Hydrogen Fuel: Production, Transport, and Storage

Ram B. Gupta
CRC Press, 30.7.2008 - 624 sivua
From Methane to Hydrogen—Making the Switch to a Cleaner Fuel Source

The world’s overdependence on fossil fuels has created environmental problems, such as air pollution and global warming, as well as political and economic unrest. With water as its only by-product and its availability in all parts of the world, hydrogen promises to be the next great fuel source.

All of the Key Aspects of Hydrogen Fuel

Hydrogen Fuel: Production, Transport, and Storage describes various aspects of hydrogen fuel, including production from both renewable and nonrenewable sources, purification, storage, transport, safety, codes, and carbon dioxide sequestration. The book examines the unique properties and uses of the hydrogen molecule, its ability to be produced from numerous energy sources, and its separation and purification. It explains how to transport hydrogen using pipelines and tankers, and how to store it using compressed tanks, metal hydrides, carbon adsorbents, and chemical hydrides. The expert contributors also discuss codes and standards, monitoring techniques, and safety designs.

The Path to a Cleaner World and Energy Independence

Focusing on a clean, economical alternative to nonrenewable energy, this volume provides the latest information on the hydrogen fuel economy.


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Sivu 14 - ... This technique involves injecting fuel directly into the intake manifold rather than drawing fuel through the carburetor. Typically, the timing of the fuel injection is controlled so that the hydrogen is not injected into the manifold until after the beginning of the intake stroke, at a point where conditions are much less severe and the probability for premature ignition is reduced. The air, which is injected separately at the beginning of the intake stroke, dilutes the hot residual gases and...
Sivu 7 - The hydrogen atom, symbol H, consists of a nucleus of unit positive charge and a single electron. It has atomic number 1 and an atomic weight of 1.00797. The element is a major constituent of water and all organic matter, and is widely distributed not only on the Earth but throughout the universe. There are three isotopes of hydrogen: protium, mass 1, makes up 99.98% of the natural element; deuterium...
Sivu 17 - they are the primary candidates for light-duty vehicles, for buildings, and potentially for much smaller applications such as replacements for rechargeable batteries." The proton exchange membrane is a thin plastic sheet that allows hydrogen ions to pass through it. The membrane is coated on both sides with highly dispersed metal alloy particles (mostly platinum) that are active catalysts. Hydrogen is fed to the anode side of the fuel cell where the catalyst helps the hydrogen atoms to release electrons...
Sivu xi - Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York...
Sivu 7 - For example, it reacts with the oxides and chlorides of many metals, including silver, copper, lead, bismuth, and mercury, to produce the free metals. It reduces some salts, such as nitrates, nitrites, and cyanides of sodium and potassium, to the metallic state. It reacts with a number of elements, both metals and nonmetals, to yield hydrides such as NH3, NaH, KH, and PH3.
Sivu 7 - ... bicarbonate rocks) Energy must be supplied to release hydrogen from any of these compounds by breaking the chemical bonds. Thus hydrogen is not a primary energy resource obtainable from nature in the same manner as petroleum or coal. Instead, hydrogen is properly regarded as an energy carrier or a means to store and transmit energy derived from a primary energy resource. Methods of obtaining hydrogen are described below.

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