« EdellinenJatka »
Moist nutriment; or under rocks their food
At once came forth whatever creeps the ground, In jointed armor watch: on smooth the seal, Insect or worm : those wav'd their limber fans And bended dolphins play : part huge of bulk For wings, and smallest lineaments exact Wallowing unwieldy, enormous in their gait, In all the liveries deck'd of summer's pride, Tempest the ocean: there leviathan,
With spots of gold and purple, azure and green Hugest of living creatures, on the deep
These, as a line, their long dimension drew, Stretch'd like a promontory sleeps or swims, Streaking the ground with sinuous trace ; 101 2!! And seems a moving land ; and at his gills
Minims of nature ; some of serpent-kind, Draws in, and at his trunk spouts out, a sea.
Wondrous in length and corpulence, involv'd Meanwhile the tepid caves, and fens, and shores, Their snaky folds, and added wings. Firsi creid 'Their brood as numerous hatch, from the egg that The parsimonious emmet, provident soon
of future ; in small room large heart inclos'd. Bursting with kindly rupture forth disclos'd Pattern of just equality perhaps Their callow young ; but feather'd soon and fledge Hereafter, join'd in her popular tribes They summ'd their pens; and, soaring the air sub- or commonalty: swarming next appear'd lime,
The female bee, that feeds her husband drone With clang despis'd the ground, under a cloud Deliciously, and builds her waxen cells in prospect; there the eagle and the stork
With honey stord: the rest are numberless, On cliffs and cedar tops their eyries build :
And thou their natures know'st, and gav'st them Part loosely wing the region, part more wise
names, In common, rang'd in figure, wedge their way, Needless to thee repeated : nor unknown Intelligent of seasons, and set forth
The serpent, subtlest beast of all the field, Their aery caravan, high over seas
Of huge extent sometimes, with brazen eyes Flying, and over lands, with mutual wing
And hairy mane terrific, though to thee Easing their flight; so steers the prudent crane Not noxious, but obedient at thy call. Her annual voyage, borne on winds; the air | “Now Heaven in all her glory shone, and roll'd Floats as they pass, fann'd with unnumber'd plumes : Her motions, as the great first Mover's hand From branch to branch the smaller birds with song First wheeld their course: Earth in her rich atur Solac'd the woods, and spread their painted wings Consummate lovely smil'd; air, water. earth, Till even; nor then the solemn nightingale
| By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was swum, was walk o Ceas'd warbling, but all night tun'd her soft lays : Frequent; and of the sixth day yet remaind: Others, on silver lakes and rivers, bath'd
| There wanted yet the master-work, the end
Govern the rest, self-knowing; and from thence
Descends, thither with heart, and voice, and eyes Of rainbows and starry eyes. The waters thus Directed in devotion, to adore With fish replenishd, and the air with fowl, And worship God Supreme, who made him chief Evening and morn solemniz'd the fifth day. of all his works: therefore the Omnipotent “ The sixth, and of creation last, arose
Eternal Father (for where is not he
The breath of life ; in his own image he
Male he created thee; but thy consórt
Subdue it, and throughout dominion hold His hinder parts, then springs, as broke from bonds, Over fish of the sea, and fowl of th' air, And rampant shakes his brinded mane; the ounce, And every living thing that moves on th' Farih The libbard, and the tiger, as the mole
Wherever thus created, for no place Rising, the crumbled earth above them threw Is yet distinct by name, thence, as thou know'st, In hillocks : the swift stag from under ground He brought thee into this delicious grove, Bore up his branching head ; scarce from his mould This garden, planted with the trees of God, Behemoth, biggest born of Earth, upheav'd Delectable both to behold and taste; Ilis vasiness : fleec'd the flocks and bleating rose, And freely all their pleasant fruit for food As plants : ambiguous between sea and land Gave thee; all sorts are here that all the Earth T'he river-horse, and scaly crocodile.
Variety without end; but of the tree,
Thou hast repell’d; while impiously they thought Which, tasted, works knowledge of good and evil, Thee to diminish, and from thee withdraw Thou may'st 10t; in the day thou eat'st, thou diest; The number of thy worshippers. Who seeks Death is the penalty imposed ; beware,
To lessen thee, against his purpose serves And govern well thy appetite ; lest Sin
To manifest the more thy might: his evil Surprise thee, and her black attendant Death.' Thou usest, and from thence creat'st more good
"Here finish'd he, and all that he had made Witness this new-made world, another Heaven
From Heaven.gate not far, founded in view
Of amplitude almost immense, with stars
Numerous, and every star perhaps a world l'p to the Heaven of Heavens, his high abode Or destin'd habitation; but thou know'st Thence to behold this new-created world,
| Their seasons : among these the seat of men, The addition of his empire, how it show'd
'Earth, with her nether ocean circumfus'd, In prospect from his throne, how good, how fair, 'Their pleasant dwelling-place. Thrice happy men Answering his great idea. Up he rode
And sons of men, whom God hath thus advancd! Follow'd with acclamation, and the sound
Created in his image there to dwell
Over his works, on earth, in sea, or air,
Their happiness, and persevere upright!
“So sung they, and the empyréan rung * Open, ye everlasting gates! they sung,
With halleluiahs: thus was sabbath kept. • Open, ve Heavens! your living doors; let in And thy request think now fulfilld, that ask'd The great Creator from his work return'd
How first this world and face of things began,
And what before thy memory was done
Inform’d by thee, might know: if else thou seek'st Delighted ; and with frequent intercourse
Aught not surpassing human measure, say.”
Adam inquires concerning celestial motions; is Seen in the galaxy, that milky way,
doubtfully answered, and exhorted to search Which nightly, as a circling zone, thou seest
rather things more worthy of knowledge : Adam Powder'd with stars. And now on Earth the assents; and, still desirous to detain Raphael, seventh
relates to him what he remembered since his own Evoning arose in Eden, for the Sun
creation ; his placing in Paradise ; his talk with Was set, and twilight from the east came on, God concerning solitude and fit society ; his first Forerunning night; when at the holy mount
meeting and nuptials with Eve: his discourse Of Heaven's high-seated top, the imperial throne with the angel ihereupon; who, after admonitions Of Godhead fix'd for ever firm and sure,
So charming left his voice, that he awhile
Equal, have I to render thee, divine
Historian, who thus largely hast allay'd
This friendly condescension to relate
Things else by me unsearchable ; now heard
With glory attributed to the high
Which only thy solution can resolve.
Their magnitudes; this Earth a spot, a grain,
And all her number'd stars, that seem to roll
Spaces incomprehensible, for such
Diurnal,) merely to officiate light
One day and night; in all their vast survey More plenty than the Sun that barren shines,
Whose virtue on itself works no effect.
But in the fruitful Earth ; there first receiv'd, Such disproportions, with superfluous hand
His beams, unactive else, their vigor find. So many nobler bodies to create,
Yet not to Earth are those bright luminaries Greater so manifold, to this one use,
Officious; but to thee, Earth's habitant. For aught appears, and on their orbs impose And for the Heaven's wide circuit, let it speak Such restless revolution day by day
The Maker's high magnificence, who built Repeated; while the sedentary Earth,
So spacious, and his line stretch'd out so far, That better might with far less compass Love, That man may know he dwells not in his own, Serv'd by more noble than herself, attains
An edifice too large for him to fill,
So spake our sire, and by his countenance seem'd That to corporeal subsiances could add
Who since the morning-hour set out from Heaven With lowliness majestic from her seat,
Where God resides, and ere mid-day arriv'd And grace that won who saw to wish her stay, In Eden; distance inexpressible Rose, and went forth among her fruits and flowers, By numbers that have name. But this I urge, To visit how they prosper'd, bud and bloom, Admitting motion in the Heavens, to show Her nursery; they at her coming sprung,
Invalid that which thee to doubt it mord; And, touch'd by her fair tendance, gladlier grew. Not that I so affirm, though so it seem Yet went she not, as not with such discourse To thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth. Delighted, or not capable her ear
God, to remove his ways from human sense, Of what was high: such pleasure she reserv'd, Plac'd Heaven from Earth so far, that earthly siglot Adam relating, she sole auditress :
If it presume, might err in things 100 high, Her husband the relater she preferr'd
And no advantage gain. What if the Sun Before the angel, and of him to ask
Be centre to the world ; and other stars, Chose rather; he, she knew, would intermix By his attractive virtue and their own Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute
Incited, dance about him various rounds ? With conjugal caresses; from his lip
| Their wandering course now high, now low, then lued Not words alone pleas'd her. O! when meet now Progressive, retrograde, or standing still, Such pairs, in love and mutual honor join'd? In six thou seest; and what if seventh to these With goddess-like demeanor forth she went,
The planet Earth, so stedfast though she seem, Not unattended; for on her, as queen,
Insensibly three different motions move? A pomp of winning graces waited still,
Which else to several spheres thou must ascribe, And from about her shot darts of desire
Mov'd contrary with thwart obliquities ; Into all eyes, to wish her still in sight.
Or save the Sun his labor, and that swift And Raphael now, to Adam's doubt propos d, Nocturnal and diurnal rhomb suppos'd, Benevolent and facile thus replied.
Invisible else above all stars, the wheel “To ask or search, I blame thee not; for Ileaven Of day and night; which needs not thy belief, Is as the book of God before thee sei,
If Earth, industrious of herself, fetch day Wherein to read his wondrous works, and learn Travelling east, and with her part averse His seasons, hours, or days, or months, or years: From the Sun's beam meet night, her other part 'This to attain, whether Heaven move or Earth, Still luminous by his ray. What if that light, Imports not, if thou reckon right; the rest
Sent from her through the wide transpicuous air, From man or angel the great Architect
To the terrestrial Moon be as a star, Did wisely to conceal, and not divulge
Enlightening her by day as she by night His secrets to be scann'd by them who ought This Earth? reciprocal if land be there, Rather admire; or, if they list to try
Fields and inhabitants : her spots thou seest Conjecture, he his fabric of the Heavens
As clouds, and clouds may rain, and rain produce Hath left to their disputes, perhaps to move Fruits in her soften'd soil, for some to eat His laughter at their quaint opinions wide
Allotted there : and cther suns perhaps, Hereafter; when they come to model Heaven With their attendant moons, thou wilt descry And calculate the stars, how they will wield Communicating male and female light; The mighty frame; how build, unbuild, contrive Which two great sexes animate the world, To save appearances; how gird the sphere
Stord in each orb perhaps with some that live. With centric and eccentric scribbled o'er,
For such vast room in Naturo unposyoss'd Cycle and epicycle, orb in orb:
By living soul, desert, and desplate,
Only to shine, yet scarce to contribute
But whether thus these thir.gs, or whether not The benefit: consider first, that great
Whether the Sun, predominant in Heaven, Or bright infers not excellence: the Earth,
Rise on the Earth; or Earth rise on the Sun; Though, in comparison of Heaven, so small, He from the east his faming road begin; Nor glistering, may of solid good contain
Or she from west her silen: course advance
With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps
Or enemy, while God was in his work ;
Lest he, incens'd at such eruption bold,
Not that they durst without his leave attempt; Leave them to God ahove; him sorve, and fear! But us he sends upon his high behests of other creatures, as him pleases best,
For state, as Sovran King; and to inure Wherever plac'd, let him dispee; jcy thou Our prompt obedierce. Fast we found, fast shul, In what he gives to thee, this Paradise
The dismal gates, and barricado'd strong;
Ere sabbath-evening : so we had in charge.
Put thy relation now ; for I attend, Not of Earth only, but of highest Heaven." Pleas'd with thy words no less than thou with mine
To whom thus Adam, clear'd of doubt, replied. So spake the godlike power, and thus our sire. * How fully hast thou satisfied me, pure
• For Man to tell how human life began Intelligence of Heaven, angel serene!
Is hard; for who himself beginning knew? And freed from intricacies, taught to live
Desire with thee still longer to converse The easiest way; nor with perplexing thoughts Induc'd me. As new-wak'd from soundest sleep, To interrupt the sweet cf life, from which
Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid, God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares, |In balmy sweat; which with his beams the Sun And not molest us; unless we crirselves
Soon dried, and on the reeking moisture fed. Seek them with wandering thoughts, and notions vain. Siraight toward Heaven my wondering eyes 1 Rut apt the mind or fancy is to rove
turn'd, Uncheck'd, and of her moving is no end;
And gaz'd awhile the ample sky; till, rais'd Till warn'd, or by experience targht, she loern, by quick instinctive motion, up I sprung, That not to know at large of things remode
As thitherward endeavoring, and upright From use, obscure and subtle ; but to know
Stood on my feet: about me round I saw That which before us lies in daily life,
Hill, dale, and shady woods, and sunny plains, Is the prime wisdom: what is more, is fume, And liquid lapse of murmuring streams; by these, Or emptiness, or fond impertinence :
Creatures that liv'd and mov'd, and walk’d, or flew; And renders us, in things that most concern, Birds on the branches warbling; all things smild; Unpractis'd, unprepard, and still to seek.
With fragrance and with joy my heart o'erflow'd. Therefore from this high pitch let us descend Myself I then perus’d, and limb by limb A lower flight, and speak of things at hand Survey'd, and sometimes went, and sometimes rai: Iseful; whence, haply, mentiormay arise
With supple joints, as lively vigor led : Of something not unscasonable to ask,
But who I was, or where, or from what cause, By sufferance, and thy wonted favor deign'd. F.new not; to speak I tried, and forthwith spake; Thee I have lieard relating whai was done
My tongue obey'd, and readily could name Ere my remembrance : 0w, hear me relate Whate'er I saw. Thou Sun,' said I, .fair light, My story, which perhaps thou hast not heard ; And thou enlighten'd Earth, so fresh and gay, And day is not yet spent : till then thou seest Ye hills, and dales, ye rivers, woods, and plains, How subtly to detain thee I devise ;
And ye that live and move, fair creatures, tell, Inviting thee to hear while I relate;
Tell,' if ye saw, how I came thus, how here !Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply.
Not of myself;— by some great Maker then,
Tell me, how may I know him, how adore, Than fruits of palm-tree pleasantest to thirst From whom I have that thus I move and live, And hunger both, from labor at the hour
And feel that I am happier than I know.'
To whom thus Raphael answer'd heavenly meek. On a green shady bank, profuse of flowers,
Pensive I sat me down; there gentle sleep
First found me, and with soft oppression seiz'd Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd
My drowsed sense, untroubled, though I though. lawan and outward both, his image fair:
I then was passing to my former state
Insensible, and forth with to dissolve:
My fancy to believe I yet had being,
And liv'd: one came, methought, of shape divine For God, we see, hath honor'd thee, and set And said, “Thy mansion wants thee, Adam; rise, On Man his equal love : say therefore on; First man, of men innumerable ordain'd For I that day was absent, as befell,
First father! call'd by thee, I come thy guide Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure,
To the Garden of Bliss, thy seat prepar'd.'
d woody mountain; whose high top was plain, Their language and their ways? They also know.
And humble deprecation, thus replied.
| My Maker, be propitious while I speak.
Among unequals what society
(I am,' Which must be mutual, in proportion due
The one intense, the other still remiss Above, or round about thee, or beneath.
Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove This Paradise I give thee, count it thine
Tedious alike: of fellowship I speak To till and keep, and of the fruit to eat:
Such as I seek, fit to participate Of every tree that in the garden grow's
All rational delight: wherein the bruta Eat freely with glad heart; fear here no dearth: Cannot be human consort: they rejoice But of the tree whose operation brings
Each with their kind, lion with lioness; Knowledge of good and ill, which I have set So fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd: The pledge of rhy obedience and thy faith, Much less can bird with beast, or fish with Amid the garden by the tree of life,
So well converse, nor with the ox the ape; Remember what I warn thee, shun to taste.. Worse then can man with beast, and least of ali And shun the bitter consequence: for know,
“Whereto the Almighty answer'd, not displea:'?. The day thou eat'st thereof, my sole command • A nice and subtle happiness, I see, Transgress'd, inevitably thou shalt die,
Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice From that day mortal; and this happy state Of hy associates, Adam; and wilt taste • Shalt lose, expellid from hence into a world No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitary. Of woe and sorrow.' Sternly he pronounced What think'st thou then of me, and this my sla:e! The rigid interdiction, which resounds
Seem I to thee suiticiently possessid Yet dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice Of happiness, or not? who am alone Not to incur; but soon his clear aspect
From all eternity; for none I know Return'd, and gracious purpose thus renewid. Second to me or like, equal much less. • Not only these fair bounds, but all the Earth How have I then with whom to hold convérse, To thee and to thy race I give; as lords
Save with the creatures which I made, and thezo Possess it, and all things that therein live,
To me inferior, infinite descents Or live in sea, or air; beast, fish, and fowl.
Beneath what other creatures are to thee?" In sign whereof, each bird and beast behold He ceas'd; I lowly answer'd. To attain After their kinds; I bring them to receive
The height and depth of thy eternal ways From thee their names, and pay thee feülty All human thoughts come short, Supreme of thmga With low subjection; understand the same
Thou in thyself art perfect, and in thee Of fish within their watery residence,
Is no deficience found : not so is Man, Not hither summond, since they cannot change But in degree; the cause of his desire Their element, to draw the thinner air.'
By conversation with his like to help, As thus he spake, each bird and beast behold Or solace his defects. No need that thou Approaching two and two; these cowering low Shouldst propagate, already infinite; With blandishment; each bird stoop'd on his wing. And through all nurnbers absolute, though one: I nam'd them as they pass'd, and understood But Man by number is to manifest Their nature, with such knowledge God endued His single imperfection, and beget My sudden apprehension : but in these
Like of his like his image multiplier!
Collateral love, and dearest amity.
Social communication ; yet, so pleas'd,
Canst raise thy creature to what height thou wilt And all this good to Man? for whose well-being Of union or communion, deified : So amply, and with hands so liberal,
I, by conversing, cannot these erect Thou hast provided all things : but with me From prone; nor in their ways complacence fire I see not who partakes. In solitude
Thus I embolden'd spake, and freedom usd What happiness, who can enjoy alone,
Permissive, and acceptance found ; whicn gaunid Or, all enjoying, what contentment find ?'
This answer from the gracious voice divine. Thus I presumptuous; and the vision bright,
“Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleasu As with a smile more brighten'd, thus replied. And find thee knowing, not of beasts alone,
* What call'st thou solitude? Is not the Earth Which thou hast rightly nam’d, but of thyselt; With various living creatures, and the air
Expressing well the spirit within thee free.
My image, not imparted to the brute: