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No. 1. A Resolution authorizing the delivery of certain papers in the Department of State to the Commissioners for settling claims under the treaty with France, of the second February, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two.
Approved, February 19, 1833.
No. 2. A Resolution in relation to the execution of the act supplementary to the " Act for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the revolution."
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in the execution of the act supplementary to the "Act for the relief of certain surving officers and soldiers of the revolution" approved June seventh, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, whenever it shall be made to appear that any applicant for a pension under said act entered the army of the revolution in pursuance of a contract with the Government, made previous to the eleventh
day of April, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, and continued in service until after that period, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of War, to compute the period of any such applicant's service, from the time he then entered the army, and until the date of the definitive treaty of peace, and to allow him a pension accordingly. Approved, March 2,1833.
No. 3. A Resolution forthe relief of sundry owners of vessels sunk for the defence of Baltimore. Approved, March 2, 1833.
No. 4. A resolution authorizing the Secretary of War to correct certain mistakes.
No. 5. A resolution providing for the continuation of and Gales & Seaton's Compilation of State Papers.
No. 6. A Resolution to place thirty copies of the Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution at the disposition of the Secretary of State.
William H. Maynard.
August 23M,- 1832.—In New-York, William H. Maynard, of Utica, aged 43.
Mr. Maynard was a member of the New-York Senate, from the county of Oneida. He went to the city of New- York, a week or two before his death, to attend a convention of that body, sitting as a Courtof Errors, where he was attacked with cholera, to which a consecutive fever succeeded, and terminated his life.— He was a native of Conway, Mass. the son of a respectable farmer in moderate circumstances, and early gave indications of a vigorous mind. His own industry and enterprize supplied the want of patrimonial resources; and after completing his preparatory studies under the instruction of the Rev. Moses Halleck, of Plainfield, he entered Williams College at the age of about 20. Notwithstanding the drawbacks occasioned by necessary absence, at intervals to procure the means of prosecuting his education, he maintained a distinguished rank in his class, and graduated in 1810, with high honours. He next turned his attention to the study of law, which he prosecuted with his accustomed ardour, in the office of Gen. Joseph Kirkland, then of New Hartford, Oneida county. As editor of the Utica Patriot, which he conducted for several years, in conjunction with his professional labours, he exerted an extensive and salutary influence both in politics and morals. His known integrity and conscientious regard to truth, added weight to every sentence which his gifted pen indited. He afterwards devoted his entire energies to the practice of law, and was for several years associated with the late Attorney General, Samuel A. Talcott, Esq. His merits in this profession are well known to the public, especially in the district which was the field of his labours. As a member of the Senate and of the Court for the Correction of Errors, his labours were unremitted, and evinced an unceasing devotion to his public duties. Along with uncommon acuteness of intellect, he possessed a most tenacious memory, sound judgment, and •n honesty of purpose which was above
suspicion. His character was not only free from blemish, but combined a rare union of excellencies.
By his last will, he left a legacy of $20,000 for the organization of a Law school, at Hamilton College, N. Y.
June 1,1832—At Paris, aged GO, General Lamarque.
Maximilian Lamarque was born at St. Sevre. He entered the army as a private soldier; but soon became a captain of grenadiers, and at the age of twenty was adjutant-general. He rendered important services in the wars of the republic, the campaigns of Austerlitz, Tyrol, Naples, and Wagram. His astonishing achievement in the capture of Caprsea, added greatly to his fame; he was thereupon selected to reduce Calabria, and afterwards engaged in the obstinate and difficult campaigns of Spain.
He did not return to France until 1814, and was not employed during the first restoration. Napoleon, on returning from Elba, gave him successively the command of Paris, and of a division on the Belgic frontier; and named him in May,General in chief of the army of La Vendee. On the second restoration, Lamarque was inscribed on the list of proscriptions of the 24th July, 1815. In 1826 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies.
Duke Of Reichstadt.
July 112, 1832.—At the palace ofSchoenbrunn, near Vienna, of consumption, aged 21, Napoleon-Francis-Charles-Joseph, Duke of Reichstadt, son of Napoleon.
He was born at Paris, March 20, 1811, the only offspring of the ill-omened alliance of Napoleon and the Archduchess Maria Louisa; and immediately upon his birth received the title of King of Rome. The occurrence was received with the most rapturous demonstrations of joy by tht
French people. He received the names of Francis and Charles in compliment to his maternal grandfather and uncle, and that of Joseph from his paternal uncle the Kin jul' Spain.
On his father's abdication, the Empress was in 1814 declared Duchess of Parma, and her son was styled Prince of Parma, until the reversion of that principality was assigned to a Prince of Sardinia.— On the 23d of July, 1818, he was created Duke of Reichstadt, with a large estate and castle in Bohemia.
The Duke of Reichstadt had a separate establishment in a wing of the quadrangle of the Imperial Palace; and removed with the court for the summer months to the palaces of Schoenbrunn or Lachsenburg. The surveillance under which, at the instigation of Metternich, this young Prince was kept, from the period of his arrival in Vienna, was very strict. Until he attained his nineteenth year, he was never suffered to stir from the palace of the Burg, without his governor, Count Dietrichstein, or his sub-governor; whether to attend his lessons at the swimming school, or take a walk on the bastions, or a ride in the Prater. Although of a very lively turn he was not suffered to form an intimacy with any young person of his own age. Naturally of a feeble constitution and delicate conformation, he outgrew his strength so early as his sixteenth year, and never attained any thing like robust health; while the damp atmosphere of the palace of Schoenbrunn, which is situated in a hollow, overhung by a range of hills, tended to his state of further enervation. His disposition was naturally prone to melancholy; and several anecdotes have been related which aretinged with that characteristic. A few weeks before his death, he is said to have exclaimed, " So young, is there then no remedy 1 My birth and my death then will be the only points of remembrance." Some time since, his mother sent to him the superb cradle that was given at his birth by the city of Paris. He deposited it in the imperial treasury, and recalling the circumstance to his mind a few days since, he cried, "My tomb will be near my cradle."
The Duke of Reichstadt certainly possessed some of the intellectual talents of his illustrious father; and evinced very early an amiable disposition and a generous temper. Napol-on ruined himself for the sake of offspring: the rock of St. Helena and the early grave of the Duke of Reichstadt, are the results of that fatal error. The faithful Josephine has indeed Em
been fully avenged; nor has there ever occurred a more striking example of the vanity of human wishes I
Sept. 21.1832.—At Abbolsford, county Roxburgh, N. B., aged 51, Walter Scott, Bart., the greatest name in the modern annals of literature.
Sir Walter Scott was the s n of Walter Scott, Esq., writer to the Signet, by Anne, daughter of Dr. John Rutherford, professor of the practice of medicine in Edinburgh. His ancestry, both paternal and maternal, was distinguished by martial reputation. His father was not remarkable for literary talents; but his mother was not only intimate with Allan Ramsay, Blacklock, Beattie, Burns, and other eminent men, but was herself, says one authority, " a poetess of taste and genius;" this, however, has been denied, though it seems to be admitted that her character of mind was such as to exert great influence on the taste and intellect of her son.
Sir Walter was born at Edinburgh on the 15th of August, 1771. He was the third of a family consisting of six sons and one daughter. When an infant, Sir W. was ailing and weak; from an early age he was lame of the right foot—whether this deformity arose from organic disorder or from falling out of the arms of a careless nurse, is a matter of some dispute.
Sir Walter was not distinguished in his early years above his comrades, excepting by one qualification, and that was— story-telling. To tell tales of" knighterrantry, and battles, and enchantments," drawn sometimes from recollection, and sometimes invented, and continued from day to day as opportunity offered, was the dearest luxury of the future romance writer. He entered the High School of Edinburgh in 1779, and so far was he from thriving in his class, that, it is said, the twenty-fifth place was no uncommon situation for the future author of the Waverley novels. As a scholar, indeed, he never became remarkable for proficiency. There is his own authority for saying, even that in the exercise of metrical translation he fell far short of some of his companions; although others preserve a somewhat different recollection, and state that this was a department in which he always manifested a superiority. It is, however, unquestionable, that in his exercises ho was remarkable, to no inconsiderable extent, for blundering and incorrectness;
his mind apparently not possessing that aptitude for mastering small details, in which so much of scholarship, in its earliest stages, consists. About this time an attempt was made to teach him music, but his instructor soon abandoned him, with the declaration "that he had no ear."
After having ben two years under the Rector of the High School, he was placed in the University of Edinburgh, October, 1783. It would appear that Sir Walter did not proceed regularly through the academical cotirs*. tie was matriculated or booked, in 1783, at once, forthe Humanity or Latin class under professor Hill, and the Greek class under Profossor Dalzel; and for the latter, once more, in 178-1.— But the only other class for which he seems to have matriculated at the college was that of logic, under professor Bruce, in 1785. Although he may, perhaps, have attended other classes without matriculation, there is reason to believe that his irregular health produced a corresponding irregularity in his academical studies. The result was that he entered life much in the condition of his illustrious prototype, the Bard of Avon, "with little Latin and less Greek."
His reading, about this time, was miscellaneous, and very extensive, especially in works of fiction. His taste resembled much that of Milton's early days. He soon commenced studying for the bar, to which he was called as an advocate in 1792. He began life in an elegant house, in the most fashionable part of the town, but it was not his lot to acquire either wealth or distinction at the bar. He had, perhaps, some little employment at the provincial sittings of the criminal court, and occasionally acted in unimportant causes as junior counsel, but the emolument derived from professional sources was very inconsiderable. At all events, his success was not so flattering as to draw him off from the pursuit in which his heart was more especially engaged. He had, while in school, "perpetrated" a poem of six lines, on a thunder storm; an unsparing criticism on which, by an apothecary's wife, drove rhymes so effectually out of his head, that he tells us, "for ten years he had not indulged the wish to couple so much as dove and /ore," when finding Lewis, the author of "Tales of Wonder," in possession of much reputation on account of his translations and imitations from the German, he was excited by the desire to imitate this style himself. In this circumstance originated his first work, "The Chase, and William
and Hellen," from the German, published in 1798. It was by no means successful; he tells us himself, "A great part of the edition was condemned to the service of the trunk-maker." His second publication was a tragedy, translated from the German of Goethe, entitled, " Goetz of Berlichingen." Ballad poetry was his favourite at the time, and his first original attempts are in this style— "Glenfinlas," and the "Eve of St. John." Previous to this, in 1797, he had married Miss Carpenter, a young lady of the Isle of Jersey, by whom be had two sons and two daughters. Lady Scott died in 1826. In 1799 he was appointed Sheriff of Selkirkshire. In 1802, appeared " The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border," a work which laid the foundation of Sir Walter's fame. The materials for those volumes were collected by actual research amongst the inhabitants of the border, from whose lips many of the ballads were taken down.
In 1803, Sir Walter resolved upon abandoning his profession, of which, he says, in the words of Slender, " there was no great love between us at the beginning, and it pleased Heaven to decrease it on further acquaintance." This resolution gave birth to " The Lay of the Last Minstrel," which appeared in 1806. It was sold by him for 600/. In 1806, he was made Principal Clerk of Session, a situation of which the profits were seldom much below 12007. a year. "Marmion" appeared in 1808, and obtained 1000V. for its author. A new edition of" Dryden," "Saddler's State Papers," "Somer's Tracts," "The Lady of the Lake," "Rokeby," "The Lord of the Isles," "The Bridal of Triermain," and " Harold the Dauntless," followed in rapid succession; all previous to the appearance ofWaverley; which though partly written in 1805, was not published until 1814. To Waverley succeeded, in 1815, "Guy Mannering;" in 1816," The Antiquary," and " The First Series of the Tales of my Landlord," containing the Black Dwarf, and Old Mortality; in 1818, "Rob Roy," and " The Second Series of the Tales of my Landlord," containing the Heart of Mid-Lothian; and in 1819, "The Third Series of the Tales of my Landlord," containing the Bride of Lammermoor, and A Legend of Montrose.— In 1820 came "Ivanhoe;" then, in the same year," The Monastery," and " The Abbott;" in the beginning of 1821," Kennel worth;" making twelve volumes published, if not written, in as many months. In 1822, he produced "The Pirate," and "The Fortunes of Nigel;" in 1823, " Peveril of the Peak," and "Quentin Durward;" in 1824," St. Ronan's Well," and "Red Gauntlet;" in 1825, " Tales of the Crusaders;" in 1826, "Woodstock;" in 1827, " Chronicles of the Canongate, first series;" in 1828, "Chronicles of the Canongate, second series;" in 1829, Anne of Gierstein;" and in 1831, " A Fourth series of Tales of my Landlord," in four volumes, containing two tales, respectively entitled Count Robert of Paris, aHd Castle Dangerous. These novels, with those formerly enumerated, make up the amount of his fictitious prose compositions to the enormous sum of seventy-four volumes.
Throughout the whole of his career, both as a poet and a novelist, Sir Walter was in the habit af turning aside occasionally to less important avocations of a literary character. He was a contributor to "The Edinburgh Review" during the first few years of its existence, though for the last twenty years, perhaps, he had not so much as opened the work. To " The Quarterly Review" he was a considerable contributor, especially for the last five or six years of his life; during which, that periodical was conducted by his son-inlaw, Mr. Lockhart. To "The Supplement of the Sixth Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica," he contributed the articles Chivalry, Romance, and the Drama. In 1814, he edited the Works of Swift, in nineteen volumes, with a Life of the Author, a heavy work, but which, nevertheless, required a reprint some years afterwards. In 1814, Sir Walter gave his name and an elaborate Introductory Essay to a work entitled " Border Antiquities," (two volumes quarto), which consisted of engravings of the principal antique object on both sides of the Border, accompanied by descriptive letter-press. In 1815, he made a tour through France and Belgium, visiting the scene of the recent victory over Napoleon. The result was a lively traveller s volume, under the title of "Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk," and a poem styled "The Field of Waterloo." In the same year, he joined with Mr. Robert Jameson and Mr. Henry Weber, in composing a quarto," On Icelandic Antiquities." In 1819, he published "An Accountof the Regalia of Scotland," and undertook to furnish the letter-press to a second collection of engravings, under the title of " Provincial Antiquities, and Picturesque Scenery of Scotland."— In 1822, appeared his dramatic poem of "Halidon Hill;" and in 1823, he contributed a smaller dramatic poem, under the
title of" Macduff's Cross," to a collection by Miss Joanna Bailie; and, to conclude the enumeration of his poetical works, "The Doom of Devergoil," and "The Auchendrane Tragedy," appeared in one volume, in 1830. As an Historian, Sir Walter is known by "The Life of Buonaparte," which appeared in 1827, and produced him, it is said, 12,0007., being at the rate of 331. a day for the time he had been engaged on it. He contributed also, to " The history of Scotland," in two volumes, to "Lardner's Cyclodaedio;" nor must "The History of Scotland," in "The Tales of a Grandfather," be forgotten. He on one occasion presented the world with a single "Sermon;" which, however, did no particular credit to his talents in theology. He was created a Baronet of the United Kingdom, in 1820, by George the Fourth.
In 1831, an indisposition, considered to have arisen from violent and protracted mental exertion, began to assume a settled character, and his physician recommended a residence in Italy as almost the only means of delaying the approach of a most dangerous illness. He in consequence, set sail for Italy on October 29, 1831; but, after an absence of nine months returned to England in a more unfavorable state of health than when he departed. He lingered on until the 21st of September, when he expired at half past one in the afternoon.
Sir Walter Scott possessed in an eminent degree, the power of imagination, with the gift of memory. If to this be added his strong tendency to venerate past things, we at once have the most obvious features of his intellectual character. A desultory course of reading had brought him into acquaintance with almost all the most fictitious literature that existed before his own day, as well as the minutest points of British, and more particularly Scottish history. His easy and familiar habits had, also, introduced him to an extensive observation of the varietiesof human character. His immense memory retained the ideas thus acquired, and his splendid imagination gave them new shape and colour. Thus, his literary character rests almostexclusively upon his power of combining and embellishing past events, and his skill in delineating natural character. In early life, accident threw his exertions into the shape of verse —in latter life, into prose; but in whatever form they appear, the powers are not much different. The same magician is still at work, re-awaking the figures and events of history, or sketching the charac-