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EXERCISE 65.

New Social Order in America.-DOUGLAS.

America is to modern Europe, what its western colonies were to Greece, the land of aspirations and dreams, the country of daring enterprise, and the asylum of misfortune, which receives alike the exile and the adventu5 rer, the discontented and the aspiring, and promises to all a freer life, and a fresher nature.

The European emigrant might believe himself as one transported to a new world, governed by new laws, and finds himself at once raised in the scale of being—the 10 pauper is maintained by his own labor, the hired laborer works on his own account, and the tenant is changed into a proprietor, while the depressed vassal of the old continent becomes co-legislator, and co-ruler in a government where all power is from the people, 15 and in the people, and for the people. The world has not witnessed an emigration like that taking place to America; so extensive in its range, so immeasurable in its consequences, since the dispersion of mankind; hordes of emigrants are continually swarming off, as 20 ceaseless in their passage, and crowded, and unreturning, as the travellers to eternity. Even those who are forced to remain behind, feel a melancholy restlessness, like a bird whose wing is crippled, at the season of migration, and look forward to America, as to the land of 25 the departed, where every one has some near relative, or dear friend gone before him. A voice like that heard before the final ruin of Jerusalem, seems to whisper to those who have ears to hear, "Let us depart hence."

Every change in America has occasioned a corres30 pondent change in Europe; the discovery of it overturned the systems of the ancients, and gave a new face to adventure and to knowledge; the opening of its mines produced a revolution in property; and the independence of the United States overturned the monarchy of 35 France, and set fire to a train which has not yet fully exploded. In every thing, its progress is interwoven with the fates of Europe. At every expansion of American influence, the older countries are destined to undergo new changes, and to receive a second character

40 from the colonies which they have planted, whose greatness is on so much larger a scale than that of the parent countries, and which will exhibit those improvements which exist in miniature in Europe, unfettered by ancient prejudices, and dilated over another continent.

EXERCISE 66.

Voluntary Association.-DOUGLAS.

A new influence is arising, which is sufficiently able to supply the deficiencies of Governments, in attaining ends which they cannot reach, and in affording aids over which they have no control-the power of voluntary 5 association. There is no object to which this power cannot adapt itself; no resources which it may not ul timately command; and a few individuals, if the public mind is gradually prepared to favour them, can lay the foundations of undertakings which would have baffled 10 the might of those who reared the pyramids; and the few who can divine the tendency of the age before it is obvious to others, and perceive in which direction the tide of public opinion is setting in, may avail themselves of the current and concentrate every breath that is fa15 vourable to their course. The exertions of a scanty number of individuals may swell into the resources of a large party, which, collecting at last all the national energies into its aid, and availing itself of the human synpathies that are in its favour, may make the field of its 20 labour and its triumph as wide as humanity itself. The elements being favourably disposed, a speck of cloud collects vapours from the four winds which overshadow the heavens; and all the varying and conflicting events of life, and the no less jarring and discordant passions 25 of the human breast, when once the channel is sufficiently deepened, will rush into one accelerating torrent, and be borne towards their destined end. The power of voluntary association, though scarcely tried as yet, is of largest promise for the future; and when extended 30 upon a great scale, is the influence most removed from the shock of accidents and the decay of earthly things, renewing its youth with renewed generations, and becoming immortal through the perpetuity of the kind.

The favourable result of all undertakings depends up35 on the previous state and preparation of the world, no less than the vegetation of the seed does upon the soil into which it is cast; those who have proceeded farthest in their attempts, and gained the point at which they aimed, had the stream in their favour, and were more 40 indebted to the strength of the current than to their own individual efforts; their superiority to others consisted chiefly in their superior discernment; and they seemed to lead their contemporaries, merely because they themselves were most led by the spirit of the age, and took a 45 favourable situation for being borne forward by the tide, which they had the sagacity to see was upon the turn. The Greeks would have conquered the Persians without Alexander; the Romans would have been enslaved had Cæsar never been born, and the Arabians would have 50 been deceived by other imposters had Mahomet never professed himself a prophet.

EXERCISE 67.

Bible Societies.-DOUGLAS.

Modern writers have discovered that words are more plentiful than thoughts; and that therefore the true economy of writing consists in being sparing of the latter, and profuse of the former; the reports of different societies 5 carry this even too far, and one may read through a long report, and reach the conclusion without meeting a single new fact, or new observation by the way. This ought to be amended, and a series of publications which would extend the knowledge, and deepen the interest which 10 the subscribers take in the progress of religion, are strongly required, before that interest can become more general and abiding. With several defects, the Bible Society continues the most perfect institution of its kind, and the finest example of the power of voluntary associa15 tion. It has merited the obloquy of that corruption of Christianity which styles itself catholic; and while it has done religion one service, by uniting all its friends in one great cause, it has done it a second service, by uniting all its enemies, however hostile to each other 20 against it; thus ranging each side front to front, and

preparing them for one decisive and final struggle. It leaves every one without excuse, who does not co-operate with it; it combines all classes and all creeds, the poor may contribute their mite, and the rich may pour in 25 their abundance; and those who build precious things, and those who heap up stubble upon the foundation of the Scriptures, have here one point of agreement in the foundation for which they both earnestly contend. It has done more good than all the theological discussions 30 for the last hundred years; and though it has confuted no heresy, it has done still better, for it has made many be neglected and forgotten. It oversteps the boundaries of kingdoms, and the separation of national jealousies, and presents a field wide enough for men of all nations 35 and languages to enter, without conflicting or jarring with each other; its field is truly the world; it embraces directly or indirectly, all the interests of humanity; and it is ever profusely distributing the benefits of time, while its ultimate results are lost in the glories of eternity.

EXERCISE 68.

Christ's Entry into Jerusalem.—CUNNINGHAM.

1 From Olivet's sequester'd seats,

What sounds of transport spread?

What concourse moves through Salem's streets,
To Zion's holy head?

Behold him there in lowliest guise!
The Saviour of mankind!

Triumphal shouts before him rise,
And shouts reply behind!

And "strike," they cry, "your loudest string:
He comes! Hosanna to our king!"

2 He came to earth: from eldest years,
A long and bright array,

Of Prophet-bards and Patriarch-seers,
Proclaimed the glorious day:

The light of heaven in every breast,
Its fire on every lip,

In tuneful chorus on they press'd,
A goodly fellowship:

And on the pealing anthem ran, "Hosanna to the son of man!"

3 He came to earth: through life he pass'd
A man of griefs: and, lo,
A noble army following fast

His track of pain and wo:
All deck'd with palms, and strangely bright,
That suffering host appears;

And stainless are their robes of white,

Though steep'd in blood and tears; And sweet their martyr-anthem flows, "Hosanna to the Man of Woes!"

4 From ages past descends the lay, To ages yet to be,

Till far its echoes roll away

Into eternity.

But O! while saints and angels high,
Thy final triumph share,

Amidst thy followers, Lord, would I,
Though last and meanest there,
Receive a place, and joyful raise
A loud Hosanna to thy praise!

EXERCISE 69.

Evening Hymn.-MONTHLY VISITER.

1 Departing day fades in the west,
The busy world is still,
Be human passion hush'd to rest,
Be tranquil, human will.

2 Father in Heaven, to thee I bend,
To thee I lift my prayer,
Vouchsafe, Divine, Almighty Friend,
Thy suppliant's voice to hear.

3 If lur'd by pleasure's specious wiles,
By shadowy hopes or fears,
If earthly joys have waken'd smiles,
Or earthly sorrows, tears;

4 If fall'n from Thee, and Thy commands, (And fallen I must appear)

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