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ones: Obadiah, 1 Kings 18. 12;—Josiah, 2 Chr. 34. 3 ;-Jesus, Luke 2. 52 ;-Timothy, 2 Tim. 3. 15;—bad ones: Er, the son of Judah, Gen. 38. 7;—the sons of Eli, 1 Sam. 2. 12; 3. 13, 22;—Absalom, 2 Sam. 15. 2, &c.;—those that mocked Elisha, 2 Kings 2. 23.*

(80.) Of Truthor sincerity, Ps. 15. 2; 51. 6; Pr. 3. 3 ; 8.7; 12. 17, 19; 1 Cor. 5. 8; Eph. 4. 25;—purity of intention, Josh. 24. 14; 1 Sam. 12. 24; Ps. 15. 2 ;-Christian faith, Gal. 3. 1; Jam. 5. 19.*

(81.) Of Lying,—forbidden, Lev. 19.11; Pr. 24. 28; Eph. 4. 25; Col. 3. 9;—hateful to God, Pr. 6. 16, 17; 12. 22 ;-threatened with severe punishment, Ps. 5. 6; Pr. 12. 19; 19. 5, 9; Rev. 21. 8, 27 ;-abominable in the sight of men, Ps. 101.7; 119. 163; 120. 2; Pr. 13. 5; 19. 22 ;-characteristic of a wicked man, Ps. 52. 3; 58.3; Pr. 14. 5, 25; Isa. 30. 9;—comes from the devil, John 8. 44; Acts 5.3;-examples, of Cain to God, Gen. 4. 9;—of Sarah, 18. 15;—of Jacob to his father, 27. 18 ;—of the prophet in Bethel, 1 Kings 13. 18;—of Gehazi, 2 Kings 5. 25;—of Ananias and Sapphira, Acts 5. 1, &c.*

(82.) Of Honesty,—in our dealings enjoined, Lev. 19. 13, 35; Deut. 25. 13; Pr. 11. 1; 20. 10, 14. “It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.” Such tricks in trade, if not actionable, are certainly dishonest; and to make them a subject of boast is to proclaim that a man is an artful knave, who has met with another simple enough to be cheated. St. Augustin (De Trinat. l. xiii. c. 3.) relates, that a certain mountebank, having promised to shew what was in every man's heart, stood up, and in a single sentence redeemed his pledge : “Vili vultis emere, et caro vendere.' - You all wish to buy cheap, and to sell dear. He was applauded; for every one felt it to be a description of his own heart, and was satisfied that all others were similar.t Pr. 20. 23; 28. 8; Jer. 17.11; Hos. 12. 7; Mic. 6. 8, 11; Mark 10. 19.*

(83.) Of Selling,-frauds to be avoided in it, Lev. 19. 13, 36; 25. 14; Pr. 11. 1; 16. 11; 20. 10, 23.*

(84.) Of Theft,-forbidden, Ex. 20. 15; Deut. 5. 19; Eph. 4. 28 ; -laws relating to it, Ex. 22. 1; Num. 5. 5.*

(85.) Of Equitythe great rule of it, Lev. 19. 18; Matt. 7. 12; 22. 39; Rom. 13. 8 ; James 2. 8;—Justice required of man, Deut. 16. 20 ; Jer. 20.3; Matt. 7.12; Luke 6.31; Rom. 13. 7; Phil. 4. 8; Isa. 66. 1; Ezek. 45. 9; Mic. 6. 8.*

(86.) Of Partiality,—to be avoided, Matt. 22. 16; Jam. 2. 1,9; Jude 16.*

(87.) Of Meekness,-exercise of, required, Gal. 6.1; Eph. 4. 1, 2; 1 Tim. 6. 11; 2 Tim. 2. 25;—the fruit of the Spirit, Gal. 5. 22. 23; Eph. 5. 9 ;- its blessedness, Ps. 25. 8; 37. 11; 147.6; 149. 4; Pr. 3. 34 ; Isa. 57. 15; 66. 2; Matt. 5. 5; 11. 29; Col. 3. 12; Jam. 3. 13;—of Abraham to Lot, Gen. 13. 8;—of Moses, Num. 12. 3 ;-of Micaiah to the prophet Zedekiah, Kings 22. 24;—of Jeremiah, Jer. 26. 14;-of Jesus, Isa. 53. 7; Matt. 11. 29; John 18. 19, &c.*

(88.) Of Patience,-recommended, Job 2. 10; Ps. 37. 1,7; Pr. 3. 11; 24. 10; Ecc. 7. 8; Mic. 7. 7, 9; Luke 21. 19; Rom. 12. 12; 1 Thess. 5. 14; Heb. 10. 36 ; 12. 1, &c.; Jam. 1. 3; 5. 7; 1 Pet. 2. 19; 2 Pet. 1. 6;—of Moses, Num. 12. 3 ;—of Job, Job 1. 20;-of Day Ps. 40, 1;—of the Thessalonians, 1 Thess. 1. 3 ;—of the religious in former times, Heb. 10. 34 ;-of Christ, Isa. 53. 7; 1 Pet. 2. 23.*

(89.) Of Churity, and general benevolence.-Charity, from the Latin charitas, properly signified love, though now restricted to alms-giving.tRecommended, Ex. 23. 4; Lev. 19. 18; Deut. 15. 7; 22. 1; Job 31. 16, &c.; Pr. 24. 17; 25.21; Ecc. 11. 1; Matt. 7. 12; 22. 39; Jam. 2, 8.*

(90.) Of Love,-brotherly, Lev. 19. 18; Matt. 22. 39 ; John 13. 34 ; 15. 12, 17; Rom. 12. 9, 10; 13. 8; 1 Cor. 13. 1; Gal. 5. 6, 13; 6. 2; Col. 3. 14; 1 Thess. 3. 12; 4. 9; Eph. 5. 1,32 ; 5. 2; Phil. 2. 1; 1 Tim. 1.5; Heb. 13. 1; James 2. 8; 1 Pet. 1. 22; 3. 8; 4.8; 1 John 2. 9; 3. 10, 23; 4. 7, 11, 20; 2 John 5;—not in word but in deed, John 3. 18,“ My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue ; but in deed and in truth." If love consisted in word only, then love ceaseth as soon as the word is pronounced. Such was the love between Balak and Balaam. But if love consisteth not in word, it cannot be dissolved ; such was the love of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the rest of the patriarchs.' Yalkut Rubeni, fol. 145. 4.t—The peculiar law of the gospel, John 13. 34, “A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.” The Mosaic law commanded men to “love their neighbour as themselves;' and this implied that reciprocal and social love of believers of which our Lord spake : but this was now to be explained with new clearness, enforced by new motives and obligations, illustrated by a new example, obeyed in a new manner, and carried to a new extent. They were required to love each other for his sake, and in imitation of him,— even as I have loved you,' -and be ready on all occasions to lay down their lives for each other. By this the primitive Christians were particularly known among the Gentiles : · See, said they, how they love one another; and are ready to lay down their lives for each other.'+ John 15. 12, 17; Gal. 6. 2; 1 John 3. 23; 4. 21.*

(91.) Of Cruelty,forbidden, Gen. 49. 5, &c.; Deut. 25. 3; Pr. 11. 17; 12. 10; Ezek. 18. 18;-of Simeon and Levi, Gen. 34. 25; 49. 5; -of Pharaoh, Ex. 1. 14;—of Adonibezek, Judg. 1. 7 ;-of Menahem, 2 Kings 15. 16;-of Jehoram, 2 Chr. 21. 4;-of Herod the great, Matt. 2. 16.*

(92.) Of Mercy,—the duty of man, Pr. 3.3; Zech. 7. 9; Luke 6.36 ; 10. 30, &c.; Rom. 12. 8; Col. 3. 12; Jam. 3. 17;—the reward of it, Ps. 37. 26; 112. 4, &c.; Pr, 3. 4; 11. 17; 16. 6; 21.21; Isa. 58. 6; Matt. 5. 7; Luke 6.35; Jam. 2. 13.*

* Comprehensive Bible, Index to Subjects in voce.

M

+ Idem, Note in loco,

(93.) Of Sympathy,-recommended, Ecc. 7. 2, 4; Rom. 12. 15; 1 Cor. 12. 26; Gal. 6. 2; Heb. 13.3; 1 Pet. 3. 3.*

(94.) Of Envy,—condemned, Job 5. 2; Ps. 37. 1; Pr. 3. 31; 14. 30; 23. 17; 24. 19; 27.4; Rom. 13. 13; 1 Cor. 3. 3; Gal. 5. 21; James 3. 14; 5. 9; 1 Pet. 2. 1.*

(95.) Of Hatred,—to be guarded against, Lev. 19. 17; Pr. 10. 12, 18; 26. 24; 1 John 2. 9; 3. 15; 9. 20.*

(96.) Of Anger,-general advice to repress it, Ps. 37. 8; Pr. 16. 32; “He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty ; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.” So Ovid, Fortior est qui se, quam qui fortissima vincit mænia, nec virtus altius iræ potest, 'He is more of a hero who has conquered himself, than he who has taken the best fortified city.' (See also Horace, Odar. 1. 2. Od. 2.) Alexander, who conquered the world, was a slave to intemperate anger; and in a fit of it slew Clitus, one of his most intimate friends. Q. Curtius, 1. viii. c. i. Arrian, 1. iv. & Plutarch in Alexandro.t-Pr. 17.14; Eph. 4. 26, 31 ; Col. 3. 8; James 1. 19;-exposes a man, and makes him incapable of friendship, Pr. 22. 24; 25. 8, 28;—a mark of folly or madness, Job 5. 2; Pr. 12. 16; 14. 29; 19. 11; 27. 3; 29. 20;-may bring a man to destruction, Job 5. 2; Pr. 19. 19; Matt. 5. 22;-one of the works of the flesh, Gal. 5. 20;comes from pride, Pr. 13. 10; 21. 24 ;—its effects on others, Pr. 15. 1, 18; -17. 14; 26. 21; 29. 22; 30. 33 ;-may be innocent, Eph. 4. 26;— how pacified, Pr. 15. 1; 16. 24; 25. 15; Ecc. 10. 4; Matt. 5. 25;Potiphar's wife to Joseph, 39. 13;—Simeon and Levi to the Shechemites, 34. 27 ; 49. 6;—of Balaam to his ass, Num. 22. 27 ;—of Moses, Num. 20. 10; Ps. 106. 33 ;-of Saul to Jonathan, 1 Sam. 20. 30;—of Jonah, Jonah 4. 1;—of the Jews against Jesus, Luke 4. 20;-of the elder son in the parable of the prodigal, 15. 28;-of reasonable anger, of Jacob with Laban, Gen. 31. 36;-of Moses with the sons of Aaron, Lev. 10. 16 ;-at the rebellion of Korah, &c., Num. 16. 15;—after the battle with the Midianites, 31. 14 ;—of Jesus with the Pharisees, Mark 3.5;—of God for sin, Gen. 6.7: 30. 1, 2; Ex. 4. 14.*

(97.) Of Malice—forbidden, Gen. 34. 7, 25; 37. 5, 18; Pr. 17. 5; 24. 17; 26. 24; Mark 6. 17; 1 Cor. 5. 8; 14. 20; Eph. 4. 31; Col. 3. 8; Tit. 3. 3 ; 1 Pet. 2. 1, 16;—of Cain to Abel, Gen. 4. 8;-of Esau

, Jacob, 27. 41;—of Saul to David, 1 Sam. 19. 10;—of Joab to Abner, 2 Sam. 3. 27 ;-of Haman to Mordecai, Esth. 3. 6;—of the scribes and Pharisees to Jesus, Mark 11. 18, &c.*

* (98.) Of Peace-to be cultivated, Ps. 34. 14; 133. 1; Pr. 3. 30; 15. 17; 17. 1, 14, 17; 20. 3; 25. 8; Zech. 8. 19; Mark 9. 50; Rom. 12. 18 : 14. 19; 2 Cor. 13. 11; 1 Thess. 5. 13; Heb. 12. 14; 2 Tim. 2. 22; 1 Pet. 3. 11;—by what means, Pr. 15. 1; 25. 9, 15; Col. 3. 13; 1 Thess. 4. 11 ;-given by Jesus, John 14. 27 ;—of God, Phil. 4. 7.*

(99.) Of Peace makers,—their blessedness, Matt. 5.9; James 3. 18.

to

Mic. 7.5;

(100.) Of Quarrelsto be avoided, Pr. 3. 30; 17. 14; 20. 3; 25. 8; Col. 3. 13;—whence they arise, Jam. 4. 1.*

(101.) Of the Tongue,—the importance of governing it, Ps. 39. 1 ; Jam. 3. 2, &c. ;-double, censured, 1 Tim. 3. 8.*

(102.) Of Reviling or railingforbidden, Matt. 5. 22; 1 Cor. 6. 10 ; 1 Pet. 2. 23; 3. 9; 2 Pet. 2. 11; Jude 9;—to be avoided, 1 Cor. 5. 11.* (103.) Of Taciturnity-recommended, Pr. 11. 12; 14. 3; 17. 28;

Jam. 1. 19 ;—should be properly timed, Pr. 25. 15; 29. 11.* (104.) Of Scolding,—clamorous, censured, Pr. 15. 1; Eph. 4. 31.*

(105.) Of the Whisperer,-an odious character, Pr. 16. 28; Rom. 1. 29; 2 Cor. 12. 20.*

(106.) Of Tale-Bearing-censured, Lev. 19. 16; Pr. 11. 13; 17.9; 18. 8; 20. 19; 26. 20, 22; 1 Tim. 5. 13; 1 Pet. 4. 15.**

(107.) Of False Witness,-laws against it, Ex. 23. 1; Deut. 19. 16, &c. ;-strictly forbidden, Ex. 20. 16; Pr. 6. 16, 19; 19. 5, 9, 28; 21. 28; 25. 18.*

(108.) Of Covetousness-forbidden, Ex. 20. 17; Deut. 5. 21 ; Rom. 7.9 ; 13. 9;-censured, Pr. 23. 7; Luke 12. 15; 1 Cor. 6. 10 ; Eph. 5.5; Col. 3. 5; 1 Tim. 6. 9; Heb. 13. 5; 1 John 2. 15;-threatenings against, Is. 57. 17; Jer. 6. 12, 13; Mic. 2. 1, 2; Hab. 2. 9, 11; Rom. 1. 18, 29;—of Achan, Josh. 7. 21 ;-of Gehazi, 2 Kings 5. 20;-of Balaam, Num. 22. 17, 21; 31. 8; 2 Pet. 2. 15; Jude 11;—of Ahab, 1 Kings 21. 22 ;-of Judas Iscariot, Matt. 26. 14;—of Ananias and Sapphira, Acts 5. 1, &c. ;-the folly of it, Ecc. 4. 8.* • The covetous man nothing can satisfy,' as the poet Saady has observed, ' but the dust that fills his mouth when laid in the grave.'+ The more he gets, the more he would get; for Crescit amor nummi, quantum ipsa pecunia crescit, ' The love of money increases, in proportion as money itself increases.'I A man may possess much earthly goods, and yet have neither the heart nor power to enjoy them. Possession and fruition are not necessarily joined together; and this is also among the vanities of life, and was, and still is a very common evil among men.' It belongs to God as much to give the power to enjoy, as it does to give earthly blessings. This a wise heathen clearly saw and well expressed : Di tibi divitias dederunt, artemque fruendi, “The gods have given thee riches, and the art to enjoy them. Horace. Ep. 1. i. ep. 4. v. 7.9 An untimely birth is better than he," (Eccles. 6. 3.) which seems to come into the world in vain, leaves it in obscurity and disgrace, has no name to be remembered, and has neither seen the sun, nor known any thing,—even 'this hath more rest than the other,'—the miser, who, with his coffers filled, should have lived a thousand

years, and had a hundred children, 'whose soul was not filled with good,' who never could have enough, nor yet enjoy what he had. It had rest in the womb, and now rests in the grave: its pain was transient; its unhappiness a mere negation of pleasure ; and it lived not, as the miser, to incur guilt and misery.*

* Comprehensive Bible, Index to Subjects in voce. 1. Idem, Note on Eccles. 5. 10.

+ Idem, Note on Job 3. 15.

Idem, Note on Eccles. 6. 2.

(109.) Of Concupiscence (inordinate affection)-censured, Ex. 20. 17; Gal. 5. 16; 1 Thess. 4.5; 1 Pet. 2. 11.7

(110.) Of Briberycensured, Ex. 23. 8; Deut. 16. 19; Job 15. 34; Pr, 17. 23; 29. 4; Ecc. 7.7; Is. 5. 23; Ezek. 13. 19; Amos 2. 6.7

(111.) Of Usury,-laws against it, Ex. 22. 25; Lev. 25. 36 ; Deut. 23. 19 ;-censured, Pr. 28. 8; Ezek. 18. 8, 13, 17; 22. 12;- may be taken of strangers, Deut. 23. 20.+

(112.) Of Eraction-censured, Neh. 5. 6; 10. 31 ; Ezek. 22. 12; 45. 9; Matt. 18. 28 ; Luke 3. 13.7

(113.) Of Oppression--forbidden, Ex. 22. 21 ; Ps. 12. 5; Pr. 22. 16, 22; Jer. 22. 17; Ezek. 22. 29; Mic. 2. 2; Zech. 7. 10.7

(114.) Of Restitution for injuries—enjoined, Ex. 22. 5; Lev. 6. 4; Num. 5.7; Not only confession, but restitution, in every possible case, is necessary in order to obtain forgiveness.* 1 Sam. 12. 3; Ezek. 33. 15; • The sin is not forgiven, unless that which is taken away be restored;' says Augustine.* Luke 19. 8.

(115.) Of Self-Interestto be disregarded, 1 Cor. 10. 24; Phil. 2. 21; 2 Tim. 4. 10;--of Nabal, 1 Sam. 25. 10.7

(116.) Of Deceit-censured, Lev. 19. 11; 25. 14; Ps. 5. 6; 55. 23; Pr. 20. 17; Jer. 22. 13; 1 Cor. 6. 8;-of others, to be guarded against, Pr. 14. 15 ;-in matters of religion, Jer. 29. 8; Matt. 24. 4; Eph. 5.6; 2 Thess. 2. 3 ;-self, Is. 30. 10; James 1. 22, 26.+

(117.) Of Hypocrisycensured, Job 8. 13; 15. 34; 27. 8; 36. 13; Is. 29. 13; 33. 14; 58. 2; 59. 5; “ They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web:" Weak and unstable, says Mr. Paxton, as the spider's web are all the professions and works of the hypocrite. The filaments which compose the flimsy texture in which she dwells are finely spun, and curiously woven; but a single touch dissolves the fabric: equally frail and evanescent are his wisest and most elaborate contrivances. She fabricates her web to be at once a covering to herself, and a snare to her neighbour; and for the same odious purposes he assumes the garb of religion: but the deceitful veil which he throws over the deformity of his character can remain only a short time; like the spider's web, it shall soon be swept away, and his loathsome form exposed to every eye. Like her he shall perish in the ruins of the habitation which he constructed with so much care, and where he reposed with such fatal security. * Jer. 3. 10; Ezek. 33. 31 ; Matt. 6. 2, 5; 7. 21; 23. 13, 23, 28 ; 24. 51; Luke 12. 1; 16. 15; 1 Pet. 2. 1; Rev. 3. 1.7

(118.) Of Pride, or conceit,—reproved, Ps. 101. 5; 131. 1; 138. 6; Pr. 3. 7; 6. 17; 8. 13; 14. 16; 16. 18; 17. 19; 21. 4; 26. 12; 29. 23; Ecc. 7. 16; Is. 5. 21 ; Jer. 9. 23; Luke 1. 51; 18. 9; Rom. 12. 16; 1 Cor. 4. 7; 8. 2; 2 Cor. 10. 18; Gal. 6. 3 ; Phil. 2. 3; Jam. 4. 6 ;

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