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WILLIAM Jones was born in London, Sep- | Court at Bengal. He married Miss Shipley, tember 28, 1746. 'At Harrow he surpassed all daughter of the Bishop of St. Asaph, was bis schoolmates in classical scholarship, and at knighted, and sailed for India. He gave himOxford he became proficient in Oriental lan- self anew to the study of Eastern languages, guages. But without taking a degree he left | founded the Asiatic Society, and wrote much on the university in 1765, and became a private legal, philosophical, and historical themes. He tutor. In 1770 he published a “Life of Nadir published a story in verse, entitled “The E1Shah," which, at the request of the King of chanted Fruit, or the Hindu Wife," and transDenmark, he had translated from Persian into lated an ancient Indian drama called “SaconFrench. This was followed by a Persian gram- || tala, or the Fatal Ring." He was at work on a mar and “Commentaries on Asiatic Poetry." | digest of the Hindu and Mohammedan laws, In 1780 he published a translation of seven when he suddenly died, April 27, 1794. Sir Arabic poems, under the collective title of Mo. William Jones was the first Oriental scholar of allákat, so called from their being suspended in his time, was familiar with sixteen languages, the temple at Mecca. Meanwhile he studied and was no inconsiderable poet; but most of law, mingled unsuccessfully in politics, wrote his poems require such long prose prefaces to a law treatise, and published a few odes. In make them intelligible, that they afford little 1783 he was appointed a judge in the Supreme pleasure to the general reader.


Ου λιθοι, ουδε ξυλα, ουδε
Τεχνη τεκτονων αι πολεις εισιν
Αλλ' οπου ποτ' αν ωσιν ΑΝΔΡΕΣ
Αυτους σωζειν ειδοτες,
Ενταύθα τειχη και πολεις.

Alc. quoted by Aristides.

Such was this heaven-loved igle,
| Than Lesbos fairer and the Cretan shore !

No more shall freedom smile?
Shall Britons languish, and be men no more ?

Since all must life resign,
Those sweet rewards, which decorate the brave,

'Tis folly to decline,
| And steal inglorious to the silent grave.


BEHOLD, where yon blue rivulet glides

Along the laughing dale ;
Light reeds bedeck its verdant sides,

And frolic in the gale.

What constitutes a state ?
Not high-raised battlement or labored mound,

Thick wall, or moated gate;
· Not cities proud with spires and turrets crowned;

Not bays and broad armed ports,
Where, laughing at the storm, rich pavies ride;

Not starred and spangled courts,
Where low-brow'd baseness wafts perfume to

No !-Men, high-minded men,
With powers as far above dull brutes endued

In forest, brake, or den,
As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude;

Men, who their duties know,
But know their rights, and knowing, dare main-

· Prevent the long-aimed blow,
And crush the tyrant while they rend the chain:

These constitute a state ;
And sovereign law, that state's collected will,

O'er thrones and globes elate
Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill :

Smit by her sacred frown
The fiend, discretion, like a vapor sinks,

And c'en th' all dazzling crown
Hides his faint rays, and at her bidding shrinks. |

So shines our prince! In bright array

The virtues round him wait;
And sweetly smiled th' auspicious day

That raised him o'er our state.

As pliant hands, in shapes refined,

Rich ivory carve and smooth,
His laws thus mould each ductile mind,

And every passion soothe.

As gems are taught by patient art

In sparkling ranks to beam,
With manners thus he forms the heart,

And spreads a general gleam.

What soft, yet awful dignity!

What meek, yet manly grace!

What sweetness dances in his eye,

Wreathy smiles and roseate pleasures ·
And blossoms in his face !

Are thy richest, sweetest treasures.

All animals to thee their tribute bring,
So shines our prince! A sky-born crowd And hail thee universal king.

Of virtues round him blaze :
Ne'er shall oblivion's murky cloud . Thy consort mild, Affection ever true,
Obscure his deathless praise.

Graces thy side, her vest of glowing hue;
And in her train twelve blooming girls adrance,
Touch golden strings, and knit the mirthful


Thy dreaded implements they bear,

And wave them in the scented air, Behold yon reach of the river Ki ;

Each with pearls her neck adorning, Its green reeds how luxuriant ! how luxuriant ! Brighter than the tears of morning. Thus is our prince adorned with virtues ; Thy crimson ensign which before them flies, As a carver, as a filer of ivory,

Decks with new stars the sapphire skies. As a cutter, as a polisher of gems, Oh how elate and sagacious! Oh how dauntless God of the flowery shafts and flowery bow, and composed !

Delight of all above and all below! How worthy of fame! How worthy of rever- | Thy loved companion, constant from his birth, ence!

In heaven clep'd Bessent, and gay Spring on We have a prince adorned with virtues,

earth, Whom to the end of time we cannot forget. Weaves thy green robe and flaunting bowers,

And from thy clouds draws balmy showers,
He with fresh arrows fills thy quiver,

(Sweet the gift, and sweet the giver !)

And bids the many-plumed warbling throng

Burst the pent blossoms with their song. THE Hindoo god to whom the following poem is addressed appears evidently the same with the Grecian He bends the luscious cane and twiste the string Eros and the Roman Cupido; but the Indian description of his person and arins, his family, attendants, and attri

With bees, how sweet! but ah, how keen thei: butes, has new and peculiar beauties.


He with five flowerets tips thy ruthless darts, What potent god from Agra's orient bowers Which through five senses pierce enraptured Floats through the lucid air, whilst living flowers hearts: With sunny twine the vocal arbours wreathe Strong Chumpa, rich in odorous gold, And gales enamored heavenly fragrance breathe? Warm Amer, nursed in heavenly mould, Hail, power unknown ! for at thy beck

Dry Nagkeser, in silver smiling, Vales and groves their bosoms deck,

Hot Kiticum our sense beguiling, And every laughing blossom dresses

And last, to kindle fierce the scorching flame, With gems of dew his musky tresses.

Love-shaft, which gods bright Bela name.
I feel, I feel thy genial flame divine,
And hallow thee, and kiss thy shrine.

Can men resist thy power, when Krishen yields,

Krishen, who still in Matra's holy fields “Know'st thou not me?” Celestial sounds I Tunes harps immortal, and to strains divine hear!

Dances by moonlight with the Gopia nine ? “ Know'st thou not me?” Ah, spare a mortal But, when thy daring arm untamed ear!

At Mabadeo a love-shaft aimed, “Behold”-My swimming eyes entranced I raise, Heaven shook, and, smit with stony wonder, But oh! they sink before the excessive blaze. Told his deep dread in bursts of thunder, Yes, son of Maya, yes I know

Whilst on thy beauteous limbs an azure fire Thy bloomy shafts and cany bow,

Blazed forth, which never must expire.
Cheeks with youthful glory beaming,
Locks in braids ethereal streaming,

O thou for ages born, yet ever young,
Thy scaly standard, thy mysterious arms, For ages may thy Brahmin's lay be sung!
And all thy pains and all thy charms.

And, when thy lory spreads his emerald wings

To waft thee high above the towers of kings, God of each lovely sight, each lovely sound, Whilst o'er thy throne the moon's pale light Soul-kindling, world-inflaming, starry-crown'd, Pours her soft radiance through the night, Eternal Cama! Or doth Smara bright,

And to each floating cloud discovers Or proud Ananga give thee more delight ?

The haunts of blessed or joyless lovers, Whate'er thy seat, whate'er thy name, . Thy mildest influence to thy bard impart, Seas, earth, and air, thy reign proclaim: | To warm, but not consume, his heart.


Thomas CHATTERTON, the posthumous son of a simpostures, which commenced about this time, a Bchoolmaster in Bristol, was born there on the 20th short sketch will be necessary of the circumstances of November, 1752. At the age of five years, he which gave rise to them. It was well known at was placed at the school which his father had su. Bristol, that in the church of St. Mary, Redcliffe, perintended ; but he showed such Jitile capacity an old chest had been opened, about 1727, for the for learning, that he was sent back to his mother purpose of searching for some title deeds, and that as a dull boy, incapable of improvement. Mrs. since that time, a number of other manuscripts, Chatterton, says Dr. Gregory, in his life of the sub- being lest exposed to casual depredation, had, at ject of our memoir, was rendered extremely un- various times, been taken away. The uncle of happy by the apparently tardy understanding of Chatterton's father being sexton to the church, enher son, till he“ fell in love," as she expressed her abled his nephew to enter it freely; and, upon self, with the illuminated capitals of an old musical these occasions, he removed baskets full of parchmanuscript, in French, which enabled her, by ments, of which, however, he made no other use taking advantage of the momentary passion, to ini. than to cover books. A thread-paper belonging to tiate him in the alphabet. She afterwards taught his mother, which had been formed out of one of him to read out of a black-letter Bible ; and this these parchments, attracted the notice of young circumstance, in conjunction with the former, is Chatterton, soon after the commencement of his supposed to have inspired him with that fondness clerkship; and his curiosity was so excited, that for antiquities which he subsequently displayed. he obtained a remaining hoard of them yet unused, At eight years of age, he was removed to Colston's and ultimately acquired possession of all that recharity-school, where he remained for some time mained in the old chest, and in his mother's house. undistinguished, except by a pensive gravity of His answer to inquiries on the subject was, “ that demeanour, and a thirst for pre-eminence over his he had a treasure, and was so glad nothing could playmates. This he exhibited, says his sister, even be like it.” The parchments," he said, consisted before he was five years old ; and not long after- of poctical and other compositions, by Mr. Canyngo ward, her brother being asked what device he and Thomas Rowley, whom our author, at first, would have painted on a small present of earthen called a monk, and afterward a secular priest of ware about to be made to him, “ Paint me," he is the fifteenth century. said to have replied, “ an angel, with wings, and a Thus prepared for carrying on his system of litetrumpet, to trumpet my name over the world." rary imposture, he, on the opening of the new bridge

It was not, however, until his tenth year, that he at Bristol, in October, 1768, drew up a paper, enti. acquired a taste for reading; for which he suddenly tled, A Description of the Fryars first passing over imbibed such a relish, that he devoted his little the Old Bridge, taken from an ancient manuscript. pocket-money to the hire of books from a library, and It was inserted in Farley's Bristol Journal, and the borrowed others as he had opportunity. Before authorship was traced to Chatterton ; who, being he was twelve he had gone through about seventy questioned in an authoritative tone, haughtily re. volumes in this manner, consisting chiefly of history fused to give any account. Milder usage at length and divinity; and, about the same time, he appears induced him to enter into an explanation ; and, to have filled with poetry a pockel-book, which after some prevarication, he asserted that he had had been presented to him by his sister as a new received the paper in question from his father, who year's gift. Among these verses, were probably had found it, with several others, in Redcliffe those entitled A postate Will, a satire upon his in- Church. The report that he was in possession of structers and school-fellows. In 1765, he was con the poetry of Canynge and Rowley was now spread firmed by the bishop; and his sister relates, that about; and coming to the ears of Mr. Catcott, an he made very sensible and serious remarks on the inhabitant of Bristol, of an inquiring turn, he proawfulness of the ceremony, and on his own feelingscured an introduction to Chatterton, who furnished preparatory to it. In July, 1767, at which time he him,gratuitously, with various poetical pieces under possessed a knowledge of drawing and music, in the name of Rowley. These were communicated addition to his other acquirements, he was articled to Mr. Barrett, a surgeon, then employed in writing to Mr. Lambert, an attorney at Bristol, where the a history of Bristol, into which he introduced seve. only fault his master had to find with him, for the ral of the above fragments, by the permission of first year, was the sending an abusive anonymous our author, who was, in return, occasionally sup. letter to his late schoolmaster, of which he was plied with money, and introduced into company discovered to be the author, from his inability to He also studied surgery, for a short time, under Mr disguiso his own handwriting so successfully as he Barrett, and would talk, says Mr. Thistlethwayto, did afterward.

“ of Galen, Hippocrates, and Paracelsus, with all As a preface to the history of Chatterton's literary the confidence and familiarity of a modern empiric.” His favourite studies, however, were heraldof ministry at Bristol, not excepting Mr. Catcott, and my and English antiquities; and one of his chief other of his friends and patrons. His character, . occupations was in making a collection of old also, in other respects, began to develope itself in English words from the glossaries of Chaucer and an unfavourable light; but the assertion that he others. During these pursuits, he employed his pen plunged into profligacy at this period, is contra. in writing satirical essays, in prose and verse; and, dicted by unexceptionable testimony. The most about the same period, gave way to fits of poetical prominent feature in his conduct was his continued enthusiasm, by wandering about Redcliffe mea and open avowal of infidelity, and of his intention dows, talking of the productions of Rowley, and to commit suicide as soon as life should become sitting up at night to compose poems at the full burdensome to him. He had also grown thorough. of the moon. "He was always,” says Mr. Smith, ly disgusted with his profession; and purposely, it “ extremely fond of walking in the fields; and is supposed, leaving upon his desk a paper, entitled would sometimes say to me, Come, you and I will his Last Will, in which he avowed his determinatake a walk in the meadow. I have got the clever- tion to destroy himself on Easter Sunday, he gladly est thing for you imaginable. It is worth half-a- received his dismissal from Mr. Lambert, into crown merely to have a sight of it, and to hear whose hands the document had fallen. He now me read it to you.'” This he would generally determined to repair to London; and on being do in one particular spot, within view of the questioned by Mr. Thistlethwayte concerning his church, before which he would sometimes lie plan of life, returned this remarkable answer : " My down, keeping his eyes fixed upon it in a kind first attempt,” said he, “ shall be in the literary of trance.

way ; the promises I have received are sufficient In 1769, he contributed several papers to the to dispel doubt; but should I, contrary to expec. Town and Country Magazine, among which were tation, find myself deceived, I will, in that case. some extracts from the pretended Rowley, entitled turn Methodist preacher. Credulity is as potent a Saxon poems, written in the style of Ossian, and deity as ever, and a new sect may easily be de. subscribed with Chatterton's usual signature of vised. But if that, too, should fail me, my last and Dunhelmus Bristoliensis. But his most celebrated final resource is a pistol.” Such was the language attempt at imposture, in this year, was an offer to of one not much beyond seventeen years of age ; furnish Horace Walpole with some accounts of a certainly, as Dr. Aikin observes, not that of a simseries of eminent painters who had flourished at ple, ingenuous youth, "smit with the love of sacred Bristol, at the same time enclosing two small spe. song," a Beattie's minstrel, as some of Chatterton's cimens of the Rowley poems. Mr. Walpole re- admirers have chosen to paint him. turned a very polite reply, requesting further in. At the end of April, he arrived in the metropo formation ; and, in answer, was informed of the lis; and, on the 6th of May, writes to his muther circumstances of Chatterton, who hinted a wish that he is in such a settlement as he could desire. that the former would free him from an irksome “ I get," he adds, “ sour guineas a month by one profession, and place him in a situation where he magazine ; shall engage to write a history of Eng might pursue the natural bias of his genius. In the land, and other pieces, which will more than mean time, however, Gray and Mason having pro- double that sum. Occasional essays for the daily nounced the poems sent to Walpole to be forgeries, | papers would more than support me. What a glo the latter, who, nevertheless, could not, as he him. rious prospect!" His engagements, in fact, appear self confesses, help admiring the spirit of poetry to have been numerous and profitable; but we are displayed in them, wrote a cold monitory letter to cautioned, by Dr. Gregory, against giving implicit our author, advising him to apply himself to his credence to every part of Chatterton's letters, profession. Incensed at this, he demanded the im- written at this time, relative to his literary and pomediate return of his manuscripts, which Walpole litical friends in the metropolis. It seems, how. enclosed in a blank cover, after his return from a ever, that he had been introduced to Mr. Beckford, · visit to Paris, when he found another letter from then lord mayor, and had formed high expectations Chatterton, peremptorily requiring the papers, and of patronage from the opposition party, which he telling Walpole “ that he would not have dared to at first espoused; but the death of Beckford, at use him so, had he not been acquainted with the which he is said to have gone almost frantic, and narrowness of his circumstances." Here their the scarcity of money which he found on the op correspondence ended, and on these circumstances position side, altered his intentions. He observed alone is the charge founded against Mr. Walpole to a friend, that " he was a poor author, who could of barbarously neglecting, and finally causing the write on both sides;" and it appears that he acdeath of, Chatterton. Mr. Walpole, observes Dr. tually did so, as two essays were found after his Gregory, afterward regretted that he had not seen death, one eulogizing, and the other abusing, the this extraordinary youth, and that he did not pay a administration, for rejecting the city remonstranci. more favourable attention to his correspondence; On the latter, addressed to Mr. Beckford, is the but to ascribe to Mr. Walpole's neglect the dread-indorsement : ful catastrophe which happened at the distance of

Accepted by Bingley-get for, and thrown out of he nearly iwo years after, would be the highest de

North Britain, 21st of June, on account of the gree of injustice and absurdity.

lord mayor's death. Our author now entered into politics ; and, in Lost by his death on this essay.............£1 11 6 March, 1770, composed a satirical poem of one Gained in elegies................... 12 2 thousand three hundred lines, entitled Kew Gar

in essays......

.....33 dens, in which he abused the Princess-dowager of

- 5 50 Wales and Lord Bute, together with the partisans ! Am glad he is dead by.......... ...£3 13 6

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