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Adr. Ah! but I think him better than I say,
And yet would herein others' eyes were worse. Far from her nest the lapwing cries awayo:
My heart prays for him, though my tongue do curse.
Enter DROMIO of Syracuse, running. Dro. S. Here, go : the desk! the purse! swift now, make
haste ?. Luc. How hast thou lost thy breath ? Dro. S.
By running fast. Adr. Where is thy master, Dromio ? is he well?
Dro. S. No, he's in Tartar limbo, worse than hell :
6 Far from her nest the lapwing cries away :] Shakespeare has employed this allusion in “ Measure for Measure,” A. i. sc. 5, and it was used by many old writers from Chaucer downwards. Rowley, in his “ Search for Money," 1609, has, “ This sir dealt like a lapwing with us, and cried furthest off the nest," which comes nearer to Shakespeare, in the scene before us, than any of the numerous quotations collected by the commentators.
SWIFT now, make haste.] “ Sweet, now make haste" in the folios ; but Dromio was not likely to call either his mistress or Luciana sweet, and the old anno. tator on the fo. 1632 states that “swift” (denoting the slave's hurry) had been misprinted sweet. In Marlowe's “Edward II.” (edit. Dyce, ii. 238) we meet with the same blunder, although the editor has not perceived it. Kent is eagerly awaiting the escape of Mortimer from the Tower, and what is he made to say?
Mortimer, I stay
Thy sweet escape,” instead of “thy swift escape." In a poem by G. Gascoigne, quoted in “England's Parnassus,” we encounter the opposite error ; for the line
“ And as swift baits do fleetest fish intice" ought unquestionably to be,
“ And as sweet baits do fleetest fish intice." 8 A devil in an everlasting garment hath him Fell,] Serjeants, such as the one who had arrested Antipholus, were clad in buff, (Dromio just afterwards calls him “a fellow all in buff,'') and, on account of its durability, that dress is here termed “an everlasting garment.” The whole speech, as we may reasonably believe, was originally in irregular rhyme, and “fell,” as well as the line,
“ Who knows no touch of mercy, cannot feel,” are from the corr. fo. 1632. On the same evidence we print fairy ' fury," in the next line, and such was Theobald's emendation. “ Fiends and fairies placed just in the same connexion in Beaumont and Fletcher's “Woman's Prize” (edit. Dyce, vii. p. 181), and "fairies" there ought as certainly to be furies : this is proved not only by the context, but by an extant MS. of the play, the existence of which was not known to the Rev. Mr. Dyce, or he would surely have remedied the defect. For “passages of alleys,” lower down, the corrected reading is “passages and alleys," which can also bardly be doubted; and thus, in our judgment, every thing is rendered clear and consistent.
A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough;
Adr. Why, man, what is the matter?
Dro. S. I know not at whose suit he is arrested well;
desk? Adr. Go fetch it, sister.—This I wonder at;
[Exit LUCIANA. That he’, unknown to me, should be in debt :Tell me, was he arrested on a band ?
Dro. S. Not on a band, but on a stronger thing;
Adr. What, the chain ?
vo ere I left him, and now the clock strikes one. Adr. The hours come back ! that did I never
hear. Dro. S. Oh yes; if any hour meet a serjeant, 'a turns back
for very fear. Adr. As if time were in debt! how fondly dost thou
reason ! Dro. S. Time is a very bankrupt, and owes more than he's
worth, to season.
' A hound that RUNS COUNTER,] i. e. The contrary, or wrong way in a chase. The serjeant is said "to run counter," from his carrying debtors to the prison called the Counter. To draw dry-foot is technical, and means to hunt by the scent of the animal's foot.
1 One that, before the judgment, carries poor souls to hell.] i.e. Carries them to prison (for which hell was the cant term) before judgment had been given against them; or, as Malone truly explains it, upon mesne process.
2 That he,] The original copy has—Thus he. The emendation was made in the second folio. Above, for “ But is in a suit of buff,” the change in the corr. fo. 1632 is what we have given in our text. 3 If he be in debt] The old editions read, “ If I be in debt:" corrected by
And bring thy master home immediately.-
Enter ANTIPHOLUS of Syracuse.
Ant. S. There's not a man I meet but doth salute me,
Enter DROMIO of Syracuse. Dro. S. Master, here's the gold you sent me for. What, have you got the picture of old Adam new apparell d '?
Ant. S. What gold is this ? What Adam dost thou mean? Dro. S. Not that Adam that kept the paradise, but that Adam that keeps the prison : he that goes in the calf's-skin that was kill'd for the prodigal: he that came behind you, sir, like an evil angel, and bid you forsake your liberty.
Malone, and supported by the corr. fo. 1632: Rowe read, “If time be in debt.” an hour in a day” of the folios, the corr. fo. 1632 reads “
any hour in a day:", " to season,” above, means this season.
4 Enter Antipholus of Syracuse.] “Wearing the chain,” adds the corr. fo. 1632, in order to make sure that the actor displayed it.
5 What, HAVE YOU got the picture of old Adam new apparell’d?] The commentators, from Theobald downwards, have interpolated this interrogatory by inserting the words rid of after “What have you got." They do not seem to have been aware that “What have you got?” is still a vulgar phrase for “ What have you done with ?” or “What is become of?” The words, " the picture of old Adam new apparell’d,” refer again to the suit of buff in which the serjeant, who had arrested Antipholus of Ephesus, was dressed.
Ant. S. I understand thee not.
Dro. S. No? why, 'tis a plain case: he that went, like a base-viol, in a case of leather: the man, sir, that, when gentlemen are tired, gives them a fob', and 'rests them : he, sir, that takes pity on decayed men, and gives them suits of durance; he that sets up his rest', to do more exploits with his mace than a morris-pike'.
Ant. S. What, thou mean'st an officer ?
Dro. S. Ay, sir, the serjeant of the band; he that brings any man to answer it, that breaks his band; one that thinks a man always going to bed, and says, “ God give you good rest!”
Ant. S. Well, sir, there rest in your foolery. Is there any ship puts forth to-night? may we be gone ?
Dro. S. Why, sir, I brought you word an hour since, that • the bark Expedition put forth to-night; and then were you hindered by the serjeant to tarry for the hoy Delay. Here are the angels that you sent for to deliver you.
Ant. S. The fellow is distract, and so am I,
Enter a Courtezan.
Ant. S. Satan, avoid! I charge thee, tempt me not !
Dro. S. Nay, she is worse, she is the devil's dam; and here she comes in the habit of a light wench : and thereof comes that the wenches
“God damn me,” that's as much as to say, “God make me a light wench.” It is written, they
- gives them a fob,] The old copies have sob for “ fob,” or perhaps bob.
he tbat SETS UP HIS REST,] This expression became proverbial, and was applied to a person who took up any fixed position. It was generally used in the card-game of Primero, but, we apprehend, had its origin in old musketry or gunnery: see especially Vol. ii. p. 555, and Vol. v. p. 184.
- than a MORRIS-PIKE.] i. e. “A Moorish pike," a well-known instrument of war, often mentioned.
appear to men like angels of light: light is an effect of fire, and fire will burn; ergo, light wenches will burn. Come not near her. Cour. Your man and you are marvellous merry,
you go with me? we'll mend our dinner here. Dro. S. Master, if you do, or expect spoon-meat, bespeak a long spoon.
Ant. S. Why, Dromio?
Dro. S. Marry, he must have a long spoon that must eat with the devil. Ant. S. Avoid, thou fiend'! what tell'st thou me of
Cour. Give me the ring of mine you had at dinner,
Dro. S. Some devils ask but the parings of one's nail,
Cour. I pray you, sir, my ring, or else the chain.
Ant. S. Avaunt, thou witch! Come, Dromio, let us go. Dro. S. Fly pride, says the peacock: mistress, that you know.
[Exeunt ANT. S. and DRO. S. Cour. Now, out of doubt, Antipholus is mad, Else would he never so demean himself. A ring he hath of mine worth forty ducats, And for the same he promis’d me a chain : Both one and other he denies me now. The reason that I gather he is mad, Besides this present instance of his rage, Is a mad tale he told to-day at dinner
9 Master, if you do, or expect spoon-meat, bespeak a long spoon.] i. e. If you consent to go, or if you expect spoon-meat, bespeak a long spoon : it alludes to the proverb, quoted just afterwards, as well as in “ The Tempest," A. ii. sc. 2, this Vol. p. 47. “ You" is supplied by the folio, 1632, but “or became transposed, after “expect spoon-meat " instead of before it.
1 Avoid, thou fiend!] “Thou" is then in the folios, but amended in the corr. fo. 1632. In “Twelfth-Night," Vol. ii. p. 722, we have had the same easy misprint, but the change is here hardly as necessary.