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own members, failed to make any of his maintenance might be avoidextensive impression on the nation. ed. In this miserable condition he This, however, was accomplished applied to Mr. William Sharp, a by the labours of Mr. Granville surgeon, for advice, under whose Sharp, one of those enlightened benevolent and skilful care he was philanthropists, who break the con restored to health. During his retinuity of human selfishness and covery, Mr. Granville Sharp, a brocrime, and attach a character of dis- ther of the surgeon, supplied him tinguished honour to the age in with money, and afterwards prowhich they live.

cured him a situation. Here his In the early part of the 18th cen- master happened to see him, and tury the planters and merchants determined on repossessing him. were accustomed to bring slaves For this purpose he caused him to from the colonies in the capacity of be seized by some of the city offiservants, and subsequently to re- cers, who conveyed him, without turn them at their pleasure to the warrant, to the Poultry Compter, West Indies. A notion became ex- where he was sold by his master to tensively prevalent amongst this John Kerr for thirty pounds. class, that the English law did not Strong,

* in this situation, sent, as was sanction their masters in returning usual, to his godfathers, John London and them to bondage, if they had sub- Stephen Nail, for their protection. They mitted during their residence in went, but were refused admittance to him. England to the Christian rite of At length he sent for Mr. Granville Sharp.

The latter went, but they still refused access baptism. They consequently so to the prisoner. He insisted, however, upon licited, with much importunity, the seeing him, and charged the keeper of the performance of this rite, and then prison at his peril to deliver him up till he absconded. This state of things had been carried before a magistrate. involved the planters and merchants

“ Mr. Sharp, immediately upon this, waited in much perplexity, and induced upon Sir Robert Kite, the then lord-mayor, them, in 1729, to solicit the opinion to hear his case.

and entreated him to send for Strong, and

A day was accordingly of York and Talbot, the Attorney appointed. Mr. Sharp attended, and also and Solicitor General. This opi- William M'Bean, a notary-public, and David nion was unfavourable to the ne- Laird, captain of the ship Thames, which groes, and they were, in conse

was to have conveyed Strong to Jamaica, in

behalf of the purchaser, John Kerr. A long quence, seized and openly forced on board the vessels which were des York and Talbot was quoted. Mr. Sharp

conversation ensued, in which the opinion of tined to convey them to the land of made his observations.

Certain lawyers, slavery. Public feeling was thus out- who were present, secmed to be staggered at raged, and the means of deliver- the case, but inclined rather to recommit the ance for the oppressed unexpectedly prisoner. The lord-mayor, however, disprepared. Mr. Sharp took an ac

charged Strong, as he had been taken up

without a warrant. tive part in the struggles of that

As soon as this determination was made period. He first appeared before known, the parties began to move off. Capthe public as the friend of the Afri- tain Laird, however, who kept close to can in the case of Jonathan Strong, Strong, laid hold of him before he had quitwho was brought to England in ted the room, and said aloud, “Then I now

seize him as my slave.' Upon this, Mr. 1765. This slave, having been bar

Sharp put his hand upon Laird's shoulder, barously used by his master, Mr. and pronounced these words: “I charge you, David Lisle, became so emaciated in the name of the king, with an assault upon by ague, fever, and lameness, as to the person of Jonathan Strong, and all these be utterly useless, and was consequently permitted to go whither he

* Clarkson's History of the Abolition, vol.i. pleased in order that the expense p.69.

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are my witnesses.' Laird was greatly inti- sickly; that 60 of them had already died, midated by this charge, made in the presence and several were ill and likely to die, when of the lord-mayor and others, and fearing a the captain proposed to James Kelsall, the prosecution, let his prisoner go, leaving him mate, and others, to throw several of them to be conveyed away by Mr. Sharp.' overboard, stating that if they died a na

Several other cases of a similar tural death, the loss would fall upon the nature subsequently occurred, in all owners of the ship, but that, if they were

thrown into the sea, it would fall upon the of which Mr. S. took a prominent underwriters.' He selected accordingly 132 part. But the legal question was of the most sickly of the slaves. Fifty-four yet unsettled: no broad principle to of these were immediately thrown overboard, which the future protection of the and 42 were made to be partakers of their African might be entrusted, had been fate on the succeeding day. In the course of admitted, and it was, therefore, de brought upon deck to complete the number

three days afterwards the remaining 26 were termined, in the case of James of vietims. The first 16 submitted to be Somerset, to try the general ques- thrown into the sea; but the rest, with a tion, “Whether a slave, by coming noble resolution, would not suffer the officers into England, became free.” In to touch them, but leaped after their comorder that the law might be fully , panions and shared their fate. ascertained the case was argued at this atrocious and unparalleled act of wicked

“ The plea, which was set up in behalf o three different sittings, in 1772, and Dess, was, that the captain discovered, when the pleadings submitted to the opi- he made the proposal, that he had only 200 nion of the judges. The result of gallons of water on board, and that he had the trial is well known. To the missed his port. It was proved, however, in honcur of the British constitution answer to this, that no one had been put it was declared–That as soon as dence had determined to afford an unequivo

upon short allowance; and that, as if Provi. erer any slare set his foot on En- cal proof of the guilt, a shower of rain fell glish territory, he became free. This and continued for three days immediately was an important and influential after the second lot of slaves had been desstep. It contained the germ of troyed, by means of which they might have subsequent measures, and gave

filled many of their vessels * with water and

thus have prevented all necessity for the despromise to outraged humanity of

truction of the third. more complete vindication.

“Mr. Sharp was present at this trial, and From this period public attention procured the attendance of a short-handwas increasingly drawn to the ques. writer to take down the facts, which should tion. It became the topic of gene

come out in the course of it. These he ral conversation. Its nature was gave to the public afterwards. He commu

nicated them also, with a copy of the trial, inquired into, and a conviction per- to the Lords of the Admiralty, as the guarpetually deepening of its inhuman dians of justice upon the seas, and to the and diabolical character, was ob- Duke of Portland, as principal minister of tained. The public abhorrence was state. No notice however was taken by any greatly strengthened by a circum- of these, of the information which had been

thus sent them. stance which occurred in 1783.

“ But though nothing was done by the “In this year, certain underwriters desired

persons then in power, in consequence of the to 'be heard against Gregson and others of murder of so many innocent individuals, Liverpool, in the case of the ship Zong, yet the publication of an account of it by captain Collingwood, alleging that the cap- Mr. Sharp in the newspapers, made such an tain and officers of the said vessel threw impression upon others, that new coadjntors overboard 132 slaves alive into the sea, in

rose up." order to defraud them, by claiming the value

Two of the said slaves, as if they bad been lost in Thomas Clarkson was led to direct

years after this, 1785, Mr. a natural way.

In the course of the trial, which afterwards came on, it appeared, that his attention to the subject, and the the slaves on board the Zong were very result of his inquiries was an entire

* Clarkson's History of the Abolition, p.95. * It appeared that they filled six.

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dedication of himself to the interests arguments of any moment should be lost in of humanity. In that year Dr. so great a cause. Having at length finished Peckhard, the vice-chancellor of this painful task I sent my Essay to the viceCambridge, proposed to the senior chancellor, and soon afterwards found myself

honoured as before with the first prize. bachelors in arts, the following As it is usual to read these essays pubquestion as the subject for a Latin licly in the senate-house soon after the prize dissertation: Is it right to make is adjudged, I was called to Cambridge for slaves of others against their will." this purpose.

I went and performed my

office. Mr. Clarkson was, at this time, of

On returning however to London, the order of senior bachelors, and, thoughts. I became at times very seriously

the subject of it almost wholly engrossed my having obtained the prize for the affected while upon the road. I stopped my best Latin dissertation the previous horse occasionally, and dismounted and year, a regard to his own reputation walked. I frequently tried to persuade myled him to try for it again." He at self in these intervals that the contents of

The more once perceived that the question had my Essay could not be true.

however I reflected upon them, or rather a direct bearing on the African slave

upon the authorities on which they were trade, and proceeded to London founded, the more I gave them credit. to obtain information respecting the Coming in sight of Wades Mill in Hertfordmanner in which this traffic was shire, I sat down disconsolate on the turf conducted. Hitherto he had felt no by the roadside and held my horse. interest in the question itself. His thought came into my mind, that if the

contents of the Essay were true, it was time only concern was to maintain and

some person should see these calamities to extend his reputation in the univer- their end. Agitated in this manner I reached sity. But in the course of his read- home. This was in the summer of 1785.” ing his mind underwent an entire Mr, Clarkson's mind was now too revolution.

The atrocities which deeply interested in the subject to were systematically practised on the return to its ordinary occupations. African coast, harrowed up his soul, He determined on the translation of and induced a degreeof feeling scarce- his Essay, sought an interview with ly compatible with the calm discharge Mr. G. Sharp, and ultimately reof his duties. His own account of solved on abandoning the church, in the state of his mind at this period is which he had fair prospects of preeminently beautiful and touching.

ferment, and of devoting himself “ Furnished then in this manner, I began entirely to the cause of the Africans.

But no person can tell the severe From this period he occupied himtrial, which the writing of it proved to me. self in calling on the leading memI had expected pleasure from the invention bers of the two houses of parliaof the arguments

, from the arrangement of inent, in obtaining additional inforthem, from the putting them together, and from the thought in the interim that I was

mation, and in circulating such engaged in an innocent contest for literary works as were suited to enlighten honour. But all my pleasure was damped and arouse the public mind. by the facts which were now continually Amongst other persons he called on before me.

It was but one gloomy subject Mr. Wilberforce, then in the mornfrom morning to night. In the day-time ing of his day, and but little known I was uneasy. 1 sometimes never closed my eye-lids for to the public

, and it is gratifying to grief

. It became now not so much a trial peruse his own account of the refor academical reputation, as for the pro- ception which he experienced. Litduction of a work, which might be useful to tle did Mr. C. imagine, that the injured Africa. And keeping this idea in my mind ever after the perusal of Benezet, I young senator, on whom he then always slept with a candle in my room, that called, was to act so distinguished I might rise out of bed and put down such and consistent a part in the great thoughts as might occur to me in the night, struggle. The designs of Proviif I judged them valuable, conceiving that no dence were, as yet, unrevealed ; but

my work.

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now the result is known, it cannot riching with the endowments of be uninteresting to look back and learning and experience young review the circumstances which have men whose piety and talent inconducted to so triumphant and glo- duced the churches to set them rious an issue.

apart for the Christian ministry; Among those whom I visited, was Mr. with a success, which, though it · Wilberforce. On my first interview with may not be so great as they could him, he stated frankly, that the subject had wish, has yet nevertheless greatly often employed his thoughts, and that it was

encouraged them under the numenear his heart. He seemed earnest about it,

rous difficulties they have encounand also very desirous of taking the trouble

tered. of inquiring further into it. Having read my book, which I had delivered to him in

These difficulties were of two person, he sent for me.

He expressed a kinds ; first, the accommodations wish that I would make him acquainted with were unfitted for the business of the some of my authorities for the assertions in college, so that much time, and it, which I did afterwards to his satisfaction. often the health of the students, He asked me if I could support it by any other evidence. I told him I could.--I men

were sacrificed in pursuing their tioned Mr. Newton, Mr. Nisbett, and several studies, without necessary proviothers to him. He took the trouble of sion for their retirement and consending for all these. He made memoran- fort. And, secondly, the resources dums of their conversation, and, sending for have always been inadequate to me afterwards, showed them to me. On

meet the annual expenditure; so learning my intention to devote myself to

that the the cause, he paid me many handsome com


of the institution pliments. He then desired me to call upon

have been cramped with perpetual him often, and to acquaint him with my poverty. progress from time to time.

He expressed Impressed with the importance of
also his willingness to afford me any assist the former difficulty, the friends of the
ance in his power in the prosecution of my Institution resolved in 1828-9 to re-
( To be continued.)

move it. They therefore erected new
studies, library, and chapel, and made
a new arrangement of the premises,
to afford convenient apartments for

sleeping. The whole cost 40001. STEPNEY ACADEMICAL INSTITU.

which sum has been paid, and the

erection affords for the students, and To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine.

the business of the college, all that

could be desired. My Dear Sir,

The second difficulty still remains. Will you be so kind as to permit For, although the committee have neme, through the medium of your ver admitted so many students as the valuable Miscellany, to call the at- premises would now accommodate; tention of the churches to the pre- and in managing the business of the sent state of the Baptist College at college, the strictest regard has been Stepney? Its affairs, cannot, I am paid to economy; yet the annual exsure, be uninteresting to your read- penditure has been constantly more ers, since it has long received marks than its annual income, the arrears of their kind attention, both in the of which have now accumulated, until benevolent support of private indi- the Treasurer is 9151. in advance. viduals, and also in the public col- In order to reduce this deficiency it lections which have been made in has been proposed to sell out 6001. its behalf.

of government stock, which was inSince the year 1810, the Commit- tended, by former friends, to constitee have pursued their object of en- tute a permanent support for the

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Institution. But before the com- is now unable to be continued. The mittee could venture to take that Bible Society, and others of a simistep, they felt that it was their duty lar kind, together with the increased to submit the case to the friends of national inportance of dissenters, the denomination, and to ascertain, bring our ministeriał brethren conby a direct appeal to individuals, stantly in contact with the clergy, whether they will suffer an institu- who have access to the most efficient tion already much too weak for the means for mental cultivation in the object it has to secure, to be sub- world. This too takes place most jected to an act of violence in its frequently in the towns and villages present emergency. Such an appeal where the minister has to maintain therefore will be made to them in his ground, single handed, or resign the course of the present month. the cause to which he has devoted

The managers of the Institution himself to perpetual and systematic are exceedingly desirous that this ap- opposition. peal should not be made in vain; for, We have only to look over the if the stock be sold, it will cut off map of our country, and inquire into the support of one student for ever ; the state of the churches, in any and leave no other resource but that denomination, to be deeply conof curtailing still farther the opera- vinced that the disadvantages attendtions of the Committee, in order to ing an uneducated ministry have bring their future expenditure, within been most afflictive. In the limits of their diminished in cases, both minister and people are

virtually excluded from respectable But if such a result could at any society, and the doctrines of Jesus time be contemplated by our Chris. branded with odium, merely because, tian brethren, this surely is not the in some matters of general knowperiod for advocating it, for the inte- | ledge, the minister was unable to rests of religion are no longer in the preserve


elevation. even state they were at the foundation If, however, this were the only, of the college. The changes in our or the principal evil resulting, it country, and the changes in the affairs might be sustained with less conof dissenters, are calling increasingly cern, because the church is not to on every hand for the largest exertions be anxious for worldly applause. of a most efficient ministry.

But that which excludes dissenter3 Hitherto our brethren have been from any circle prevents their doing pushed aside by the prevailing par- good there, and, therefore, limits ties, generally with indifference, but their usefulness. If they become often with unrighteous contempt; too proud to condescend to men of and if amongst the dissenters here low estate, they will lose the satisand there an individual may have faction which the Saviour felt when coinmanded some courtesy amongst the mystery of his mercy was rethe clergy, yet these have been the vealed to babes ; and, if they be still exceptions from the rule. For the deprived of necessary learning, so most part the brethren engaged in as to be excluded from the higher the dissenting ministry have either circles, the church will be deprived resigned their proper respect in so- of that resistless wisdom by which ciety, as a treasure no longer to be he stopped the mouths of his eneclaimed'; or, they have retired from mies, and shielded both the persons

of public usefulness rather and the feelings of his servants from than 'encounter a perpetual insult. the injuries inflicted by the great. The latter was an alternative hardly It has long been a ground of to be justified, and which, if it could, bitter complaint, that in the families


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