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Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred

and thirty-six, by David HOFFMAN, in the Clerk's office of the District Court of Maryland.

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'Equidem contra existimo, judices, cùm in omni genere ac varietate artium, etiam illarum, quæ sine summo otio non facile discuntur, Cn. Pompeius excellat, singularem quandem laudem ejus et præstabilem esse scientiam, in fæderibus, pactionibus, conditionibus, populorum, regum, exterarum nationum; in universo denique belli jure ac pacis.

Cic. Orat. Pro. L. Corn. Balbo. Cap. VI.


(Note 1.)

1. Mackintosh's Introductory Lecture on the

Law of Nature and Nations.
2. Chitty's Law of Nations. (Note 2.)
* 3. Marten's Compendium of the Law of

Nations. (Note 3.)
4. Vattel on the Law of Nature and Nations.

(Note 4.)
* 5. Du Ponceau's translation of the first book

of Bynkershoek's 'Questiones Juris Pub-
lici,' being a treatise on the Law of War.
(Note 5.)

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è, 6. The following select chapters in Grotius

on the Rights of War and Peace: Chap. 18. Of the Rights of Embassies.'



Chap. 6. 'Of the Right to things taken

in war.'
Chap. 17. 'Of Neuters in War.'
Chap. 20. “Of the Public Faith,' &c.
Chap. 21. 'Of Faith during War, Tru-

ces, Safe Conduct, and

Redemption of Prisoners.' * e. 7. Schlegel upon the Visitation of Neutral

Vessels under convoy. Translated from the

Danish. e. 8. War in Disguise, or the Frauds of Neutral

Flags. Lon. 1805. Reprinted N. York. 1806. e. 9. An Answer to War in Disguise,' or Re

marks upon the Doctrine of England,

concerning Neutral Trade. * E. e. 10. An Examination of the British Doctrine,

which subjects to capture a neutral

trade, not open in time of peace, 1808. * E. e. 11. The Earl of Liverpool's Discourse on

the Conduct of the Government of Great Britain in respect to Neutral

Nations. 1757. * E. e. 12. Baring's Inquiry into the Causes and

Consequences of the Orders in Council, and an examination of the conduct of Great Britain towards the neutral commerce of America. London, 1808.


(Note 1.) 'EQUIDEM CONTRA EXISTIMO,' &c.—Cicero, in common with the learned of the ancient world, who knew the difficulties and vast extent of the science of national law, readily accorded the most elevated station in the empire of knowledge to him, who had made himself familiar with the laws which regulate nations during a state of war or peace. Pompey was distinguished in every science and art; but his greatest merit, and the brilliancy of his fame, rested on his acquaintance with this august system: 'singularem quandem laudem ejus et præstabilem esse scientiam, in fæderibus, pactionibus, conditionibus, populorum, regum, exterarum nationum; in universo denique belli jure ac pacis.'

A knowledge of this law is essential to legal pre-eminence. However learned in the doctrines of the common or municipal law an advocate may be, he can never maintain a lofty character, if when called on, he shrinks from the discussion of questions involving nice and difficult points of natural jurisprudence, or of conventional and diplomatic law. The liability to be thus called on is principally confined to lawyers resident in the commercial cities, or near the sea-board. Here the most important questions of national, maritime, admiralty, and Roman law, may arise, and they so are intimately blended, that no one can calculate on the efficiency of his knowledge of either of these branches of law, who has not made himself somewhat acquainted with the remaining three.

The Law of Nations may be defined a system or body of rules, ordained by nature, and the consent, express or implied,

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