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Of Edom, Jeremiah* says, that " it shall be a desolation. Every one that goeth by it shall be astonisbed, and shall biss at all the plagues thereof. As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrab, and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the Lord, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it." It is not very apparent how this can apply to the territory of Idumea, of which no extraordinary plagues are recorded in history, nor is the state of that country such at this day, as to warrant so strong and frequent a comparison with Sodom and Gomorrah. Nor in what respect the same can be said also of Babylon, unless both these names are typical of Rome. “ Because of the wrath of the Lord, it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate : every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and biss at all ber plagues.+

cies. Those that relate to our Saviour are illustrated and strongly corroborated by an accumulation of such things, which being apparently casual, are the more wonderful proofs of the divine prescience.

* Jer. xlix, 17, 18,

4 Jer. I, 13.


The connection in prophecy between the fall of Anti

christ, and the restoration of Israel.-Prophetic illustrations of the harvest and vintage. They are destructive to popery but restorative to Israel. Christ coming from Edom.The mystic Ephah, the original of St Paul's man of Sin.-Fruitless attempt at the restoration of Popery.— It is the objeçt of sacred abhorrence to God and man for ever. -The harmony of prophecy.

It has been asserted in the earlier part of these reflections, that there are many intimations in prophecy of a correspondence between the two facts of the destruction of ROME, and the restoration of the Jews, insomuch that in the most remarkable prophecies of either of these events, we find the other also closely accompanying it.

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St John has noticed this circumstance in his account of the sixth vial, wherein the HARVEST and VINTAGE decreed against Rome begin to ripen ; which passage* seems to be the collected sense of all the ancient prophets, related in an epitome; and apparently signifying that the vengeance of heaven upon popery will be the prelude and the intra. ductory means of God's restored mercy to bis ancient people. “ Behold your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompence"-(upon your persecutors and captors)." He will come and save you. Then the eyes of the blind skall be opened" Git It is undeniable that this is a prophecy belonging to the latter days, and to a late period of them, because a remarkable vengeance upon their enemies is to precede the conversion of the jews, and prove in the event of things, an instrument of deliverance for them. And it also includes in it a promise of restoration to the desolated land of Judea, as well as to the remnant of Israel, the heirs of these promises,

• Rev. xvi, 12, &c.

* Isai. xxxy.4.

Verse 1o, " And the ransomed of the Lord shall return, and come to Zion with

songs, AND EVERLASTING JOY UPON THEIR HEADS. They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.”

The same two facts are again connected in Isaiah xlix.-“ Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive be delivered? But thus saith the Lord, even the capsives of the mighty shall be taken away,

and the' prey of the terrible-(the distinguishing epithet of the roman power, their captors,)- " shall be delivered. For (in due season) I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I WILL SAVE THY CHILDREN”

-(the remnant of Israel in the last days).“And I will feed them that oppress thee, with their own flesh, and they shall be drunken with ibeir own blood, as with sweet wine:"-(shall be made instrumental to their own chastisement, by one destroying the others :)—" and (then) all flesh shall know that I am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.”


To illustrate this point, let us compare with these declarations that very singulrr prophecy in Isaiah xviii. Here the people in whose favor the divine edict of redemption is promulgated, are described by several epithets which are pointedly applicable to the Jews, and tu no other people. * _“Go ye swift messengers to a nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden down, whose land the rivers bave spoiled.—The scattering and plundering of the jews by the romans is notorious, and there is good foundation also for the epithet “ terrible," which the prophet ascribes to them in respect of their almighty Protector, who adopted them in their great ancestor Abraham, and will be with them (both in exaltation and depression) even to their latest posterity. f In these latter times of the christian dispensation, the jews have been held forth a spectacle to the world, and an object of astonishment and terror to

* See Sect. iv. p. 119, note. * Isai. xliii. 2; Dan. xü, l.

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