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condemned throughout the Old Testament and the New. The former declares, “ Ye shall not lye one to another. I Whate and abhor a lying tongue saith the Lord. A righteous * man hateth lying. Let lying lips be put to silence. He # that speaketh lies shall not escape, he hall perish.” The latter speaks in the same manner. “ Lye not one to another ** seeing ye have put off the old man, put away lying." But there would be no'end of retailing the texts relative to this matter. Thus you see, it is a violation both of law and gospel, therfore ought to be held in deteftation.

It is a gross injury of society. The tendency of lying is to deftroy all human conversation and commerce, and to intro. duce the molt pernicious consequences into the affairs of markind. Let truth be excluded, and men can neither buy nor fell, nor even live together. It is so great an evil to fociety, that it was punished with death among the ancient Romans. If any was convicted of this crim?, he was to be cast from the Tarpian rock. It breaks the social bands, defeats the design of speech, destroys all confidence between man and man, and throws the world into turmoil, confufion and defolation.

Lying is a flagrant insult upon our fellow men, a declaration that they are not worthy of the truth; that diffimulation, deceit and falsehood are only proper treatment for them. Better man had been born dumb than employ his tongue for fo horrid and base a purpose.

The complection of its evil is, it brings certain ruin upon the immortal fout. Unless deep repentance and a thorough Teformation prevent, liars must perish forever. And who can be willing to dwell eternally in devouring flames, co be tossed from furge to surge on the billows of Jehovah's tyrath, throughout endless and unwasting ages? Their habitation shall be, “ That tophet, which God hath ordained of told; he hath made it deep and large ; the pile thereof is fire “ and much wood ; the breath of the Lord like a stream of 6 brimstone doth kindle it. God shall destroy them that speak “ tealing. For the fin of their mouth, for curfing and lying “ which they speak, he will consume them in wrath. He " that speaketh lies shall not escape, he shall perish. There « shall in no wise enter into heaven, any thing that maketh a “ lye. Lyars shall have their portion in the lake that bur. “ neth with fire and brimstone.” Thus you behold compleat, perfect and eternal destruction entailed upon all who are guilty of this lin.

How unspeakably great and aggravated is this iniquity ? It is an abomination to God and man. He who can count the drops of the ocean, or measure the depths of hell, let him der cribe the evil thereof.

I proceed,

Thirdly, to give some directions against this vice, and in favour of speaking tne truth, “ For we are members one of “ another.” This is the reason here advanced by the apostle, why we should refrain from this fin and speak the truth. We are members defigned for the service and bene- . fit one of another, and truth is a debt which we reciprocally owe, and have a right to expect from each other. Of whatever body we account ourselves members, or to whatever society we belong, the argument against lying, and in favour of {peaking truth is strong and cogent. If we are members of the church, to which these words evidently refer, we ought to love, esteem, and be serviceable to each other. But nothing more contradicts this purpose or defeats our usefulness and service than lying. What chara&er more absurd than a ly. ing christian ? He is a stain to his profeflion, a scandal to the church, and a disgrace tu himself. A christian and a liar iş as inconlistent as light and darkness. If we consider our:

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Selves members of civil society, the reason ftands in full force against this fin. Where truth is not maintained, effential injury accrues to the community. Hereby we destroy our usefulnefs in the world, and expose ourselves to the contempt of men. A liar is a nuisance in the commonwealth ; and no character carries more odiousness, meanness and bascness than this.

Now, my hearers, let us avoid and abhor this vice, which is hateful in its nature and dreadful in its consequences.Wherefore to put away lying let us be directed to beware of guilt. A fenfibility of guilt will invent lies to screen its criminality. When persons do that which they are ashamed should be discovered, they will employ falthood for its conceal. ment. They, as it were, repair to the devil to entreat him to defend and cover his own works. If we would avoid being reduced to such miserable shifts, let us guard against deceit. fulness, diflimulation, and every thing that wears the appear ance of a lie.

Let us be dire&ed, to possess our hearts with an holy fear and reverence of God. The fear of man is often an inducer nient to this fin. This makes children and servants lye to eso cape shame and punishment. Whenever it is detected, they should be punished with marks of distin&tion. We should consider that God is always present with us, his cye is upon us and to him we must give an account. We

may deceive men, but we cannot impose, upon the omniscient God. « Fear him « who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.” Let us remember, when we attempt to escape any danger by a lye, we always expole ourselves to that which is infinitely greater.

Let us be directed to subdue our pride and cultivate humili. ty, would we avoid this offensive evil. Pride will tempt some to lye, to profils knowledge they never had, to have performed exploits they never did, in order to exhibit themselves in an exuited point of light. Let us beware of covetousness

would we guard against this fin. A covetous man esteems a iye an easy way to the acquisition of gain. The prophet's feryant Gehazi, was it not covetousness that formed him to be i such an adept in lying ? Pride and covetoufnessconspired together to induce Annanias and Sapphira to lye to the Holy Ghost, even to God. They hoped to obtain the fame of most charitable christians, while they chose to lye, rather than part with their property. The awful judgments of heaven fel! suddenly upon them, to be a warning to all against pride, co. vetousness and falsehood.

Another important direction should be to trust in God at all times. Distrust in the Lord and lying, often accompany each other. Was it not this, which caused Jacob to lye in order to obtain the blessing ? Had he truted in the divine promise, he would have obtained it without that base and sinful measure of practising deceit upon a blind and aged parent: His lying and dissimulation both in words and actions are beyond the powers of description.—Would we avoid this fin let us maintain a tender conscience, a conscience void of offence towards God and man. Let us have our consciences made tender by the special grace of the gospel ; let us imbibe the. temper of Christ Jesus ; ever live under the government of our holy religion ; cloath ourselves with truth as with a garment ;. dwell in her chambers, delight in her walks and take pleasure, in all her ways. Let us love the truth and continually adhere to it. Let our text be impressed upon our hearts, be written upon our memories, and never be forgotten or neglected by

“Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth " with his neighbour ; for we are members one of another.”

is.

SERMON XVI.

The Horrid Evil of a Backbiting Tongue.

Psalms xv. 3. He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth

evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.

AMONG the queftions circulated in the world, certainly none can be proposed, which it is more our duty and interest to be capable to answer than this, to wit, who are the favou. rites of God, and shall dwell in heaven forever. The present friendship and eternal enjoyment of Jehovah is without controversy a matter of the greatest importance. The treasures of Cresus, and the extensive dominions of Alexander, when weighed in the scales of the sanctuary, in this comparison, tekel must be their inscription. For what could it profit a man to gain the whole world and lose his own soul ? In this Psalm we have the characters and heirs of heaven drawn by the pencil of perfection. The delineation is performed by God himself. He is here introduced answering this dignified ques. tion, “Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? Who shall « dwell in thy holy hill ?” By tabernacle here is undoubted

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