Seneca. The Genius, that gives us the greatest Pleasure, sometimes stands in Need of our Indulgence. Whenever this happens with regard to Shakespeare, I would willingly impute it to a Vice of bis Times. We fee Complaisance enough, in our own Days, paid to a bad Taste. His Clinches, false Wit, and descending beneath himself, seem to be a Deference paid to reigning Barbarism. He was a Sampson in Strength, but he suffer'd some such Dalilah to give

him up to the Philistines.

As I have mention'd the Sweetness of his Difpofition, I am tempted to make a Reflexion or two on a Sentiment of his, which, I am persuaded, came from the Heart.


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didinthe Uses to which he has

in the Man, that hath no Mufick in himself

, Non not mov'd with Concord of sweet "H" Sounds, 4 YIRTIL 1 578 PRO Is fit för Treasons,

aforis, Stratagems, anid Spoils: The Motions of bis Spirit are dull as Night,

And bis affections dark as Erebus : » Let non fuck Man be trusted. ?01myolqual 2012

Shakespeare was all Openness, Candour, and A Lover en Complaçence and had such a Share of Har- Mufick. mony in his Frame and Temperature, that we have no Reason to doubt, from a Number of fine Paffages, Allufions, Similies, &c. fetchd from Muħck, but that He was a palfionate Lover of it. And to this, perhaps, we may owe that great Number of Sonnets

, which are (prinkled thro“ his Plays. I have found, that the Stanza's sung by the Gravedigger in Hamlet, are not of Shakespeare's own Composition, but owe their Original to the old Earl of Surrey's Poems. Many other of his Occasional little Songs, I doubt not, but he purposely copied from his Contemporary Wri

out of Banter; sometimes, to do them Honour. The Manner of their assigned them, will easily determine for which of the Reasons they are respectively employ'd

. In' As you like it, there are feveral little copies of'Verses on Rosalind, which are said to be the right Butter-woman's Rank to Market, and the very false Gallop of Verses. Dr. Tho

ters; fometimes, out




mas Lodge, a Physician who flourish'd early in Queen Elizabeth's Reign, and was a great Writer of the Pastoral Songs and Madrigals, which were so much the Strain of those Times, composed a whole Volume of Poems in Praise of his Mistress, whom he calls Rojalinde. I never I yer could

this ColI shall find many of our Author's Canzonets on this Subject to be Scraps of the Doctor's amorous Muse ; as, perhaps, those by Biron too, and the other Lovers in Love's Labour's loft, may prove to be.

pinion It has been remark'd in the Course of my Notes, that Musick in our Author's time had a very different Use from what it has At this Time, it is only employ'd to raise and inflame the Passions; it, then, was apply'd to calm and allay all kinds of Perturbations. And, agreeable to this Observation, throughout all Shakespeare's Plays, where Musick is either actually used, or its Powers describa, it is chiefly said to be for these Ends. His fine Reflexion that admirably marks its footh, ing Properties,

vi ? That Strain again; It had a dying Fall

. Oh, it came o'er my Ear like the sweet South, That breathes upon a Bank of Violets, s 07 au: Stealing and giving Odour ?

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This Similitude is remarkable not only for the Beauty of the

of the Image that it presents, but likewise for the Exactness to the Thing compared, This is a

is a way of Teaching peculiar to the Poets; that, when they would describe the Nature of

any thing, they do it not by a direct Enumeration of its Attributes or Qualities, but by bringing something into Comparifon, and describing those Qualities of it that are of the Kind with those in the Thing compared. So, here for instance, the Poet willing to instruct in the Properties of Mufick, in which the same Strains have a Power to excite Pleasure, or Pain, according to that State of Mind the Hearer is then in, does it by presenting the Image of a sweet South Wind blowing o'er a Violet-bank ; which the fame time communicates to ic its own Sweetness : by This insinuating, that affecting Mufick, tho it takes away the natural sweet Tranquillity of the Mind, yet, at the same time, communicates a Pleasure the Mind felt not before. This Knowledge, of the same Objects being capable of raising two contrary Affections, is a Proof of no ordinary Progress in the Study of human Nature. The general Milton an Beauties of those two Poems of MILTON, bim. incitled, L'Allegro and Il Penforofo, are obvious to all Readers, because the Descriptions are the most poetical in the World; yet there is a peculiar Beauty in those cwo excellent


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