Hydrology and Water Management in the Humid Tropics: Hydrological Research Issues and Strategies for Water Management
Michael Bonell, Maynard M. Hufschmidt, John S. Gladwell
Cambridge University Press, 15.12.2005 - 612 sivua
Environmental problems in the humid tropical regions, where the focus is on the fate and management of the surviving rainforest and climate change, are attracting increasing attention internationally. The distribution of tropical rainfall is highly variable, and in many regions the supply of potable water is inadequate. By the end of the century one-third of the world's population will be living in the humid tropics. This book considers all aspects of hydrology in the humid tropics. The first four parts of the book cover the physical basis of hydrology in the humid tropics: climatology, meteorology, process hydrology, sedimentation, water quality and freshwater ecology. This is followed by extensive treatment of the human and societal issues: land-use changes, water resource management, and rural and urban water supply in the tropical regions. The book is a uniquely integrated summary of hydrology in the tropics.
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II Humid Tropics Setting
III Regional Hydrology
IV Physical Processes
VI Management Issues
Appendix A Definition of the Humid Tropics
Appendix C Committees for the International Colloquium on the Development of Hydrologic and Water Management Strategies in the humid Tropics
Appendix D Organizations Supporting UNESCO and UNEP in the presentation of the Colloquium
Africa agricultural Amazon Basin annual aquifers Asia Australia Babinda Balek beneﬁts Bonell canopy catchment changes climate concentration convection dambo deﬁcit deﬁned deposition developing countries difﬁcult drainage drainage basins effects environment environmental equation estimated evaporation evapotranspiration example ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬂood ﬂood plain ﬂux fresh water groundwater hillslope humid tropics hydraulic hydraulic conductivity Hydrol hydrological impact increase Indonesia inﬁltration inﬂuence intemational irrigation lakes land land-use major measurements ment Molion monsoon overland ﬂow Paciﬁc Papua New Guinea parameters planning pollution population problems Proc processes programmes Queensland rain forest rainfall region runoff sanitation scale scientiﬁc season sediment signiﬁcant slope small islands soil erosion spatial speciﬁc storage stream studies surface surface runoff Symp tion tropical cyclones UNESCO variability vegetation waste water balance water management water quality water resource management water supply watershed wetlands zone