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They saw them whelm'd, and all their confidence “ He said, and on his son with rays direct
And thus the filial godhead answering spake. Came shadowing, and oppress'd whole legions “O Father, O Supreme of heavenly thrones, arm'd;
First, Highest, Holiest, Best; thou always seek'st Their armor help'd their harm, crush'd in and bruis'd To glorify thy Son; I always thee, Into their substance pent, which wrought them pain As is most just : this I my glory account, Implacable, and many a dolorous groan;
My exaltation, and my whole delight, Long struggling underneath, ere they could wind That thou, in me well pleas'd, declarist thy will Out of such prison, though spirits of purest light, Fulfilled, which to fulfil is all my bliss. Purest at fint, now gross by sinning grown.
Sceptre and power, ihy giving, I assume,
And gladlier shall resign, when in the end
For ever; and in me all whom thou lov'st:
But whom thou hat'st, I hate, and can put on
Image of thee in all things, and shall soon,
Arm'd with thy might, rid Heaven of these rebeli'd; (pon confusion rose : and now all Heaven
To their prepar'd ill mansion driven down, flad gone to wrack, with ruin overspread;
To chains of darkness, and the undying worm; Had not the Almighty Father, where he sits That from thy just obedience could revolt, Shnind in his sanctuary of Heaven secure, Whom to obey is happiness entire. Consulting on the sum of things, foreseen
Then shall thy saints unmix'd, and from the impure This tumult, and permitted all, advis'd :
Far separate, circling thy holy mount, That his great purpose he might so fulfil,
Cnseigned halleluiahs to thee sing, To honor his anointed Son aveng'd
Hymns of high praise, and I among them chief.'. Upon his enemies, and to declare
So said, he, o'er his sceptre bowing, rose All power on him transferr'd: whence to his Son. From the right hand of glory where he sat; The assessor of his throne, he thus began.
And the third sacred morn began to shine, I ** Effulgence of my glory, Son belov'd,
Dawning through Heaven. Forth rush'd with whir! Son, in whose face invisible is beheld
wind sound l'isibly, what by Deity I am ;
The chariot of Paternal Deity, And in whose hand what by decree I do,
Flashing thick flames, wheel within wheel undrawi Second Omnipotence! two days are past,
Itself instinct with spirit, but convoy'd Two days, as we compute the days of Heaven, By four cherubic shapes; four faces each Since Michael and his powers went forth to tame Had wondrous; as with stars, their bodies all These disobedient: sore hath been their fight, And wings were set with eyes; with eyes the wheels As likeliest was, when two such foes met arm'd; Of beryl, and careering fires between ; For to themselves I left them; and thou know'st, Over their heads a crystal firmament, Equal in their creation they were formd,
Whereon a sapphire throne, inlaid with pure
He, in celestial panoply all arm'd
Ascended ; at his right hand Victory
And quiver with three-bolted thunder stor'd; With mountains, as with weapons, arm'd; which And from about him fierce effusion roll'd makes
Of smoke, and bickering flame, and sparkles dire Wild work in Heaven, and dangerous to the main. Attended with ten thousand thousand saints, Two days are therefore past, the third is thine ; He onward came; far off his coming shone ; For thee I have ordaind it; and thus far
And twenty thousand (I their number heard) Have suffer'd, that the glory may be thine
Chariots of God, half on each hand, were seen: Of ending this great war, since none but thou He on the wings of cherub rode sublime Can end it. Into thee such virtue and grace On the crystalline sky, in sapphire thron'd, Immense I have transfus'd, that all may know Illustrious far and wide ; but by his own In Heaven and Hell thy power above compare ; First seen: them unexpected joy surpris'd, And, this perverse commotion govern'd thus. When the great ensign of Messiah blazd To manifest thee worthiest to be Heir
Aloft by angels borne, his sign in Heaven; Of all things : to be Heir, and to be King
Under whose conduct Michael soon reduc'd By sacred unction, thy deserved right.
His army, circumfus'd on either wing,
Before him Power Divine his way prepar'.
Each to his place; they heard his voice, and wort
Insensate, hope conceiving from despair.
Iu heavenly spirits could such perverseness dwell? Drove them before him thunder-struck, pursued
And crystal wall of Heaven ; which, opening wide They, harden'd more by what might most reclaim, Roll'd inward, and a spacious gap disclos'd Grieving to see his glory, at the sight
Into the wasteful deep: the monsirous sight Took envy; and, aspiring to his height,
Struck them with horror backward, but far worse Swod re-embattled fierce, by force or fraud Urg'd them behind: headlong 'hemselves they Weening to prosper, and at length prevail
threw Against God and Messiah, or to fall
Down from the verge of Heaven; eternal wrath In universal ruin last; and now
Burnt after them to the bottomless pit. To tinal battle drew, disdaining flight,
“Hell heard the unsufferable noise, Hell saw Or faint retreat; when the great Son of God Heaven ruining from Heaven, and would have flec To all his host on either hand thus spake.
Affrighted ; but strict Faie had cast too deep
Through his wild anarchy, so huge a ront
Yawning receiv'd them whole, and on them clos'd T'he punishment to other hand belongs ;
Hell their fit habitation, fraught with fire Vengeanca is his, or whose he sole appoints : Unquenchable, the house of woe and pain. Number to this day's work is not ordain'd, Disburden d Heaven rejoic'd, and soon repair’d Nor multitude ; stand only, and behold
Her mural breach, returning whence it rollid. God's indignation on these godless pour'd
Sole victor, from the expulsion of his foes, By me; not you, but me, they have despis'd, Messiah his triumphal chariot turn'd: Yet envied ; against me is all their rage,
To meet him all his saints, who silent stood Because the Father, to whom in Heaven supreme Eye-witnesses of his almighty acts, Kingdom, and power, and glory appertains,
With jubilee advanc'd; and, as they went,
Shaded with branching palm, each order bright,
Triumphant through mid Heaven, into the courts
And temple of his mighty Father thron'd
On high; who into glory him receivid,
“So spake the Son, and into terror chang'il “ Thus measuring things in Heaven by things on His countenance too severe to be beheld,
At thy request, and that thou may'st beware
Among the angelic powers, and the deep fall
Who now is plotting how he may seduce
Bereav'd of happiness, thou may'st partake
Which would be all his solace and revenge,
Thy weaker; let it profit thee to have heard
Of disobedience; firm they might have stood,
Yet fell; remember, and fear to transgress."
wherefore this world was first created; that God, Yet half his strength he put not forth, but check'd after the expelling of Satan and his angels out His thunder in mid volley; for he meant
of Heaven, declared his pleasure to create anNot to destroy, but root them out of Heaven: other world, and other creatures to dwell therein: The overthrown he rais'd, and as a herd
sends his Son with glory, and attendance of :Of goats or timorous flock together throng'd
angels, to perform the work of creation in six
. days: the angels celebrate with hymns the per- Yet scarce allay'd still eyes the current sticam, formance thereof, and his reascension into Heaven. Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites,
Proceeded thus to ask his heavenly guest. DESCEND from Heaven, Urania, by that name “Great things, and full of wonder in our ears If rightly thou art callid, whose voice divine Far differing from this world, thou hast reveal’d, Following, above the Olympian hill 1 soar, Divine interpreter! by favor sent Above the flight of Pegaséan wing.
Down from the empyréan, to forewarn. The meaning, not the name, I call: for thou Us timely of what might else have been our loss, Nor of the Muses nine, nor on the top
Unknown, which human knowledge could not reach Of old Olympus dwell'st ; but, heavenly-borr. For which to the infinitely Good we owe Before the hills appear'd, or fountain flow'd, Immortal thanks, and his admonishrnent Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse.
Receive with solemn purpose to observe Wisdom thy sister, and with her didst play
Immutably his sovran will, the end In presence of the Almighty Father, pleas'd Of what we are. But since thou hast vouchsaf'd With thy celestial song. Up led by thee,
Gently, for our instruction, to impart „nto the Heaven of Heavens I have presum'u, Things above earthly thought, which yet concern'' An earthly guest, and drawn empyreal air,
Our knowing, as to higliest Wisdom seem'd, Thy temnering: with like safety guided down, Deign to descend now lower, and relate Return me to my native element :
What may no less perhaps avail us known, Lest from this flying sleed unrein'd, (as once How first began this Heaven which we behold Bellerophon, though from a lower clime,)
Distant so high, with moving fires adorn'd Dismounted, on the Aleian field I fall,
Innumerable; and this which yields or fills Erroneous there to wander, and forlorn.
All space, the ambient air wide interfus'd Half yet remains unsung, but narrower bound Embracing round this florid Earth? what cause Within the visible diurnal sphere;
Moy'd the Creator in his holy rest
Through all eternity so late to build
To magnify his works, the more we know.
And the great light of day yet wants to run Purples the east : still govern thou my song, Much of his race though steep; suspense in Heavon, ['rania, and fit audience find, though few.
Held by thy voice, thy potent voice, he hears, But drive far off the barbarous dissonance
And longer will delay to hear thee tell Of Bacchus and his revellers, the race
His generation, and ihe rising birth Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard Of Nature from the unapparent deep : In Rhodope, where woods and rocks had ears Or if the star of evening and the Moon To rapture, till the savage clamor drown'd Haste to thy audience, Night with her will bring Both harp and voice: nor could the Muse defend Silence; and Sleep, listening to thee, will watch, Her son. So fail not thou, who thee implores : Or we can bid his absence, till thy song For thou art heavenly, she an empty Jream. End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shine." Say, goddess, what ensued when Raphaël,
Thus Adam his illustrious guest besought: The affable archangel, had forewarn'd
And thus the godlike angel answer'd mild. Adam, by dire example, to beware
" This also thy request, with caution ask'd, A postacy, by what befell in Heaven
Obtain ; though to recounı almighty works To those apostates ; lest the like befall
What words or tongue of seraph can suffice, In Paradise to Adam or his race,
Or heart of man suffice to comprehend ? Charg'd not to touch the interdicted tree,
Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve If they transgress, and slight that sole command, |To glorify the Maker, and intor So easily obey'd amid the choice
Thee also happier, shall not be withheld
Thy hearing; such commission from above
of knowledge within bounds; beyond, abstain With admiration and deep.muse, to hear
To ask; nor let thine own inventions hope Of things so high and strange; things, to their thought Things not reveald, which the invisible King, So unimaginable, as hate in Heaven,
Only Omniscient, hath suppress'd in night; And war so near the peace of God in bliss, To none communicable in Earth or Heaven: With such confusion : but the evil, soon
Enough is left besides to search and know. Driven back, redounded as a flood on those
But knowledge is as food, and needs no less From whom it sprung; impossible to mix
Her temperance over appetite, to know With blessedness. Whence Adam soon repeal'd In measure what the mind may well contain ; The doubts that in his heart arose : and now Oppresses else with surfeit, and soon turns Led on, yet sinless, with desire to know
Wisdom to folly, as nourishment to wind. What nearer might concern him, how this world | “Know then, that, after Lucifer from Heaveu Of Heaven and Earth conspicuous first began; (So call him, brighter once amidst the host Wien, and whereof created : for what cause, Of angels, than that star the stars among) What within Eden, or without, was done
Fell with his flaming legions through the deep Before his memory: as one whose drought
Into his place, and the great Son return'd
Victorious with his saints, the Omnipotent
Attendant on their Lord! Heaven open'd wide Eternal Father from his throne beheld
Her ever-during gates, harmonious sound Their multitude, and to his Son thus spake : On golden hinges moving, to let forth
" At least our envious foe hath fail'd, who thought The King of Glory, in his powerful Word All like himself rebellious, by whose aid
And Spirit, coming to create new worlds. This inaccessible high strength, the seat
On heavenly ground they stood · and from the short Of Deity supreme, us dispossess'd,
They view'd the vast immeasurable abyss lle trusted to have seiz'd, and into fraud
Outrageous as a sea, dark, wasteful, wild, Drew many, whom their place knows here no more: Up from the bottom tụrn'd by furious winds Yet far the greater part have kept, I see,
And surging waves, as mountains, to assault Their station; Heaven, yet populous, retains Heaven's height, and with the centre mix the pole Number sufficient to possess her realms
“ •Silence, ye troubled waves, and thou deep Though wide, and this high temple to frequent
peace, With ministeries due, and solemn rites :
Said then the omnific Word; 'your discord end" But, lest his heart exalt him in the harm
Nor staid; but, on the wings of cherubim
Far into Chaos, and the world unborn ;
For Chaos heard his voice: him all his train Self-lost; and in a moment will create
Follow'd in brig.it procession, to behold Another world, out of one man a race
Creation, and the wonders of his might.
Then staid the fervid wheels, and in his hand
Round through the vast profundity obscure ; Meanwhile inhabit lax, ye powers of Heaven; And said, “Thus far extend, thus far thy bounds. And thou my Word, begotten Son, by thce
This be thy just circumference, O World! This I perform ; speak thou, and be it done! Thus God the Heaven created, thus the Earth, My overshadowing spirit and might with thee Matter unform'd and void : darkness profound I send along; ride forth, and bid the deep
Cover'd the abyss; but on the watery calm Within appointed bounds be Heaven and Earth; His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspread, Boundless the deep, because I am who fill And vital virtue infus'd, and vital warmth Infinitude, nor vacuous the space.
Throughout the fluid mass; but downward prgd Though I, uncircumscrib'd myself, retire,
The black tartareous cold infernal dregs,
Like things to like; the rest to several place
“ So spake the Almighty, and to what he spake And Earth, self-balanc'd, on her centre hung. His Word, the filial Godhead, gave effect.
« • Let there be light,' said God; and forth with Immediate are the acts of God, more swift
Light Than time or motion, but to human ears
Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure, Cannot without process of speech be told,
Sprung from the deep; and from her native east So told as earthly notion can receive.
To journey through the aery gloom began, Great triumph and rejoicing was in Heaven, Spher'd in a radiant cloud, for yet the Sun When such was heard declared the Almighty's will; Was not; she in a cloudy tabernacle Glory they sung to the Most High, good will Sojourn'd the while. God saw the light was good ; To future men, and in their dwellings peace: And light from darkness by the hemisphere Glory to him, whose just avenging ire
Divided : light the Day, and darkness Night,
Nor past uncelebrated, nor unsung
Exhaling first from darkness they beheld;
Birth-day of Heaven and Earth, with joy and shout Into their vacant room, and thence diffuse
The hollow universal orb they fillid, His good to worlds and ages infinite.
And touch'd their golden harps, and hymning prais's “ So sang the hierarchies : meanwhile the Son God and his works; Creator hiin they sung, On his great expedition now appear'd,
Both when first evening was, and when first mom Girt with omnipotence, with radiance crown'd
" Again, God said, “Let there be firmament Of majesty divine; sapience and love
Amid the waters, and let it divide
The firmament, expanse of liquid, pure,
Dividing : for as Earth, so he the world
Built on circumfluous waters calm, in wide Spontaneous, for within them spirit liv'd,
Crystalline ocean, and the loud misrule
Of Chaos far remov'd ; lest fierce extremes
“ Again the Almighty spake, • Lei there be lighis Contiguous might distemper the whole frame: High in the expanse of Heaven, to divide And Heaven he named the Firmament: so even The day from night and let them be for signs, And morning chorus sung the second day.
For seasons, and for days, and circling years; - The Earth was forrn'd, but in the womb as yet And let them be for lights, as I ordain, Of waters, embryon immature involvd, .
Their office in the firmament of Heaven, Appear'd not: over all the face of Earth
To give light on the Earth ;' and it was so. Main ocean flow'd, not idle; but, with warm And God made two great lights, great for their use Prolific humor softening all her globe,
To Man, the greater to have rule by day, Fermented the great mother to conceive,
The less by night, altern; and made the stars. Satiate with genial moisture; when God said, And set them in the firmament of Heaven Be gather'd now ye waters under Heaven
To illuminate the Earth, and rule the day Into one place, and let dry land appear.'
In their vicissitude, and rule the night, linmediately the mountains huge appear
And light from darkness to divide. God saw, Emergent, and their broad bare backs upheave Surveying his great work, that it was good : Into the clouds; their tops ascend the sky: For of celestial bodies first the Sun So high as heav'd the tumid hills, so low
A mighty sphere he fram'd, unlightsome first, Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep, Though of ethereal mould: then form'd the Moon Capacious bed of waters: thither they
Globose and every magnitude of stars, Hasted with glad precipitance, uprolld,
And sow'd with stars the Heaven, thick as a field : As drops on dust conglobing from the dıy: Of light by far the greater part he took, Part rise in crystal wall, or ridge direct,
Transplanted from her cloudy shrine, and plac'd For haste; such fight the great command impressd in the Sun's orb, made porous to receive On the swift foods : as armies at the call
And drink the liquid light; firm to retain Of trumpet (for of armies thou hast heard) Her gather'd beams, great palace now of light. Troop to their standard ; so the watery throng, Hither, as to their fountain, other stars Ware rolling after wave, where way they found, Repairing, in their golden urns draw light, If steep, with torrent rapture, if thro'igh plain, And hence the morning-planet gilds her horns ; Sofiebbing; nor withstood them rock or hill; By tincture or reflection they augment But they, or under ground, or circuit wide
Their small peculiar, though from human sight With serpent error wande:ing, found their way, So far remote, with diminution seen. And on the Washy ooze deep chute 3 wore; First in his east the glorious lamp was seen, Easy, ere God had bid the ground be dry,
Regent of day, and all the horizon round All but within those bank, where rivers now Invested with bright rays, jocund to run Stream, and perpetual draw their humic train. | His longitude through Heaven's high road ; the grey The dry land, Earth; and the great receptacle | Dawn, and the Pleiades, before him danc'd, Of congregated waters, he call'd Soas :
Shedding sweet influence : less bright the Moon, Ard saw that it was good; and said, “Let the Earth But opposite in levellid west was set Put forth the verdant grass, herb yielding seed, Vis mirror, with full face borrowing her light Aad fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind,
From hin; for other light she needed none Whose seed is in herself upon the Earth.'
In that aspect, and still that distance keeps He scarce had said, when the bare Earth, till then Till night, then in the east her turn she shines, Desert and bare, unsightly, uradori'd,
Revolv'd on Heaven's great axle, and her reign Brought forth the tender grass, whose verdure ciad With thousand lesser lights dividual holds, Her universal face with pleasant green;
With thousand thousand stars, that then appear'd l'hen herbs of every leaf, that sudden flower? Spangling the hemisphere: then first adorn'd Opening their various colors, and made gay With their bright luminaries that set and rose, Her bosom, smelling swect; and, these scarce blown, Glad evening and glad morn crown’d the fourth day Forth flourish'd thick the clustering vine, forth cropt “And God said, · Let the waters generate l'he swelling gourd, up stood the corny reed | Reptile with spawn abundant, living soul: Embattled in her field, and the humble shrub, | And let fowl fly above the Earth, with wings And bush win frizzled hair implicit: last
Display'd on the open firmament of Heaven.' Rose, as in dance, the stately trees, and spread | And God created the great whales, and each Their branches hung with copious fruit, or gemm'd Soul living, each that crept, which plenteously Their blossoms : with high woods the hills were The waters generated by their kinds ; crown'd,
And every bird of wing after his kind ; With tufts the valleys, and each fountain side; And saw that it was good, and bless'd them, saying With borders long the rivers: that Earth now • Be fruitful, multiply, and in the seas, Seem'd like to Heaven a seat where gods might And lakes, and running streams, the waters fill: dwell,
And let the fowl be multiplied on the Earth.' Or wander with delight, and love to haunt Forth with the sounds and seas, each creek and bay ller sacred shades; though God had yet not rain'd With fry innumerable swarm, and shoals lpon the Earth, and man to till the ground Of fish that with their fins, and shining scales, None was; but from the Earth a dewy mist Glide under the green wave in sculls that oft Went up, and water'd all the ground, and each | Bank the mid sea: part singie, or with mate, Plant of the field; which, ere it was in the Earth, Graze the sea-weed their pasture, and through groves God made, and every herb, before it grew
Of coral stray; or, sporting with quick glance, On the green stem: God saw that it was good : Show to the Sun their wav'd coats dropt with gold Seven and morn recorded the third day.
Or, in their pearly shells at ease, attend